Kh-66

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Description

The Kh-66 missile (scale is approximate)


The Kh-66 is a Soviet SACLOS-guided air-to-ground missile. It was introduced during Update "Hot Tracks".

Vehicles equipped with this weapon

General info

Missile characteristics
Mass 278 kg
Guidance Semi-automatic (SACLOS)
Maximum speed 2 M
Missile guidance time 25 secs
Firing range 10 km
Explosive mass 65.28 kg TNTeq
Armour penetration 74 mm

Effective damage

A direct hit is almost always guaranteed to cripple if not outright destroy an enemy tank. It is also able to destroy lightly and even medium-armoured targets with proximity impact.

Comparison with analogues

  • AGM-12B Bullpup - It has a shorter range than the Kh-66, a flight speed 4 times slower, and a slightly lighter warhead. Jets can carry 4 to 5 AGM-12B missiles against only 2 for the Kh-66.
  • AGM-12C Bullpup - It has an extra 6 km range over the Kh-66 but a flight speed 4 times slower. It is three times heavier than the Kh-66 and its warhead is twice larger than the Kh-66's. Like the Kh-66, jets can carry only 2 x AGM-12C.
  • AS-20 Nord - It has a shorter range than the Kh-66, a slightly slower flight speed, and a warhead 4 times lighter. It is manually guided (WASD keys), which is less practical than mouse-aimed missiles.

Usage in battles

The Kh-66 is used to perform Close Air Support from outside enemy AA effective range.

Pros and cons

Pros:

  • Great range, greater than most AA missiles
  • High explosive mass

Cons:

  • Hard to aim
  • Only two missiles
  • Heavy weight impacts flight performance

History

The Kh-66 is an early version of the Kh-23 Grom air-to-ground missile. The missile was developed from the existing K-5 and K-8 (RS-2-US) beam-riding air-to-air missiles. Just before the war in Vietnam, the United States began fielding new guided missiles; most notably the AGM-12 Bullpup, which caused the Soviet Ministry of Aircraft Industry to request an air-to-ground version of earlier RS-2-US beam riding air-to-air missile.[1]

This new missile was designated Kh-66 (as the year it entered design/testing was 1966) and began to be used on the MiG-21PFM airframe (itself a testbed aircraft designed in conjunction with the Kh-66). Later in 1968, the missile finally entered service. The weapon was an amalgamation of the K-5 and K-8's guidance and propulsion systems and had an increased warhead for better performance against ground and sea-based targets. While the missile performed at the required specifications set by the Soviet government, the weapon was only a stopgap measure until more suitable armaments were developed. This was due to the flaws in utilizing the weapon as the pilot had to dive towards his target and maintain a lock with the gunsight. The missile was further developed into the Kh-23 by Korolyov again in early 1968 with the intention of making the weapon more effective. With this, the Kh-66 was effectively put out of production for new models by 1973.[2]

Media

Excellent additions to the article would be video guides, screenshots from the game, and photos.

See also

Related development
Weapons of comparable role, configuration, and era

External links

References

  1. Friedman, Norman (1997), The Naval Institute Guide to World Naval Weapons Systems, Naval Institute Press, p. 235, ISBN 978-1-55750-268-1
  2. https://web.archive.org/web/20110727014325/http://eng.ktrv.ru/docs/history_eng.doc History of JSC Tactical Missile Corporation, pp. 3–4, archived from http://eng.ktrv.ru/docs/history_eng.doc (Word 97 DOC) on 2011-07-27, retrieved 2009-02-15


Missiles
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  AIM-9B Sidewinder · AIM-9C Sidewinder · AIM-9D Sidewinder · AIM-9E Sidewinder · AIM-9G Sidewinder · AIM-9H Sidewinder · AIM-9J Sidewinder · AIM-9L Sidewinder · AIM-9P Sidewinder
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AGM  9K127 Vikhr · 9M17M Falanga · 9M17P Falanga-PV · 9M120 Ataka · 9M120-1 Ataka
  Kh-23M · Kh-25 · Kh-25ML · Kh-29L · Kh-29T · Kh-66 · S-25L
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Israel 
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  AAM = Air-to-Air Missile   AGM = Air-to-Ground Missile   ATGM = Anti-Tank Guided Missile (Ground mounts)   SAM = Surface-to-Air Missile