SU-76M (5th Gv.Kav.Corps)

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SU-76M (5th Guards Cavalry Corps)
ussr_su_76m_5st_kav_corps.png
AB
RB
SB
General characteristics
Brief
Detailed
2.3/2.3/2.7BR
4 peopleCrew
Mobility
10.5 tWeight
4 forward
1 back
Gear box
Armament
76 mm ZIS-3 cannonWeapon 1
60 roundsAmmunition
-3° / 25°Vertical guidance
-15° / 15°Horizontal guidance
Economy
Sl icon.png1 280/1 010/900Repair
4 700 Sl icon.pngCrew training
32 000 Sl icon.pngExperts
160 Ge icon.pngAces
x 2.18 Rp icon.pngReward for battle

Description

GarageImage SU-76M (5th Gv.Kav.Corps).jpg


The SU-76M (5th Guards Cavalry Corps) is a gift Rank II Soviet tank destroyer with a battle rating of 2.7 (AB) and 2.3 (RB/SB). It was introduced during Update 1.49 "Weapons of Victory". The vehicle was gifted in only a few events, the latest being the Tanker's Day celebration in 2017.

The finest example of a so-called “glass cannon“, SU-76M is a small, nimble SPG, but its strongest trait is its gun – the 76.2 mm (3-inch) ZiS-3 possesses a good rate of fire, is able to frontally penetrate and destroy any opposition at the given BR spread, and its shrapnel round is extremely effective against self-propelled anti-aircraft guns and other lightly armoured vehicles, making the HE shell somewhat redundant.

General info

Survivability and armour

Armour type:

  • Rolled homogeneous armour
Armour Front Sides Rear Roof
Hull 25 mm 15 mm 15 mm 7 mm
Superstructure 25 mm 10 mm 15 mm N/A

Notes:

  • Suspension wheels are 10 mm thick while tracks are 15 mm thick.
  • The rear superstructure does not cover the entire crew compartment.

Mobility

Mobility characteristic
Weight (tons) Add-on Armor
weight (tons)
Max speed (km/h)
10.5 N/A 44 (AB)
40 (RB/SB)
Engine power (horsepower)
Mode Stock Upgraded
Arcade 199 245
Realistic/Simulator 124 140
Power-to-weight ratio (hp/ton)
Mode Stock Upgraded
Arcade 18.95 23.33
Realistic/Simulator 11.81 13.33

Armaments

Main article: ZiS-3 (76 mm)
76 mm ZiS-3
Capacity Vertical
guidance
Horizontal
guidance
Stabilizer
60 -3°/+25° ±15° N/A
Turret rotation speed (°/s)
Mode Stock Upgraded Prior + Full crew Prior + Expert qualif. Prior + Ace qualif.
Arcade 4.20 5.80 _.__ __._ __._
Realistic 4.20 4.90 _.__ __._ __._
Reloading rate (seconds)
Stock Prior + Full crew Prior + Expert qualif. Prior + Ace qualif.
9.0 __.__ __.__ __.__


Ammunition
Penetration statistics
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Penetration in mm @ 90°
10m 100m 500m 1000m 1500m 2000m
BR-350A APHEBC 80 78 71 63 56 50
BR-350SP APBC 105 104 85 69 57 46
BR-350P APCR 135 130 92 60 39 26
BP-350A HEAT 80 80 80 80 80 80
BR-350B APHEBC 98 95 87 77 68 60
OF-350M HE 9 9 9 9 9 9
Sh-354T Shrapnel 37 35 29 25 20 17
Shell details
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Velocity
in m/s
Projectile
Mass in kg
Fuse delay

in m:

Fuse sensitivity

in mm:

Explosive Mass in g
(TNT equivalent):
Normalization At 30°
from horizontal:
Ricochet:
0% 50% 100%
BR-350A APHEBC 665 6.3 0.15 10.0 150 +4° 48° 63° 71°
BR-350SP APBC 680 6.8 N/A N/A N/A +4° 48° 63° 71°
BR-350P APCR 950 3.0 N/A N/A N/A +1.5° 66° 70° 72°
BP-350A HEAT 355 5.3 0.1 0.1 1,060 +0° 62° 69° 73°
BR-350B APHEBC 680 6.3 0.9 15.0 108.8 +1.5° 48° 63° 71°
OF-350M HE 680 6.2 0.05 0.1 621 +0° 79° 80° 81°
Sh-354T Shrapnel 680 6.2 0.5 8.0 85 +0° 62° 69° 73°
Smoke characteristic
Ammunition Velocity
in m/s
Projectile
Mass in kg
Screen radius
in m
Screen time
in s
Screen hold time
in s:
Explosive Mass in g
(TNT equivalent):
D-350A 680 6.5 13 5 20 50
Ammo racks
Ammo rack layout of the SU-76M.
Full
ammo
1st
rack empty
2nd
rack empty
3rd
rack empty
4th
rack empty
Visual
discrepancy
60 46 (+14) 31 (+29) 16 (+44) (+59) yes

Usage in the battles

As is common with Tank Destroyers, the SU-76M needs to be handled with care. Not only does it not have a rotating turret, it has an open top and practically no protection from behind. Therefore, when an engagement's complexity evolves and the Su-76 is surrounded, there is little that can be done to survive. One well placed hit to its rear will knock out a good part of the exposed crew, even machine guns can do the job of eliminating both loader and gunner.

Therefore, it is crucial to remain at a distance from the enemy, perhaps even seek the cover of trees for protection against low-level attack aircraft, and to only ever give the front side to an enemy. The fact that this vehicle does not have a turret not only means that it is not effective when fighting more mobile enemies attempting to flank, it also means that placing the armour at an angle is not a viable strategy to increase relative armour thickness and stay more protected, since the gun's limits for horizontal traverse mean that any significant angle of the hull towards an enemy will make make it harder to keep the enemy in sight. What can be done is to fire a shot and, immediately after, angle the hull whilst reloading, to then return to facing the enemy to fire another shot. However, hiding whilst reloading is the most sensible choice.

Unfortunately, the SU-76 has fairly poor mobility, handling, and a vastly different gun when compared to its smaller and more mobile cousin, the ZiS-30. However, the gun on the SU-76 is definitely more powerful than the ZiS-30's 57 mm. The sheer force of the 76 mm shells will cause huge amounts of trauma to a target upon penetration. The SU-76 is also more well armoured than the ZiS-30 and provides much more protection to the gunner crew, especially from smaller caliber rounds (Unless fired from the rear). Given its poor gun depression and velocity, the SU-76 should be used as a mobile brawler and ambusher. It is well suited to performing ambushes in urban areas. The high HE filler of the 76mm shell makes it capable of OHK'ing nearly all enemy armour at its 2.3 BR. A minor issue with the SU-76 is that it has no defensive machine gun, meaning that responding quickly to SPAA is difficult.

The gun in itself is what makes the SU-76M a good vehicle, all its other characteristics are less than impressive. The variety of ammunition is a definite pro for this SPG, its APCR and HEAT shells being effective even at higher ranks, giving this humble tank destroyer the ability to down hightier tanks like the Tiger H1. Recently, the much more effective late-war BR-350B ammunition has been added to the SU-76M's ammunition options. It features noticeably more penetration and a better fuze in exchange for somewhat less explosive mass. Despite this, the SU-76M will often destroy most enemies in one shot when the shells penetrate. Once unlocked, the SU-76 is quite capable of dealing with any tank it is likely to see from the front, though there may be a need to swap ammunition often to deal with different targets.

Pros and cons

Pros

  • Good gun.
  • Good selection of ammunition.
  • decent HE filler in the AP shell.
  • Mobile.

Cons

  • Open topped.
  • weak armour, can be vulnerable to SPAAs.
  • Gun performs poor at long ranges.
  • vulnerable to strafing fighters.
  • Easy prey when uptiered; much capable vehicles, such as the Pz.IV F2, StuG III F, and Pz.IIIm are within the BR reach.
  • vulnerable to HE shells.

History

Development

During the interwar years, the development of self-propelled artillery was practically nonexistent in the Soviet Union. Those few projects, based on the chassis of T-26 light tank, such as SU-1, AT-1 or SU-26, were eventually cancelled, and the Red Army entered the Second World War entirely without a dedicated self-propelled gun.

The situation changed after the German invasion in 1941, and vehicles such as the SU-152 or SU-122, based on the KV-1 and T-34 tanks respectively, were developed. In November 1942, the State Defense Committee then ordered the production of a light self-propelled gun, built on the chassis of a light tank and armed with a 76.2 mm gun. The T-70 light tank chassis was chosen, as the other light tanks, the T-50 and T-60, was already out of production. The chassis had to be modified for this role, so it was lengthened and had one additional pair of road wheels added to the design. The armament, the 76.2 mm divisional M1942 gun (also designated ZiS-3), was mounted in a fully enclosed case mate. The gun was positioned at the rear, with the transmission being mounted frontally.

The vehicle was designated SU-76 (Samokhodnaya Ustanovka, “Self-Propelled Gun“), and the production was issued to the No.38 Factory in Kirov and started in December 1942. However, after only a couple of hundred vehicles were produced, the production was halted due to serious mechanical problems and other issues. The power train consisted of two GAZ-202 automobile engines, with each powering one track. However, there was no synchronization gear, so the driver has to control both engines simultaneously, which was an extremely difficult task. This arrangement also caused strong vibrations, which were the cause of frequent engine and transmission failures. The second biggest issue was the enclosed crew compartment, as it was very cramped and offered only a little space for crew members to work properly. The vehicle thus had to be modified, firstly the roof of the crew compartment was removed, improving the access to the gun. The power train was also changed, receiving the more powerful GAZ-203 engines, each producing 85 horsepower, which were now mounted in tandem on the right side of the vehicle, propelling a single drive-shaft. The modified vehicle was designated SU-76M, and its production was resumed in early 1943. More than 14,000 SU-76M’s were produced between 1942-1945, making it the second most produced armoured vehicle in Soviet Union after the T-34 tank.

Combat usage

In its intended role, the SU-76M replaced earlier infantry support tanks and was very welcome to Soviet infantry units as it provided them with a light and mobile universal support weapon. The vehicle was meant to be part of three battlefield roles - a light assault gun, a mobile tank destroyer, or a mobile artillery gun as the weapon could be fired indirectly at a range of 17 km. The vehicle was fairly lightweight and produced low ground pressure, enabling it to pass through terrain unsuitable for heavier vehicles. Tts gun could utilize multitude of ammunition types, aside from standard high explosive ammunition, it could use fragmentation, shrapnel, incendiary and smoke rounds. As a tank destroyer, the gun was sufficient against German light and medium tanks such as Panzer III or Panzer IV. The introduction of the APCR and HEAT rounds then enabled SU-76M units to engage even heavier Panther and Tiger tanks with some success, though crew manuals instructed the gunner to try to hit the tracks or gun barrels before these rounds were made.

The vehicle also proved itself effective in an urban environment, where it was used as an assault gun for direct fire against enemy strong points and fortifications. The open-topped casemate made the crew vulnerable to snipers and hand grenades, but it also made the communication between vehicle commander and any accompanying infantry easier. Plus, it was found that the open compartment actually helps against the German infantry anti-tank weapon Panzerfaust, where a closed space would ensure the death of the crew members from the blast concussion amplified in the closed space. The SU-76M's low ground pressure from its weight made it one of the only Soviet vehicles able to operate in swampy terrain, which was extremely helpful during the Belarus Campaign in 1944, allowing the vehicle to attack through swamps in raids. This allowed the Soviets to bypass German defensive areas on more suitable terrain with support of an assault gun accompanying the light infantry. This vehicle was commanded by the units of the 5th Guards Cavalry Corp, equipping it with the necessary camouflage paint and insignias consistent with their unit. The 5th Guards were created in November 20, 1942 and consisted of the 11th and 12th Guards 'Don' Cossack Cavalry Division and the 63rd Cavalry Division. These were ordered to support the Transcaucasus Front and so participated in the Iassy-Kishinev Offensive, Battle of Debrecen, Budapest Offensive, and the Vienna Offensive.

After the end of World War II, the SU-76M was phased out of production, but many of them were exported to other countries, such as China, Cuba, North Korea, North Vietnam or Czechoslovakia, where they would be used in conflicts such as the Korean and Vietnam War against the US and their allies.

Survivors

Due to the large quantity produced and usage after World War II, many are found in intact conditions today in various locations around the world. Some could even be found as war monuments for the Soviet and German memorials.

Media

Skins and camouflages for the SU-76M from live.warthunder.com.

Obtainable events

  • The SU-76M was first made available during the 2015 WW2 Chronicles as a prize between May 5 to May 12.
  • It was made available again in September 2015 during the "Tanker's Day Specials!" as a reward during the event.
  • In 2017, the SU-76M was once again made available during the Victory Day Tournament spanning between May 5 to May 10, available to the top 200 players in the tournament.
  • In the September 2017 "Happy tanker’s day!" event, the 5th SU-76M was available alongside the ★M3 Lee to be obtained after five victories with Rank III or higher vehicles.

Read also

Sources

Paste links to sources and external resources, such as:

  • topic on the official game forum;
  • other literature.


USSR tank destroyers
Light  SU-5-1 · ZiS-30 · SU-57 · SU-57B · SU-76M · SU-76M (5th Guards Cavalry Corps) · YaG-10 (29-K) · SU-85A
Medium  SU-122 · SU-85 · SU-85M · SU-100 · SU-100P · SU-122P · SU-122-54
Heavy  SU-100Y · ISU-122 · ISU-122S · SU-152 · ISU-152 · Object 268 · Object 120 "Taran"
Rocket  BM-8-24 · BM-13N
Airborne  ASU-57 · ASU-85

USSR premium ground vehicles
Light tanks  T-26 (1st Gv.T.Br.) · T-26E · T-126(SP) · RBT-5
Medium tanks  ▂T-III · ▂M3 Medium · «Panther» · ▂M4A2 (76) W · T-34 (Prototype) · T-34 1941 (1st Gv.T.Br.)
  T-34E · T-34-57 (1943) · T-34-85E · T-34-100 · T-44-122 · T-55AM-1
Heavy tanks  ▂MK-II «Matilda» · T-35 · SMK · KV-1E · KV-122 · KV-220 · KV-2 (1940) · KV-2 (ZiS-6) · IS-2 “Revenge for the Hero brother” · IS-6
Tank destroyers  SU-57 · SU-85A · BM-8-24 · BM-13N · SU-76M (5th Guards Cavalry Corps) · SU-100Y · SU-122P · Object 120 "Taran"
Anti-aircraft  ZUT-37 · Type 65