Type 74

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Rank 2, Sweden
"The Swedish revolver": SAV 20.12.48
Type 74
jp_type_74.png
AB
RB
SB
General characteristics
Brief
Detailed
8.7/8.7/8.7BR
4 peopleCrew
96 %Visibility
front / side / backArmour
80 / 30 / 20Hull
132 / 67 / 37Turret
Mobility
38.0 tWeight
1 374 hp720 hpEngine power
36 hp/t19 hp/tPower-to-weight ratio
59 km/h forward
15 km/h back
53 km/h forward
14 km/h back
Speed
Armament
105 mm L7A3 cannonMain weapon
50 roundsAmmunition
15 roundsFirst-order
6.7 / 8.7 sReload
-6° / 9°Vertical guidance
two-planeStabilizer
12.7 mm M2HB machine gunMachinegun
1 000 roundsAmmunition
8.0 / 10.4 sReload
200 roundsBelt capacity
577 shots/minFire rate
-10° / 40°Vertical guidance
-120° / 120°Horizontal guidance
7.62 mm Type 74 machine gunCoaxial weapon
5 500 roundsAmmunition
8.0 / 10.4 sReload
250 roundsBelt capacity
500 shots/minFire rate
Economy
180 000 Rp icon.pngResearch
490 000 Sl icon.pngPurchase
Sl icon.png6 710 / 10 111/7 200 / 10 850/5 000 / 7 534Repair
140 000 Sl icon.pngCrew training
490 000 Sl icon.pngExperts
2 000 Ge icon.pngAces
214 % Rp icon.pngReward for battle
180 % Sl icon.png150 % Sl icon.png130 % Sl icon.png
This page is about the Japanese medium tank Type 74. For the premium version, see Type 74G.

Description

GarageImage Type 74.jpg


The Type 74 is a rank VI Japanese medium tank with a battle rating of 8.7 (AB/RB/SB). It was introduced along with the initial Japanese Ground Forces tree in Update 1.65 "Way of the Samurai".

General info

Survivability and armour

Armour type:

  • Rolled homogeneous armour
  • Cast homogeneous armour (Gun mantlet)
Armour Front Sides Rear Roof
Hull 40 mm (74°), 80 mm (65°) Front glacis
80 mm (57°) Lower glacis
35 mm (44°) Top
30 mm, 10 mm (55-56°) Bottom
20 mm Top
25 mm (47-48°) Bottom
25 mm
Turret 132 mm (27-53°) Turret front
200 mm (34-73°) , 150 + 170 mm (0-44°) Gun mantlet
132 mm (5-57°) Front
67 mm (37-47°) Rear
37 mm (17-39°) 67 mm Front
37 mm Rear
Armour Sides Roof
Cupola 80 mm 80 mm

As with most medium tanks of the rank, the hull of Type 74 is only capable of stopping some autocannon fire and has very vulnerable sides, however, the turret armour of Type 74 is closer to American and British turret armour level. While it's unlikely to stop most APFSDS, it is very likely to deflect stray APDS and APHE. Light tanks will likely have to get close and personal to penetrate it, as penetrating cupola even with APDS belt is a challenge due to its size.

The advantage can be kept even when creeping onto the enemy high ground by using hydropneumatic suspension before driving uphill to not allow the enemy to fire at the roof. In rare cases, the tank can "duck" behind cover to hide at least a portion of the turret from enemy fire.

Notes:

  • Suspension wheels and tracks are both 20 mm thick.
  • The Type 74's hydropneumatic suspension means it could vary the sloped angle of its armour towards the enemy.
  • Hull roof is rated to be 25 mm effective against HE.

Mobility

Game Mode Max Speed (km/h) Weight (tons) Engine power (horsepower) Power-to-weight ratio (hp/ton)
Forward Reverse Stock Upgraded Stock Upgraded
Arcade 59 15 38 1116 1,374 29.37 36.16
Realistic 53 14 637 720 16.76 18.95

Armaments

Main armament

Main article: L7A3 (105 mm)
105 mm L7A3 Turret rotation speed (°/s) Reloading rate (seconds)
Mode Capacity Vertical Horizontal Stabilizer Stock Upgraded Full Expert Aced Stock Full Expert Aced
Arcade 50 -6°/+9° ±180° Two-plane 22.8 38.1 38.4 __._ __._ 8.7 7.7 __.__ 6.7
Realistic 14.3 20.3 20.4 __._ 24.0

Ammunition

Penetration statistics
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Penetration @ 0° Angle of Attack (mm)
10 m 100 m 500 m 1,000 m 1,500 m 2,000 m
M735 APFSDS 353 350 342 333 322 312
Type 75 HESH 127 127 127 127 127 127
Type 91 HEATFS 400 400 400 400 400 400
Type 93 APFSDS 405 403 396 388 378 370
Shell details
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Velocity
(m/s)
Projectile
Mass (kg)
Fuse delay
(m)
Fuse sensitivity
(mm)
Explosive Mass
(TNT equivalent) (g)
Normalisation at 30°
from horizontal
Ricochet
0% 50% 100%
M735 APFSDS 1,501 3.7 N/A N/A N/A +1.5° 76° 77° 80°
Type 75 HESH 760 10.8 0.4 0.1 2,700 +0.0° 73° 77° 80°
Type 91 HEATFS 1,150 10.5 N/A 0.1 1,271 +0.0° 65° 72° 77°
Type 93 APFSDS 1,501 3.4 N/A N/A N/A _._° 78° 80° 81°
Smoke shell characteristics
Ammunition Velocity
(m/s)
Projectile
Mass (kg)
Screen radius
(m)
Screen deploy time
(s)
Screen hold time
(s)
Explosive Mass
(TNT equivalent) (g)
M416 730 11.4 20 5 25 50

While gun is relatively equal to one of other nations, the ammunition and amount of supplement tools of type 74 is exceptional.

In general, it has all the same shell types of NATO tanks, but instead of APDS it's stock ammunition is APFSDS, which is superior to top shell of Leopard A1A1, and top APFSDS of type 74 can put some rank VII APFSDS to shame in terms of penetration and damage, both flat and angled hit.

Type 74 also has laser rangefinder, which makes it really easy to check aim in RB, compared to tanks it fights in down-tiers and sometimes even in up-tier.

The gun depression is the only real disadvantage, forcing operator to use hydropneumatic suspension. Main issue is that if chassis got damaged while tank was shifting, it will refuse to work and tank might get stuck in awkward pose, being unable to aim at opponents, however usually enemies aim to kill instead of just disabling type 74.

Ammo racks

Full
ammo
1st
rack empty
2nd
rack empty
3rd
rack empty
4th
rack empty
5th
rack empty
6th
rack empty
Visual
discrepancy
50 __ (+__) __ (+__) __ (+__) __ (+__) __ (+__) __ (+__) __

Optics and night vision

Type 74 Optics
Type of optic Magnification Night Vision Devices
Image Intensifier Thermal Imager
Resolution
Notes
Resolution Light Mult Noise Level
Gunner's Sight X8 - X16 800X600?  ? high Not Fitted Only useable with an upgrade
Commander's View X6 800X600?  ? high Not Fitted Only useable with an upgrade
Driver's View X1 / 3PV 800X600  ? high Not Fitted Only useable with an upgrade

Machine guns

12.7 mm M2HB
Mount Capacity
(Belt capacity)
Rate of fire
(shots/minute)
Vertical
guidance
Horizontal
guidance
Pintle 1,000 (200) 576 -10°/+40° ±120°
7.62 mm Type 74
Mount Capacity
(Belt capacity)
Rate of fire
(shots/minute)
Vertical
guidance
Horizontal
guidance
Coaxial 5,500 (250) 500 N/A N/A

While it's not recommended, it's still possible to use 12.7 mm to fight light tanks like AUBL/74 HVG or Rooikat Mk.1D and most SPAA tanks at <100 m range.

Do not charge them with just the MG, especially at long range, as even poorly armored rank V light tanks can survive frontal MG fire long enough to disarm and explode Type 74 - let them come to you, hit them with the main gun and ensure they never move again by firing at their sides or flat parts, while hiding yours.

Any melee oriented light tanks like BMP-2 or Warrior with add-on armour will have enough armour to absorb the MG fire and will greet Type 74 back with point blank ATGM attack, which machine guns will be unable to stop at such range.

Usage in battles

Describe the tactics of playing in the vehicle, the features of using vehicles in the team and advice on tactics. Refrain from creating a "guide" - do not impose a single point of view but instead give the reader food for thought. Describe the most dangerous enemies and give recommendations on fighting them. If necessary, note the specifics of the game in different modes (AB, RB, SB).

Modules

Tier Mobility Protection Firepower
I Tracks Parts Horizontal Drive Type 75
II Suspension Brake System FPE Adjustment of Fire Type 91 Laser rangefinder
III Filters Crew Replenishment Elevation Mechanism M416 Smoke grenade
IV Transmission Engine Artillery Support Type 93 NVD

Pros and cons

Pros:

  • Same gun and general ammo choices as the NATO tanks
  • M735 APFSDS comes stock, is free, and is better than top shell of Leopard A1A1
  • Gets improved Type 93 APFSDS, which can deal frontally with anything the tank will see from any range
  • A little bit more agile than the Leopard A1A1
  • .50 cal machine gun proves useful against SPAAGs, as well as strafing aircraft
  • Better frontal armour overall than the Leopards, ZSU-57-2 will have a much harder time defeating it from the front, can also bounce some medium tank APDS
  • Hydropneumatic suspension system can give up to -12° of gun depression as well as more compatibility for terrain

Cons:

  • Hydropneumatic suspension system takes time to deploy and undeploy
  • Only -5° of gun depression without deploying the suspension
  • 53 km/h top speed compared to Leopard A1A1's 65 km/h (however, both tanks rarely reach this speed)

History

Development

A year after the Japanese Ground Self-Defense Force (JGSDF) issued out their first post-war main battle tank, the Type 61, development started on its successor, recognizing that the Type 61 was already becoming obsolete in terms of the new Soviet tanks being produced such as the T-62. Working alongside Mitsubishi once more, they looked for a new tank design incorporating many new features introduced in tank technology. This resulted in the tank having the hydropneumatic suspension system from the U.S.-German project MBT-70, a hull shape similar to Germany's Leopard I, and the powerful 105 mm L7 gun for its main armament. Other planned features for the tank was a rotatable commander's cupola and an autoloader system for the main gun.

The first prototype arrived for testing in 1968 as the STB-1. Modifications to the design started in 1969, which saw the autoloader removed for being too complex and expensive, as well as the removal of a proposed remote-controlled anti-aircraft machine gun for the same reason. The turret design was also elongated for various design purposes. The modified prototype was labelled STB-3 and was delivered in 1971. The final prototype, STB-6, was then delivered in 1973. The tank was then accepted for service in 1974 as the Type 74 tank. Production would start in September 1975 all the way to 1989, producing 893 tanks.

Service

Due to the defensive nature of the JSDF and the absence of any hostility rising out of the Cold War, the Type 74 spent its service life in the JGSDF with no battle service. During its service life however, it was upgraded with new hardware such as infra-red imagers for night fighting and a laser rangefinder for the commander. Despite all that, the Type 74 was generally outdated in terms of specifications even before entering service, as second-generation main battle tanks like the Chieftain and T-72 outclass it and development for third-generation main battle tanks like the Leopard 2 and M1 Abrams were already underway.

The tank was to be replaced by the newer Type 90 main battle tank, but the collapse of the Soviet Union and the official end of the Cold War caused the replacement program to be halted. Today, the Type 74 still sees limited service in Japan and it was reported that 700 units were still in use in 2006.

Media

Type 74 MBT Super Unicorn Review
(Coarse language present)
Type 74 tanks in a public demonstration - 2014

See also

Links to the articles on the War Thunder Wiki that you think will be useful for the reader, for example:

  • reference to the series of the vehicles;
  • links to approximate analogues of other nations and research trees.

External links


Japan medium tanks
Chassis Chi-Ha  Chi-Ha · Chi-Ha Kai · Chi-Ha Short Gun
Chassis Chi-He  Chi-He · Ho-I · Chi-Nu · Chi-Nu II
End war  Chi-To · Chi-To Late · Chi-Ri II
Post-war  ST-A1 · ST-A2 · Type 61 · STB-1 · Type 74 · Type 74G · Type 90 · Type 90 (B)
USA  ▅M4A3 (76) W