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This page is about the Soviet surface-to-air missile 9M311. For the other version, see 9M311-1M.


The 9M311 missile (the launch tube, missile with fins folded, and deployed missile are shown; scale is approximate)

The 9M311 is a Russian semi-automatic surface-to-air missile. It exists in two variants: 9M311 and 9M311-1M, and was introduced in Update 1.87 "Locked On".

Vehicles equipped with this weapon

General info

Calibre 76 mm
Mass 41.6 kg
Guidance Semi-Automatic
Maximum speed 910 m/s
Maximum overload 32 G
Firing Range 8 km
Missile guidance time 13.5 secs
Explosive 4.62 kg TNTeq
Fuze sensitivity 0.1 mm
Arming distance 300 m
Trigger radius 5 m
Armour penetration 39 mm
Calibre 76 mm
Mass 41.6 kg
Guidance Semi-Automatic
Maximum speed 910 m/s
Maximum overload 32 G
Firing Range 10 km
Missile guidance time 18.5 secs
Explosive 4.62 kg TNTeq
Fuze sensitivity 0.1 mm
Arming distance 300 m
Trigger radius 5 m
Armour penetration 39 mm

Effective damage

The AAM 9M311 is a 76 mm SACLOS-guided surface-to-air missile containing 4.62 kg of explosive equivalent of TNT. After detonation the missile behaves as an HE projectile sending debris over the target. For doing so it has a proximity fuse of 5 m with an arming distance of 300 m. With a flight speed of 910 m/s it is capable of destroying any air target.

Comparison with analogues

In terms of tactical usage the AAM 9M311 is limited to anti-aircraft warfare similarly to the Roland 1 and the FlaRakPz 1 due to its HE capability.

Usage in battles

The AAM 9M311 will have little trouble destroying enemy aircraft or helicopters due to its speed and firing range (8 km).

Although it can be fired on tanks, the missile will not be very affective against them but in most cases the explosion will destroy the gun barrel or the tracks. The only way to destroy an MBT is to land the missile on the top of the tank so the explosion can pierce the thinner roof armour. The missile is very effective against lightly armoured targets such as other AAA vehicles or IFV's.

Pros and cons


  • Good speed
  • Good range


  • Poor anti-tank capabilities


Examine the history of the creation and combat usage of the weapon in more detail than in the introduction. If the historical reference turns out to be too long, take it to a separate article, taking a link to the article about the weapon and adding a block "/History" (example: https://wiki.warthunder.com/(Weapon-name)/History) and add a link to it here using the main template. Be sure to reference text and sources by using <ref></ref>, as well as adding them at the end of the article with <references />.


Excellent additions to the article would be video guides, screenshots from the game, and photos.

See also

External links

AAM  AIM-54A Phoenix · AIM-54C Phoenix · ATAS (AIM-92)
Sparrow  AIM-7C · AIM-7D · AIM-7E · AIM-7E-2 · AIM-7F · AIM-7M
Sidewinder  AIM-9B · AIM-9C · AIM-9D · AIM-9E · AIM-9G · AIM-9H · AIM-9J · AIM-9L · AIM-9M · AIM-9P
AGM  AGM-22 · APKWS II (M151) · APKWS II (M282) · BGM-71D TOW-2
Bullpup  AGM-12B Bullpup · AGM-12C Bullpup
Hellfire  AGM-114B Hellfire · AGM-114K Hellfire II
Maverick  AGM-65A · AGM-65B · AGM-65D
TOW  BGM-71 · BGM-71A · BGM-71B · BGM-71C
SAM  FIM-92 Stinger · MIM-72 · MIM146
Naval SAM  RIM-24A
AAM  AIM-9B FGW.2 Sidewinder · Flz Lwf 63/80
AGM  9M14M Malyutka · Flz Lwf LB 82 · HOT-1 · HOT-2 TOW · HOT-3 · PARS 3 LR
AShM  AS.34 Kormoran
SAM  Roland
AAM  9M39 Igla · R-3R · R-3S · R-13M1 · R-23R · R-23T · R-24R · R-24T · R-27ER(1) · R-27ET(1) · R-27R(1) · R-27T(1) · R-60 · R-60M · R-60MK · R-73(E)
AGM  9K127 Vikhr · 9M17M Falanga · 9M120 Ataka · 9M120-1 Ataka
  Kh-23M · Kh-25 · Kh-25ML · Kh-29L · Kh-29T · Kh-29TE · Kh-29TD · Kh-66 · S-25L
ATGM  3M7 · 9M14 · 9M113 Konkurs · 9M114 Shturm · 9M123 Khrizantema · 9M133 · 9M133FM3 · 9M133M-2
SAM  95Ya6 · 9M311 · 9M311-1M · 9M331 · 9M37M
Naval SAM  Volna-M
AAM  Fireflash · Firestreak · Red Top · Skyflash · Skyflash SuperTEMP · SRAAM
AGM  AS.12 · ZT-6 Mokopa
AShM  AJ.168
ATGM  BAe Swingfire · MILAN · MILAN 2 · ZT3
SAM  Starstreak
AGM  Ki-148 I-Go Model 1B
ATGM  Type 64 MAT · Type 79 Jyu-MAT
SAM  Type 81 SAM-1C · Type 91
AAM  PL-2 · PL-5B · PL-5C · PL-7 · PL-8 · TY-90
AGM  AKD-9 · AKD-10 · HJ-8A · HJ-8C · HJ-8E · HJ-8H
ATGM  302 · HJ-73 · HJ-73E · HJ-9 · QN201DD · QN502CDD
AAM  Aspide-1A
Naval AShM  Nettuno
SAM  Mistral SATCP
AAM  AA-20 Nord · Matra R511 · Matra R530 · Matra R530E · Matra Super 530D · Matra Super 530F · Matra R550 Magic 1 · Matra R550 Magic 2 · Mistral
AGM  9M14-2 Malyutka-2 · AS-20 Nord · AS-30 Nord · AS-30L Nord · HOT-1 · HOT-2 TOW · HOT-3 · Spike ER
SAM  Roland · VT1
AAM  RB24 · RB24J · RB71 · RB 74 · RB 74(M)
AGM  Rb05A · RB 53 Bantam · RB 55B Heli TOW · RB 55C Heli TOW · RB 75
ATGM  Rbs 55 · Rbs 56
SAM  Rbs 70
AAM  Shafrir · Shafrir 2 · Python 3
ATGM  Spike-MR
  AAM = Air-to-Air Missile   AGM = Air-to-Ground Missile   AShM = Anti-Ship Missile   ATGM = Anti-Tank Guided Missile (Ground mounts)   SAM = Surface-to-Air Missile