BESA (7.92 mm)
The BESA machine gun is a British 7.92 mm machine gun, it is a license-built variant of the Czechoslovakian ZB-53 machine gun. The BESA was the British Army's standard tank-mounted machine gun from the start of WW2, until the 1950s, being withdrawn from service in the late 1960s. As such in the game it is by far the most ubiquitous machine gun in the British ground forces tree, featuring as the co-axial weapon or commands weapon for most tanks from rank 1 to rank 4. Being only a 7.7 mm machine gun, it is largely ineffective against all but the most weakly armoured, or open cabin, vehicles.
Vehicles equipped with this weapon
The BESA machine gun is fitted as the co-axial (and sometimes commander's) weapon on nearly every British tank from rank 1 to rank 4.
The Mk.VIA AA is the only British tank to use the weapon as it's primary armament.
|Vehicles equipped with this weapon|
|Armoured Car||Daimler Armoured Car Mk.II · AEC Mk.II|
|Crusader||Crusader Mk II · Crusader Mk III|
|Cromwell||Mark VIII A27M Cromwell I · Mark VIII A27M Cromwell V · Mark VIII A27M Cromwell V (RP-3) · A.33 Heavy Assault Tank "Excelsior"|
|Valentine||Valentine Mk I · Valentine Mk XI|
|Churchill||Infantry Tank Mk IV A22 "Churchill" Mk I · Infantry Tank Mk IV A22 "Churchill" Mk III · Infantry Tank Mk IV A22F "Churchill" Mk VII · ▀Infanterie-Pz.Kpfw. Mk IV (e) Churchill · A.43 Black Prince|
|Comet||A34 Comet I · A34 Comet I Iron Duke IV|
|Centurion||Centurion Mk 1 · Centurion Mk 3 · Strv 81 (Rb.52) · FV 221 Caernarvon|
|Other||Mark VII A17 Tetrarch Mk I · Vickers Mk.VIA AA Mk.I · Infantry Tank Mk II A12 "Matilda" II · A39 Tortoise|
The BESA machine gun performs slightly better than other British co-axial machine guns, with the same rate of fire as guns like the L3A1 (7.62 mm) and L8A1 (7.62 mm), but marginally better penetration.
When fitted as a secondary machine gun (usually co-axially) the BESA can only be equipped with one ammo belt consisting of two Armour Piercing Incendiary (AP-I) bullets, followed by one Armour Piercing Tracer (AP-T) bullet. Neither bullet has much penetration (10 mm - 13 mm). However, the AP-T bullet performs slightly better than the AP-I bullet.
When fitted as the primary armament on the Mk.VIA AA the BESA gains several different belts. These are:
- Default: Ball - Tracer (T) - Incendiary Tracer (IT)
- Universal: Armour Piercing (AP) - Tracer (T) - Incendiary Tracer (IT) - Ball
- API-T: Incendiary Tracer (IT) - Incendiary Tracer (IT) - Armour Piercing (AP) - Tracer (T)
- AP-T: Armour Piercing (AP) - Armour Piercing (AP) - Incendiary Tracer (IT) - Tracer (T)
|Ammunition||Penetration in mm @ 90°|
|Anti-Aircraft version on Mk.VIA AA|
Mass in kg
| Fuse delay
| Fuse sensitivity
| Explosive Mass in g
| Normalization At 30°
|Anti-Aircraft version on Mk.VIA AA|
Comparison with analogues
The BESA performs favourably to the L3A1, L8A1, and L8A2 found on later British tanks. It has the same rate of fire as these weapons but better penetration. It has slightly lower rate of fire than the L37A1 and L37A2, but slightly higher penetration.
Usage in battles
Due to the low penetration this weapon it is largely ineffective against enemy armour (although you may be able to penetrate some vehicles with extremely thing armour). The gun is primarily useful for killing exposed crew members in open-topped vehicles, and SPAA, which can be fairly common at some places in the wide the range battle ratings this gun is found at. Another function for this gun is rangefinding, as well as marking enemy vehicles and obscuring the view of enemy players (shooting at their gun sight). You can use the gun against aircraft however it does minimal damage and is usually co-axially mounted, making hitting aircraft difficult.
Pros and cons
- Better penetration than other co-axial machine guns found on British tanks
- Decent rate of fire
- No particularity weak shells in ammo belt unlike other co-axial machine guns
The BESA machine gun it is a license-built variant of the Czechoslovakian ZB-53 machine gun. The British War Office ordered the weapon in 1938, and production began in 1939. In the UK the gun was produced by the Birmingham Small Arms Company the initialism of which (BSA) gave the gun its name. The ZB-53 had been designed to use the German 7.92 × 57 mm Mauser round, and the British originally intended to modify it in order to use the same .303 (7.7 mm) ammunition as other British rifles and machine guns; however it was later decided that converting the gun would take more time and effort than maintaining the original calibre and procuring the 7.92 mm ammunition. A side effect of this was that the British were able to utilise captured German 7.92 mm ammunition.
The from 1939 the BESA machine gun became the standard British machine gun for tanks and other armoured vehicles (hence the widespread presence in the British tank tree), replacing the Vickers Machine Gun. In June 1940 the improved BESA Mk II became available, featuring a selector to allow the operator to choose between a higher rate of fire for close combat or focused targets and a lower rate of fire for long-range combat or area targets. Several further versions of the BESA were produced up until 1966. The early models of the BESA were deemed obsolete in 1951, with later model guns remaining in service until the late 1960s.
An excellent addition to the article would be a video guide, as well as screenshots from the game and photos.
Links to the articles on the War Thunder Wiki that you think will be useful for the reader, for example:
- reference to the article about the variant of the cannon/machine gun;
- references to approximate analogues by other nations and research trees.
|Britain and USA anti-aircraft guns|
|12.7 mm||Browning M2HB|
|20 mm||Oerlikon Mk.II · M168|
|35 mm||Oerlikon KDA|
|Tank machine guns|
|USA||7.62 mm: M1919A4 · M37 · M60D · M73 · M240|
|12.7 mm: M2HB · M85 · M8C|
|Germany||7.62 mm: MG 3A1 · FN MAG 60-40|
|7.92 mm: MG 13 Dreyse · MG 34 · MG 42 · vz.37|
|USSR||7.62 mm: DT · Maxim · SGMT · PKT · RP-46|
|12.7 mm: DK · DShK · NSVT|
|14.5 mm: KPVT|
|Britain||7.62 mm: L3A1 · L8A1 · L8A2 · L37A1 · L37A2 · L94A1|
|7.7 mm: Vickers|
|7.92 mm: BESA|
|12.7 mm: L21A1|
|Japan||6.5 mm: Type 91|
|7.62 mm: Type 74|
|7.7 mm: Type 97|
|12.7 mm: Type 60 (B)|
|Italy||7.62 mm Beretta MG 42/59|
|8 mm: Breda Mod. 38|
|France||7.5 mm: MAC 31 · AAT-52|
|7.62 mm: AAN-F1|