M47 (Japan)

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RANK 4 FRANCE
Somua SM PACK
This page is about the medium tank M47 (Japan). For other versions, see M47 (Family).
▅M47
jp_m47_patton_ii.png
GarageImage M47 (Japan).jpg
ArtImage M47 (Japan).png
▅M47
AB RB SB
7.3 7.3 7.3
Class:
Research:120 000 Specs-Card-Exp.png
Purchase:300 000 Specs-Card-Lion.png
Show in game

Description

The 90 mm Gun Tank M47 Patton II is a rank V Japanese medium tank with a battle rating of 7.3 (AB/RB/SB). It was introduced in Update "Red Skies".

General info

Survivability and armour

Armourfront / side / back
Hull101 / 85 / 60
Turret121 / 63 / 76
Crew5 people
Visibility120 %

Armour type:

  • Cast homogeneous armour (Front hull, turret, cupola)
  • Rolled homogeneous armour (Hull sides, rear and roof, turret roof, cupola roof)
Armour Front (Slope angle) Sides Rear Roof
Hull 101.6 mm (59°) Upper glacis
75 mm (24-76°) MG port bulge
170 mm MG port housing
40 mm MG port
90 mm (52°) Lower glacis - Top
76.2 mm (27-54°) Lower glacis - Bottom
85 mm Top - Front
38-50.8 mm Top - Rear
25.4 mm (67°) Bottom
60 mm Upper plate - Centre
22.2 mm (60°) Lower glacis - Centre
38-50.8 mm Sides
22.2 mm (0-16°)
25.4 mm (spherical) Front hatches
Turret 121 mm (spherical) Turret front - Centre and Bottom
101.6 mm Turret front - Top
62-74 mm Gun mantlet
63.5 mm (22-27°)
16 mm (spherical) Optics port
76.2-90 mm 25.4 mm
Cupola 76.2 mm (cylindrical) 76.2 mm (conical) Outer ring
25.4 mm Centre

Notes:

  • Suspension wheels are 20 mm thick and tracks are 30 mm thick.
  • Belly armour is 25.4 mm thick.
  • Storage boxes and mudguards are 5 mm thick.
  • Turret bustle rack is 15 mm thick.

At rank V, the M47 does not have suitable armour to survive direct hits from the numerous 88, 100, and 122 mm calibres fielded. Its best chance for survival is to flank enemies.

Mobility

Speedforward / back
AB54 / 22 km/h
RB and SB49 / 20 km/h
Number of gears4 forward
2 back
Weight44.1 t
Engine power
AB1 545 hp
RB and SB810 hp
Power-to-weight ratio
AB35.0 hp/t
RB and SB18.4 hp/t
Game Mode Max Speed (km/h) Weight (tons) Engine power (horsepower) Power-to-weight ratio (hp/ton)
Forward Reverse Stock Upgraded Stock Upgraded
Arcade 54 22 44.1 1255 1545 28.46 35.03
Realistic 49 20 716 810 16.24 18.37

Modifications and economy

Repair costBasic → Reference
AB4 850 → 6 828 Sl icon.png
RB7 110 → 10 010 Sl icon.png
SB9 360 → 13 178 Sl icon.png
Total cost of modifications114 400 Rp icon.png
168 400 Sl icon.png
Talisman cost2 100 Ge icon.png
Crew training85 000 Sl icon.png
Experts300 000 Sl icon.png
Aces1 200 Ge icon.png
Research Aces720 000 Rp icon.png
Reward for battleAB / RB / SB
120 / 200 / 160 % Sl icon.png
196 / 196 / 196 % Rp icon.png
Modifications
Mobility Protection Firepower
Mods new tank traks.png
Tracks
Research:
5 900 Rp icon.png
Cost:
8 400 Sl icon.png
230 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank suspension.png
Suspension
Research:
4 400 Rp icon.png
Cost:
6 300 Sl icon.png
170 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank break.png
Brake System
Research:
4 400 Rp icon.png
Cost:
6 300 Sl icon.png
170 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank filter.png
Filters
Research:
5 900 Rp icon.png
Cost:
8 400 Sl icon.png
230 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank transmission.png
Transmission
Research:
7 700 Rp icon.png
Cost:
11 000 Sl icon.png
300 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank engine.png
Engine
Research:
7 700 Rp icon.png
Cost:
11 000 Sl icon.png
300 Ge icon.png
Mods tank tool kit.png
Parts
Research:
3 800 Rp icon.png
Cost:
8 400 Sl icon.png
230 Ge icon.png
Mods extinguisher.png
FPE
Research:
2 900 Rp icon.png
Cost:
6 300 Sl icon.png
170 Ge icon.png
Mods tank reinforcement jp.png
Crew Replenishment
Research:
5 900 Rp icon.png
Cost:
8 400 Sl icon.png
230 Ge icon.png
Mods tank ammo.png
90mm_us_M82_APCBC_ammo_pack
Research:
5 900 Rp icon.png
Cost:
8 400 Sl icon.png
230 Ge icon.png
Mod arrow 0.png
Mods new tank horizontal aiming.png
Horizontal Drive
Research:
5 900 Rp icon.png
Cost:
8 400 Sl icon.png
230 Ge icon.png
Mods tank ammo.png
90mm_us_M304_APCR_ammo_pack
Research:
4 400 Rp icon.png
Cost:
6 300 Sl icon.png
170 Ge icon.png
Mod arrow 0.png
Mods tank cannon.png
Adjustment of Fire
Research:
4 400 Rp icon.png
Cost:
6 300 Sl icon.png
170 Ge icon.png
Mods night vision device.png
NVD
Research:
4 400 Rp icon.png
Cost:
6 300 Sl icon.png
170 Ge icon.png
Mods tank ammo.png
90mm_us_M332_APCR_ammo_pack
Research:
5 900 Rp icon.png
Cost:
8 400 Sl icon.png
230 Ge icon.png
Mod arrow 0.png
Mods new tank vertical aiming.png
Elevation Mechanism
Research:
5 900 Rp icon.png
Cost:
8 400 Sl icon.png
230 Ge icon.png
Mods tank rangefinder.png
Rangefinder
Research:
5 900 Rp icon.png
Cost:
8 400 Sl icon.png
230 Ge icon.png
Mods tank ammo.png
90mm_us_T108_HEAT_ammo_pack
Research:
7 700 Rp icon.png
Cost:
11 000 Sl icon.png
300 Ge icon.png
Mods art support.png
Artillery Support
Research:
7 700 Rp icon.png
Cost:
11 000 Sl icon.png
300 Ge icon.png
Mods tank ammo.png
90mm_us_M313_Smoke_ammo_pack
Research:
7 700 Rp icon.png
Cost:
11 000 Sl icon.png
300 Ge icon.png

Armaments

Rangefinder
Reduces the error and increases the maximum measurable distance of the rangefinder
Night vision device
Improves visibility by enhancing natural light or active illumination.

Main armament

Ammunition71 rounds
First-order11 rounds
Reloadbasic crew → aces
9.7 → 7.5 s
Vertical guidance-10° / 19°
Main article: M36 (90 mm)
90 mm M36 Turret rotation speed (°/s) Reloading rate (seconds)
Mode Capacity Vertical Horizontal Stabilizer Stock Upgraded Full Expert Aced Stock Full Expert Aced
Arcade 71 -10°/+19° ±180° N/A 34.3 47.4 57.6 63.6 67.8 9.75 8.63 7.95 7.50
Realistic 21.4 25.2 30.6 33.8 36.0

Ammunition

Penetration statistics
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Penetration @ 0° Angle of Attack (mm)
10 m 100 m 500 m 1,000 m 1,500 m 2,000 m
M318A1 shot APBC 193 190 177 162 148 136
M82 shot APCBC 185 182 170 155 142 130
M304 shot APCR 287 281 259 234 211 191
M332 shot APCR 321 316 292 265 240 218
M431 shell HEATFS 320 320 320 320 320 320
M71A1 shell HE 13 13 13 13 13 13
Shell details
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Velocity
(m/s)
Projectile
Mass (kg)
Fuse delay
(m)
Fuse sensitivity
(mm)
Explosive Mass
(TNT equivalent) (g)
Ricochet
0% 50% 100%
M318A1 shot APBC 912 10.98 N/A N/A N/A 47° 60° 65°
M82 shot APCBC 853 10.94 1.2 14 137.2 48° 63° 71°
M304 shot APCR 1,021 7.62 N/A N/A N/A 66° 70° 72°
M332 shot APCR 1,249 5.7 N/A N/A N/A 66° 70° 72°
M431 shell HEATFS 1,216 5.8 0.05 0.1 712.64 65° 72° 77°
M71A1 shell HE 732 10.55 0 0.1 925 79° 80° 81°
Smoke shell characteristics
Ammunition Velocity
(m/s)
Projectile
Mass (kg)
Screen radius
(m)
Screen deploy time
(s)
Screen hold time
(s)
Explosive Mass
(TNT equivalent) (g)
M313 821 10.7 13 5 20 50

Ammo racks

Ammo racks of the M47 (Japan)
Full
ammo
1st
rack empty
2nd
rack empty
3rd
rack empty
4th
rack empty
5th
rack empty
Visual
discrepancy
71 42 (+29) 12 (+59) 10 (+61) (+64) (+70) No

Notes:

  • As they are modeled by sets of 2, shells disappear from the rack only after you fire both shells in the set.
  • Shells are modeled by sets of 2 and disappear from the rack after both shells in the set having been shot or loaded.
  • Racks 3 to 5 are first stage ammo racks. They total 11 shells and gets filled first when loading up the tank.
  • These racks are also emptied early: the rack depletion order at full capacity is: 3 - 4 - 5 - 1 - 2.
  • Simply not firing when the gun is loaded will move ammo from racks 1-6 into racks 8 then 7. Firing will interrupt the restocking of the ready racks.

Machine guns

Ammunition1 000 rounds
Belt capacity200 rounds
Reloadbasic crew → aces
10.4 → 8.0 s
Fire rate577 shots/min
Vertical guidance-10° / 30°
Ammunition2 200 rounds
Belt capacity200 rounds
Reloadbasic crew → aces
10.4 → 8.0 s
Fire rate577 shots/min
Main article: M2HB (12.7 mm)
12.7 mm M2HB
Mount Capacity (Belt) Fire rate Vertical Horizontal
Coaxial 2,200 (200) 577 N/A N/A
Pintle 1,000 (200) 577 -10°/+30° ±180°

The M47 (Japan) comes with 2 M2HB .50 cal machine guns (1 coaxial and 1 roof-mounted), providing a concentrated stream of heavy machine-gun fire to target low-flying aircraft or lightly armoured vehicles.

Usage in battles

The M47 is very much a glass cannon. With a powerful gun, but weak armour, this vehicle should be played carefully, and out of sight of the enemy. As such, it is often beneficial to use an ambush or flanking-based play style. Attacking enemies without being seen will maximize this tank's capabilities. Tankers that already have experience with the ST-A's and to the same degree the Type 61 will be very familiar with this vehicle. The armour might be somewhat stronger than the previously mentioned vehicles but for the change in BR and rank, it's just as effective and relatively weaker firepower for the tanks it will encounter at 7.3.

The stock APBC shell is quite weak compared to the shells used by the M47's enemies. While working towards the much better HEAT-FS shell, it is advisable to shoot for enemies' tracks and gun barrels if the main hull is too well protected for the APBC shell to penetrate. Doing so will help to incapacitate your enemies and support your better-armed teammates. Additionally, the M47 should never have any trouble dealing with soft targets. With two 12.7 mm machine guns in addition to the main cannon, light tanks and armoured cars can be dispatched with ease. (On a side note, these machine guns can be used to spot enemy targets, alerting your team to their presence.)

Once the HEAT-FS shell is unlocked, the M47 may be played more like a classic medium tank. There will be few vehicles that the upgraded shell cannot penetrate. It is recommended to play near friendly vehicles, in case support is needed--even with an upgraded shell, the M47 is not a lone wolf, and will suffer without the backup of its allies.

The M47 has above-average mobility, and achieving flanking positions should not pose too much difficulty. However, the tank does have a high-profile, making it easily spotted. Combined with the vehicle's poor armour, this makes it especially important to stay out of the enemy's sight.

Pros and cons

Pros:

  • Good mobility, same handling as the M46
  • Great turret traverse speed once upgraded
  • Decent front armour, more sloped than the M46
  • 320 mm HEATFS ammunition once unlocked
  • Gun depression of -10° is usually sufficient

Cons:

  • Overall bad armour for Rank V matches, especially in the turret
  • The gun is not very good with stock ammo, recommended to unlock HEATFS as soon as possible
  • Mobility is limited or even rather poor until modifications are purchased.

History

As Japan started redeveloping its military in the form of the JSDF (Japanese Self Defence Forces). While it was previously issued with surplus Shermans, Chaffees and other American equipment, the JGSDF (Japanese Ground Self Defence Forces) would want to step up in tank development as the communist threat in Korea started looming over Japan. They would attempt to get their hands on the new American tank that would be the staple of the cold war, the M47 'Patton II' but assembly lines would be backlogged with foreign orders primarily from West Germany.

With this situation, the JGSDF started prototyping with the ST-A series to work towards the Type 61. During development, a single M47 'Patton II' was eventually sent to Japan for comparison to its domestic ST-A models. It isn't for certain when this vehicle arrived in Japan but it's high likely to be in between the completion of the ST-A1/2 (1957) and the development of the ST-A3/4 (1960).

After Japan was done with prototyping and adopted the Type 61, the M47 lost its purpose and it was sent to be scrapped. However, it was saved by a private collector as the tank was obtained before it could be destroyed. While this may not have been the original collector as it is never specified, it ended up in the private collection of Nakata Shoten Shop, located in one of their warehouses, in the Tokyo Metropolis along with several other vehicles used as evaluation models and service vehicles: an M37 HMC, an M36 GMC, an M41, and an M59 APC. While it's likely the other tanks also had been deactivated due to weapons being banned, at least for the M47 it is known that it can no longer move or fire. This was due to numerous changes including: the breech being cut, the transmission and engine have been removed, and there are many 10 centimetre-wide hulls that had been drilled into the floor of the tanks.

Media

Excellent additions to the article would be video guides, screenshots from the game, and photos.

See also

Links to the articles on the War Thunder Wiki that you think will be useful for the reader, for example:

  • reference to the series of the vehicles;
  • links to approximate analogues of other nations and research trees.

External links


Japan medium tanks
Type 97  Chi-Ha · Chi-Ha Kai · Chi-Ha Kai TD · Chi-Ha Short Gun
Type 1  Chi-He · Chi-He (5th Regiment) · Ho-I
Type 3  Chi-Nu · Chi-Nu II
Type 4  Chi-To · Chi-To Late
Type 5  Chi-Ri II
Type 61 MBT  ST-A1* · ST-A2* · ST-A3* · Type 61
Type 74 MBT  ST-B1* · Type 74 · Type 74 (F) · Type 74 (G)
Type 90 MBT  Type 90 · Type 90 (B)
USA  ▅M4A3 (76) W · ▅M47
  *ST-X is prototype stage for said MBT