Type 74 MBT (Family)

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Type 74 variants ready in the hangar

The Type 74 (74式戦車, nana-yon-shiki-sensha) is a main battle tank (MBT) of the Japanese Ground Self-Defense Force (JGSDF). Built and designed by Mitsubishi Heavy Industries (MHI) as a supplement and replacement of the earlier Type 61 MBT as it didn't compete with Russian tanks like the T-62. It was designed to be able to compete with western designs like the US M60 or Leopard 1. Like most Gen 2 tanks that usually mounted the Royal Ordnance L7 rifled 105 mm gun. Starting development in 1964 with the ST-B1 and only being finalized in 1974 made the Type 74 quite the latecomer and outdated already as Gen 3 tanks started popping up like the Leopard 2, Challenger and M1 Abrams just a few years later.

As this tank still sees service, it is slowly being replaced by both the Type 90 and Type 10 MBT's in their new role as Gen 3.5 tanks.


Rank V

Rank VI

External links

Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Ltd. (三菱重工業株式会社)
Ground Vehicles 
APC  Type 60
IFV  Type 89
MCV  Type 16
MBT  ST-A1 · ST-A2 · ST-A3 · Type 61
  ST-B1 · Type 74 · Type 74 (F) · Type 74 (G)
  Type 90 · Type 90 (B)
SPH  Type 75
SPAAG  Type 87
Air Vehicles 
Jet Fighter  F-86F-30 ▅* · F-86F-40 ▅* · F-86F-40 JASDF▅*
  T-2 · F-1
  F-4EJ Phantom II*
Naval Vehicles 
Patrol Boat  PT-15
  MHI's shipyard is positioned in Shimonoseki
  * Licensed
See also  Mitsubishi Aircraft Company (1928-1945) · North American Aviation · Lockheed · McDonnell Aircraft Corporation

Japan medium tanks
Type 97  Chi-Ha · Chi-Ha Kai · Chi-Ha Kai TD · Chi-Ha Short Gun
Type 1  Chi-He · Chi-He (5th Regiment) · Ho-I
Type 3  Chi-Nu · Chi-Nu II
Type 4  Chi-To · Chi-To Late
Type 5  Chi-Ri II
Type 61 MBT  ST-A1* · ST-A2* · ST-A3* · Type 61
Type 74 MBT  ST-B1* · Type 74 · Type 74 (F) · Type 74 (G)
Type 90 MBT  Type 90 · Type 90 (B)
USA  ▅M4A3 (76) W · ▅M47
  *ST-X is prototype stage for said MBT