2S6

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2S6
ussr_zprk_2s6.png
GarageImage 2S6.jpg
2S6
AB RB SB
10.7 10.7 10.7
Class:
Research:340 000 Specs-Card-Exp.png
Purchase:930 000 Specs-Card-Lion.png
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Description

The ZPRK 2S6 "Tunguska" is a rank VII Soviet self-propelled anti-aircraft gun with a battle rating of 10.7 (AB/RB/SB). It was introduced in Update 1.87 "Locked On".

General info

Survivability and armour

Armourfront / side / back
Hull9 / 9 / 9
Turret9 / 9 / 9
Crew4 people
Visibility341 %
Armour Front (Slope angle) Sides Rear Roof
Hull 9 mm 9 mm Top
9 mm Bottom
9 mm 9 mm
Turret 9 - 15 mm Turret front
10 mm Gun mantlet
9 - 8 mm 9 mm 9 mm
Cupola 9 mm 9 mm 9 mm 9 mm

Notes:

The ZPRK 2S6 armour consists of 9 mm rolled homogeneous plates for the hull and turret. Although mostly flat surfaces, it's armour can be angled to provide an average of 30mm of effective thickness which can protect against .50 cal machine guns in most places of the hull. The turret is extremely vulnerable to all types of fire at any angle.

The crew consists a commander, gunner, loader, and driver. Three out of the four crew members are situated in the turret sitting right next to each other. This makes the ZPRK 2S6 extremely prone to destroyed by "crew knocked out" if hit in the turret.

Mobility

 
Controlled suspension
It is possible to adjust the ground clearance or more complex suspension positions
Reverse gearbox
Forward and backward movement is possible at the same maximum speed
Speedforward / back
AB71 / 71 km/h
RB and SB65 / 65 km/h
Number of gears4 forward
4 back
Weight34.6 t
Engine power
AB1 355 hp
RB and SB710 hp
Power-to-weight ratio
AB39.2 hp/t
RB and SB20.5 hp/t
Game Mode Max Speed (km/h) Weight (tons) Engine power (horsepower) Power-to-weight ratio (hp/ton)
Forward Reverse Stock Upgraded Stock Upgraded
Arcade 71 71 34.6 1,008 1355 29.13 39.16
Realistic 65 65 628 710 18.15 20.52

The 2S6 provides good mobility with its 710 horsepower ChTZ V-46-2s1 engine allowing for a max speed of 65 km/h in ideal conditions. Under realistic testing conditions it tops around 37 km/h in flat grassy areas. This is the same with its reverse speed.

Modifications and economy

Repair costBasic → Reference
AB6 600 → 9 682 Sl icon.png
RB4 760 → 6 982 Sl icon.png
SB10 000 → 14 670 Sl icon.png
Total cost of modifications453 800 Rp icon.png
448 000 Sl icon.png
Talisman cost2 800 Ge icon.png
Crew training260 000 Sl icon.png
Experts930 000 Sl icon.png
Aces2 100 Ge icon.png
Research Aces1 080 000 Rp icon.png
Reward for battleAB / RB / SB
90 / 150 / 170 % Sl icon.png
232 / 232 / 232 % Rp icon.png
Modifications
Mobility Protection Firepower
Mods new tank traks.png
Tracks
Research:
24 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
22 000 Sl icon.png
310 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank suspension.png
Suspension
Research:
22 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
20 000 Sl icon.png
290 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank break.png
Brake System
Research:
22 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
20 000 Sl icon.png
290 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank filter.png
Filters
Research:
30 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
28 000 Sl icon.png
390 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank transmission.png
Transmission
Research:
40 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
37 000 Sl icon.png
520 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank engine.png
Engine
Research:
40 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
37 000 Sl icon.png
520 Ge icon.png
Mods tank tool kit.png
Parts
Research:
7 200 Rp icon.png
Cost:
22 000 Sl icon.png
310 Ge icon.png
Mods extinguisher.png
FPE
Research:
6 600 Rp icon.png
Cost:
20 000 Sl icon.png
290 Ge icon.png
Mods night vision device.png
NVD
Research:
30 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
28 000 Sl icon.png
390 Ge icon.png
Mod arrow 0.png
Mods tank reinforcement ussr.png
Crew Replenishment
Research:
30 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
28 000 Sl icon.png
390 Ge icon.png
Mods tank additional armor.png
2S6M1
Research:
40 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
37 000 Sl icon.png
520 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank horizontal aiming.png
Horizontal Drive
Research:
24 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
22 000 Sl icon.png
310 Ge icon.png
Mods tank ammo.png
30mm_2a38_HE_ammo_pack
Research:
24 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
22 000 Sl icon.png
310 Ge icon.png
Mods tank cannon.png
Adjustment of Fire
Research:
22 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
20 000 Sl icon.png
290 Ge icon.png
Mods tank ammo.png
30mm_2a42_AP_ammo_pack
Research:
22 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
20 000 Sl icon.png
290 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank vertical aiming.png
Elevation Mechanism
Research:
30 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
28 000 Sl icon.png
390 Ge icon.png
Mods art support.png
Artillery Support
Research:
40 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
37 000 Sl icon.png
520 Ge icon.png

The module 2S6M1 unlockable after the module NVD will switch NVD in the gun sight with Thermal gun sight, this makes it better to be able to spot enemy aircraft at longer ranges.

Armaments

Night vision device
Improves visibility by enhancing natural light or active illumination.
Setup 1:30 mm 2A38 automatic cannon
AAM 9M311
Setup 2:30 mm 2A38 automatic cannon
AAM 9M311-1M

Main armament

4 x 30 mm 2A38 automatic cannon
Two-plane stabilizer
Reduces the swing of the gun in two planes while moving
Ammunition1 936 rounds
Belt capacity484 rounds
Reloadbasic crew → aces
65.0 → 50.0 s
Fire rate1 251 shots/min
Vertical guidance-9° / 85°
Main article: 2A38 (30 mm)
30 mm 2A38 (x4) Turret rotation speed (°/s) Reloading rate (seconds)
Mode Capacity (Belt) Fire rate Vertical Horizontal Stabilizer Stock Upgraded Full Expert Aced Stock Full Expert Aced
Arcade 1,936 (484) 1,250 -9°/+85° ±180° Two-plane 70.4 97.5 118.4 130.9 139.3 5.20 4.60 4.24 4.00
Realistic 47.6 56.0 68.0 75.2 80.0

Ammunition

  • Default: HEF-I* · AP-T
  • 30 mm HE: HEF-I* · HEF-T* · HEF-I* · AP-T
  • 30 mm APT: AP-T · AP-T · AP-T · HEF-I*
Penetration statistics
Belt Penetration @ 0° Angle of Attack (mm)
10 m 100 m 500 m 1,000 m 1,500 m 2,000 m
Default 65 63 54 44 36 30
30 mm HE 65 63 54 44 36 30
30 mm APT 65 63 54 44 36 30

Ammo racks

Ammo racks of the 2S6
Full
ammo
1st
rack empty
Visual
discrepancy
1 (+1) No

Additional armament

AAM 9M311-1M
Ammunition8 rounds
Belt capacity8 rounds
Fire rate120 shots/min
Vertical guidance0° / 85°
Fire on the moveup to 1 km/h
AAM 9M311
Ammunition8 rounds
Belt capacity8 rounds
Fire rate120 shots/min
Vertical guidance0° / 85°
Fire on the moveup to 1 km/h
Main articles: 9M311, 9M311-1M
9M311 or 9M311-1M missile
Capacity Vertical Horizontal Stabilizer
8 0°/+85° N/A N/A

Ammunition

Penetration statistics
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Penetration @ 0° Angle of Attack (mm)
10 m 100 m 500 m 1,000 m 1,500 m 2,000 m
9M311 SAM 39 39 39 39 39 39
9M311-1M SAM 39 39 39 39 39 39
Shell details
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Velocity
(m/s)
Range
(m)
Projectile
Mass (kg)
Fuse delay
(m)
Fuse sensitivity
(mm)
Explosive Mass
(TNT equivalent) (g)
Ricochet
0% 50% 100%
9M311 SAM 910 8,000 42 0 0.1 4,620 79° 80° 81°
9M311-1M SAM 910 10,000 42 0 0.1 4,620 79° 80° 81°

Ammo racks

Full
ammo
1st
rack empty
2nd
rack empty
3rd
rack empty
4th
rack empty
5th
rack empty
6th
rack empty
Visual
discrepancy
8 __ (+__) __ (+__) __ (+__) __ (+__) __ (+__) __ (+__) __

Radars

Main article: 1RL144

The ZPRK 2S6 Tunguska is equipped with a 1RL144 search and separate tracking radar; with the search radar mounted on top of the turret at the rear and the tracking radar located at the front of the the turret. The radar system is capable of tracking a target while scanning, but can only track targets within a 180° arc from the front of the turret.

1RL144 - Target Detection Radar
Maximum
Detection
Range
Minimum
Detection
Range
Max Azimuth
Scan Angle
Max Elevation
Scan Angle
Minimum
relative speed
20,000 m 500 m 360°  ??? 10 m/s (36 km/h)
1RL144 - Target Tracking Radar
Maximum
Tracking
Range
Minimum
Tracking
Range
Azimuth Tracking
Angle
Elevation Tracking
Angle
Minimum
target speed
16,000 m 75 m ±90° -15°/+87° 15 m/s (54 km/h)

Usage in battles

The ZPRK 2S6 Tunguska can excel in many different ways. Traditionally it can take down aircraft with ease no matter how far or how close they may be with its excellent combined power of the very fast firing quad 30mm autocannons and the highly agile SAMs it has in its disposal. The SAMs are very fast and extremely agile, with the assistance of tracking and enough experience they can be almost virtually impossible to evade, even by the fastest and most agile aircraft. Each of the eight missiles is mounted on its own launch tube, which means you can launch one after the other without waiting for another one to reload, such as in systems like the Roland 1 and FlaRakRad. They also have a long range of 8 km stock, and 10 km with the 2S6M1 modification installed, which is enough to hit any helicopters hovering at the edge of their Air-to-Ground missile ranges. However, some vehicles can prove very challenging to take down, particularly those equipped with radar warning and missile alert systems, as they can quickly take evasive actions or hide behind terrain to prevent them from being hit.

If needed, the Tunguska can be an excellent flanking or support vehicle by ripping apart enemy gun barrels or tracks which would disable them for your allies to finish off. Of course with the AP-T belt, the Tunguska can rip apart enemy tanks/MBTs from the side or rear with relatively good shrapnel (for a 30mm) and range (as it is an AP-T belt). This makes the Tunguska very versatile in combat despite being labelled as an SPAAG. However, it's best to keep in mind that you have very little armour and you are a relatively large target which means you are very fragile in direct combat/brawls especially with artillery around you. So being careful and selective of how you should play during a specific time is essential.

Pros and cons

Pros:

  • Excellent armament - a pair of very strong and rapidly firing dual 30 mm guns, as well as a whopping eight surface-to-air missiles (SAM)
  • Absurdly high elevation and traverse speeds
  • Fast and agile SAMs allow for hitting targets moving at an extreme angle and speed
  • Fantastic radar - both the coverage and its update speed are among the best in the game
  • Can easily disable or destroy light tanks, even MBTs can be knocked out at short or medium ranges by hitting its sides or frontal weak spots
  • Fantastic reverse speed, allowing peeking out for a burst then reversing into cover
  • Hydropneumatic suspension system, the suspension clearance is able to be increased and decreased to help take cover (if the keys are bound)
  • Neutral steering, which is rather uncommon in Soviet vehicles
  • High resolution thermal imaging (part of the 2S6M1 modification), allowing for easier spotting of both aircraft and tanks
  • Both radar and optical tracking, can be switched from one to another at any time depending on which is best in the situation.

Cons:

  • Virtually no armour - not getting hit is of utmost importance
  • High profile, as well as a very visible radar dish when it's spinning
  • Very recognizable firing sound, an enormous streak of tracers even with the shortest of bursts, and a large plume of smoke for each launcher missile draws attention
  • Poor crew placement, a single shot may very well incapacitate most of, if not all, of your crew
  • Low ammo count, using the cannons liberally is not recommended
  • Very bright tracers will easily reveal your location to enemies

History

Although the ZSU-23-4 Shilka had successfully proven its capabilities in the numerous conflicts it took part in, its shortcomings were ever increasingly coming to light as well. While faster and more capable aircraft and helicopters were being developed, the Shilka was quickly becoming obsolete, with its very short engagement range and radar detection limiting its AA capabilities greatly.

Thus, in 1970, Soviet engineers began developing a replacement for the venerable Shilka. The new vehicle, codenamed "Tunguska", was designed with a pair of 30mm autocannons coupled to advanced tracking and targeting systems. In addition, the decision was made to also install surface-to-air guided missiles, as the targeting systems for both cannons and missiles turned out to be conveniently very similar, and was expected to greatly bolster the capabilities of the Tunguska.

By 1973, the Tunguska was considered ready. In the mid '70s, however, with the introduction of a Soviet mobile missile-only AA unit, which performed a similar role as the Tunguska, further development and production of the Tunguska was put in question. In the end, realizing the greater flexibility and potential of the Tunguska design, further development and production was approved.

A pre-production batch left the factory floor in 1976 for army trials. After a long series of tests, the Tunguska was officially commissioned into service with the Soviet Army in September 1982. The vehicle was continuously being improved upon, with subsequent newer variants being developed during the 1990s and 2000s.

The Tunguska served initially with the Soviet armed forces, although it was passed on to the militaries of the Soviet Union's successor states after its collapse in the late 1980s. Thus, modernized versions of the Tunguska continue to serve with the Russian armed forces today as well as the armies of Belarus and Ukraine. The Tunguska also sees service with other nations around the world, such as Yemen, India, Morocco and some others.

- From Devblog

Media

Skins
Videos

See also

Links to the articles on the War Thunder Wiki that you think will be useful for the reader, for example:

  • reference to the series of the vehicles;
  • links to approximate analogues of other nations and research trees.

External links


USSR anti-aircraft vehicles
GAZ-AAA  GAZ-AAA (4M) · GAZ-AAA (DShK)
Wheeled/Half-tracked  GAZ-MM (72-K) · BTR-152A · ZiS-12 (94-KM) · ZiS-43
Radar SPAAG  ZSU-23-4 · ZSU-37-2
Gun and Missile SPAAG  2S6
Other  ZUT-37 · ZSU-37 · ZSU-57-2
China  ▂Phòng không T-34