M1 Abrams

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This page is about the American medium tank M1 Abrams. For other vehicles of the family, see M1 Abrams (Family). For other uses of the designation, see M1 (Disambiguation).
M1 Abrams
us_m1_abrams.png
GarageImage M1 Abrams.jpg
ArtImage M1 Abrams.png
M1 Abrams
AB RB SB
10.0 10.0 10.0
Class:
Research:220 000 Specs-Card-Exp.png
Purchase:590 000 Specs-Card-Lion.png
Show in game

Description

The Tank, Combat, Full Tracked, 105-mm Gun M1, or just M1 Abrams, is a rank VI American medium tank with a battle rating of 10.0 (AB/RB/SB). It was introduced in Update 1.77 "Advancing Storm".

General info

Survivability and armour

Composite armour
Balanced protection against all types of ammunition
Smoke grenades
Creation of a smoke screen in front of the vehicle
ESS
Creation of a smoke screen in the direction of movement of the vehicle
Armourfront / side / back
Hull145 / 62 / 31
Turret145 / 145 / 12
Crew4 people
Visibility82 %

The armour is decent, with the LFP being able to stop rounds such as 3BM22, 3BM15, 3BM9, offering about 430 mm of kinetic protection against these three rounds. It can also stop DM23 (105 mm) and L23. The Abrams has around 410/415 mm of protection against these rounds. The lower front plate is nigh impenetrable to nearly all HEATFS shells and ATGMs. The UFP is decent as well: it can ricochet shots right into the huge turret ring, so when playing, keep it in mind. The turret fares much better against these shots. It offers 440 mm of protection, being able to stop the aforementioned rounds.

When uptiered, you will face 3BM42, M829, DM23 (120 mm) and DM33: they will shred through your armour like paper. Even then, your armour might ricochet when moving and save you when retreating.

The gun mantlet is also huge and all APFSDS and HEATFS rounds can go trough (though this is a weak spot all vehicles have). Like most western MBTs, survivability is good, with the crew being far apart from each other as well as wet ammo stowage.

Armour type:

  • Composite armour (hull, turret)
Armour Front (Slope angle) Sides Rear Roof
Hull 19-38.1 mm (82-83°) Front glacis
32*+101* mm (40°) Lower glacis
25.4-38.1 mm (82°) Belly glacis
25.4+65** Front tip
30+30+65** mm Front half
12.7 mm Rear half - Top
27.6+6.35 mm Rear half - Bottom
28.4+6.35 mm Rear tip
31.75 mm (5-37°)
12.7 mm (53-54°)
31.75 mm
5 mm Engine grille
Turret 38*+101* mm (21-30°)
38*+18* mm (30-36°) Gun mantlet
25.4 mm (74-82°) Turret underside
19*+101* mm (30°) Crew compartment
6*+13* (30°) Ammo rack bustle
12.7 mm (43-48°)
25.4 mm (80-83°) Turret underside
38.1 mm Front
25.4 mm Rear
12.7 mm Panels
Cupola 25.4 mm (conical) 25.4 mm (conical) Outer ring
25.4 mm Centre

* RHA plates part of composite armour ** Composite screens

Notes:

  • Suspension wheels are 20 mm thick while tracks are 30 mm thick.
  • Turret ring is 50.8 + 50.8 mm thick.
  • 19 mm RHA plates are positioned behind the front fuel tanks.
  • 19 mm RHA plates surround the turret rear ammo racks.
  • Additionally to RHA, the M1 Abrams is equipped with composite armour plates:
Composite armour Front Sides
Hull Lower glacis:
380 mm Kinetic / 600 mm Chemical
N/A
Turret Turret front:
Angles ±0°:
400 mm Kinetic / 650 mm Chemical
Angles ±25°:
380 mm Kinetic / 600 mm Chemical
Gun mantlet:
240 mm Kinetic / 450 mm Chemical
31.75 mm sections:
160 mm Kinetic / 400 mm Chemical
12.7 mm sections:
80 mm Kinetic / 400 mm Chemical

Notes:

  • Suspension wheels are 20 mm thick while tracks are 30 mm thick.
  • Turret ring is 50.8 + 50.8 mm thick.
  • 19 mm RHA plates are positioned behind the front fuel tanks.
  • 19 mm RHA plates surround the turret rear ammo racks.

Mobility

Speedforward / back
AB80 / 43 km/h
RB and SB72 / 39 km/h
Number of gears8 forward
4 back
Weight54.4 t
Engine power
AB2 898 hp
RB and SB1 519 hp
Power-to-weight ratio
AB53.3 hp/t
RB and SB27.9 hp/t

Overall mobility is superb, even without mobility modifications researched it can still outaccelerate most contemporary vehicles. Hull traverse is however poor, with it becoming only decent when all mobility modifications researched. The M1 Abrams is a fairly quick main battle tank. It accelerates quickly, and will hold a speed of 52 km/h (32 mph) over rough terrain. On city maps or paved surfaces, an M1 Abrams can easily reach its top speed of 72 km/h (45 mph), thanks to its monstrously powerful turbine engine. With three speeds in reverse, it is also capable of an impressive 40 km/h (25 mph) to back away from troublesome situations. As powerful as the motor may be, the M1 Abrams has a slow to respond, and relatively slow traverse rate for its neutral steering. In some circumstances, it may be more beneficial to back away before turning around, as waiting for the neutral steering to turn 180 degrees is lengthy.

Game Mode Max Speed (km/h) Weight (tons) Engine power (horsepower) Power-to-weight ratio (hp/ton)
Forward Reverse Stock Upgraded Stock Upgraded
Arcade 80 43 54.4 2,058 2898 37.83 53.27
Realistic 72 39 1,343 1519 24.69 27.92

Modifications and economy

Repair costBasic → Reference
AB2 640 → 4 168 Sl icon.png
RB3 030 → 4 784 Sl icon.png
SB2 700 → 4 263 Sl icon.png
Total cost of modifications193 100 Rp icon.png
319 000 Sl icon.png
Talisman cost2 600 Ge icon.png
Crew training170 000 Sl icon.png
Experts590 000 Sl icon.png
Aces2 100 Ge icon.png
Research Aces950 000 Rp icon.png
Reward for battleAB / RB / SB
100 / 140 / 170 % Sl icon.png
220 / 220 / 220 % Rp icon.png
Modifications
Mobility Protection Firepower
Mods new tank traks.png
Tracks
Research:
8 100 Rp icon.png
Cost:
13 000 Sl icon.png
310 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank suspension.png
Suspension
Research:
7 600 Rp icon.png
Cost:
12 000 Sl icon.png
290 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank break.png
Brake System
Research:
7 600 Rp icon.png
Cost:
12 000 Sl icon.png
290 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank filter.png
Filters
Research:
13 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
20 000 Sl icon.png
500 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank transmission.png
Transmission
Research:
11 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
17 000 Sl icon.png
420 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank engine.png
Engine
Research:
11 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
17 000 Sl icon.png
420 Ge icon.png
Mods tank tool kit.png
Parts
Research:
2 400 Rp icon.png
Cost:
13 000 Sl icon.png
310 Ge icon.png
Mods extinguisher.png
FPE
Research:
2 300 Rp icon.png
Cost:
12 000 Sl icon.png
290 Ge icon.png
Mods tank reinforcement us.png
Crew Replenishment
Research:
13 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
20 000 Sl icon.png
500 Ge icon.png
Mods engine smoke screen system.png
ESS
Research:
11 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
17 000 Sl icon.png
420 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank horizontal aiming.png
Horizontal Drive
Research:
8 100 Rp icon.png
Cost:
13 000 Sl icon.png
310 Ge icon.png
Mods tank ammo.png
105mm_usa_HESH_ammo_pack
Research:
8 100 Rp icon.png
Cost:
13 000 Sl icon.png
310 Ge icon.png
Mods tank ammo.png
105mm_NATO_APDS_FS_ammo_pack
Research:
8 100 Rp icon.png
Cost:
13 000 Sl icon.png
310 Ge icon.png
Mods tank cannon.png
Adjustment of Fire
Research:
7 600 Rp icon.png
Cost:
12 000 Sl icon.png
290 Ge icon.png
Mods tank ammo.png
105mm_us_M416_Smoke_ammo_pack
Research:
7 600 Rp icon.png
Cost:
12 000 Sl icon.png
290 Ge icon.png
Mods smoke screen.png
Smoke grenade
Research:
7 600 Rp icon.png
Cost:
12 000 Sl icon.png
290 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank vertical aiming.png
Elevation Mechanism
Research:
13 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
20 000 Sl icon.png
500 Ge icon.png
Mods thermal sight.png
NVD
Research:
13 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
20 000 Sl icon.png
500 Ge icon.png
Mods art support.png
Artillery Support
Research:
11 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
17 000 Sl icon.png
420 Ge icon.png
Mods tank laser rangefinder.png
Laser rangefinder
Research:
11 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
17 000 Sl icon.png
420 Ge icon.png
Mods tank ammo.png
105mm_usa_M774_APDS_FS_ammo_pack
Research:
11 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
17 000 Sl icon.png
420 Ge icon.png

Armaments

Laser rangefinder
Reduces the error and increases the maximum measurable distance of the rangefinder
Night vision device
Improves visibility by enhancing natural light or active illumination.
Thermal imager
Allows to see thermal radiation in the infrared range day and night

Main armament

Two-plane stabilizer
Reduces the swing of the gun in two planes while moving
Ammunition55 rounds
First-order22 rounds
Reloadbasic crew → aces
6.5 → 5.0 s
Vertical guidance-10° / 20°
Main article: M68A1 (105 mm)

The gun performance is adequate. While the shells are are good against angles, they can penetrate weak spots and the sides of enemy vehicles with ease. At long ranges the gun can struggle, especially against enemies in a hull down position. Most Soviet/Russian MBTs in a hull down position only have the following weak spots: the gun mantlet and the driver hatch window, located just below the gun. The M1 Abrams also suffers from a raised engine deck. As such, its capacity for "over the shoulder" shots and shots directly over the rear is very limited, because the engine deck prevents the lowering of the cannon.

105 mm M68A1 Turret rotation speed (°/s) Reloading rate (seconds)
Mode Capacity Vertical Horizontal Stabilizer Stock Upgraded Full Expert Aced Stock Full Expert Aced
Arcade 55 -10°/+20° ±180° Two-plane 38.1 52.7 64.0 70.8 75.3 6.50 5.75 5.30 5.00
Realistic 23.8 28.0 34.0 37.6 40.0

Ammunition

Penetration statistics
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Penetration @ 0° Angle of Attack (mm)
10 m 100 m 500 m 1,000 m 1,500 m 2,000 m
M456A2 HEATFS 400 400 400 400 400 400
M393A2 HESH 127 127 127 127 127 127
M735 APFSDS 353 350 342 333 322 312
M774 APFSDS 372 370 365 358 351 343
Shell details
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Velocity
(m/s)
Projectile
Mass (kg)
Fuse delay
(m)
Fuse sensitivity
(mm)
Explosive Mass
(TNT equivalent) (g)
Ricochet
0% 50% 100%
M456A2 HEATFS 1,173 10.5 0.05 0.1 1,270 65° 72° 77°
M393A2 HESH 732 14.85 0.1 4 4,310 73° 77° 80°
M735 APFSDS 1,501 3.7 N/A N/A N/A 76° 77° 80°
M774 APFSDS 1,509 3.4 N/A N/A N/A 78° 80° 81°
Smoke shell characteristics
Ammunition Velocity
(m/s)
Projectile
Mass (kg)
Screen radius
(m)
Screen deploy time
(s)
Screen hold time
(s)
Explosive Mass
(TNT equivalent) (g)
M416 730 11.4 20 5 25 50

Ammo racks

Ammo racks of the M1 Abrams
Full
ammo
1st
rack empty
2nd
rack empty
3rd
rack empty
4th
rack empty
Visual
discrepancy
55 33 (+22) 25 (+30) (+52) (+55) No

Notes:

  • Blowout rack only: 45 (+10) shells.
  • The first order ammo rack will replenish when not firing.

Machine guns

Ammunition1 000 rounds
Belt capacity200 rounds
Reloadbasic crew → aces
10.4 → 8.0 s
Fire rate577 shots/min
Vertical guidance-9° / 65°
Ammunition1 400 rounds
Belt capacity200 rounds
Reloadbasic crew → aces
10.4 → 8.0 s
Fire rate941 shots/min
Ammunition10 000 rounds
Belt capacity200 rounds
Reloadbasic crew → aces
10.4 → 8.0 s
Fire rate941 shots/min

With three machine guns (two light 7.62 mm and one heavy 12.7 mm), the Abrams is well equipped at dealing with helicopters and lightly armoured SPAA.

12.7 mm M2HB
Mount Capacity (Belt) Fire rate Vertical Horizontal
Commander's cupola 1,000 (200) 577 -9°/+65° ±180°
7.62 mm M240
Mount Capacity (Belt) Fire rate Vertical Horizontal
Loader's cupola 1,400 (200) 941 -9°/+65° -77°/+135°
Coaxial 10,000 (200) 941 N/A N/A

Usage in battles

Its armour, whilst reliable in downtiers and when facing tanks of the same BR, should not be relied on when uptiered. Many tanks will destroy you. But when downtiered, your armour will protect you 70-75% of the time. Many rounds at 10.0 and below have a hard time facing you and even penetrating you in the LFP even.

It is suggested to use the M735, since at distance many rounds will not hit the target and the M774 costs 600 SL to fire and has only got a better angle penetration. Although it has a low penetration, the M735 and the M774 are still APFSDS, and as such, you can get a penetrating hit on an enemy's side even with a very low impact angle.

The Abrams' main strength is its extreme mobility, even by MBT standards, and the very good ballistics of the APFSDS rounds. The armour is not sufficient and will only really stop ATGMs and HEATFS rounds. But when facing 10.0 and below tanks, tanks at the BR to have a hard time penetrating your frontal arc.

Additionally, The M1 has somewhat sub-par penetration even with its best shell. Because of these factors, it is recommended that you do not use this tank as a frontline brawler. Instead, use your speed to quickly appear from angles your opponents are not expecting you to come from. This can take the form of flanking in order to get side shots, Rushing at the start of the game to take an advantageous position, or getting to choke points before the enemy does, in order to be ready to knock them out. Essentially, This tank should be played much like the M18 Hellcat, though unlike the Hellcat your armour can still help you occasionally when uptiered.

When downtiered, this should be played as a balanced tank, with armour and speed, only really lacking firepower.

A useful thing to note when playing the Abrams, and most MBTs in general, is that if your opponent shows any side armour, you can penetrate them almost every time. if someone is coming towards you even at a slight angle, aim for the the front drive wheel on their tracks. Your shell will be able to penetrate into the tank and likely one shot kill them. It is recommended to use APFSDS as the main loadout, as the HEATFS ammunition starts coming against tanks with armour types specifically designed to resist it.

In terms of threats:

  • Type 90 and AMX-40, as their incredibly powerful shots can penetrate you anywhere, at any angle, at almost any distance. For the Type 90, aim for the turret ring, and for the AMX-40, aim for the LFP.
  • The T-80B, because of its strong armament and very strong armour; it can be penetrated through its lower front plate, the drivers viewport below the gun, and just to the side or below the gun; if a T80B shows any of its side, you can penetrate it there

Pros and cons

Pros:

  • Very good mobility for its weight
  • LFP and turret face can easily stop 3BM22, other soviet rounds, DM23 (105 mm) and L23.
  • Good chemical protection from composite armour
  • Turret also has composite armour on the side
  • Turns very fast, even in neutral steering
  • Internal armour plating helps with increasing the crew survivability
  • Very accurate main gun with very good gun stabilizers and good rate of fire
  • Great forward and reverse speed
  • Very good acceleration
  • Blowout panels protect the crew from ammo-racks detonation
  • Although composite armour is absent on the upper glacis plate, the extreme sloping makes shells bounce every time

Cons:

  • Large target
  • The three shells under the gun do NOT have blowout panels, if detonated you will die
  • No composite armour on the upper glacis plate and in the rear of the turret, so remaining on level terrain is priority
  • Low APFSDS penetration compared to Challenger 1 and T-64B
  • Inadequate stock ammo loadout; Both the M735 and M456 shells are no longer effective at top rank
  • Losing some crew members will prevent you from firing some of your smoke grenades
  • The armour's chemical resistance against HEAT and such is not relevant against contemporary enemies usually equipped with APFSDS
  • NVD are a tier III modification
  • M774 is a tier IV modification and it is still a pretty weak round for 10.0
  • The turret ring is a massive weak spot since any shell at 10.0 can penetrate it
  • Like with most Abrams series tanks, the engine deck is slightly raised, meaning that you will not be able to depress the gun over the rear of the tank.

History

Once the unsuccessful joint German-American MBT-70 project had been shut down in 1971, the Congress redistributed funds to the further development of the XM815 project, later known as the XM1 Abrams. The development of the XM1 Abrams was a competition between two designs of the Chrysler and General Motors companies, respectively. Early July 1973 marks an important date for the project after representatives of both companies travelled to Great Britain to witness the development of the new composite armour, named Burlington. Impressed by what they saw, both companies decided to reevaluate and optimize their designs' armour layout to increase its effectiveness, with General Motors changing the front shape of the turret to a sloped surface, whilst Chrysler retained its vertical design. By 1976, the XM1 prototypes were being readied for testing, with the finishing touch being the installation of the M68 cannon.. Testing of both prototypes took place in the presence of the new German Leopard 2 tank, which was shipped to the U.S. for comparison purposes. Once testing was concluded and the results evaluated, the turbine-powered Chrysler design was proclaimed the winner of the competition and thus the Chrysler design would soon enter production as the M1 Abrams.

An M1 Abrams during Exercise Reforger 82 "Carbine Fortress"

The M1 entered production in 1979, with the first production version M1 leaving the factory floor in February 1980. Production of the M1 continued until 1985, with an improved M1IP version being produced briefly between 1984 -1986. By 1985, several thousands of M1s had already been manufactured and put into service. In August 1985 however, the M1 was outfitted with the license-built version of the Rheinmetall 120mm gun, as found on the Leopard 2 tank and subsequently entered production as the M1A1 Abrams. Following this modification, earlier M1 units would progressively be upgraded to M1A1 standard, but this is a story for another devblog in the future. The M1 Abrams saw the most active service with US forces primarily in operations in the Middle East, but known operators also include Australia, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Egypt and others. Nonetheless, the American M1 Abrams is one of the most successful and widely fielded modern-day MBTs in use anywhere in the world, and rightfully deserves its iconic status alongside other American legends such as the M4 Sherman and M60 Patton, to name but a few. The fact that the M1 Abrams is still being manufactured and used today, almost four decades after its introduction, serves as a testimony to that statement.

- From Devblog

Media

Skins
Videos

See also

Links to the articles on the War Thunder Wiki that you think will be useful for the reader, for example:

  • reference to the series of the vehicles;
  • links to approximate analogues of other nations and research trees.

External links


Chrysler Defense
MBTs  M48 Patton · M60 · M60A1 (AOS) · M60A2 · M60A1 RISE (P) · M60A3 TTS · XM-1 (Chrysler) · M1 Abrams
Note  Chrysler Defense was purchased by General Dynamics Land Systems (GDLS) in 1982.

USA medium tanks
M2  M2
M3  M3 Lee · ▃Grant I
M4  M4 · Calliope · M4A1 · M4A1 (76) W · M4A2 · M4A2 (76) W · M4A3 (105) · M4A3 (76) W
M26 Pershing  T20 · T25 · M26 · M26 T99 · M26E1
M46/47/48 Patton  M46 · M46 "Tiger" · M47 · M48A1 · T54E1
M60  M60 · M60A1 (AOS) · M60A1 RISE (P) · M60A2 · M60A3 TTS
MBT-70  MBT-70 · XM-803
M1 Abrams  XM-1 (Chrysler) · XM-1 (GM) · M1 Abrams · IPM1 · M1A1 Abrams · M1A1 HC · M1A2 Abrams
Other  T95E1
Canada  M4A5
Israel  Magach 3 · Merkava Mk.1 · Merkava Mk.2B · Merkava Mk.3D
Turkey  M60 AMBT