MG 3A1 (7.62 mm)

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MG 3A1 (7.62 mm)
Weapon MG 3A1 7.62mm.jpg
General characteristics
7.62 mmCalibre
1,000 roundsBelt capacity
1,200 shots/minRate of fire
835 - 853 m/sMuzzle velocity
10 mm Maximum penetration

Description

The MG 3A1 is a German 7.62 mm General-Purpose Machine Gun (GPMG). The MG 3A1 is a post-war derivative of the MG 42 (7.92 mm) machine gun, re-chambered to take the 7.62×51 mm NATO round, and featuring other improvements. The weapon is primarily found as the co-axial or commander's machine gun on post-war German Tanks. Being only a 7.62mm machine gun it is largely ineffective against all but the most weakly armoured, or open cabin, vehicles.

Vehicles equipped with this weapon

Vehicles equipped with this weapon
Leopard 1  Leopard I · Leopard A1A1 · Leopard A1A1 (L/44) · Leopard 2K · Leopard 2A4 · Leopard 2A5
RakJPz  Raketenjagdpanzer 2 · Raketenjagdpanzer 2 (HOT)
Other (Germany)  Begleitpanzer 57 · Hanomag-Henschel JPz 4-5 · KPz-70 · M48A2 G A2 · Spähpanzer Ru 251
Other (USA)  Tank, Combat, Full-Tracked, 152-mm Gun/Launcher XM-803

General info

Being a derivative of the MG 42 the MG 3A1 performs almost identically to it.

Available shells

The MG 3A1 can only be equipped with one ammo belt consisting of one Armour Piercing (AP) bullet, followed by one Tracer bullet. Neither bullet has much penetration (maximum of 10 mm), however the AP bullet performs much better than the tracer bullet.

Penetration statistics
Ammunition Penetration in mm @ 90°
10m 100m 500m 1,000m 1,450m 1,500m
AP 10 9 7 4 1 0
T 5 4 2 1 0.1 0
Shell details
Ammunition Velocity
in m/s
Projectile
Mass in kg
Fuse delay

in m:

Fuse sensitivity

in mm:

Explosive Mass in g
(TNT equivalent):
Normalization At 30°
from horizontal:
Ricochet:
0% 50% 100%
AP 853 0.0108 N/A N/A N/A  ??°  ??°  ??°  ??°
T 835 0.0095 N/A N/A N/A  ??°  ??°  ??°  ??°

Comparison with analogues

The MG 3A1 performs almost identically to the MG 42, but has a significantly higher belt capacity at 1,000 rounds instead of 150. Like the MG 42 the MG 3A1 has an extremely fast rate of fire compared to other machine guns at 1,200 rounds per minute.

Usage in battles

Due to the very low penetration this weapon it is largely ineffective against enemy armour (although you may be able to penetrate some vehicles with extremely thin armour). The gun is primarily useful for incapacitating exposed crew members in open topped vehicles (although there are few such vehicles at the battle ratings this gun is found at). The gun can also be used for ranging on some vehicles, as well as marking enemy vehicles and obscuring the view of enemy players (shooting at their gun sight). You can use the gun against aircraft however it does minimal damage, and being co-axially mounted on most tanks can often not be brought / kept on target against aircraft. Clearing trees and bushes is another use.

Pros and cons

Pros:

  • Extremely high rate of fire
  • Very good belt capacity , especially compared to the earlier MG 42

Cons:

  • Low penetration makes it ineffective against armour
  • Low Damage

History

The MG 3A1 is a German General-Purpose Machine Gun (GPMG) cambering the 7.62×51 mm NATO round, the weapon is derived from the war-time MG 42 and bears close resemblance to its predecessor. After WW2 Germany was looking for a new machine gun to equip the Bundeswehr (the German Army) and Rheinmetall was contracted to produce a new version of the highly successful MG42, from the Second World War. The original design plans for the MG42 were captured by the Soviets in the aftermath of WW2, and so Rheinmetall had to reverse engineer existing MG42s in order to re-create the design.

The new Weapon entered service in 1958 as the MG 1, a reverse engineered MG42, re-chambered for the NATO standard 7.62×51 mm, and with other minor differences. While MG1s were being produced existing stocks of MG42s were re-chambered from the 7.92 × 57 mm Mauser round to NATO ammunition and designated MG 2. Throughout it's service the MG1 was upgraded with MG 1A1, A2, and A3 variants being produced. In 1968 the MG 3 entered service as an improved version of the MG 1A3. The MG 3A1 is a variant of the MG 3 modified for use on armoured vehicles. The MG 3 family of weapons is still in service with the Bundeswehr and several other armed forces to this day.

Media

An excellent addition to the article would be a video guide, as well as screenshots from the game and photos.

See also

External links


Tank machine guns
USA  7.62 mm: M1919A4 · M37 · M60D · M73 · M240
  12.7 mm: M2HB · M85 · M8C
Germany  7.62 mm: MG 3A1 · FN MAG 60-40
  7.92 mm: MG 13 Dreyse · MG 34 · MG 42 · vz.37
USSR  7.62 mm: DT · Maxim · SGMT · PKT · RP-46
  12.7 mm: DK · DShK · NSVT
  14.5 mm: KPVT
Britain  7.62 mm: L3A1 · L8A1 · L8A2 · L37A1 · L37A2 · L94A1
  7.7 mm: Vickers
  7.92 mm: BESA
  12.7 mm: L21A1
Japan  6.5 mm: Type 91
  7.62 mm: Type 74
  7.7 mm: Type 97
  12.7 mm: Type 60 (B)
Italy  7.62 mm Beretta MG 42/59
  8 mm: Breda Mod. 38
France  7.5 mm: MAC 31 · AAT-52
  7.62 mm: AAN-F1