T-2

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RANK 6 USA
"APACHE" | AH-64A Peten
T-2
t2.png
GarageImage T-2.jpg
360://https://wiki.warthunder.com/images/e/e8/Cockpit_t2.jpg
T-2
AB RB SB
9.7 9.7 9.7
Research:390 000 Specs-Card-Exp.png
Purchase:1 000 000 Specs-Card-Lion.png
Show in game

Description

The Mitsubishi T-2 is a rank VI Japanese jet fighter with a battle rating of 9.7 (AB/RB/SB). It was introduced in Update 1.87 "Locked On".

After World War II, Japan was left without any modern jet fighters for defensive purposes. Around 1955 the Japanese Air Self-Defense Force (JASDF) put into motion the development of a supersonic jet aircraft due to the Fuji T-1 trainer's lack of proper training in supersonic flight. Japan had purchased front-line Mach 2 fighters such as the F-104 Starfighter and the F-4EJ Phantom. However, their pilots had difficulty handling them, and a new trainer aircraft was needed.

Built as a trainer aircraft, the trainee pilot and instructor sat in tandem with the instructor in the rear-raised seat. With an instructor pilot in the aircraft, Japan was now ready to train its pilots in high-speed fighter usage properly. The T-2 paved the way for Japan's development and production of their first supersonic military fighter, the Mitsubishi F-1.

The T-2 features dual Ishikawajima-Harima Heavy Industries TF40-IHI-801A engines, which are license-built Rolls-Royce Turbomeca Adour turbofans, the same utilised in the Jaguar fighters. The T-2, for the most part, was manufactured with aircraft aluminium alloys. However, it did selectively use titanium for extra strength in certain areas. Shaped more like a dart than the stout Jaguar, the T-2 was built for speed, though to help with manoeuvrability, the wings do not house fuel tanks and feature leading-edge root extensions (LERX) and full-span leading-edge slats on the wings to aid in creating a higher angle of attack or higher lift capacity, especially helpful during slow flight. The T-2 opted to eliminate ailerons and instead utilise twin spoilers for roll control. Like many modern fighters, the tail portion of the aircraft featured an all-moving tailplane and airbrakes were outfitted to allow for slowing the aircraft down either in manoeuvres or when preparing for landing.

T-2 fighter on the hunt in air-to-air attack configuration.

The T-2 is an aggressive fighter aircraft and features a single 20 mm Vulcan cannon which requires a brief spin-up before ammunition begins to fire, thus does not have an instantaneous fire with trigger depress, which will take a pilot time to get used to and preplan shots to allow for the gun to spool-up in time to get shots off at a high-speed target. AIM-9E Sidewinder air-to-air missiles round out the air attack arsenal and are highly effective missiles. However, a clever (and lucky) pilot can outmanoeuvre the Sidewinders, though, typically, the enemy fighter is then left in a compromising situation and can be easily dispatched with the cannon.

Rockets mounted on the T-2 bridge the gap between air-attack and ground-attack, allowing the fighter to either hammer bombers with the rockets or ground targets such as trucks, anti-aircraft batteries and ships. For a dedicated ground attack, the T-2 can be outfitted with two different bombs, namely the 500 and 750 lb bombs of which are the aerodynamic LDGP form type bombs. Though not built to be a fighter-bomber like the F-4C, the Japanese fighter loses some of its hard-earned manoeuvrability while carrying bombs (hence the fuel tanks not being in the wings), however once released, the T-2 can be back in the aerial mix as long as it has the speed to do so.

Though developed as a training aircraft, the T-2 is a formidable foe that is fast, sleek and can carry a one-two punch which can easily knock out enemy aircraft unfortunate enough to race through the Japanese fighters crosshairs.

General info

Flight performance

Arrestor gear
Accelerates braking by grabbing the brake cable on the deck of the aircraft carrier
Air brakes
Allows you to dramatically reduce the flight speed by releasing special flaps
Drogue parachute
Reduces braking distance when landing on any runway
Max speed
at 10 975 m1 710 km/h
Turn time33 s
Max altitude15 200 m
Engine2 х Ishikawa-Harima TF40-801A
Type
Cooling systemAir
Take-off weight14 t
T-2 on coastal patrol.

The T-2 was designed and built for one main purpose, and that was to train pilots in flight at around Mach 1.4 in preparation for flying faster Mach +2 fighters such as the F-4EJ, F-104 and the Mitsubishi F-1. With a long narrow body, short main wings without fuel tanks and an all-moving tailplane, this aircraft was built streamlined like the F-104 to get you from point A to point B in the shortest amount of time possible and not spend too much time manoeuvring. While excelling as an interceptor, this fighter will still hold its own in a manoeuvring fight, granted as long as under-wing armaments are limited to the Sidewinder missiles and not the heavy bombs.

The sleekness of the aircraft lends itself to flying fast, and speed should be maintained when flying, especially during air-to-air combat, as a slow-flying T-2 is a relatively easy target due to poor manoeuvrability at slow speeds. To help in instances where the aircraft must fly at slower speeds (landing, bombing and ground rocket attack), slats and spoilers help create a higher lift capacity and roll rate, preventing the aircraft from stalling and plummeting.

Air-to-air combat should be avoided when carrying bomb loads, as this will significantly decrease manoeuvrability. During a ground attack, all efforts should be made to get to the target as soon as possible and release the heavy ordnance and then proceed to any aerial combat in the near vicinity.

Damage to the aircraft, especially to the wings, will typically result in the destruction of the aircraft. Due to their relatively small size, any loss in surface area will cause the fighter to over-lift on the good side, sending the aircraft into a roll and then potentially into a flat spin.

Characteristics Max Speed
(km/h at 10,975 m)
Max altitude
(metres)
Turn time
(seconds)
Rate of climb
(metres/second)
Take-off run
(metres)
AB RB AB RB AB RB
Stock 1,678 1,663 15200 33.6 35.0 119.9 110.0 900
Upgraded 1,752 1,710 32.4 33.0 161.9 140.0
T-2 in a power-climb on an intercept path.

Details

Features
Combat flaps Take-off flaps Landing flaps Air brakes Arrestor gear Drogue chute
Limits
Wings (km/h) Gear (km/h) Flaps (km/h) Max Static G
Combat Take-off Landing + -
1365 577 735 525 450 ~10 ~4
Optimal velocities (km/h)
Ailerons Rudder Elevators Radiator
< 650 < 580 < 650 N/A

Engine performance

Engine Aircraft mass
Engine name Number Basic mass Wing loading (full fuel)
Ishikawa-Harima TF40-801A 2 6,764 kg 460 kg/m2
Engine characteristics Mass with fuel (no weapons load) Max Takeoff
Weight
Weight (each) Type 12m fuel 20m fuel 30m fuel 41m fuel
810 kg Afterburning low-bypass turbofan 7,659 kg 8,210 kg 8,932 kg 9,746 kg 13,500 kg
Maximum engine thrust @ 0 m (RB/SB) Thrust to weight ratio @ 0 m (WEP)
Condition 100% WEP 12m fuel 20m fuel 30m fuel 41m fuel MTOW
Stationary 1,950 kgf 3,105 kgf 0.81 0.76 0.70 0.64 0.46
Optimal 2,010 kgf
(200 - 400 km/h)
3,437 kgf
(1,000 km/h)
0.90 0.84 0.77 0.71 0.51

Survivability and armour

Crew2 people
Speed of destruction
Structural1 365 km/h
Gear577 km/h
  • 38 mm bulletproof glass - situated between the fore and aft cockpits

The T-2 fighter, like many of the newer aircraft, have shed most of its armour instead of more speed and agility. The only armour outfitted on this aircraft is the 38 mm bulletproof glass situated between the fore and aft cockpit, giving the rear pilot a pretty good chance of surviving an impact or bullet strike which might take out the front pilot. Beyond that, the aircraft's survivability is a mix of engineering and the pilot's skill. Damage sustained to the wings will not affect fuel loss as no tanks are mounted here; they are only mounted within the aircraft's fuselage. While many aircraft can absorb a huge amount of ammunition rounds in the fuselage before losing something important when it comes to the T-2 fuselage hits typically result in a hit to the engines, oil coolers, fuel, pilots or the radar. This is where pilot skill and manoeuvring come into play to make it very difficult for an enemy pilot to get a firing solution. High-G manoeuvres within this aircraft may hurt the speed and manoeuvrability; however, it may save the pilot's lives by causing many missiles such as the AIM Sidewinders to miss due to their lower g-turn threshold.

Modifications and economy

Repair costBasic → Reference
AB3 700 → 4 998 Sl icon.png
RB7 300 → 9 862 Sl icon.png
SB9 870 → 13 334 Sl icon.png
Total cost of modifications294 000 Rp icon.png
864 000 Sl icon.png
Talisman cost2 600 Ge icon.png
Crew training290 000 Sl icon.png
Experts1 000 000 Sl icon.png
Aces2 400 Ge icon.png
Research Aces950 000 Rp icon.png
Reward for battleAB / RB / SB
120 / 330 / 320 % Sl icon.png
220 / 220 / 220 % Rp icon.png
Modifications
Flight performance Survivability Weaponry
Mods aerodinamic fuse.png
Fuselage repair
Research:
12 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
35 000 Sl icon.png
250 Ge icon.png
Mods jet compressor.png
Compressor
Research:
12 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
35 000 Sl icon.png
250 Ge icon.png
Mods booster.png
New boosters
Research:
22 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
65 000 Sl icon.png
460 Ge icon.png
Mods aerodinamic wing.png
Wings repair
Research:
18 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
53 000 Sl icon.png
380 Ge icon.png
Mods jet engine.png
Engine
Research:
18 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
53 000 Sl icon.png
380 Ge icon.png
Mods g suit.png
G-suit
Research:
32 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
94 000 Sl icon.png
670 Ge icon.png
Mods armor frame.png
Airframe
Research:
22 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
65 000 Sl icon.png
460 Ge icon.png
Mods armor cover.png
Cover
Research:
32 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
94 000 Sl icon.png
670 Ge icon.png
Mods ammo.png
JM61A1_belt_pack
Research:
12 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
35 000 Sl icon.png
250 Ge icon.png
Mod arrow 1.png
Mods pilon bomb.png
M82
Research:
12 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
35 000 Sl icon.png
250 Ge icon.png
Mod arrow 1.png
Mods pilon rocket.png
RL-4
Research:
12 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
35 000 Sl icon.png
250 Ge icon.png
Mod arrow 0.png
Mods pilon rocket.png
JLAU-3/A
Research:
22 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
65 000 Sl icon.png
460 Ge icon.png
Mod arrow 1.png
Mods weapon.png
JM61A1_new_gun
Research:
18 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
53 000 Sl icon.png
380 Ge icon.png
Mods pilon bomb.png
JM117
Research:
18 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
53 000 Sl icon.png
380 Ge icon.png
Mods air to air missile.png
AIM-9E
Research:
32 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
94 000 Sl icon.png
670 Ge icon.png

Armaments

Offensive armament

Ammunition500 rounds
Fire rate6 000 shots/min
Main article: JM61A1 (20 mm)

The T-2 is armed with:

  • 1 x 20 mm JM61A1 cannon, chin-mounted (500 rpg)
T-2 sporting a user-created skin.

The JM61A1 20 mm Vulcan cannon is a monster and, at the same time, a headache for new pilots not used to it. Unlike most other machine guns and cannons in the game (or in real life, for that matter), trigger depression here does not immediately produce flying bullets. Due to the characteristics of the JM61A1 cannon, it requires an initial spool-up time or spin of the cannon barrels before ammunition can be fired. The high rate of fire can easily melt the barrel, however with the rotating barrels, each barrel can cool off enough before it is its turn again to prevent damage. To initiate this, trigger depression will result in a .25 second delay before the ammunition begins to fire to allow for the barrels to get to proper rotating speed. Once it gets going, 750 rounds of ammunition do not last very long.

When targeting an aircraft, for example, the pilot must remember this formula to be successful while leading an aircraft or before an aircraft passes through the crosshairs, start squeezing the trigger about .5 to .25 seconds before that event, and the cannon rounds should land on target. Waiting until a target passes through the crosshairs (unless tailing them) will result in a miss as they will be out of the sights before the cannon starts firing.

Trigger discipline is necessary when using this cannon as due to its rate of fire (about 6,000 RPM, ~100 RPS or 7.5 seconds of ammunition) will easily blow through the 750 rounds carried by the T-2.

Suspended armament

Number of setups14
List of setups
Setup 12 x AIM-9B Sidewinder air-to-air missiles
Setup 25 x 500 lb LDGP Mk 82 bomb
Setup 35 x 750 lb JM117 cone 45 bomb
Setup 416 x Zuni Mk32 Mod 0 ATAP rockets
Setup 576 x FFAR Mighty Mouse rockets
Setup 62 x AIM-9B Sidewinder air-to-air missiles
5 x 500 lb LDGP Mk 82 bomb
Setup 72 x AIM-9B Sidewinder air-to-air missiles
5 x 750 lb JM117 cone 45 bomb
Setup 82 x AIM-9B Sidewinder air-to-air missiles
16 x Zuni Mk32 Mod 0 ATAP rockets
Setup 92 x AIM-9B Sidewinder air-to-air missiles
76 x FFAR Mighty Mouse rockets
Setup 102 x AIM-9E Sidewinder air-to-air missiles
Setup 112 x AIM-9E Sidewinder air-to-air missiles
5 x 500 lb LDGP Mk 82 bomb
Setup 122 x AIM-9E Sidewinder air-to-air missiles
5 x 750 lb JM117 cone 45 bomb
Setup 132 x AIM-9E Sidewinder air-to-air missiles
16 x Zuni Mk32 Mod 0 ATAP rockets
Setup 142 x AIM-9E Sidewinder air-to-air missiles
76 x FFAR Mighty Mouse rockets
T-2 outfitted with FFAR Mighty Mouse rockets, Sidewinders and the obligatory 20 mm Vulcan cannon.

The T-2 can be outfitted with the following ordnance:

  • Without load
  • 5 x 500 lb LDGP Mk 82 bombs (2,500 lb total)
  • 5 x 750 lb JM117 cone 45 bombs (3,750 lb total)
  • 16 x Zuni Mk32 Mod 0 ATAP rockets
  • 76 x FFAR Mighty Mouse rockets
  • 2 x AIM-9B Sidewinder missiles
  • 2 x AIM-9B Sidewinder missiles + 5 x 500 lb LDGP Mk 82 bombs (2,500 lb total)
  • 2 x AIM-9B Sidewinder missiles + 5 x 750 lb JM117 cone 45 bombs (3,750 lb total)
  • 2 x AIM-9B Sidewinder missiles + 16 x Zuni Mk32 Mod 0 ATAP rockets
  • 2 x AIM-9B Sidewinder missiles + 76 x FFAR Mighty Mouse rockets
  • 2 x AIM-9E Sidewinder missiles
  • 2 x AIM-9E Sidewinder missiles + 5 x 500 lb LDGP Mk 82 bombs (2,500 lb total)
  • 2 x AIM-9E Sidewinder missiles + 5 x 750 lb JM117 cone 45 bombs (3,750 lb total)
  • 2 x AIM-9E Sidewinder missiles + 16 x Zuni Mk32 Mod 0 ATAP rockets
  • 2 x AIM-9E Sidewinder missiles + 76 x FFAR Mighty Mouse rockets

Usage in battles

Describe the tactics of playing in the aircraft, the features of using aircraft in a team and advice on tactics. Refrain from creating a "guide" - do not impose a single point of view, but instead, give the reader food for thought. Examine the most dangerous enemies and give recommendations on fighting them. If necessary, note the specifics of the game in different modes (AB, RB, SB).

Radars

Main articles: AN/APS-21, AN/APG-26

The Mitsubishi T-2 is equipped with an AN/APS-21 search radar, as well as an AN/APG-26 target tracking radar. Both radars are located in the nose of the aircraft.

T-2 taxiing for take-off.
AN/APS-21 - Target Detection Radar
Maximum
Detection
Range
Guaranteed
Detection
Range
Max Azimuth
Scan Angle
Max Elevation
Scan Angle
45,000 m 28,000 m ±85° ±16°
AN/APG-26 - Target Tracking Radar
Maximum
Tracking
Range
Minimum
Tracking
Range
Azimuth Tracking
Angle
Elevation Tracking
Angle
4,000 m 150 m ±60° ±60°

Pros and cons

The dart-shaped T-2 hugging the terrain in attempt to catch enemy fighters unaware.

Pros:

  • Faster than most jets at its BR
  • Devastating armament
  • High climb rate
  • 2 pilots (not vulnerable to pilot snipes)
  • High acceleration
  • Manoeuvrable enough to get onto the target with relative ease.
  • Has a tail hook for landing on carriers
  • Has a braking chute, making landings on short airstrips or carriers possible
  • Strong ordnance options
  • Can equip 2 x AIM-9B/-9E missiles

Cons:

  • Burns through fuel at an astronomical rate in arcade battles
  • JM61A1 electric-powered cannon takes getting used to because of 0.25 second spool time to get the barrel spinning before firing commences
  • Poor energy retention
  • Extremely poor low-speed manoeuvrability and the low speed of the plane mean lower than 500 km/h
  • Requires good trigger discipline and aim as the gun burns through ammunition
  • Cannon tends to "spark"
  • Larger turning radius compared to most other jet fighters it can face
  • Cannon belts have no tracer shells, making it harder to aim
  • Targeting radar is often unreliable

History

Soon after WW2, Japan was mostly offered jet fighter aircraft from the USAAF / USAF, such as the later versions of the F-86 Sabre, to protect itself from threats such as North Korea, which was at the time in conflict with the United States (in the 1950s). In the late '50s and '60s, Japan had already developed its first modern jet-aircraft, the Fuji T-1, which was mainly used as a trainer aircraft. But by the '70s, it was obsolete; Japan needed a new trainer aircraft, which could train pilots for near Mach 2 speeds.

During the time between 1964-1965, engineers at Mitsubishi began working on a project called "T-X", which would be either a 1 or 2 seater aircraft that would later be developed into another project for a ground attack aircraft called the "SF-X".

Simultaneously, the United States offered Japan the T-38, and Britain/France offered the SEPECAT Jaguar for investigation. Japan thought of a project of license-building these aircraft, which has later failed due to issues between SEPECAT and the Japanese Imperial Family.

In 1967, Japanese aircraft manufacturers Fuji, Kawasaki and Mitsubishi proposed their designs for the XT-2, of which Mitsubishi's design was accepted. The prototype (pre-production model) would be built in 1971, seeing its maiden flight on July 20 1971, flown by Dr. Kenji Ikeda.

The XT-2 became the first Japanese-built aircraft to break the sound barrier in level flight. It was put into final production later that year.

The variants of the final model, the T-2 were: T-2Z (early model that later ended up being modified for the SF-X program), T-2A and T-2B (trainer models) and the T-2K, the armed model, carrying an M-61 Vulcan 20mm fast-firing autocannon. The aircraft was produced until 1988 and was retired in 2006 along with its fighter variant, the F-1 when it was replaced by its successor, the Kawasaki T-4 (the Mitsubishi F-2 Viper Zero replaced the F-1).

Media

Skins
Videos

See also

Related development
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration, and era

External links


Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Ltd. (三菱重工業株式会社)
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Air Vehicles 
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See also  Mitsubishi Aircraft Company (1928-1945) · North American Aviation · Lockheed · McDonnell Aircraft Corporation

Japan jet aircraft
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Reconnaissance  R2Y2 Kai V1 · R2Y2 Kai V2 · R2Y2 Kai V3
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Trainers  T-2