Nashorn

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RANK 4 FRANCE
Somua SM PACK
8,8 Pak 43/1 Sf."Nashorn"
germ_panzerjager_nashorn.png
AB
RB
SB
General characteristics
Brief
Detailed
5.3/5.3/5.3BR
5 peopleCrew
119 %Visibility
front / side / backArmour
30 / 20 / 20Hull
10 / 10 / 10Turret
Mobility
23.5 tWeight
572 hp300 hpEngine power
24.3 hp/t12.8 hp/tPower-to-weight ratio
44 km/h forward
9 km/h back
40 km/h forward
8 km/h back
Speed
Armament
88 mm PaK43 cannonMain weapon
40 roundsAmmunition
6.7 / 8.7 sReload
-5° / 20°Vertical guidance
-15° / 15°Horizontal guidance
5000 roundsAmmunition
8 / 10.4 sReload
150 roundsBelt capacity
900 shots/minFire rate
Economy
40000 Rp icon.pngResearch
150000 Sl icon.pngPurchase
Sl icon.png3690 / 4594/3080 / 3834/3000 / 3734Repair
43000 Sl icon.pngCrew training
150000 Sl icon.pngExperts
550 Ge icon.pngAces
154 % Rp icon.pngReward for battle
160 % Sl icon.png140 % Sl icon.png100 % Sl icon.png

Description

GarageImage Nashorn.jpg


The 8,8 Pak 43/1 Sf."Nashorn" (Rhinoceros) is a rank III German tank destroyer with a battle rating of 5.3 (AB/RB/SB). It was introduced in Update 1.57 "Battle March". It was developed as an interim solution to deal with Soviet heavy tanks on the Eastern front who were immune to the guns of Marders. It consists of an 88 mm anti-tank gun PaK 43 mounted on a Panzer IV chassis. It is also known as the Hornet (Hornisse in German).

General info

Survivability and armour

Armour type:

  • Rolled homogeneous armour (hull, gun shield, superstructure)
  • Structural steel (gun breech, mudguards)
Armour Front (Slope angle) Sides Rear Roof
Hull 15 mm (72°) Front glacis
30 mm (27°) Driver port - front
30 mm (21°) Lower glacis
20 mm (21°) Add-on tracks over lower glacis
20 mm
10 mm (33°) Driver port - side
20 mm (10°)
15 mm (9°) Add-on wheels
15 mm (18°) Front glacis from above
Superstructure 15 mm (28°) Conical gun shield
10 mm (35°) Outer panels
10 mm (41°) Inner panels connecting with the gun shield
10 mm (15°) 10 mm (13°) N/A

Notes:

  • Suspension wheels and torsion bars are 15 mm thick while tracks are 20 mm thick.
  • The bottom of the hull is 15 mm thick and mudguards are 4 mm thick.

The Nashorn's armour is paper-thin; it will not protect the crew or internal modules even from heavy-calibre machine gun fire. And, the vehicle can be hull-broken by high-calibre HE rounds.

The Nashorn also lacks roof protection, making it a very desirable target for enemy fighters and attackers. Stay behind cover to avoid strafing runs or rocket attacks.

One interesting (and somewhat comical) note on the Nashorn's armour is that being so thin, high-penetration shells may pass through it without detonating at all.

Mobility

Game Mode Max Speed (km/h) Weight (tons) Engine power (horsepower) Power-to-weight ratio (hp/ton)
Forward Reverse Stock Upgraded Stock Upgraded
Arcade 44 9 23.5 426 572 18.13 24.34
Realistic 40 8 265 300 11.28 12.77

Being based on the chassis of the Panzer IV, the Nashorn benefits from the same all-round mobility: the tank accelerates and brakes quickly and is able to reach its max speed of 43 km/h in a dozen of seconds. While there is no neutral steering, turning on the spot is still easily done as it is a light vehicle. The reverse speed is average and won't let you back quickly from a dangerous situation. If you need to quickly turn your hull on the spot towards flanking enemies, privilege the reverse gear as it has more torque. The offroad mobility is good: the Nashorn can reach 12 km/h when climbing uphill from idling and 15 km/h when fording. The "Ostketten" wide tracks for snowy terrain also offer an improved offroad handling. Only big obstacles will hinder your mobility (large trees, concrete blocks, parked vehicles). In short, the Nashorn's mobility is good enough for the role it fulfills.

Armaments

Main armament

Main article: PaK 43 (88 mm)
88 mm PaK 43 Turret rotation speed (°/s) Reloading rate (seconds)
Mode Capacity Vertical Horizontal Stabilizer Stock Upgraded Full Expert Aced Stock Full Expert Aced
Arcade 40 -5°/+20° ±15° N/A 10.6 14.6 17.8 19.6 20.9 8.7 7.7 7.1 6.7
Realistic 7.1 8.4 10.2 11.3 12.0

The 88 mm PaK 43 gun has great penetration statistics at all ranges and angles with an average reload time. Due to the vehicle's design, the gun should be used to snipe enemy targets from long ranges. Most enemy tanks will be crippled or destroyed if a shot connects.

Ammunition

The available ammunition allows for engaging all types of targets:

  • PzGr 39/43: APCBC; an armour-piercing shell with a high penetration power and an explosive filler that will destroy any tank that is penetrates.
  • PzGr 40/43: APCR; a composite round with the best penetration but no explosive filler and will only penetrate flat vertical surfaces.
  • Hl.Gr 39: HEAT; a shaped charge with average penetration but without penetration loss over distance. Only penetrates flat vertical surfaces but the post-penetration damage is very effective on open and lightly armoured vehicles. Very slow shell travelling at circa half the speed of your fastest projectiles.
  • Sprgr.43: HE; useful for destroying aircraft and lightly armoured vehicles. Slow shell travelling at circa 3/4 of the speed of your fastest projectiles.
Penetration statistics
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Penetration @ 0° Angle of Attack (mm)
10 m 100 m 500 m 1,000 m 1,500 m 2,000 m
PzGr 39/43 APCBC 237 234 222 207 194 181
PzGr 40/43 APCR 279 273 252 227 205 185
Hl.Gr 39 HEAT 110 110 110 110 110 110
Sprgr.43 HE 14 14 14 14 14 14
Shell details
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Velocity
(m/s)
Projectile
Mass (kg)
Fuse delay
(m)
Fuse sensitivity
(mm)
Explosive Mass
(TNT equivalent) (g)
Ricochet
0% 50% 100%
PzGr 39/43 APCBC 1000 10.2 1.2 14 108.8 48° 63° 71°
PzGr 40/43 APCR 1130 7.3 N/A N/A N/A 66° 70° 72°
Hl.Gr 39 HEAT 600 7.6 0.0 0.3 1,100 62° 69° 73°
Sprgr.43 HE 820 9.4 0.1 0.5 1,000 79° 80° 81°

Ammo racks

Ammo racks of the Nashorn
Full
ammo
1st
rack empty
2nd
rack empty
3rd
rack empty
4th
rack empty
Visual
discrepancy
40 33 (+7) 25 (+15) 21 (+19) (+39) No

Notes:

  • To go into battle with the flanks empty of ammo, pack 25 (+15) shells (racks 1 and 2 empty).
  • Racks disappear after you've fired all shells in the rack.

Machine guns

Main article: MG34 (7.92 mm)
7.92 mm MG34
Mount Capacity (Belt) Fire rate Vertical Horizontal
Pintle - left side 2500 (150) 900 -5°/+15° -125°/-5°
Pintle - right side 2500 (150) 900 -5°/+15° +5°/+120°

The Nashorn has two MG34 (7.92 mm) machine guns covering the vehicle's flanks. Since they are secondary weapons, there are no ammunition belt options. Furthermore, they have various blind spots (e.g. the rear and the front of the tank and the area above the vehicle). The machine guns have an elevation of only +15°, rendering them useless against diving fighters or bombers.

Usage in battles

The Nashorn is a classic German tank destroyer, and its greatest selling point is its armament. The 88 mm PaK 43 gun has great penetration an great destructive power. It can destroy most opponents in one shot, and is an all-around great gun. Reload times are average. The best way to use this gun is in a sniping position, firing from behind a ridgeline or from behind cover. However, the Nashorn has bad gun depression, which can make ridgeline firing sometimes dangerous.

At close ranges, the Nashorn loses much of its effectiveness since it lacks a traversable turret and has poor survivability.

Speaking of, this vehicle's armour is very thin. It will not protect internal components from heavy-calibre machine gun fire, and it certainly can't defend against full-calibre tank shells. Sometimes, high-penetration shells will overpenetrate and pass through the vehicle without detonating, but this should not be counted on; most of the time, any hit that connects will do great damage to the tank. Additionally, this vehicle has a large silhouette and can be hull-broken by sufficiently large rounds. Even worse, the Nashorn is open-top, which means that artillery is a significant threat. Enemy planes will also see the Nashorn as a highly-desirable target, since strafing runs can cripple or destroy the vehicle. The Nashorn has no way of defending against this; it is equipped with machine guns, but they do not have enough elevation to fire at planes. To avoid artillery and fire from planes, stay behind cover--shrubbery and buildings work well for this.

As a sniping-based tank destroyer, the Nashorn's mobility is not its most important feature. Still, it's nice that the vehicle has good mobility all around. The tank accelerates and brakes quickly and is able to reach its max speed of 43 km/h in normal gameplay. While there is no neutral steering, turning on the spot is still easily done as it is a light vehicle. (Even so, the lack of a turret means that flankers are still very deadly. Watch out for them.) The reverse speed is average and won't let you back quickly from a dangerous situation. (This is important to note when peeking out from behind cover to take a shot.) Thanks to its good mobility, the Nashorn is able to reach sniping positions in a reasonable amount of time or to relocate mid-game if necessary.

Modules

Tier Mobility Protection Firepower
I Tracks Ostketten Parts Horizontal Drive
II Suspension Brake System FPE Adjustment of Fire Hl.Gr 39
III Filters Crew Replenishment Elevation Mechanism
IV Transmission Engine PzGr 40/43

Pros and cons

Pros:

  • The powerful 88 mm PaK 43 cannon can destroy most, if not all, opponents in one shot
  • The thin armour may cause some shells to overpenetrate (pass through the tank without detonating)
  • Two machine guns to deal with lightly armoured targets
  • Reload times are faster than those of the Tiger (Germany) tanks.
  • The mobility of a Panzer IV

Cons:

  • Has next to no armour and can be penetrated by .50 cal machine guns
  • Crew are vulnerable to artillery and strafing aircraft
  • Ammo racks are exposed on the sides of the crew compartment
  • Can be hull-broken
  • Horrible gun depression
  • Very tall silhouette

History

Design

In 1942, the German tank destroyers equipped with 75 mm guns (Marder & StuG IIIs) became ineffective following the arrival of uparmoured Soviet KV heavy tanks on the Eastern front. To quickly answer that situation, the German command mandated an interim vehicle to be proposed before the arrival of a properly designed heavy Panzerjäger. The interim solution was to rely upon the newly developed anti-tank cannons whose caliber had proven very effective even against heavily armoured targets.

Development

The firm Alkett in charge of producing Pz.III and StuG III quickly proposed the Nashorn, born of the assembly of an anti-tank gun and a turretless tank chassis. An anti-tank 88 mm PaK 43 cannon was installed on a Panzer IV chassis and a superstructure built around the rear of the vehicle to provide a protected crew compartment. The engine was then moved from the rear to the central section of the chassis: the drive train of a Panzer III was used to achieve the result. The newly created Panzerjäger provided the devastating firepower of an anti-tank gun with the good mobility of a medium tank. The protection was however lacking, as it was a stop-gap vehicle. Parallel to the Nashorn equipped with an AT gun, the firm Alkett proposed the Hummel on the same chassis but equipped with a 150 mm howitzer. The Nashorn was approved by the German command and entered production in 1943. 494 vehicles in total were built from 1943 to 1945.

Combat usage

The Nashorn first saw combat at the battle of Kursk in 1943. It served mainly on the Eastern front in heavy tank destroyer battalions ("Schwere Panzerjäger-Abteilungen") and proved deadly in the Eastern flat steppes. It was also used in Italy to a lesser extent but did not achieve the same combat performance due to the relief and lack of visibility.

Media

Skins
Videos

See also

Vehicles equipped with the same chassis
Vehicles equipped with the same gun

External links


Germany tank destroyers
Based on Pz.38(t)  Marder III · Marder III H · Jagdpanzer 38(t)
Based on Pz.I  Panzerjäger I
Based on Pz.II  15cm sIG 33 B Sfl
Based on Pz.III  StuG III A · StuG III F · StuG III G · StuH 42 G
Based on Pz.IV  Jagdpanzer IV · Panzer IV/70(V) · Panzer IV/70(A) · Brummbär · Dicker Max · Nashorn
Based on Pz.V  Jagdpanther · Bfw. Jagdpanther
Based on Pz.VI  Sturer Emil · Ferdinand · Jagdtiger
  JPz 4-5 · Waffenträger · VFW · VT1-2
Wheeled/Half-track  Sd.Kfz.251/10 · 8,8 cm Flak 37 Sfl. · Sd.Kfz.234/3 · Sd.Kfz.234/4
Rocket/Missile  15 cm Pz.W.42 · RakJPz 2 · RakJPz 2 (HOT)