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The Kh-23M missile (scale is approximate)

The Kh-23M is a modernized variant of the Kh-23 air-to-surface missile, designed to be used against small ground and naval targets. Controlled by command radio guidance, a tracer element is used to determine the position of the missile as it is guided to the target. The missile weighs 289 kg, but the warhead consists of a 75 kg shaped charge/fragmentation warhead (with TNT equivalence of 96 kg), capable of penetrating 97 mm RHA.

Vehicles equipped with this weapon

Vehicles equipped with this weapon
Jet fighters  MiG-23M · ▀MiG-23MF · ▀MiG-23MLA · MiG-23MLD
  MiG-27K · MiG-27M
Strike aircraft  Su-17M2
  Su-22M3 · ▀Su-22UM3K
  Yak-38 · Yak-38M

General info

The Kh-23M is a versatile missile. It is comparable to the AGM-12 Bullpup and AGM-62 Walleye. While it does not pack a punch bigger than the AGM-12C Bullpup, it is the counterpart of the AGM-12B with a similar explosive mass and penetration.

Effective damage

The Kh-23M is most effective at destroying stationary targets or slow moving ones. The explosive mass is something that lacks and should be compensated by precise hits. It has a maximum range of 10 kilometres (5.4 nmi). It can be manually controlled like the AGM-12 Bullpups and AS-30 Nords. There are no significant differences in flight performance aside from the missile speed.

While the Kh-23M has very low penetration capabilities (97 mm at any range and angle), any direct hit will ensure target destruction. The warhead is fairly small and mediocre compared to other missiles, even rockets. However, it is enough to take a heavily armoured target if a direct hit is achieved.

Comparison with analogues

  • AGM-12B: It has little to no differences but missile speed (445 m/s vs 686 m/s) and guidance time (30 seconds vs 25 seconds)
  • AGM-12C: The same differences as AGM-12B but with a significantly increased explosive warhead (96 kg vs 136 kg)

Usage in battles

Describe situations when you would utilise this missile in-game (vehicle, pillbox, base, etc)

Pros and cons

Summarise and briefly evaluate the weaponry in terms of its characteristics and combat effectiveness. Mark pros and cons as a list.




The story of the Kh-23M starts with the K-66 missile. The K-66 used a K-8 missile airframe with the beam riding guidance systems of the K-5 AAM. The K-66 was a stop gap measure as it required the pilot to maintain a dive to guide the missile. It entered service in 1968. Meanwhile, development on the Kh-23 continued. Improvements to the motor were made, but the largest difference was the switch from the beam guidance system to radio guidance, similar to that of the American Bullpup system. The new guidance system allowed the missile to be fired from level flight. The Kh-23 entered service in 1973, a further advanced missile, the laser-guided Kh-25, was developed from the Kh-23 with improvements being back-ported to create the Kh-23M which entered service in 1974. A continuous problem with the Kh-23M was the pilot's need to pay continual attention to guide the missile, meaning the pilot had to avoid using the missile in a hostile airspace and rather focus on defensive manoeuvres.


Excellent additions to the article would be video guides, screenshots from the game, and photos.

See also

Links to the articles on the War Thunder Wiki that you think will be useful for the reader, for example:

  • reference to the article about the variant of the weapon;
  • references to approximate analogues by other nations and research trees.

External links

AAM  AIM-7C Sparrow · AIM-7D Sparrow · AIM-7E Sparrow · AIM-7E-2 Sparrow · AIM-7F Sparrow
  AIM-9B Sidewinder · AIM-9C Sidewinder · AIM-9D Sidewinder · AIM-9E Sidewinder · AIM-9G Sidewinder · AIM-9J Sidewinder · AIM-9L Sidewinder · AIM-9P Sidewinder
  ATAS (AIM-92)
AGM  AGM-12B Bullpup · AGM-12C Bullpup · AGM-22 · AGM-65A · AGM-65B · AGM-65D · AGM-114B Hellfire · AGM-114K Hellfire II · BGM-71D TOW-2
SAM  FIM-92 Stinger · MIM146
AAM  AIM-9B FGW.2 Sidewinder · R-60MK
AGM  HOT-1 · HOT-2 TOW · HOT-3 · PARS 3 LR
SAM  Roland
AAM  9M39 Igla · R-3R · R-3S · R-13M · R-13M1 · R-23R · R-23T · R-24R · R-24T · R-60 · R-60M
AGM  9K127 Vikhr · 9M17M Falanga · 9M17P Falanga-PV · 9M120 Ataka · 9M120-1 Ataka
  Kh-23M · Kh-25 · Kh-25ML · Kh-29L · Kh-29T · Kh-66 · S-25L
ATGM  3M7 · 9M14 · 9M113 Konkurs · 9M114 Shturm · 9M123 Khrizantema · 9M133
SAM  9M311 · 9M311-1M
AAM  Fireflash · Firestreak · Red Top · Skyflash · SRAAM
ATGM  BAe Swingfire · MILAN · MILAN 2 · ZT3
SAM  Starstreak
ATGM  Type 64 MAT · Type 79 Jyu-MAT
SAM  Type 91
AAM  PL-2 · PL-5B
ATGM  HJ-73 · HJ-73E
AAM  Aspide-1A
SAM  Mistral SATCP
AAM  AA-20 Nord · Matra R530 · Matra R530E · Matra Super 530F · Matra R550 Magic 1 · Matra R550 Magic 2 · Mistral
AGM  9M14-2 Malyutka-2 · AS-20 Nord · AS-30 Nord · AS-30L Nord · HOT-1 · HOT-2 TOW · HOT-3
SAM  Roland · VT1
AAM  RB24 · RB24J · RB71 · RB 74
AGM  Rb05A · RB 53 Bantam · RB 55B Heli TOW · RB 55C Heli TOW · RB 75
ATGM  Rbs 55 · Rbs 56
SAM  Rbs 70
AAM  Shafrir · Shafrir 2
  AAM = Air-to-Air Missile   AGM = Air-to-Ground Missile   ATGM = Anti-Tank Guided Missile (Ground mounts)   SAM = Surface-to-Air Missile