AGM-22

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Ss11 01.jpg
AGM-22
MCLOS Anti-Tank MissileType
France CountryIcon FRA.pngCountry of origin
Production History
Nord AviationDesigner
1956 - 1980sProduced
Specifications
30.0 kg (66.1 lb)Missile Mass
1190 mm (46.8 in)Length (normal)
165 mm (6.5 in)Diameter (normal)
600 mm (23.6 in)Armor piercing value
Other Information
500 - 3,000 mEffective Range
(1,640 - 9,842.5 ft)
190 m/s (623.3 ft/s)Speed
MCLOSGuidance System

Description

The AGM-22 is a manual command to line of sight (MCLOS) wire-guided anti-tank missile developed by French aviation manufacture Nord Aviation as the SS.11. In the late 1950s, the United States military cancelled its evaluation of the SSM-A-23 Dart anti-tank missile and evaluated the proven SS.11 MCLOS anti-tank missile. Upon accepting the French missile into service, the US military changed the designation from SS.11 to AGM-22 (AGM = Anti-tank Guided Missile). The missiles were immediately outfitted to UH-1B helicopters and crews from special units were trained in anti-tank combat tactics. During the Vietnam Conflict, these units were deployed and saw success against armoured targets with the usage of the AGM-22 missiles.

Being classified as an MCLOS, the AGM-22 is not a fire-and-forget type missile which will home into a target on its own, on the other hand, it requires a missile operator to “fly” the missile to its target. The missile is connected to the firing vehicle throughout its flight by a series of very thin wires. Communications conducted through the wires allowed the missile operator to guide the flying missile to its target allowing some movement around barriers and obstacles if needed. If the target was outside of the range of the total length of wires, the wires would disconnect and the missile would become an unguided rocket until it either hit its target or crashed into another object or ran out of fuel and crashed.

Vehicles equipped with this weapon

General info

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Effective damage

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Comparison with analogues

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Usage in battles

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Pros and cons

Pros:

  • Wire-guided, allows the operator to guide the missile to the target even potentially "hidden" targets

Cons:

  • Limited length of wire, can disconnect and become uncontrollable
  • Difficult to use in close, best for targets 500 m away or more

History

While engaged in the Vietnam Conflict, the U.S. Army in 1966 outfitted their first UH-1B helicopters to carry six of the French-designed SS-11 surface-to-surface missiles mounted on M-22 hardpoints and turned into air-to-ground missiles. The missile was far from a fire-and-forget weapon, due to the fact it required a gunner to track the missile once it was fired all the way to its target. The missile was tracked by a flare lit in the tail of the missile and the gunner would make course adjustments with a joystick to the missile while in flight. The downside to utilising this missile was that it required skilled gunners and a steady platform, difficulties hard to overcome in a battle situation where a hovering helicopter was an easy target. Due to these challenges, the AGM-22 was an unpopular weapon with the helicopter operators and in comparison to the later adopted TOW anti-tank missiles, the -22s were highly inaccurate.[1]

Media

An excellent addition to the article would be a video guide, as well as screenshots from the game and photos.

See also

  • SS.11 - The original French MCLOS exported to the United States

External links

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  • topic on the official game forum;
  • encyclopedia page on the weapon;
  • other literature.


Missiles
USA 
AAM  AIM-9B · AIM-9E · AIM-9L
AGM  AGM-12B Bullpup · AGM-22 · AGM-114B Hellfire · BGM-71 TOW · BGM-71 TOW-2
ATGM  BGM-71B TOW · BGM-71C I-TOW
SAM  MIM146
Germany 
AGM  HOT-1 · HOT-2
ATGM  HOT-K3S
  Foreign:
ATGM  BGM-71B TOW (USA) · BGM-71C I-TOW (USA)
USSR 
AAM  R-3S · R-13M · R-60 · R-60M
AGM  9M14-2 Malyutka · 9M17M Falanga · 9М17P Falanga-PV · 9M114 Shturm · 9M120 Ataka
ATGM  3M7 · 9M113 Konkurs · 9M14
SAM  9M311
Britain 
AAM  Firestreak · SRAAM
ATGM  BAe Swingfire
Japan 
ATGM  Type 64 MAT · Type 79
Italy 
ATGM  MILAN · MILAN 2
  Foreign:
ATGM  BGM-71B TOW (USA) · BGM-71C I-TOW (USA)
AAM  AA-20 (France)
AGM  AS-20 (France)
France 
AAM  AA-20 · Firestreak · Mistral · Shafrir
AGM  AS-20 · SS.11
ATGM  HOT
  AAM = Air-to-Air Missile   AGM = Air-to-Ground Missile   ATGM = Anti-Tank Guided Missile (Ground mounts)   SAM = Surface-to-Air Missile

  1. McGowen, Stanley S., Helicopters: An Illustrated History of Their Impact (Weapons and Warfare), (2005), ABC-CLIO Publishing, ISBN: 1851094687, p. 351