|This page is about the Franco-German ATGM MILAN. For the improved version, see MILAN 2. For premium French jet fighter, see Milan.|
The MILAN is an anti-tank guided missile developed jointly by France and Germany, with a single shaped-charge warhead. MILAN means "Missile d'Infanterie Léger ANtichar" (light anti-tank infantry missile). It is also the name for a family of a bird of prey (Kites) in French.
Vehicles equipped with this weapon
|Projectile Mass||6.7 kg|
|max. speed||200 m/s|
|Guidance system type||Semi-automatic|
|Missile guidance time||15 secs|
|Firing range||2.00 km|
|Explosive Mass||1.83 kg TNTe|
|Fuze Sensitivity||0.1 mm|
|Fuze delay||0.05 m|
|10 m||530 mm||459 mm||265 mm|
|100 m||530 mm||459 mm||265 mm|
|500 m||530 mm||459 mm||265 mm|
|1,000 m||530 mm||459 mm||265 mm|
|1,500 m||530 mm||459 mm||265 mm|
|2,000 m||530 mm||459 mm||265 mm|
Comparison with analogues
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Usage in battles
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Pros and cons
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- Because it is wire-guided, the missile is not affected by radio jamming or flares
- Visual contact has to be maintained with the target at all times until the missile hits the target.
- Short range
The MILAN ATGM was created as a result of the "Euromissile" Franco-West German joint missile development program in the 1960s. The missile system quickly became the standard anti-tank weapon of many NATO forces, and found widespread use in most of the armies of the Alliance.
The MILAN system, which consists of two main components, the launcher and the missile, employs a semi-automatic command to line of sight (SACLOS) command guidance system, which keeps the missile in the center of the operators crosshairs, by using GPS technology and, depending on the model, the missile is tracked using either a tail-mounted infrared lamp or an electronic-flash lamp. The missile is not affected by radio jamming or flares because it is wire-guided. However, drawbacks include short range, issues with overland powerlines, and a vulnerability to infrared jammers, which can prevent the missile's IR tail light from being tracked correctly.
Later on, more advanced versions of this missile system were developed. Variants include:
- MILAN (calibre 103 mm, single shaped charge warhead, developed in 1972)
- MILAN 2 (calibre 115 mm, single shaped charge warhead with increased penetration, developed in 1984)
- MILAN 2T (calibre 115 mm, tandem shaped charge warhead against reactive armour, developed in 1993)
- MILAN 3 (calibre 115 mm, tandem shaped charge warhead including an electronic beacon to combat the "Shtora" jammer, developed in 1996)
- MILAN ER (calibre 150 mm, tandem shaped charge warhead with increased penetration and maximum 3 km range, developed in 2006)
The later variants of the MILAN system make use of tandem-charge HEAT warheads in order to keep up with developments in Soviet armor systems (ERA), which proved very effective against single shaped-charge warhead ATGMs.
- Related development
Paste links to sources and external resources, such as:
- topic on the official game forum;
- other literature.