|This page is about the premium German light tank Sd.Kfz. 140/1. For other uses, see LT-38 (Family).|
- 1 Description
- 2 General info
- 3 Armaments
- 4 Usage in battles
- 5 History
- 6 Media
- 7 See also
- 8 External links
The Aufklärungspanzer 38(t) (also known as the Sd.Kfz. 140/1) is a premium gift rank I German light tank with a battle rating of 1.3 (AB/RB/SB). It was introduced during the Closed Beta Test for Ground Forces before Update 1.41.
Survivability and armour
- Rolled homogeneous armour (hull, turret)
- Structural steel (storage boxes, mudguards)
|Armour||Front (Slope angle)||Sides||Rear||Roof|
|Hull|| 15 mm (25°) Upper plate - Top
50 mm (19°) Upper plate - Bottom
15 mm (15°) Upper plate - Cheeks
30 mm (74°) Upper glacis
50 mm (15°) Lower plate
8 mm (66°) Lower glacis
| 15 mm (6-31°) Top
30 mm Bottom
| 15 mm (2-10°) Upper plate
30 mm (14°) Lower plate
| 30 mm (16°) Front glacis |
10 mm Crew compartment
15 mm (0-30°) Engine deck
|Turret|| 30 mm (36°) Turret front
10 mm (6°) + 30 mm (36°) Gun mantlet
|10 mm (37°)||8 mm (38°)||N/A|
- Suspension wheels, tracks and bogies are 15 mm thick.
- The belly armour is 8 mm thick.
- Mudguards and storage boxes are 4 mm thick.
This vehicle is all-around better than the Flakpanzer I at the same BR in the tech tree. It has a 50 mm front plate, a 30 mm sloped turret, and four crew members spaced out nicely.
|Game Mode||Max Speed (km/h)||Weight (tons)||Engine power (horsepower)||Power-to-weight ratio (hp/ton)|
The speed and power-to-weight ratio of the Sd.Kfz. 140/1 are both superior to the Flakpanzer I, being 58 km/h forward, -6 km/h backwards, and a power-to-weight ratio of 15.45 hp/ton.
Modifications and economy
|20 mm KwK38||Turret rotation speed (°/s)||Reloading rate (seconds)|
|Mode||Capacity (Belt)||Fire rate||Vertical||Horizontal||Stabilizer||Stock||Upgraded||Full||Expert||Aced||Stock||Full||Expert||Aced|
The 20 mm KwK38 autocannon is one of the most lethal low-rank guns.
- Default: · - These rounds work well until the others are researched.
- Sprgr.: - These are absolutely devastating in the AA role.
- PzGr: - These are suited for the anti-tank role at close range and do good damage to planes.
- PzGr 40: - The best belt for the anti-tank role with the best penetrating shell for this cannon. While the post-penetration damage can be quite poor, the rapid fire from the autocannon can mitigate this problem by following up quickly with another penetrating shot. In close combat, these shells should be used against modules and crew members to make the most of each shell. Against angled armour, however, the HVAP ammo may not be very effective. Unlike the Flakpanzer 1 and Flakpanzer 38, this belt is still 100% HVAP.
|Belt||Penetration @ 0° Angle of Attack (mm)|
|10 m||100 m||500 m||1,000 m||1,500 m||2,000 m|
|Belt|| Type of
| Fuse delay
| Fuse sensitivity
| Explosive Mass
(TNT equivalent) (g)
|30||25 (+5)||19 (+11)||13 (+17)||7 (+23)||1 (+29)||No|
- Racks disappear after all shells in the rack have been shot or loaded.
This tank has a coaxial 7.92 mm MG 42 machine gun that is a sufficient fallback to the FlaK 38. The MG42 is unlikely to be of help against other ground vehicles but is best used between reloads to maintain a semi-constant rate of fire on enemy aircraft.
|7.92 mm MG42|
|Mount||Capacity (Belt)||Fire rate||Vertical||Horizontal|
Usage in battles
The Sd.Kfz.140/1 is a multirole armored vehicle which mainly focuses on light/medium armor and air targets. It can be considered a combination between the Pz.II and the Flakpanzer 1.
As a scout:
The Sd.Kfz.140/1 has a decent speed, low profile and scouting abilities. It is able to move fast to certain advantage points and scout enemy targets for friendlies. When playing as a sneaky scout, it is recommended to only fire if forced to maintain cover and let enemy tanks destroy those spotted. It is able to mark an enemy with fire (either main gun or machinegun) but its not recommended.
As a support vehicle:
Due to its high rate of fire, the 20mm gun is able to not only damage tracks but all tank modules at it's br. This is particullary helpful when engaging heavier targets which cannot be penetrated by the HVAP belts. The gun barrel, tracks, engine deck or any other module that can disable the tank are the main targets the player must aim to in order to disable the tank and make it an easier prey for friendlies who can take down the heavy armor. It is also able to repair assist, meaning it is able to reduce the repair time of a friendly vehicle in helped. This is not only an RP incomer but also can save your life in a tense situation in which 2 guns are better than a single 20mm.
As an anti-air:
Despite being a light tank with a relatively slow traverse and gun elevation, the Sd.Kfz.140/1 can be comparable to the Flakpanzer 1 when engagine aircrafts. It has a 70° elevation, more than enough to engage low flying aircraft with ease. It is able to become a formidable anti air not only at it's battle rating capable of destroying any aircraft in a small burst. Although the AP-I belts have more crippling power compared to the HVAP, with the amount of shells the gun can put on the aircraft, it is not as crucial although this is up to player's discretion. It works very well against low passing bombers and fighters as it only takes about 4 seconds to completely take out and aircraft (if you hit all shots).
Pros and cons
- Armed with a powerful 20 mm cannon with a very high rate of fire.
- The 20 mm HVAP magazine has incredible close range penetration and damage potential thanks to all the spalling. Hitting an enemy with all 10 rounds will either kill crew, or leave the vehicle severely damaged.
- Can carry almost twice the amount of ammo that the Pz.II C or F can.
- The high rate of fire coupled with the 70 degrees of gun elevation makes this vehicle an effective anti-aircraft tank.
- The hull has an impressive 50 mm of armour on the front while the turret has 30 mm of angled armour.
- Very fast and highly mobile. Can keep up with many of the armoured cars at Rank I.
- Many tanks at this BR have exposed crew members. This makes the coaxial MG42 an excellent way of taking out exposed enemy crew without having to waste any 20 mm shells.
- With this tank being so effective at flanking, ambushing, brawling, and acting as an AA screen; the Sd.Kfz. 140/1 is one of the best pound-for-pound tanks in the game.
- There's only a 15 mm plate of armour between the turret and chassis making it a massive weak spot if shot.
- Only 15 mm of armour on the flat corners of the upper hull and hull sides. Angling is not a good tactic to employ.
- A really tall tank with a high center of gravity. Not only is this tank difficult to hide, but a really sharp turn can cause the tank to flip over.
- Only 4 degrees of gun depression. That coupled with this tank's height makes this vehicle ill-suited for cresting ridge lines.
- Longer reload time between magazine reloads. Many contemporary tanks can fire off 1 or 2 shells before a new magazine has been loaded.
- Only performs well at close quarters combat, as both the AP and HVAP penetration drop below 30 mm past 500 m.
- The turret crew are exposed to strafing aircraft and artillery, as well as machine-gun fire from tanks above it.
- Lacks a shoulder stabilizer unlike the Pz. II's
In 1934, the Czechoslovak tank manufacturer ČKD developed an alternative design for the LT-35 tank. The latter was made by competitor Škoda. The LT-35 was too complex and had many shortcomings; its reliability was poor. ČKD's engineer Alexander Surin decided to use leaf spring suspension and four large wheels for the newly developed tank. The resulting type was reliable and an export success. The new running gear was first used for a light tank, the AH-IV, with only machine gun armament; it was first delivered to Iran, as the RH, of which fifty were bought in 1935; a second version, the R-1, was delivered to Romania in a number of 35 in 1936 and 1937, and a third, the AH-IV-Sv in a number of 48 to Sweden from 1937. In 1935 this enlarged running gear was combined with the hull of the light LT Vz 34 tank previously produced for the Czechoslovak army, which had a real 37mm gun. The new vehicle was called the TNH. In 1935, Iran ordered fifty vehicles. On April 17, 1936, Switzerland ordered 26 vehicles of the LTH, a modified version with 24mm gun. In 1938, 24 units of the LTP were ordered by Peru, and 21 LTL vehicles, with a more powerful engine, were ordered by Latvia, which, incidentally, were never delivered due to occupation by the Soviet Union. The United Kingdom also acquired a specimen just before the occupation of the Czech Republic and tested it between 16 and 29 March 1939. The opinion on the type was strongly dismissive: the tank was found to be too tight and the speed through rough terrain too bumpy.
In March 1937, the Czechoslovakian Ministry of Defense asked both country's tank producers to propose a new type to supplement the LT-35, which could be mass-produced as soon as possible. They indicated that they would purchase at least 400 vehicles and guaranteed an initial order of 260. Naturally, ČKD offered the TNH, which was already fully developed. In tests from January 25, 1938, the type proved superior to all counterparts. On July 22, 1938, Czechoslovakia ordered 150 vehicles of the Type Lt Vz.38, for 620,146 crowns each. The intention was to achieve a monthly production of 20. However, when the first tank left the factory in February, the land was already divided; shortly afterwards, the Czech hull state was also occupied: none of the tanks could eventually serve the army before the German occupation began.
In German service
As early as March, the factory management had contacted the Germans to continue production after the occupation. Germany had a great shortage of medium tanks and although the now LTM 38 tank was officially called a light tank, with its 37 mm gun it was no worse armed than the German medium Panzerkampfwagen III and much better than the light Panzerkampfwagen I and Panzerkampfwagen II; it was not only more reliable than the LT-35, but also than the light German tanks. Czech production capacity in the early years allowed Germany to form about a third more armored divisions and was thus critical to success during that time of the war. The production of the tank continued as Panzerkampfwagen 38 (t) (the name from January 16, 1940) until June 1942 and 1411 were built; monthly production peaked in September 1941 with 76 vehicles. There was also exported to the countries on the German side: Hungary took 102, Slovakia 69, Romania 50 and Bulgaria 10. Due to the rapid technical developments during the war, the type soon became obsolete. She was too small to carry a bigger cannon in a tower; several plans to do so were rejected. From 1942, the LT-38s were replaced or assigned less important tasks.
However, Germany could not afford to leave production capacity idle; the chassis was extremely useful due to its reliability. A modified chassis of the PzKpfw 38 (t) therefore became the basis for various types of mechanized artillery, mechanized artillery and tank hunters, including the successful German Jagdpanzer 38, better known today as the "Hetzer".
The Aufklärungspanzer 38(t) reconnaissance tank was based on the Pz.38(t) towards the end of 1943, by the BMM construction office in Prague. The order specifications required a 20 mm automatic cannon and a 75 mm regular cannon.
A Praga AE engine with 160 hp at 2600 rpm replaced the Praga AC. This required a change in the exhaust system and the introduction of a longer exhaust pipe, which, together with a muffler, was put on the tank's roof. The tank's hull received a new superstructure, with modified inclination and with riveted joints for its armor plates.
The tank's armament consisted of a 20 mm automatic KwK38 L/55 cannon paired with a 7.92 mm MG42 machine gun. The guns could be pointed anywhere between -4 and 70 degrees and so could fire at air targets. The tank's ammunition included 300 shells and 1,500 machine gun rounds.
The open-top hexahedral turret, manufactured by the company Appelt, was equipped with a metal mesh to protect against hand grenades. The tank's armor thickness ranged from 8 to 50 millimeters. Its operational weight reached 9,750 kg. At this weight, its maximum highway speed was 52 kph, and its maximum highway range was 240 kilometers.
The Aufklärungpanzer 38(t) tank was accepted into the Wehrmacht in 1944, but large-scale production of the machine was never successfully introduced. A total of 70 tanks were produced.
The tanks were used on both the West and the Eastern Fronts.
Its design was successful, reliable, and advanced. However, the rivet joints in its armor plating were a detriment to its survivability.
- Vehicles equipped with the same chassis
- Vehicles equipped with the same gun
- Other vehicles of similar configuration and role
- [Wikipedia] Panzer 38(t)
- [Tanks Encyclopedia] Aufklärungspanzer 38(t)
- [History of War] Aufklarungspanzer 38(t) (Sdkfz 140/1)
|Germany light tanks|
|Pz.II||Pz.II C · Pz.II C (DAK) · Pz.II F · Pz.Sfl.Ic|
|Wheeled||Sd.Kfz.221 (s.Pz.B.41) · Sd.Kfz.234/1 · Sd.Kfz.234/2 · Sd.Kfz.234/2 TD · Class 3 (P)|
|Czech||Pz.35(t) · Pz.38(t) A · Pz.38(t) F · Sd.Kfz. 140/1|
|Post-war||Begleitpanzer 57 · Ru 251 · leKPz M41 · SPz BMP-1 · Radkampfwagen 90 · JaPz.K A2 · Marder A1- · TAM · TAM 2C · TAM 2IP|
|Germany premium ground vehicles|
|Light tanks||Pz.II C (DAK) · Pz.Sfl.Ic · Sd.Kfz. 140/1 · Sd.Kfz.234/1 · Ru 251 · TAM 2IP|
|Medium tanks||Nb.Fz. · Pz.III N · Pz.Bef.Wg.IV J · ▀M4 748 (a) · ▀T 34 747 (r) · Ersatz M10 · mKPz M47 G · Leopard A1A1 (L/44)|
|Heavy tanks||▀Pz.Kpfw. Churchill · ▀KV-IB · ▀KV I C 756 (r) · ▀KV II 754 (r)|
|VK 45.01 (P) · ␠Tiger · Pz.Bef.Wg.VI P · Tiger II (H) Sla.16|
|Tank destroyers||Sd.Kfz.234/3 · Sd.Kfz.234/4 · Sd.Kfz.251/10 · Sd.Kfz.251/22 · 15 cm Pz.W.42 · Brummbär · Panzer IV/70(A) · Bfw. Jagdpanther · VFW|