Rbs 56

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Description

The Rbs 56 missile (the launch tube, missile with fins folded, and deployed missile are shown; scale is approximate)


The Robotsystem 56 "BILL" (Rbs 56) is a Swedish medium range anti-tank weapon system designed by Bofors (Now SAAB Bofors Dynamics) under the name "BILL" (Bofors Infantry Light and Lethal anti-tank missile). Development started in 1979, was first demonstrated in 1982 and brought into service in 1985. The Rbs 56 served as a man-portable anti-tank weapon designed to destroy enemy MBTs (Main Battle Tank) up until 2013 after which it was replaced by the newer Rbs 57 "NLAW".

The Rbs 56 is an OTA (Over-fly Top Attack), SACLOS (Semi-automatic command to line of sight) wire-guided anti-tank missile system. The weapon, like most anti-tank guided missiles, uses a warhead that perforates armour using an explosively formed penetrator (EFP), a type of warhead often referred to as "HEAT" (High Explosive Anti-Tank). What differentiates the Rbs 56 from most similar weapon-systems is the fact that the warhead is facing downwards at a 30 degree angle and located further back onto the missile.

The warhead location and orientation is due to the fact that the Rbs 56 defeats targets using the mentioned "OTA" method, which means that instead of the missile detonating on impact and sending the penetrator horizontally into the target it instead flies over and detonates vertically sending the penetrators downwards into less protected areas.

The only vehicle currently using the Rbs 56 is the Strf 9040 BILL which uses the upgraded Rbs 56B "BILL 2".

Vehicles equipped with this weapon

General info

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Effective damage

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Comparison with analogues

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Usage in battles

This missile can defeat most MBTs and IFVs. It can strike through ERA and works better on vehicles with a carousel auto-loader or vehicles that stow ammunition centre-mass. Very effective at low to medium range, still being effective at long range but limited due to the velocity of the missile.

Pros and cons

Pros:

  • Attacks vehicles where the armour is the thinnest
  • Can attack hull-down vehicles
  • Good manoeuvrability
  • Excellent penetration, often knocking a vehicle out in one strike
  • Lightweight
  • Decent range

Cons:

  • A direct nose impact won't cause any significant damage
  • Can be difficult to anticipate exactly where to aim on moving targets
  • Lower velocity and range than the TOW-2B

History

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Media

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See also

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  • reference to the article about the variant of the weapon;
  • references to approximate analogues by other nations and research trees.

External links

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Missiles
USA 
AAM  AIM-7C Sparrow · AIM-7D Sparrow · AIM-7E Sparrow · AIM-7E-2 Sparrow
  AIM-9B Sidewinder · AIM-9C Sidewinder · AIM-9D Sidewinder · AIM-9E Sidewinder · AIM-9G Sidewinder · AIM-9J Sidewinder · AIM-9L Sidewinder · AIM-9P Sidewinder
  AIM-92 Stinger
AGM  AGM-12B Bullpup · AGM-12C Bullpup · AGM-22 · AGM-65A · AGM-65B · AGM-114B Hellfire · AGM-114K Hellfire II · BGM-71D TOW-2
ATGM  BGM-71 TOW · BGM-71A TOW · BGM-71B TOW · BGM-71C I-TOW
SAM  MIM146
Germany 
AAM  AIM-9B FGW.2 Sidewinder
AGM  HOT-1 · HOT-2 TOW · HOT-3 · PARS 3 LR
ATGM  HOT-K3S
SAM  Roland
USSR 
AAM  9M39 Igla · R-3R · R-3S · R-13M · R-13M1 · R-23R · R-23T · R-24R · R-24T · R-60 · R-60M
AGM  9K127 Vikhr · 9M17M Falanga · 9M17P Falanga-PV · 9M120 Ataka · 9M120-1 Ataka
  Kh-23M · Kh-25 · Kh-25ML · Kh-29L · Kh-29T · Kh-66
ATGM  3M7 · 9M14 · 9M113 Konkurs · 9M114 Shturm · 9M123 Khrizantema · 9M133
SAM  9M311 · 9M311-1M
Britain 
AAM  Fireflash · Firestreak · Red Top · Skyflash · SRAAM
ATGM  BAe Swingfire · MILAN · MILAN 2 · ZT3
SAM  Starstreak
Japan 
ATGM  Type 64 MAT · Type 79 Jyu-MAT
SAM  Type 91
China 
AAM  PL-2 · PL-5B
ATGM  HJ-73 · HJ-73E
SAM  HN-6
Italy 
SAM  Mistral SATCP
France 
AAM  AA-20 Nord · Matra R530 · Matra R530E · Matra R550 Magic 1 · Mistral · Shafrir
AGM  9M14-2 Malyutka-2 · AS-20 Nord · AS-30 Nord · AS-30L Nord · HOT-1 · HOT-2 TOW · HOT-3
ATGM  HOT · SS.11
SAM  Roland · VT1
Sweden 
AAM  RB24 · RB24J · RB71
AGM  Rb05A · RB 75
ATGM  Rbs 55 · Rbs 56
SAM  Rbs 70
  AAM = Air-to-Air Missile   AGM = Air-to-Ground Missile   ATGM = Anti-Tank Guided Missile (Ground mounts)   SAM = Surface-to-Air Missile