ARL-44 (ACL-1)

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ARL-44 (ACL-1)
fr_arl_44_acl1.png
AB
RB
SB
General characteristics
Brief
Detailed
4.0/4.0/4.0BR
5 peopleCrew
Mobility
47.0 tWeight
5 forward
1 back
Gear box
Armament
75 mm SA44 cannonWeapon 1
37 roundsAmmunition
-10° / 20°Vertical guidance
5 000 roundsAmmunition
150 roundsBelt capacity
1 350 shots/minFire rate
Economy
18 000 Rp icon.pngResearch
77 000 Sl icon.pngPurchase
Sl icon.png1 210 / 1 510/1 170 / 1 460/1 310 / 1 634Repair
22 000 Sl icon.pngCrew training
77 000 Sl icon.pngExperts
330 Ge icon.pngAces
x 1.36 Rp icon.pngReward for battle
This page is about the heavy tank ARL-44 (ACL-1). For the tank destroyer version, see ARL-44.

Description

GarageImage ARL-44 (ACL-1).jpg


The ARL-44 (ACL-1) is a Rank III French heavy tank with a battle rating of 4.0 (AB/RB/SB). It was introduced in Update 1.75 "La Résistance". The ARL-44 (ACL-1) is the second heavy tank in the French tree. It is a well-rounded foe more suited for a medium tank role than an heavy one due to lacking armour (which is still very good). It distinguishes from previous French heavy tanks for having a potent gun. The ARL-44 (ACL-1) is a prototype design that would be finalized as the ARL-44.

The ARL-44 (ACL-1) bears very distinctive characteristics, with a WWI-style track system (similar to the Churchill) which runs across the whole side of its chassis. This tank is a mix of different inspirations, mainly late war German tank technology such as the Panther series or the Tiger II, from which it takes its slope frontal armour and tall profile. As France was reviving from WW2, its engineers were hard at work to catch up with tank technology, the ARL-44 series was a training ground for them. This is why this tank has rather weird design choices, coming from both experience and experimentation.

General info

Survivability and armour

The armour on this version of the ARL-44 is subpar as it can be penetrated by most foes it encounter from the front: with only 60 mm at 48°, it is weaker than a stock M4A3 Sherman (not even the Jumbo version). With that in mind, this tank should be kept a fair distance from the frontline. In order to put this "land battleship" to good use, it should be angled at about 25° facing towards the enemy. An even better way to maximise its armour is by keeping an hull-down position, using its -10° depression : turret armour is ~100 mm thick, with a bit of distance and angle, most rounds will not penetrate.

Be advised that this tank has 3 main ammo racks: between driver and machinegunner, in the turret's back and in the plain middle of the right track, shooting them down can be an easy ammo-rack explosion. Another thing to consider is this tank's large elevation mechanism, a penetrating shot to the tank's center of mass may damage/disable it, making it very hard for this foe to return fire.

Armour type:

Armour Front (Slope angle) Sides Rear Roof
Hull 60 mm (48°) Front glacis
60 mm (63°) Lower glacis
100 mm (1-80°) Machine gun port
50 + (25-50) + 50 mm 20 mm (72°) Top
35 mm (32°) Bottom
20 mm
Turret 100 mm (0-44°) Turret front
80 (0-79°) + 30 mm Gun mantlet
60 mm (3-44°) 30 mm (0-51°)
38 mm (0-21°) Rear hatch
10 mm
Armour Sides Roof
Cupola 60 mm 10 mm

Notes:

  • Suspension wheel are 15 mm thick while tracks are 20 mm thick.
  • 25 mm RHA plate separate the engine from the crew compartment.
  • Turret ring is 55 mm thick, with an additional 20 mm armour behind it.

Mobility

At 47 tons, this is not a light tank, even more so that its tracks have bad ground traction. What saves this vehicles from feeling too slow is its 954 HP engine, capable of maintaining its top speed even when climbing slight hills. Do not expect too much from this tank, especially in highly inclined and soft terrains. Don't forget its reverse speed of only -4 km/h won't get you out quick of the situations: don't overextend.

Mobility characteristic
Weight (tons) Add-on Armour
weight (tons)
Max speed (km/h)
47.0 N/A 40 (AB)
37 (RB/SB)
Engine power (horsepower)
Mode Stock Upgraded
Arcade 775 954
Realistic/Simulator 531 600
Power-to-weight ratio (hp/ton)
Mode Stock Upgraded
Arcade 16.49 20.30
Realistic/Simulator 11.30 12.77

Armaments

Main armament

Main article: SA46 (75 mm)

"Decent" might be a word that comes to mind while firing this tank's main gun. When compared to other tanks at the BR, it has about the same characteristics as other medium tank's gun, the only thing being its lack of HE filler. In order to get out of a fight alive, seek some allied fire as this tank as bad reload rate. Do not bring more than 24 shells in order to avoid filling that obvious turret ammo rack.

75 mm SA46
Capacity Vertical
guidance
Horizontal
guidance
Stabilizer
37 -10°/+20° ±180° N/A
Turret rotation speed (°/s)
Mode Stock Upgraded Prior + Full crew Prior + Expert qualif. Prior + Ace qualif.
Arcade 8.9 __.__ __.__ __.__ __.__
Realistic 8.9 __.__ __.__ __.__ __.__
Reloading rate (seconds)
Stock Prior + Full crew Prior + Expert qualif. Prior + Ace qualif.
7.5 __.__ __.__ __.__
Ammunition
Penetration statistics
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Penetration in mm @ 0° Angle of Attack
10m 100m 500m 1000m 1500m 2000m
75 mm Obus de rupture APC 124 120 103 81 70 60
75 mm Obus de explosif HE 10 10 10 10 10 10
Shell details
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Velocity
in m/s
Projectile
Mass in kg
Fuse delay

in m:

Fuse sensitivity

in mm:

Explosive Mass in g
(TNT equivalent):
Normalization At 30°
from horizontal:
Ricochet:
0% 50% 100%
75 mm Obus de rupture APC 700 6.5 N/A N/A N/A ° 48° 63° 71°
75 mm Obus de explosif HE 700 6.2 0.4 0.1 675 +0° 79° 80° 81°
Ammo racks
Ammo racks of the ARL-44 (ACL-1).
Full
ammo
1st
rack empty
2nd
rack empty
3rd
rack empty
Visual
discrepancy
37 25 (+12) 13 (+24) (+36) no

Turret empty: 25 (+12)

Machine guns

Main article: MAC 31 (7.5 mm)
7.5 mm MAC 31
Coaxial mount
Capacity (Belt capacity) Fire rate
(shots/minute)
Vertical
guidance
Horizontal
guidance
5,000 (150) 1,350 N/A N/A

Usage in battles

The ARL-44 (ACL-1) should be played as a medium tank. Combining a good penetrating gun, decent mobility and average but sloped armour, the tank is more suited to this role as most tanks (e.g. PzIV F2, G, H, J, KV-85, T-34-85(D-5T)) and tank destroyers (e.g. Marder III, Achilles, M10, ASU 57) it meets at its BR and above will be able to penetrate its upper glacis reliably at standard combat ranges (~500 m). Im the hands of a capable commander, this tank can be quite deadly. The key word with this tank is "do not expect too much".

Utilize the ARL-44 (ACL-1) as a medium tank. If possible, flank. Otherwise forward engagements are also an option, however, do not trust your armour. Always take out turret rings/gunners first, or, go for ammo racks. When the BR average is 3.0, you can also play this tank as a heavy, as most enemies will not be able to penetrate your armour.

Pros and cons

Pros:

  • Good gun
  • Okay mobility for a heavy tank, suited with a powerful engine
  • Hull turning is fast due to wide hull
  • 5 crew members for increased internal survivability
  • Thick side armour enables strong angling
  • Complex side armour can negate HEAT round effectiveness
  • -10° of gun depression

Cons:

  • Large profile makes it a well-known battlefield target
  • Many tanks can reliably penetrate its frontal armour.
  • No explosives in APC shots
  • Large elevation mechanism, often get damaged
  • Bad ammo storage layout makes ammo rack shots frequent
  • Track traction is subpar (pre-war track pattern)
  • Thin roof armour
  • Many shot traps
  • Long reload time
  • Only 2 shell choices
  • Weak 20 mm plate in turret back protects one of the main ammo racks.
  • Subpar reverse speed

History

Describe the history of the creation and combat usage of the ground vehicle in more detail than in the introduction. If the historical reference turns out to be too big, take it to a separate article, taking a link to the article about the vehicle and adding a block "/ History" (example: https://wiki.warthunder.com/(Vehicle-name)/History) and add a link to it here using the main template. Be sure to reference text and sources by using <ref>, as well as adding them at the end of the article. This section may also include the vehicle's dev blog entry (if applicable) and the in-game encyclopedia description (under === Encyclopedia Info ===, also if applicable).

Media

Excellent additions to the article would be video guides, screenshots from the game, and photos.

See also

Links to the articles on the War Thunder Wiki that you think will be useful for the reader, for example:

  • reference to the series of the vehicles;
  • links to approximate analogues of other nations and research trees.

External links

Paste links to sources and external resources, such as:

  • topic on the official game forum;
  • encyclopedia page on the tank;
  • other literature.


France heavy tanks
  ARL-44 (ACL-1) · AMX-50 Surbaissé
B1  Char de bataille B1 bis · Char de bataille B1 ter
USA  ▄Assault Tank M4A3E2 Jumbo