MG34 (7.92 mm)
The 7.92 mm MG34 is a recoil-operated, air-cooled machine gun of German origin. Development of the MG34 began in 1934 by Heinrich Vollmer, eventually seeing service with the Francoist Spanish forces in the Spanish Civil War. Inspired heavily by Rheinmetall's MG 30, changes and developments made to the MG34 design led it to become the first General-Purpose Machine Gun (GPMG). The weapon was revolutionary for its time, boasting the highest fire rate of any machine gun at the time, though its technological superiority came at a cost, causing it to be far too expensive and complicated to mass-produce on its own. Thus, it was produced and implemented in tandem with similar machine guns such as the MG42.
Vehicles equipped with this weapon
|Vehicles equipped with this weapon|
|Light tanks||Pz.II C · Pz.II C (DAK) · Pz.II C TD · Pz.II F · Pz.38(t) n.A.|
|Pz.Kpfw.III||Pz.III B · Pz.III E · Pz.III F · Pz.III J · ▂T-III · Pz.III J1 · Pz.III J1 TD · Pz.III L · Pz.III M · Pz.III N · ▄Pz.III N|
|Pz.Kpfw.IV||Pz.IV C · Pz.IV E · Pz.IV F1 · Pz.IV F2 · Pz.IV G · ▄Pz.IV G · Pz.IV H · Pz.IV J · ▄Pz.IV · Pz.Bef.Wg.IV J|
|Pz.Kpfw.V||VK 3002 (M) · Panther A · Panther D · Panther G · Ersatz M10 · Panther "Dauphiné" · ▂T-V · Panther II|
|KV-1||▀KW I C 756 (r)|
|Pz.Kpfw.VI||Tiger H1 · ␠Tiger · Tiger E · ▅Heavy Tank No.6 · VK 45.01 (P) · Pz.Bef.Wg.VI P · Tiger II (P) · Tiger II (H) · Tiger II (10.5 cm Kw.K) · Tiger II (H) Sla.16|
|Pz.Kpfw.VIII||Maus · E-100|
|Tank destroyers||Jagdpanzer 38(t) · Nashorn · 38 cm Sturmmörser · Jagdpanther G1 · Bfw. Jagdpanther G1 · Elefant · Jagdtiger|
|SPAA||Sd.Kfz.222 · Ostwind II|
|Motor torpedo boats||KM-5 · S-38b · S-701|
The MG34 is a common sight on German vehicles, being mounted coaxially on tank turrets. It was also used as light-AA on certain Kriegsmarine vessels.
Chambered in 7.92 mm, the MG34 boasts a fire rate of up to 900 rpm at a velocity of 850 to 900 m/s. It can be fed from belts with up to 250 rounds, or drum magazines holding up to 75 rounds.
The MG34 is a secondary weapon and thus does not have optional belts. It uses one default belt, consisting of AP/AP/AP-T shells.
|Ammunition||Penetration @ 0° Angle of Attack (mm)|
|10 m||100 m||500 m||1,000 m||1,500 m||2,000 m|
|Fuse delay|| Fuse sensitivity
| Explosive mass
(TNT equivalent) (g)
Comparison with analogues
While having a slower fire rate than the MG42, both weapons fire the same ammunition at the same velocity, meaning they perform nearly identically. The frequency with which the MG34 appears means players of the German ground forces will be well-acquainted with the 7.92 mm calibre which sets the standard for MGs in the German tech tree.
Usage in battles
Being coaxially mounted is a significant advantage for taking out light vehicles such as SPAA or tank destroyers with an exposed crew. On rare occasion, certain fully-enclosed vehicles have so little armour that they can be penetrated by the MG34 at close range. If you are lucky enough to be driving a vehicle with a roof-mounted MG34 such as the Jagdpanzer 38(t), it performs well as a deterrent for attacking aircraft, and might even score you a kill. And as with any other machine gun, it can prove to be a useful tool for spotting enemies for your allies or clearing obstacles.
Pros and cons
- High rate of fire
- Decent penetration for its calibre
- Common usage means it is easy to be familiar with handling this gun
- Large magazine
- Only proves to be deadly against a limited set of targets
- Not commonly mounted externally, limiting its use against aircraft
The MG34 is the world's first general-purpose machine gun. The requirement came from the Reichswehr (Realm Defense) for a new machine gun that would replace their aging collection of World War I era water-cooled machine guns and fill the role of a magazine-fed light machine gun, belt-fed heavy machine gun, vehicle-mounted machine gun, anti-aircraft machine gun, and pillbox machine gun using a single design to cover each role. Unusually for a gun of this era, the development was led by the Waffenamt (Germany Army Weapons Agency) instead of an individual company. The end result was the MG34 which began production in 1936 but wasn't formally known to the world as a German design until 1939 by which point the Wehrmacht (German Armed Forces) had 50,000 guns in service.
Due to the requirement of using the MG34 in a number of roles, the guns were given an adjustable rate of fire between 400-900 rounds per minute depending on the application. As a light machine gun, it was fed with a 50-round trommel magazine and fitted with a bipod. The ten-man Gruppe (squad) would have three men to operate the MG34 in this configuration, a gunner, an assistant gunner, and an ammunition handler. As a heavy machine, it was mounted on a pintle-mounted tripod and belt feed. In this configuration, the optimum crew was 6 from a Zug (platoon), with a gunner, assistant gunner, squad leader, and three riflemen to carry extra ammunition and other needed equipment. The anti-aircraft role could be implemented by simply attacking an aircraft sight to the tripod assembly. The Kriegsmarine (War Navy) used the MG34 as their standard machine gun on their warships even using them in twin mounts used by its airborne counterpart the MG 81 in the armoured S-38-class boats.
The MG-34 was an effective infantry weapon, but it was expensive. It used a large number of milled parts making it time-consuming to produce and the materials needed to make them required trace metals Germany didn't have. Germany, like the other nations of World War II, would move on to developing small arms that used simpler stamped steel parts that were quicker to produce. The process of converting the MG34 design to a stamped steel weapon led to the infamous MG42. Despite this new weapon, the MG34 remained in production and service during World War II and never completely replaced the MG34 in all infantry units and the design of the MG 42 left it unable to fill a significant niche.
The niche was the role of a tank machine gun. The MG34's quick-change barrel operated by having the entire receiver pivot to allow the barrel to drop out of the weapon . The MG 42's side-releasing quick-change barrel system left it unable to operate in a coaxial mount. As a result, the MG34 would remain the primary coaxial weapon for armoured fighting vehicles in World War II serving in all vehicles except for the Jagdpanzer IV which could fit the MG 42. The MG34 in tanks featured an armoured barrel shroud and the butt stock removed.
After World War II a significant number of MG34s were captured by the Soviet Union and Britain who contributed these to the Communists and Nationalists respectively during the Chinese Civil War. From the Chinese, these weapons would end up in the hands of the Viet Cong (Communist Viet) and PAVN (Quân đội nhân dân Việt Nam) during the Vietnam War. France would also capture multiple MG34s which found use in post-war colonial conflicts and Czechoslovakia would continue production of the design after the war. The MG34 even saw use in the 21st century in the Syrian Civil War.
Links to the articles on the War Thunder Wiki that you think will be useful for the reader, for example:
- reference to the article about the variant of the cannon/machine gun;
- references to approximate analogues by other nations and research trees.
- Bishop 2002, 246.
- Haskew 2012, 92
- Bishop 2002, 245-246
- Forgotten Weapons 2017
- jwh1975 2017
- Bishop, Chris. 2002. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II. New York: Sterling Publishing Company, Inc.
- Forgotten Weapons. 2017. "MG-34: The Universal Machine Gun Concept". YouTube video. 27:38. October 07. 2017. Video
- Haskew, Michael E. 2012. Small Arms 1914-1945: The Essential Weapons Identification Guide. London: Amber Books.
- jwh1975. 2017. "Syrian Civil War: WWII weapons used". wwiiafterwwii. Last modified June 27, 2017. Website (Archive)
|Tank machine guns|
|7.62 mm||M37 · M60D · M73 · M240 · M1919A4|
|12.7 mm||FN M3P · M2HB · M80 · M85|
|7.62 mm||C6 · MG3A1|
|7.92 mm||MG13 Dreyse · MG34 · MG37(t) · MG42|
|7.62 mm||DT · PKMB · PKT · PKTM · RP-46 · SGMT|
|12.7 mm||DK · DShK · 6P49 · NSVT|
|7.62 mm||Browning MG4 · L3A1 · L8A1 · L8A2 · L37A1 · L37A2 · L94A1|
|6.5 mm||Type 91|
|7.62 mm||Type 74|
|7.7 mm||Type 97|
|12.7 mm||Type 60 (B)|
|7.62 mm||Type 86|
|12.7 mm||QJC88A · Type 54|
|7.62 mm||Beretta MG42/59 · FN MAG 60-40|
|8 mm||34/40M · Breda Mod. 38|
|13.2 mm||Breda Model 31|
|7.5 mm||AAT-52 · MAC 31|
|8 mm||Hotchkiss Mle 1914|
|6.5 mm||ksp m/14-29|
|7.62 mm||ksp 39 C · ksp 58 · ksp 94|
|8 mm||ksp m/36 · ksp m/39B|
|12.7 mm||ksp 88|
|Naval machine guns|
|7.92 mm||MG08 pattern 1908 · MG15 · MG34|
|15 mm||MG M38(t)|
|7.62 mm||FN MAG|
|7.7 mm||Lewis 1916 · Vickers GO No.5|
|12.7 mm||Vickers Mk.V|
|6.5 mm||Maxim · Type 38 pattern 1907|
|7.7 mm||Type 89 · Type 92|
|13.2 mm||Type 93|
|6.5 mm||Breda Mod.30 · Fiat Model 26|
|13.2 mm||Breda Model 31|
|13.2 mm||Browning · Model 1929 Hotchkiss|