Abbreviations

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German

Vehicle

Ground

  • Pz – Panzer: Tank (literally: Armor)
    • Pz IV
  • PzKpfw – Panzerkampfwagen: Tank (literally: Armor combat vehicle)
    • PzKpfw IV
  • SdKfz – Sonderkraftfahrzeug: Special purpose vehicle (index number assigned to all armed forces vehicles)
    • SdKfz 6/2
  • ZgKw – Zugkraftwagen: Truck
  • Zug - Zugkraftwagen: Truck
  • PzSpWg – Panzerspähwagen: Armored scout vehicle
    • sPzSpWg (5 cm KwK 39) (SdKfz 234/2)
  • KPz – Kampfpanzer: Battle tank (modern designation)
    • KPz Leopard 1A0
  • FlaKPz – Flugabwehrkanonenpanzer: Anti-air cannon tank
    • FlaKPz IV Wirbelwind
  • StuG – Sturmgeschütz: Assault gun
    • StuG III
  • StuH – Sturmhaubitze: Assault howitzer
    • StuH 42
  • Bfw – Befehlswagen: Command vehicle
    • Bfw Jagdpanther
  • PzBfw – Panzerbefehlswagen: Command tank
    • PzBfw IV
  • JgPz – Jagdpanzer: (Tank based) tank destroyer (literally: Hunting tank)
    • JgPz V Jagdpanther
  • PzJg – Panzerjäger: (SPG based) tank destroyer (literally: Tank hunter)
    • PzJg I
  • PzWfr – Panzerwerfer: Anti-tank rocket launcher (literally: Tank thrower)
    • PzWfr 42
  • SpPz – Spähpanzer: Scout tank
    • SpPz Ru 251
  • SPz – Schützenpanzer: Infantry fighting vehicle (literally: Protective tank)
  • VK – Versuchskonstruktion: Trial design
    • VK 45.01 (P)
  • WT – Waffenträger: Self-propelled gun (literally: Weapon carrier)
  • GW – Geschützwagen: (Heavy) self-propelled gun (literally: Heavy gun vehicle)
    • 8,8 cm PaK 43/1 auf Gw III/IV Nashorn
  • E – Entwicklung: Development (refers to the proposed standardized tank development projects)
    • PzKpfw E-100
  • Ausf. – Ausführung: Model

Air

  • StuKa – Sturzkampfflugzeug: Dive bomber (literally: Dive attack airplane)
  • PAH – Panzerabwehrhelikopter: Anti-tank helicopter

Naval

  • Z – Zerstörer: Destroyer
    • Z 20 Karl Galster, Typ 1936
  • K – Kanonenboot: Gun boat
    • K 2, Typ 1937
  • T – Torpedoboot: Torpedo boat
  • R – Räumboot: Mine sweeper
    • R 41
  • S – Schnellboot: Fast attack craft
    • S 100
  • LS – Leichtes Schnellboot: Light fast attack craft
  • VS – Versuchsschnellboot: Experimental fast attack craft
  • SF – Siebelfähre: Siebel ferry (named after Friedrich Siebel)
  • AFP – Artilleriefährpram: Artillery ferry barge
  • U – Unterseeboot: Submarine

Weaponry (DE)

  • FH – Feldhaubitze: Field howitzer
  • IG – Infanteriegeschütz: Infantry gun
  • Sfl – Selbsfahrlafette: Self-propelled gun (literally: Self-propelled mount/chassis/underlayer)
  • KwK – Kampfwagenkanone: Tank gun (literally: Combat vehicle cannon)
  • PaK – Panzerabwehrkanone: Anti-tank gun (literally: Armor-defense cannon)
  • FlaK – Flugabwehrkanone: Anti-air gun (literally: Air-defense cannon)
  • MG – Maschinengewehr: Machine gun (literally: Machine rifle)
    • 7.92 mm MG 42
  • MG FF – Maschinengewehr Flügel-Fest: Machine gun wing-fixed
  • MG FF/M – Maschinengewehr Flügel-Fest/Minengeschoß: Machine gun wing-fixed/mineshot
  • MK – Maschinenkanone: Auto-cannon (literally: Machine cannon), occasionally Motorkanone, cannon firing through engine
    • 30-mm MK 108
  • SK – Schiffskanone: Ship cannon (originally used as Schnellfeuerkanone: Quick-firing cannon during WWI)
  • TbtK – Torpedobootskanone: Torpedo boat cannon (also used for some destroyer turrets/guns)
  • BK – Bordkanone: Board cannon (large caliber guns used on-board of airplanes)
  • BR – Bordrakete: Board rocket (rockets used on-board of airplanes)
  • K – Kanone: Cannon
  • T – Torpedo
  • LT – Lufttorpedo: Aerial torpedo (torpedoes used by airplanes)
  • L/ – Länge: Length (refers to caliber-length of gun barrels)
    • 8.8-cm L/56 KwK 36 (barrel length of 56x 88-mm = 4.928-m)
  • C/ – Construktionsjahr: Year of construction (archaic spelling of Konstruktion)
    • FlaK C/38 (model of 1938)
  • L – Lafette: Gun mount
  • DopL – Doppellafette: Twin gun mount (literally: Double mount)
  • DrhL – Drehturmlafette: Turret gun mount (literally: Turntable turret mount)
  • PzB – Panzerbüchse: Anti-tank rifle
    • sPzB 41

Weaponry (CH)

  • KDAKanone, Kalibergruppe D, Ausführung A: Cannon, caliber group D (30-mm+), variant A (belt-fed)
    • 35-mm Oerlikon KDA auto-cannon
  • KADKanone, Kalibergruppe A, Ausführung D: Cannon, caliber group A (20-mm), variant D
    • 20-mm Oerlikon KAD-B17 auto-cannon

Munition

  • Gr – Granate: Grenade (synonymous with shell)
  • Br – Brand: Incendiary (literally: Burn)
  • KGr – Kanonengranate: Cannon shell (literally: Cannon grenade)
  • PzGr – Panzergranate: Armor-piercing shell (literally: Armor grenade)
  • BrGr – Brandgranate: Incendiary shell (literally: Burn grenade)
  • PzBrGr – Panzerbrandgranate: Armor-piercing incendiary shell (literally: Armor burn grenade)
  • SpGr – Sprenggranate: High-explosive shell (literally: Burst grenade)
  • PzSpGr – Panzersprenggranate: Armor-piercing high-explosive shell (literally: Armor burst grenade)
  • HlGr – Hohlladungsgranate: High-explosive anti-tank shell (literally: Hollow-charge grenade)
  • Patr – Patrone: Bullet
  • GrPatr – Granatpatrone: Shell (for 15 and 20-mm munition)
  • SC – Sprengbombe Cylindrisch: General-purpose bomb (archaic spelling of zylindrisch, literally: Burst bomb, cylindrical)
  • SD – Sprengbombe Dickwandig: Semi-armor-piercing bomb (literally: Burst bomb, thick-walled)
  • PC – Panzersprengbombe Cylindrisch: Armor-piercing high-explosive bomb (literally: Armor-bursting bomb, cylindrical)
  • PD – Panzersprengbombe Dickwandig: Heavy armor-piercing bomb (literally: Armor-bursting bomb, thick-walled)
  • LFK – Lenkflugkörper: (Anti-tank) guided missile (literally: Guided flight body)
  • F5w – Torpedo designation: F – 17.7 inch (450 mm) caliber, 5 – roughly 5 meter length, w – whitehead (German designation of Italian F200/450 torpedo)
  • G7a/T 1 – Torpedo designation: G – 21 inch (533 mm) caliber, 7 – roughly 7 meter length, a – steam propulsion, T 1 – Torpedo model number 1
  • L'spur – Leuchtspur: Tracer
  • Zerl. – Zerleger: Self-destroying (literally: Disassambler)
  • Fp – Füllpulver: Explosive filling (literally: Filling powder)
  • DM – Deutsches Modell: German Model (modern designation to differentiate between American M munition)

Prefix/Suffix

  • le – leicht: Light
  • s – schwer: Heavy
  • gp – gepanzert: Armored
  • nA – neuer Art: Modernized (literally: New type)
  • (r) – russisch: Russian captured vehicle
    • PzKpfw T-34 747(r)
  • (e) – englisch: British captured vehicle
    • PzKpfw Mk IV 750(e)
  • (t) – tschechisch: Czech captured vehicle
    • PzKpfw 38(t)
  • (a) – amerikanisch: American captured vehicle
    • PzKpfw M4 748(a)
  • (f) – französisch: French captured vehicle
    • PzKpfw 35S 739(f)
  • U – Umbau: Conversion (kit)
    • Messerschmitt Me 410 A-1/U2
  • R – Rüstsatz: Upgrade (kit)
    • Messerschmitt Me 410 B-6/R3
  • /Trop – Tropen: Tropic (variant with air filters)
    • Bf 109 G-2/Trop
  • (Mob) – Mobilmachung: Mobilization (design modification aimed at simplified and thus faster construction)
    • Typ 1936A (Mob) Zerstörer

Manufacturer/Designer

  • Ar – Arado
    • Ar 234
  • Bf – Bayerische Flugzeugwerke (BFW): Bavarian Airplane Factory (renamed to Messerschmitt in 1938)
    • Bf 109
  • BMW – Bayerische Motorenwerke: Bavarian Motor Factory
    • BMW 801
  • Bo – Bölkow (from the alternative spelling Boelkow)
    • Bo 105
  • BV – Blohm & Voss
    • BV 238
  • DB – Daimler-Benz
    • DB 601
  • Do – Dornier
    • Do 217
  • Fw – Focke-Wulff
    • Fw 190
  • Ha – Hamburger Flugzeugbau
  • He – Heinkel
    • He 111
  • Ho – Horten
    • Ho 229
  • Hs – Henschel
    • Hs 129
  • Ju – Junkers
    • Ju 87
  • Me – Messerschmitt
    • Me 410
  • Ta – Focke-Wulff (named after Kurt Tank)
    • Ta 152
  • Rh – Rheinmetall
    • 20-mm Rh 202
  • Ru – Ruhrstahl
    • Ru 251
  • (P) – Porsche
    • PzKpfw VI Ausf. B (P) Tiger II
  • (H) – Henschel
    • PzKpfw VI Ausf. B (H) Tiger II
  • (A) – Alkett
    • Pz IV/70 (A)
  • (V) – VOMAG
    • Pz IV/70 (V)

Military

  • KM – Kriegsmarine: German navy (literally: War navy)
  • LW – Luftwaffe: German air force (literally: Air weapon)
  • BW – Bundeswehr: (Modern) German army (literally: Federation defense)
  • RLM – Reichsluftfahrtministerium: Ministry of national aviation
  • OKW – Oberkommando der Wehrmacht: High command of the armed forces
  • JG – Jagdgeschwader: Fighter division (literally: hunting division)
  • NJG – Nachtjagdgeschwader: Night fighter division (literally: night hunting division)
  • ZG – Zerstörergeschwader: Heavy fighter division (literally: destroyer division)
  • KG – Kampfgeschwader: Bomber division (literally: attack division)
  • SKG – Schnellkampfgeschwader: Fast bomber division (literally: fast attack division)
  • StG – Sturzkampfgeschwader: Dive bomber division (literally: dive attack division)

Russian

Vehicle

Ground

  • T – Tank
    • T-34
  • ISU: Self-propelled mount based on IS heavy tank
    • ISU-122
  • SU – Samokhodnaya Ustanovka: Self-propelled mount
    • SU-122
  • ZSU – Zenitnaya Samokhodnaya Ustanovka: Anti-aircraft self-propelled mount
    • ZSU-37
  • ZRPK – Zenitny Raketno-Pushechny Kompleks: Anti-aircraft missile-gun system
    • ZRPK 2S6 Tunguska
  • ASU – Aviadesantnaya Samokhodnaya Ustanovka: Airborne self-propelled mount
    • ASU-85
  • BT – Bystrokhodny Tank: Light tank (literally: Fast-moving tank)
    • BT-7
  • BTR – Bronev Transporter: Armored personnel carrier (literally: Armored transport)
    • BTR-152A
  • RBT – Raketny Bystrokhodny Tank: Rocket tank (literally: Fast-moving rocket tank)
    • RBT-5
  • BA – Bronev Avtomobil: Armored car
  • BM – Boyevaya Mashina: Rocket launcher vehicle (literally: Combat machine)
    • BM-8-24
  • BMP – Boyevaya Mashina Pekhoty: Infantry fighting vehicle (literally: Infantry combat machine)
    • BMP-1
  • PT – Plavayushchy Tank: Amphibious tank (literally: Floating tank)
    • PT-76
  • IT – Istrebitel Tankov: (Missile) tank destroyer (literally: Tank fighter)
    • IT-1

Air

  • I – Istrebitel: Fighter (airplane)
    • Polikarpov I-15
  • DB – Dalny Bombardirovschik: Long-range bomber
    • Ilyushin DB-3B
  • BB – Blizhny Bombardirovschik: Short-range bomber
    • Sukhoi BB-1
  • SB – Skorostnoi Bombardirovschik: Fast bomber
    • Tupolev SB 2M-100
  • TB – Tyazholy Bombardirovschik: Heavy bomber
    • Tupolev TB-3
  • MBR – Morskoi Blizhny Razvedchik: Naval short-range reconnaissance (airplane)
    • Beriev MBR-2
  • U – Uchebny: Trainer (airplane)
    • Polikarpov U-2 (original designation of the Po-2)

Naval

  • MO – Malyi Okhotnik: Small submarine chaser (literally: Small hunter)
    • MO-4
  • BMO – Bronirovanny Malyi Okhotnik: Armored small submarine chaser (literally: Armed small hunter)
  • MPK – Malyi Protivolodochnoi Korabl: Small anti-submarine ship
    • MPK pr. 122
  • MBK – Morskoi Bronekater: Armored gunboat (literally: Naval combat cutter)
    • MBK pr. 186
  • SKR – Storozhevoi Korabl: Observation ship
    • SKR pr. 159

Weaponry

  • UB – Universalniy Berezina: Berezin universal (MG)
  • DP – Degtyarov Pulemyot: Degtyarov MG
  • DT – Degtyarov Tankovy: Degtyarov tank (MG)
  • DA – Degtyarov Aviatsonny: Degtyarov airplane (MG)
  • PV – Pulemet Vozdushny: Airborne MG
  • ShKAS – Shpitalny-Komaritski Aviatsionny Skorostrelny: Shpitalny-Komaritsky airplane rapid-fire (MG)
  • DShK – Degtyaryova-Shpagina Krupnokaliberny: Degtyarov-Shpagin large-caliber (MG)
  • A-12.7 – Afanasev 12.7-mm (MG)
  • Yak-B – Yakushev-Borzov 12.7 mm (MG)
  • ShVAK – Shpitalny-Vladimirov Aviatsionny Krupnokaliberny: Shpitalny-Vladimirov airplane large-caliber (auto-cannon)
  • TNSh – Tankovy Nudelman-Shpitalny: Nudelman-Shpitalny tank (auto-cannon)
  • B-20 – Berezin 20-mm (auto-cannon)
  • PTB-23 – Pushka Taubin-Baburin 23-mm: Taubin-Baburin cannon
  • VYa-23 – Volkov-Yartsev 23-mm (auto-cannon)
  • NS-23 – Nudelman-Suranov 23-mm (auto-cannon)
  • NR-23 – Nudelman-Rikhter 23-mm (auto-cannon)
  • GSh-23 – Gryazev-Shipunov 23-mm (auto-cannon)
  • N-37D – Nudelman 37-mm Dulny tormoz: Nudelman 37-mm (auto-cannon with) muzzle brake
  • KPVT – Krupnokaliberniy Pulemyot Vladimirova Tankovy: Vladimirov large-caliber tank MG
  • ZPU – Zenitnaya Pulemotnaya Ustanovka: Anti-aircraft MG mount
  • NSVT – Nikitina-Sokolova-Volkova Tankovy: Nikitin-Sokolov-Volkov tank (MG)
  • PKT – Pulemyot Kalashnikova Tankovy: Kalashnikov tank MG
  • SGMT – Stankovy Goryunova Modernizirovany Tankovy: Goryunov modernized mounted tank (MG)
  • 20-K – Gun No. 20 of the Korolyov factory
  • L-11 – Gun No. 11 of the Leningrad factory


Munition

  • BR – Broneboynye: Armor-piercing (shell)
  • BZ – Broneboyny Zazhigatelny: Armor-piercing incendiary (shell)
  • BZT – Broneboyny Zazhigatelny Trassiruyushchy: Armor-piercing incendiary tracer (shell)
  • PB – Polu Broneboynye: Semi armor-piercing (shell)
  • O – Oskolochno: Fragmentation (shell)
  • OZ – Oskolochno Zazhigatelny: Fragmentation incendiary (shell)
  • OZT – Oskolochno Zazhigatelny Trassiruyushchy: Fragmentation incendiary tracer (shell)
  • OF – Oskolochno Fugasny: High-explosive fragmentation (shell)
  • Sh – Shrapnel (shell)
  • FAB – Fugasnaya Aviatsionnaya Bomba: High-explosive aircraft bomb
  • OFAB – Oskolochno Fugasnaya Aviatsionnaya Bomba: High-explosive fragmentation aircraft bomb
  • RS – Reaktivny Snaryad: Rocket (literally: Rocket-powered projectile)
  • RBS – Reaktivny Broneboyny Snaryad: Armor-piercing rocket (literally: Rocket-powered armor-piercing projectile)

Prefix/Suffix

  • Oby. – Obyekt: Object (tank prototype)
  • Pr. – Proyekt: Project (ship design program)
  • E – Ekranami: Up-armored (literally: With screens)
    • KV-1E
  • M – Modernizirovany: Modernized
    • IS-4M
  • S – Skorokhodnuyu: Lightened (literally: Fast)
    • KV-1S
  • SP – Soprovzhdeniya Pekhoty: Infantry support
    • T-126 (SP)
  • U – Uluchshenny: Improved
    • Pr. 7U destroyer
  • V – Vzryvnoy: Explosive (Reactive Armor)
    • T-64BV
  • T – Torpedonosets: Torpedo bomber
    • DB-3T

Historical Name

  • IS – Iosef Stalin (tank)
    • IS-1
  • KV – Kliment Voroshilov (tank)
    • KV-2
  • SMK – Sergey Mironovich Kirov (tank)
    • SMK

Manufacturer/Designer

  • ACh – Aleksei Charomsky
    • Yer-2 2ACh-30B: Yermolayev Yer-2 with 2 Charomsky ACh-30B diesel engines
  • AM – Aleksandr Mikulin
    • Su-6 (AM-42): Su-6 with Mikulin AM-42 V-12 engine
  • ANT – Andrei Nikolaevich Tupolev
  • Ar – Arkhangelsky
    • Arkhangelsky Ar-2
  • GAZ – Gorkovsky Avtomobilny Zavod: Gorky Automobile Factory
    • GAZ-AAA
  • Il – Ilyushin
    • Ilyushin Il-2M
  • KS – Krasnoye Sormovo
  • La – Lavochkin
    • Lavochkin La-5
  • LaGG – Lavochkin-Gorbunov-Gudkov
    • Lavochkin-Gorbunov-Gudkov LaGG-3
  • M – Myasishchev
  • MAI – Moskovsky Avyatsyonny Instytut Moscow Aviation Institute
    • Tandem-MAI
  • Mi – Mil
    • Mil Mi-24
  • MiG – Mikoyan-Gurevich
    • Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-15
  • OKB – Opytno-Konstruktorskoye Buro: Experimental Design Bureau
  • Pe – Petlyakov
    • Petlyakov Pe-2
  • Po – Polikarpov
    • Polikarpov Po-2
  • STZ – Stalingradsky Traktoriy Zavod: Stalingrad Tractor Factory
    • T-34E (STZ)
  • Su – Sukhoi
    • Sukhoi Su-2
  • Tu – Tupolev
    • Tupolev Tu-2
  • VK – Vladimir Klimov
    • Yak-3 (VK-107): Yakovlev Yak-3 with Klimov VK-107 V-12 engine
  • Yak – Yakovlev
    • Yakovlev Yak-1
  • Yer – Yermolayev
    • Yermolayev Yer-2
  • ZiS – Zavod imeni Stalina: Factory named after Stalin
    • ZiS-43

Military

  • VVS – Voyenno-Vozdushnye Sily: Soviet air force (literally: Military air force)
  • VMF – Voyenno-Morskoy Flot: Soviet Navy (literally: Military maritime fleet)
  • SA – Sovetskaya Armiya: Soviet army
  • IAP – Istrebitelny Aviatsionny Polk: Fighter air regiment
  • GvIAP – Gvardeysky Istrebitelny Aviatsionny Polk: Guards fighter air regiment
  • ShAP – Shturmovoy Aviatsionny Polk: Ground attack air regiment

French

Vehicle

  • Char – Char de bataille: Battle tank
  • AMC – Automitrailleuse de Combat: Combat machine gun (vehicle)
    • AMC 35
  • AMD – Automitrailleuse de Découverte: Scout machine gun (vehicle)
    • AMD 35 P (Panhard 178)
  • AMR – Automitrailleuse de Reconnaissance: Scout machine gun (vehicle)
    • AMR 35
  • AML – Automitrailleuse Légère: Light machine gun (vehicle)
    • AML 90 (Panhard 245)
  • DCA – Défense contre avions: Anti-air defense
  • EBR – Engin Blindé de Reconnaissance: Armored reconnaissance vehicle
    • EBR 90 (Panhard 212)
  • VTT – Véhicule de transport de troupe: Armored personnel carrier (literally: Troop transport vehicle)
  • CA – Canon d'assaut: Tank destroyer (literally: Assault cannon)
    • CA Lorraine 100
  • CAu – Canon automoteur: Self-propelled gun
    • CAu SAu 40
  • TRC – Tracteur de ravitaillement pour chars: Tank supply tractor
  • RC – Roues-Canon: Wheeled gun (carrier)
    • AMX 10 RC
  • Mle – Modèle: Model

Weaponry

  • SA – Semi-automatique: Semi-automatic (cannon)
    • 37-mm L/21 SA 18
  • CA – Canon antiaérien: Anti-aircraft cannon
  • CAD – Canon antiaérien double: Twin (mount) anti-aircraft cannon
  • CAQ – Canon antiaérien quadruple: Quad (mount) anti-aircraft cannon

Munition

  • OE – Obus Explosif: High-explosive shell
  • OEA – Obus Explosif Acier: High-explosive fuzed (AA) shell
  • OEcl – Obus Eclairant: Illumination shell
  • OPf – Obus Perforant: Armor-piercing shell
  • OPfK – Obus Perforant (avec colorant) K: Armor-piercing naval shell (with type K spotting dye)
  • OFl – Obus Flèche: APDS shell (literally: Dart shell)
  • OCC – Obus Charge Creuse: HEAT shell (literally: Hollow charge shell)
  • HOT – Haut Subsonique Optiquement Téléguidé: High Subsonic, Optical Remote-Guided, Tube-Launched (missile)
  • SS – Sol-Sol: Ground-to-ground (missile)
    • 164-mm SS 11 ATGM

Prefix/Suffix

  • bis: Second (iteration)
    • Char B1 bis
  • ter: Third (iteration)
    • Char B1 ter

Manufacturer/Designer

  • AMX – Atelier de Construction d'Issy-Les-Moulineaux: Issy-Les-Moulineaux construction atelier
    • AMX 13
  • APX – Atelier de Puteaux
  • ACL – Atelier et Chantiers de la Loire
  • ARL – Atelier de Construction de Rueil: Rueil construction atelier
    • ARL 44
  • SOMUA – Société d'outillage mécanique et d'usinage d'artillerie: Mechanical tooling and artillery machining company
  • SNCAC – Société Nationale de Constructions Aéronautiques du Centre
  • SNCASE – Société Nationale de Constructions Aéronautiques du Sud-Est
  • SNCASO – Société Nationale de Constructions Aéronautiques du Sud-Ouest
  • FCM – Forges et Chantiers de la Méditerranée
  • DEFA – Direction des Études et Fabrications d'Armement
  • MAC – Manufacture d'Armes de Châtellerault: Châtellerault weapons manufacturer
  • FN – Fabrique Nationale
  • FL – Fives-Lille
  • R – Renault
  • H – Hotchkiss
  • L – Lorraine
  • S – SOMUA
  • D – Dewoitine
  • C – Caudron

or

  • CR – Caudron-Renault
  • MS – Morane-Saulnier
  • F – Farman
  • SO – Sud-Ouest
  • MB – Marcel Bloch (renamed to Dassault in 1949)
  • MD – Marcel Dassault
  • NC – SNCAC
    • NC.900
  • LeO – Lioré-et-Olivier
  • VG – Arsenal (named after Michel Vernisse and Jean Galtier)
  • VB – Arsenal (named after Michel Vernisse and Michel Badie)
  • HS – Hispano-Suiza
    • 20-mm HS 9 auto-cannon

Military

  • BCC – Battalion de Chars de Combat: Battle tank battalion
  • RCC – Régiment de Chars de Combat: Battle tank regiment
  • DCr – Division Cuirassée: Armored division
  • MN – Marine Nationale: French navy (literally: National navy)
  • FNFL – Forces Navales Françaises Libres: Free French naval forces
  • FAFL – Forces Aériennes Françaises Libres: Free French air forces

Italian

Vehicle

  • P – Pesante: Heavy (tank)
    • P26/40: Heavy tank, 26 tons, model 1940
  • M – Medio: Medium (tank)
    • M15/42: Medium tank, 15 tons, model 1942
  • L – Leggero: Light (tank)
    • L6/40: Light tank, 5 tons, model 1930
  • AB – Autoblinda: Armored car
    • AB 41: Armored car, model 1941
  • R – Ricognizione: Reconnaisance (vehicle)
    • OTO R3
  • SIDAM – Sistema Italiano di Difesa Aerea Mobile: Italian system for mobile air-defense

Manufacturer/Designer

  • CR – FIAT (Cacchia Rosatelli: Celestino Rosatelli fighter)
    • FIAT CR.42
  • BR – FIAT (Bombardieri Rosatelli: Celestino Rosatelli bomber)
    • FIAT BR.20
  • G – FIAT (named after Giuseppe Gabrielli)
    • FIAT G.50
  • SM – Savoia-Marchetti
    • Savoia-Marchetti SM.79
  • P – Piaggio
    • Ba.88 (P.XI): Ba.88 with Piaggio P.XI 14-cylinder radial engines
    • Piaggio P.108
  • C – Macchi (named after Mario Castoldi)
    • Macchi C.200
  • Ba – Breda
    • Breda Ba.65
  • Re – Reggiane
    • Reggiane Re.2000
  • Z – CANT (named after Filippo Zappata)
  • FIAT – Fabbrica Italiana Automobili Torino: Italian automobile factory Turin
  • CANT – Cantieri Aeronautici e Navali Triestini: Aeronautical and naval yard Trieste
  • OTO – Odero-Terni-Orlando
  • OF – OTO-FIAT
  • SAFAT – Società Anonima Fabbrica Armi Torino

Weaponry

  • SR – Senza Rinculo: Recoilless (gun)

Prefix/Suffix

  • CC – Controcarro: Anti-tank (rifle)
    • L3/35 CC
  • S – Silurante: Torpedo (airplane)
    • FIAT G.55S
  • CN – Caccia Notturno: Night fighter
    • FIAT CR.42CN
  • CB – Cacciabombardiere: Fighter-bomber
    • Reggiane Re.2001 CB
  • AS – Africa Settentrionale: North Africa (tropical filter)
    • Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-14/AS

or

  • AS – Aerosilurante: Air torpedo (airplane)
    • SM.79 AS
  • EC – Esperimento Cannoni: Experimental cannons
    • Macchi C.202EC
  • A – Artigliere: Artillery
    • Piaggio P.108A
  • B – Bombardiere: Bomber
    • Piaggio P.108B
  • N – Normale: Normal
    • SM.79 bis /N

or

  • N – Nuovo: New
    • C.205N2
  • TM – Totalmente Modificato: Completely modified
    • S.M.79 bis /TM

Romanian

Manufacturer/Designer

  • IAR – Industria Aeronautică Română: Romanian Aeronautic Industry
    • IAR-81C

Japanese

Aircraft

Army

  • Ki – Kitai: Airframe

Navy

First letters (type)

  • A: Carrier-based fighter plane
    • A6M
  • B: Carrier-based attack bomber
    • B5N
  • C: Carrier-based reconnaissance plane
    • C6N
  • D: Carrier-based dive bomber
    • D3A
  • E: Ship-based reconnaissance hydroplane
    • E16A
  • F: Ship-based observation hydroplane
    • F1M
  • G: Land-based attack bomber
    • G4M
  • H: Flying boat
    • H6K
  • J: Land-based fighter plane (also used as suffix for conversions)
    • J2M
    • N1K1-J
  • K: Trainer plane (also used as suffix for conversions)
    • A5M4-K
  • L: Transport plane (also used as suffix for conversions)
    • H6K2-L
  • MX: Special purpose plane (gliders, decoys, test beds), no numbering
    • MXY
  • N: Fighter hydroplane (also used as suffix for conversions)
    • N1K
    • A6M2-N
  • P: Land-based bomber
    • P1Y
  • Q: Patrol plane
  • R: Land-based reconnaissance plane
    • R2Y
  • S: Night fighter
    • S1A

Second letters (manufacturers/designers)

  • A – Aichi
    • D3A
  • He – Heinkel
    • A7He1
  • K – Kawanishi
    • H6K
  • M – Mitsubishi
    • A6M
  • N – Nakajima
    • J1N
  • W – Kyushu
    • J7W
  • Y – Yokosuka
    • D4Y

Ground

Vehicle type

  • Ke: Light (tank)
    • Type 98 Ke-Ni: Light tank, fourth version, model of Imperial Japanese year 2598 (1938)
  • Chi: Medium (tank)
    • Type 3 Chi-Nu: Medium tank, tenth version, model of Imperial Japanese year 2603 (1943)
  • Ju: Heavy (tank)
    • Type 97 Ju-Ro: Heavy tank, second version, model of Imperial Japanese year 2597 (1937)
  • O: Super-heavy (tank)
    • O-I: Super-heavy tank, first version
  • Ho: Self-propelled (gun)
    • Type 3 Ho-Ni III: Self-propelled gun, fourth version, third variant, model of Imperial Japanese year 2603 (1943)
  • Ka: Amphibious (tank)
    • Type 2 Ka-Mi

Order system

  • I: First
  • Ro: Second
  • Ha: Third
  • Ni: Fourth
  • Ho: Fifth
  • He: Sixth
  • To: Seventh
  • Chi: Eighth
  • Ri: Ninth
  • Nu: Tenth

Suffix

  • Ko: First variant
    • A6M5 ko
  • Otsu: Second variant
    • Ki-84 otsu
  • Hei: Third variant
    • Ki-45 hei
  • Tei: Fourth variant
  • Kai – Kazizo: Improved (appended to the name, as opposed to the designation as with the variant indicators)
    • N1K1-J Shiden -> N1K2-J Shiden-Kai

Manufacturer/Designer

  • HI: Vickers (UK)
    • 40-mm HI Type 91 auto-cannon, based on the QF 2-pdr Mk VIII
  • RU: Lewis (UK)
    • 7.7-mm RU Type 92 MG, based on the .303-in Lewis MG

Czech

Vehicle

  • LT – Lehký tank: Light tank
    • LT vz. 38
  • ST – Střední tank: Medium tank
    • ST vz. 39
  • OA – Obrněný automobil: Armored car
  • vz. – vzor: Version

Manufacturer/Designer

  • ČKD – Českomoravská Kolben-Daněk
  • ZB – Zbrojovka Brno

Swedish

Vehicle

  • Strv – Stridsvagn: Tank (literally: Combat vehicle)
  • Ikv – Infanterikanonvagn: Assault howitzer (literally: Infantry (support) gun vehicle)
  • Sav – Stormartillerivagn: Assault gun (literally: Assault artillery vehicle)
  • Pvkv – Pansarvärnskanonvagn: Tank destroyer

Weaponry

  • ksp – Kulspruta: Machine gun
    • 8 mm ksp m/22
  • akan – Automatkanon: Autocannon
    • 13.2 mm akan m/39

English

Vehicle (US)

  • P – Pursuit (aircraft)
  • A – Attacker (aircraft)
  • B – Bomber
  • F – Fighter (aircraft)
  • X – Experimental
    • XA-38 Grizzly: Experimental Attacker 38
  • TB – Torpedo Bomber
  • PB – Patrol Bomber
  • SB – Scout Bomber: Dive bomber
  • OS – Observation Scout (aircraft)
    • OS2U-1: Navy Observation Scout 2, Vought No.1
  • M – Model
    • Medium Tank, M4 Sherman: Model 4 medium tank
  • T – Trial (model)
    • T26 Pershing: Trial model 26 medium tank
  • A – Advancement
    • Medium Tank, M4A1 Sherman: Model 4, Advancement 1 medium tank
  • E – Experimental
    • Medium Tank, M4A1E8 Sherman: Model 4, Advancement 1, Experimental 8 medium tank
  • LVT – Landing Vehicle, Tracked
    • LVT(A)-1
  • LST – Landing Ship, Tank
  • (A) – Amphibious
    • LVT(A)-1
  • HMC – Howitzer Motor Carriage
  • GMC – Gun Motor Carriage
  • CGMC – Combination Gun Motor Carriage
  • MGMC – Multiple Gun Motor Carriage
  • SPG – Self-Propelled Gun
  • SPRR – Self-Propelled Recoilless Rifle
  • SPAA – Self-Propelled Anti-Air
  • MRLS – Multiple Rocket Launcher System
  • AT – Anti-Tank
  • CAS – Close Air Support
  • MBT – Main Battle Tank
  • USS – United States Ship: Honorific styling
    • USS Texas
  • DD – Destroyer
    • DD-445 Fletcher destroyer
  • DE – Destroyer, Escort
  • CL – Cruiser, Light: Light cruiser
    • CL-4 Omaha light cruiser
  • CA – Cruiser, Armored: Heavy cruiser
    • CA-134 Des Moines heavy cruiser
  • CV – Cruiser, Voler: Aircraft carrier (historically based on aviation cruisers)
    • CV-2 Lexington aircraft carrier
  • CB – Cruiser, Battle: Battlecruiser
  • BB – Battleship
    • BB-61 Iowa battleship
  • PG – Patrol Gunboat
  • PT – Patrol Torpedoboat
  • PC – Patrol Chaser: Submarine chaser
  • SS – Submarine
  • SSN – Submarine, Nuclear-powered
  • SSBN – Ballistic Missile Submarine, Nuclear-powered
  • (RISE) – Reliability Improved Selected Equipment
    • M60A1 (RISE/Passive) Patton
  • (AOS) – Add-On Stabilization
    • M60A1 (AOS) Patton
  • W – Wet munition storage
    • M4A2 (76) W Sherman
  • HVSS – Horizontal Volute Spring Suspension
    • M4A3 (105) HVSS Sherman
  • CCKW – General Motors designation: C – designed in 1941, C – conventional cab, K – all-wheel drive, W – dual rear axles

Vehicle (UK)

  • A – Armour Index of the General Staff (historical index number)
    • A22 Infantry Tank Mk IV, Churchill I
  • FV – Fighting Vehicle (modern index number)
    • FV4007 Centurion Mk 1
  • F. – Fighter
    • Spitfire F.24
  • FR. – Fighter-Reconnaissance
    • Seafire FR.47
  • FAW. – Fighter All-Weather
    • Sea Venom FAW.20
  • LF. – Long-range Fighter

or

  • LF. – Low-altitute Fighter
    • Spitfire LF. Mk IX
  • FB. – Fighter-Bomber
    • Sea Fury FB.11
  • B. – Bomber
    • Canberra B.2
  • B(I). – Bomber (Interdictor)
    • Canberra B(I).6
  • TB. – Torpedo Bomber
    • Hampden TB. Mk I
  • TF. – Torpedo-Fighter
    • Firebrand TF. Mk IV
  • HMS – His/Her Majesty's Ship: Honorific styling
    • HMS Dreadnought

Vehicle (other)

  • HMAS – His/Her Majesty's Australian Ship: Honorific styling
  • HMCS – His/Her Majesty's Canadian Ship: Honorific styling
    • HMCS Haida
  • HMNZS – His/Her Majesty's New Zealand Ship: Honorific styling
    • HMNZS Leander

Manufacturer/Designer (US)

  • GMC – General Motors Company (not to be confused with Gun Motor Carriage)
    • GMC CCKW-353

(Army) Air Force

  • BN – Boeing (Renton plant, Washington)
    • B-29A-BN Superfortress
  • CO – Consolidated (San Diego plant, California)
    • B-24D-25-CO Liberator
  • DT – Douglas (Tulsa plant, Oklahoma)
    • A-26C-45-DT Invader
  • DB – Douglas Bomber (company designation)
    • Douglas DB-7 (A-20 Havoc)
  • LO – Lockheed (Burbank plant, California)
    • P-38L-5-LO Lightning
  • NA – North American (Inglewood plant, California)
    • P-51D-20-NA Mustang
  • NH – North American (Columbus plant, Ohio)
    • F-86F-25-NH Sabre
  • NO – Northrop (Hawthorne plant, California)
    • P-61C-1-NO Black Widow
  • RE – Republic (Farmingdale plant, New York)
    • P-47D-25-RE Thunderbolt
  • VE – Vega (Burbank plant, California)
    • B-17G-60-VE Flying Fortress

Navy

  • A – Brewster
    • F2A-1 Buffalo: Navy Fighter 2, Brewster No. 1
  • C – Curtiss
    • SB2C-4 Helldiver: Navy Scout Bomber 2, Curtiss No. 4
  • D – Douglas
    • AD-2 Skyraider: Navy Attacker, Douglas No. 2
  • F – Grumman
    • F4F-3 Wildcat: Navy Fighter 4, Grumman No. 3
  • H – McDonnel
    • F2H-2 Banshee: Navy (Jet) Fighter 2, McDonnell No. 2
  • J – North American
    • PBJ-1 Mitchell: Navy Patrol Bomber, North American No. 1
  • M – Martin
    • PBM-3 Mariner: Navy Patrol Bomber, Martin No. 3
  • U – Vought (military designation)
    • OS2U-1 Kingfisher: Navy Observation Scout 2, Vought No.1
  • V – Vought (company designation)
    • Vought V-156 (SB2U Vindicator)
  • Y – Consolidated
    • PBY-5 Catalina: Navy Patrol Bomber, Consolidated No. 5

Manufacturer/Designer (UK)

  • AEC – Associated Equipment Company
    • AEC Armoured Car Mk II
  • BAe – British Aerospace
  • G – Gloster
    • G.41F (Gloster Meteor F.4)
  • MB – Martin-Baker
    • MB.5

Manufacturer/Designer (other)

  • CAC – Commonwealth Aircraft Corporation
    • CAC Boomerang Mk I
  • DAP – Department of Aircraft Production
    • DAP Beaufort Mk VIII

Weaponry (US)

  • MCLOS – Manual Command to Line of Sight
  • SACLOS – Semi-Automatic Command to Line of Sight
  • TOW – Tube-launched, Optically-tracked, Wire-guided
  • AIM – Air-launched, Interception, Missile
  • BGM – Multi-launched, Ground-attack, Missile
  • VADS – Vulcan Air Defense System
  • AN – Army/Navy
    • 20-mm AN-M2 auto-cannon
  • HB – Heavy Barrel
    • 12.7-mm M2HB MG

Weaponry (UK)

  • BL – Breech-loading (cannon): Usually for (naval) guns of 5 inch caliber and upwards.
    • 356-mm BL 14-inch Mk VII cannon
  • QF – Quick-firing (cannon): Usually for (naval) guns of up to 5 inch caliber.
    • 113-mm QF 4.5-inch Mk II cannon
  • RP – Remote-powered (control): System of direct unified control of turrets (RP.10: Hydraulic, RP.50: Electric)
    • RP.10 Mk I mount
  • HA – High-angle (mount): Mounting for large-caliber AA guns.
  • CP – Central-pivot (mount): Mounting for naval guns.
  • BD – Between decks (mount): Low profile mountings, noticeably for being flush with the flight decks on carriers
  • STAAG – Stabilized tachymetric anti-aircraft gun (mount)
  • ADEN – Armament Development Establishment, Enfield
  • RARDEN – Royal Armament, Research and Development Establishment, Enfield
  • pdr – Pounder: Gun designations based on the pound (lb) weight of their projectiles.
    • 76.2-mm QF 17-pdr
  • cwt – Hundredweight (centum weight): Gun designations based on weight (barrel and breech) in cwt (1-cwt = 112-lb)
    • 76.2-mm QF 3-inch 20-cwt (20-cwt = 2,250-lb)

Munition

  • B – Ball-Point
  • I – Incendiary
  • IT – Incendiary Tracer
  • IAI – Immediate Action Incendiary
  • FI – Fragmentation Incendiary
  • FIT – Fragmentation Incendiary Tracer
  • T – Tracer
  • P – Practice
  • PT – Practice Tracer
  • AP – Armor-Piercing
  • API – Armor-Piercing Incendiary
  • APT – Armor-Piercing Tracer
  • APIT – Armor-Piercing Incendiary Tracer
  • APC – Armor-Piercing Capped
  • APCBC – Armor-Piercing Capped Ballistic Capped
  • APCR – Armor-Piercing Composite Rigid
  • APHE – Armor-Piercing High-Explosive
  • APDS – Armor-Piercing Discarding Sabot
  • APDSFS – Armor-Piercing Discarding Sabot Fin-Stabilized
  • HVAP – High-Velocity Armor-Piercing
  • HVAPT – High-Velocity Armor-Piercing Tracer
  • HE – High-Explosive
  • HEF – High-Explosive Fragmentation
  • HEI – High-Explosive Incendiary
  • HEFI – High-Explosive Fragmentation Incendiary
  • HEFT – High-Explosive Fragmentation Tracer
  • HEFIT – High-Explosive Fragmentation Incendiary Tracer
  • HESH – High-Explosive Squash-Head
  • HEAT – High-Explosive Anti-Tank
  • HEATFS – High-Explosive Anti-Tank Fin-Stabilized
  • ATGM – Anti-Tank Guided Missile
  • GP – General Purpose (bomb)
  • MC – Medium Capacity (bomb)
  • HC – High Capacity (bomb)

Munition (UK)

  • RP-3 – Rocket Projectile, 3-inch

Military (US)

  • USAAF – United States Army Air Force
  • USAF – United States Air Force
  • USMC – United States Marine Corps
  • USN – United States Navy
  • VMF – Marine Fighter Squadron: V – Fixed-wing aircraft, M – Marine Corps, F – Fighter
    • VMF-312 – Marine Fighter Squadron No. 312
  • VMA – Marine Attacker Squadron: V – Fixed-wing aircraft, M – Marine Corps, A – Attacker
    • VMA-332 – Marine Attacker Squadron No. 332

Military (UK)

  • RAF – Royal Air Force
  • RN – Royal Navy
  • FAA – Fleet Air Arm: Royal Navy Air Force

Military (other)

  • RAAF – Royal Australian Air Force
  • RCAF – Royal Canadian Air Force
  • RNZAF – Royal New Zealand Air Force