Type 74

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Type 74
General characteristics
4 peopleCrew
96 %Visibility
front / side / backArmour
80 / 30 / 20Hull
132 / 67 / 37Turret
38 tWeight
1374 hp720 hpEngine power
36.2 hp/t18.9 hp/tPower-to-weight ratio
60 km/h forward
16 km/h back
54 km/h forward
15 km/h back
105 mm L7A3 cannonMain weapon
50 roundsAmmunition
15 roundsFirst-order
6.7 / 8.7 sReload
-6° / 9°Vertical guidance
12.7 mm M2HB machine gunMachinegun
600 roundsAmmunition
8 / 10.4 sReload
200 roundsBelt capacity
577 shots/minFire rate
-10° / 40°Vertical guidance
-120° / 120°Horizontal guidance
7.62 mm Type 74 machine gunCoaxial weapon
4500 roundsAmmunition
8 / 10.4 sReload
250 roundsBelt capacity
500 shots/minFire rate
180000 Rp icon.pngResearch
490000 Sl icon.pngPurchase
Sl icon.png8100 / 12052/6100 / 9076/5300 / 7886Repair
140000 Sl icon.pngCrew training
490000 Sl icon.pngExperts
2000 Ge icon.pngAces
214 % Rp icon.pngReward for battle
180 % Sl icon.png150 % Sl icon.png120 % Sl icon.png
This page is about the Japanese medium tank Type 74. For the premium version, see Type 74G.


GarageImage Type 74.jpg

The Type 74 is a rank VI Japanese medium tank with a battle rating of 8.7 (AB/RB/SB). It was introduced along with the initial Japanese Ground Forces tree in Update 1.65 "Way of the Samurai".

General info

Survivability and armour

Armour type:

  • Rolled homogeneous armour
  • Cast homogeneous armour (Gun mantlet)
Armour Front (Slope angle) Sides Rear Roof
Hull 40 mm (74°), 80 mm (65°) Front glacis
80 mm (57°) Lower glacis
35 mm (44°) Top
30 mm, 10 mm (55-56°) Bottom
20 mm Top
25 mm (47-48°) Bottom
25 mm
Turret 132 mm (27-53°) Turret front
200 mm (34-73°) , 150 + 170 mm (0-44°) Gun mantlet
132 mm (5-57°) Front
67 mm (37-47°) Rear
37 mm (17-39°) 67 mm Front
37 mm Rear
Cupola 80 mm 80 mm


  • Suspension wheels and tracks are both 20 mm thick.
  • The Type 74's hydropneumatic suspension means it could vary the sloped angle of its armour towards the enemy.
  • Hull roof is rated to be 25 mm effective against HE.

As with most medium tanks of the rank, the hull of the Type 74 is only capable of stopping some autocannon fire and has very vulnerable sides, however, the turret armour of the Type 74 is closer to US and British turret armour level. While it's unlikely to stop most APFSDS, it is very likely to deflect stray APDS and APHE. Light tanks will likely have to get close and personal to penetrate it, as penetrating cupola even with APDS belt is a challenge due to its size.

The advantage can be kept even when creeping onto the enemy high ground by using hydropneumatic suspension before driving uphill to not allow the enemy to fire at the roof. In rare cases, the tank can "duck" behind cover to hide at least a portion of the turret from enemy fire.


Game Mode Max Speed (km/h) Weight (tons) Engine power (horsepower) Power-to-weight ratio (hp/ton)
Forward Reverse Stock Upgraded Stock Upgraded
Arcade 60 16 38 1116 1374 29.37 36.16
Realistic 54 15 637 720 16.76 18.95


Main armament

Main article: L7A3 (105 mm)
105 mm L7A3 Turret rotation speed (°/s) Reloading rate (seconds)
Mode Capacity Vertical Horizontal Stabilizer Stock Upgraded Full Expert Aced Stock Full Expert Aced
Arcade 50 -6°/+9° ±180° Two-plane 22.8 38.1 38.4 42.5 45.18 8.7 7.7 7.1 6.7
Realistic 14.3 20.3 20.4 22.6 24.0

While the 105 mm gun is relatively equal to one of other nations, the ammunition and optics of the Type 74 are exceptional. It has all the same shell types of NATO tanks. The Type 74 also has a laser rangefinder, which makes it really easy to check aim in RB, compared to tanks it fights in down-tiers and sometimes even in up-tier. The gun depression is the only real disadvantage, forcing operator to use hydropneumatic suspension. Main issue is that if chassis got damaged while tank was shifting, it will refuse to work and tank might get stuck in awkward pose, being unable to aim at opponents, however usually enemies aim to kill instead of just disabling the Type 74.


Penetration statistics
Ammunition Type of
Penetration @ 0° Angle of Attack (mm)
10 m 100 m 500 m 1,000 m 1,500 m 2,000 m
Type 91 HEATFS 400 400 400 400 400 400
Type 75 HESH 127 127 127 127 127 127
M735 APFSDS 353 350 342 333 322 312
Type 93 APFSDS 405 403 396 388 378 370
Shell details
Ammunition Type of
Mass (kg)
Fuse delay
Fuse sensitivity
Explosive Mass
(TNT equivalent) (g)
0% 50% 100%
Type 91 HEATFS 1,150 10.5 0.0 0.1 1,270 65° 72° 75°
Type 75 HESH 760 10.8 0.4 0.1 2,700 73° 77° 80°
M735 APFSDS 1,501 3.7 N/A N/A N/A 76° 77° 78°
Type 93 APFSDS 1,501 3.4 N/A N/A N/A 78° 80° 81°
Smoke shell characteristics
Ammunition Velocity
Mass (kg)
Screen radius
Screen deploy time
Screen hold time
Explosive Mass
(TNT equivalent) (g)
M416 730 11.4 20 5 25 50

Ammo racks

Ammo racks of the Type 74
rack empty
rack empty
rack empty
50 16 (+34) (+43) (+49) No
  • Racks 2 and 3 are first stage ammo racks. They total 15 shells and get filled first when loading up the tank.
  • These racks are also emptied early: the rack depletion order at full capacity is: 3 - 2 - 1.
  • To go into battle with the frontal ammo rack empty, pack 16 (+34) shells, the rack depletion order will then be 3 - 2.

Optics and night vision

Type 74 Optics
Type of optic Magnification Night Vision Devices
Image Intensifier Thermal Imager
Resolution Light Mult Noise Level
Gunner's Sight X8 - X16 800X600 8.0 High Not Fitted Image intensifier unlocked by "NVD" modification (tier 4)
Commander's View X6 800X600 8.0 High Not Fitted Image intensifier unlocked by "NVD" modification (tier 4)
Driver's View X1 / 3PV 800X600 5.0 High Not Fitted Image intensifier unlocked by "NVD" modification (tier 4)

Machine guns

12.7 mm M2HB
Mount Capacity
(Belt capacity)
Rate of fire
Pintle 1,000 (200) 576 -10°/+40° ±120°
7.62 mm Type 74
Mount Capacity
(Belt capacity)
Rate of fire
Coaxial 5,500 (250) 500 N/A N/A

While it's not recommended, it's still possible to use 12.7 mm to fight light tanks like AUBL/74 HVG or Rooikat Mk.1D and most SPAA tanks at <100 m range.

Do not charge them with just the MG, especially at long range, as even poorly armored rank V light tanks can survive frontal MG fire long enough to disarm and explode Type 74 - let them come to you, hit them with the main gun and ensure they never move again by firing at their sides or flat parts, while hiding yours.

Any melee oriented light tanks like BMP-2 or Warrior with add-on armour will have enough armour to absorb the MG fire and will greet Type 74 back with point blank ATGM attack, which machine guns will be unable to stop at such range.

Usage in battles

As the Type 74 is very comparable to the Leopard 1 Series, especially the Leopard A1A1, it is recommended to play them in the same fashion as such. In a Hit & Run tactic.

The additional benefits of the Type 74 over the Leopard A1A1 are:

  • A top mounted .50 which can be used to deal with soft targets swiftly or damage gun barrels or track opponent tanks.
  • Hydropneumatic suspension to:
    • Increase gun depression or elevation.
    • Improve traverse rate off- and on road.
    • Could vary the sloped angle of its armour towards the enemy.
  • Stronger turret armor
  • Night vision spotlight
  • Better ammunition available:
    • Stock HEAT shell for the 74F while the Leopard starts with an APDS shell.
    • APFSDS shell researchable at tier I while it is a tier IV modification for the A1A1.

With all the additional benefits out of the way, it shouldn't be negated it's still a gen 2 MBT with barely any armor to rely upon other than the strong turret which still will be defeated by most rounds that the Type 74 will face. It is advised to make use of the terrain to your advantage in combination with the hydropneumatic suspension. The stabilizer also allows for the Type 74 to shoot on the move and due lower top speed compared to the Leopard, should be even easier to shoot on the move.

But even though armor isn't the strong suit of the Type 74, it gets an amazing choice of rounds to make use of. Even the strongest tanks shouldn't disregard a stock Type 74 as it gets HEATFS as stock shell and has access to the M735 APFSDS shell as soon as tier I (with a second more potent Type 93 APFSDS shell as tier IV modification), while such a shell usually is a tier IV modification for most 105 mm L7A3 carrying tanks, this improves the Type 74's combat performance by a lot.

In a nutshell: Use the mobility with the cannon's perfection to flank and spank enemies (But if you have to resolve to a frontal attack, the APFSDS still allows for such a playstyle). Wait and hunt for the perfect positions and kill the enemy tanks one by one, while always maintaining a good situational awareness. Patience is the key to success.


Tier Mobility Protection Firepower
I Tracks Parts Horizontal Drive Type 75 M735
II Suspension Brake System FPE Adjustment of Fire Laser rangefinder
III Filters Crew Replenishment Elevation Mechanism M416 Smoke grenade
IV Transmission Engine Artillery Support Type 93 NVD

Pros and cons


  • Same gun and general ammo choices as the NATO tanks
  • Gets improved Type 93 APFSDS, which can deal frontally with anything the tank will see from any range
  • A little bit more agile than the Leopard A1A1
  • .50 cal machine gun proves useful against SPAAGs, as well as strafing aircraft
  • Better frontal armour overall than the Leopards, ZSU-57-2 will have a much harder time defeating it from the front, can also bounce some medium tank APDS
  • Hydropneumatic suspension system can give up to -12° of gun depression as well as more compatibility for terrain


  • Hydropneumatic suspension system takes time to deploy and undeploy
  • Only -5° of gun depression without deploying the suspension
  • 53 km/h top speed compared to Leopard A1A1's 65 km/h (however, both tanks rarely reach this speed)



A year after the Japanese Ground Self-Defense Force (JGSDF) issued out their first post-war main battle tank, the Type 61, development started on its successor, recognizing that the Type 61 was already becoming obsolete in terms of the new Soviet tanks being produced such as the T-62. Working alongside Mitsubishi once more, they looked for a new tank design incorporating many new features introduced in tank technology. This resulted in the tank having the hydropneumatic suspension system from the U.S.-German project MBT-70, a hull shape similar to Germany's Leopard I, and the powerful 105 mm L7 gun for its main armament. Other planned features for the tank was a rotatable commander's cupola and an autoloader system for the main gun.

The first prototype arrived for testing in 1968 as the STB-1. Modifications to the design started in 1969, which saw the autoloader removed for being too complex and expensive, as well as the removal of a proposed remote-controlled anti-aircraft machine gun for the same reason. The turret design was also elongated for various design purposes. The modified prototype was labelled STB-3 and was delivered in 1971. The final prototype, STB-6, was then delivered in 1973. The tank was then accepted for service in 1974 as the Type 74 tank. Production would start in September 1975 all the way to 1989, producing 893 tanks.


Due to the defensive nature of the JSDF and the absence of any hostility rising out of the Cold War, the Type 74 spent its service life in the JGSDF with no battle service. During its service life however, it was upgraded with new hardware such as infra-red imagers for night fighting and a laser rangefinder for the commander. Despite all that, the Type 74 was generally outdated in terms of specifications even before entering service, as second-generation main battle tanks like the Chieftain and T-72 outclass it and development for third-generation main battle tanks like the Leopard 2 and M1 Abrams were already underway.

The tank was to be replaced by the newer Type 90 main battle tank, but the collapse of the Soviet Union and the official end of the Cold War caused the replacement program to be halted. Today, the Type 74 still sees limited service in Japan and it was reported that 700 units were still in use in 2006.



See also

Vehicles equipped with the same chassis
Other vehicles of similar configuration and role

External links

Japan medium tanks
Chassis Chi-Ha  Chi-Ha · Chi-Ha Kai · Chi-Ha Short Gun
Chassis Chi-He  Chi-He · Chi-He (5th Regiment) · Ho-I · Chi-Nu · Chi-Nu II
Chassis Chi-To  Chi-To · Chi-To Late
Chassis Chi-Ri  Chi-Ri II
Type 61 MBT  ST-A1* · ST-A2* · Type 61
Type 74 MBT  ST-B1* · Type 74 · Type 74 (F) · Type 74 (G)
Type 90 MBT  Type 90 · Type 90 (B)
USA  ▅M4A3 (76) W
  *ST-X Is prototype stage for said MBT