T-34-57 (1943)

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T-34-57 (1943)
ussr_t_34_57_1943.png
AB
RB
SB
General characteristics
Brief
Detailed
4.3/4.3/4.3BR
4 peopleCrew
front / side / backArmour
45 / 45 / 45Hull
53 / 53 / 53Turret
Mobility
30.0 tWeight
54 km/h forward
7 km/h back
48 km/h forward
6 km/h back
Speed
Armament
57 mm ZIS-4M cannonMain weapon
100 roundsAmmunition
-5° / 28°Vertical guidance
1 890 roundsAmmunition
63 roundsBelt capacity
600 shots/minFire rate
Economy
1 600 Ge icon.pngPurchase
Sl icon.png3 520/2 600/2 300Repair
10 000 Sl icon.pngCrew training
200 000 Sl icon.pngExperts
470 Ge icon.pngAces
× (148 + 100 Talisman.png) % Rp icon.pngReward for battle
× 1.5 × 2 Talisman.png Sl icon.png× 1.3 × 2 Talisman.png Sl icon.png× 0.9 × 2 Talisman.png Sl icon.png
This page is about the Soviet medium tank T-34-57 (1943). For other uses, see T-34 (Family).

Description

GarageImage T-34-57 (1943).jpg


The T-34-57 (1943) is a premium rank III Soviet medium tank with a battle rating of 4.3 (AB/RB/SB). It was introduced during the Closed Beta Test for Ground Forces before Update 1.41. It features the 57 mm gun from the T-34-57, but in the body of the T-34 1942 variant. It costs 1,600 Golden Eagles Ge icon.png.

General info

Survivability and armour

Armour type:

  • Rolled homogeneous armour (Hull, Gun mantlet, Roof)
  • Cast homogeneous armour (Turret, Machine gun port, Driver's hatch
Armour Front Sides Rear Roof
Hull 45 mm (61°) Front glacis
99 mm (5-35°) Welded joint
45 mm (52°) Lower glacis
65 mm (1-73°) Machine gun port
75 mm (60°) Driver port
40 mm (40°) Top
45 mm (0°) Lower
40 mm (47-49°) Top
40 mm (47°) Bottom
16 mm
Turret 53 mm (3-58°) Turret front
45 mm (2-78°) Gun mantlet
53 mm (21-22°) 53 mm (18-20°) 15 mm

Notes:

  • Suspensions wheels and tracks are 20 mm thick.

Mobility

Mobility characteristic
Weight (tons) Add-on Armor
weight (tons)
Max speed (km/h)
30.0 N/A 54 (AB)
49 (RB/SB)
Engine power (horsepower)
Mode Stock Upgraded
Arcade 775 954
Realistic/Simulator 442 500
Power-to-weight ratio (hp/ton)
Mode Stock Upgraded
Arcade 25.83 31.80
Realistic/Simulator 14.73 16.67

Armaments

Main armament

Main article: ZiS-4M (57 mm)
57 mm ZiS-4M
Capacity Vertical
guidance
Horizontal
guidance
Stabilizer
100 -5°/+28° ±180° N/A
Turret rotation speed (°/s)
Mode Stock Upgraded Prior + Full crew Prior + Expert qualif. Prior + Ace qualif.
Arcade 23.80 32.94 __.__ __.__ 47.06
Realistic 14.88 17.50 __.__ __.__ 25.00
Reloading rate (seconds)
Stock Prior + Full crew Prior + Expert qualif. Prior + Ace qualif.
6.50 5.75 5.30 5.00
Ammunition
Penetration statistics
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Penetration in mm @ 0° Angle of Attack
10m 100m 500m 1000m 1500m 2000m
BR-271 APHEBC 145 143 132 119 108 98
BR-271K APHE 145 143 132 119 108 98
O-271 HE 5 5 5 5 5 5
BR-271P APCR 185 183 147 111 84 64
Shell details
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Velocity
in m/s
Projectile
Mass in kg
Fuse delay

in m:

Fuse sensitivity

in mm:

Explosive Mass in g
(TNT equivalent):
Normalization At 30°
from horizontal:
Ricochet:
0% 50% 100%
BR-271 APHEBC 990 3.14 1.2 15 21.56 +4° 48° 63° 71°
BR-271K APHE 990 3.14 0.6 20 27.72 -1° 47° 60° 65°
O-271 HE 700 3.72 0.4 0.01 220 +0° 79° 80° 81°
BR-271P APCR 1270 1.79 N/A N/A N/A +1.5° 66° 70° 72°
Ammo racks
Ammo racks of the T-34-57 mod. 1943.
Full
ammo
1st
rack empty
2nd
rack empty
3rd
rack empty
4th
rack empty
5th
rack empty
Visual
discrepancy
100 95 (+5) 89 (+11) 83 (+17) 77 (+23) (+99) yes

Turret empty: 77 (+23)

Machine guns

Main article: DT (7.62 mm)
7.62 mm DT
Coaxial mount
Capacity (Belt capacity) Fire rate
(shots/minute)
Vertical
guidance
Horizontal
guidance
1,890 (63) 600 N/A N/A

Usage in battles

This tank is a brawler, suitable to fight in close range combat, especially the urban map. But thanks to the high velocity of 57mm gun (990m/s), it is possible to snipe enemy tank easily in long-range map.

  • As a brawler: shoot-and-scoot is its main tactic. Camp in the city, watch for the enemy tank, shoot it then reverse to hiding place. Remember to watch both sides before crossing the street (watch out for snipers in maps like Poland and Eastern Europe), ANGLE THE ARMOUR. If the armour is angled correctly without showing the sides, it could cause a lot of trouble for enemies trying to penetrate the armour.
  • As a sniper: use binocular and range finder(check the Option => tank control => binocular, range finder). If the enemy shows their side or rear, shoot it. Compensate the shell drop for better accuracy.

Pros and cons

Pros:

  • 1942 hull and turret, taking away drivers hatch weak spot in first T-34-57
  • Relatively high penetration for the calibre and rank
  • High gun muzzle velocity (990 m/s), suitable for sniping
  • Good mobility

Cons:

  • Has the same hull armour as previous revisions
  • Small gun calibre may have trouble one-shotting enemies
  • Turret isn't good at Rank III, due to other countries' tank high penetration

History

Development

As far back as the summer of 1940, an attempt to improve the anti-tank gun inventory in Soviet service was undertaken. This was due to only having massive stocks of underpowered 45 mm anti-tank cannons available, which were becoming obsolete with the newer armour being used by the Soviet Union's adversaries. When the request for an improved anti-tank cannon was sent out, a design bureau headed by V. G. Grabin was already underway under the name 57 mm ZiS-2 anti-tank gun. The 57 mm was a very powerful anti-tank weapon due to its high penetration value with the high-velocity shells. The APCBC round available under the name BR-271 was able to penetrate 93 mm of armour when fired 100 meters away at a meet angle of 60 degrees. The first of the prototypes were created in the September of 1940, and it as later approved for production on June 1, 1941. However, this was stopped on December 1 due to beliefs that the high-velocity 57 mm shells would simply penetrate straight through tanks without causing damage or that it was a high-cost weapon. The production lines were then switched to produce the 76.2 mm ZiS-3 guns.

It was during its production life before being cancelled that the 57 mm gun was attached to a T-34 as a main armament in April 1941. However, the trials on this armament showed a lack of accuracy and short barrel life. Then in July, an improved variant of the 57 mm called the ZiS-4 was installed onto the T-34 and tested again. This variant turned out to be successful and the gun was recommended for installation on certain T-34 units, despite the high cost of the ZiS-4. The T-34 with the 57 mm was redesignated the T-34-57 and had the purpose of being "tank-hunters" due to the higher penetration value of the 57 mm compared to the default T-34 76.2 mm armament. The 57 mm ZiS-4 gun was produced at the Artillery Factory #92 and were mounted on various T-34s. However, the stop of all 57 mm production on December 1941 also stopped the 57 mm ZiS-4 production, thus halting the T-34-57 production with only 133 ZiS-4 guns made in the production life.

Revitalization

The 57 mm guns were revived in 1943 due to urgent needs for much better guns against the newer German tanks. The current 76.2 mm F-34 gun on the normal T-34s were unable to defeat the newer German Tiger I and Panther tanks. In a desperate attempt to upgrade the T-34 to compete against these tanks, the 57 mm was reinstated for production and began being issued in May 1943, these models being the T-34-57 mod. 1943 due to the upgraded armament. The ZiS-4 was upgraded to the ZiS-4M with simplified parts and standardization in parts from current existing artillery pieces such as the F-34 and the ZiS-2. These T-34-57s saw further action against the Axis until they were retired. In total, about less than 324 T-34-57s were made during its production life in 1941 and 1943.

Combat usage

The T-34-57 made in 1941 saw action during the Battle of Moscow in small quantities. The 21st Tank Brigade has 10 of such tanks in their units and were deployed on October 14. Though the brigade was able to cause massive damage to the German lines around Kalinin but ended with all of the T-34-57 destroyed by November 25. Other units using the T-34-57 were the 8th Tank Brigade on October 19. Afterwards came the deactivation of the 57 mm from the production line at the end of 1941, but the T-34-57s were revitalized again in 1943 to counter the newer German tanks. These tanks were used as "tank-hunters" and formed "Special Tank Company 100" with three T-34-57 in its first platoon to deal with German tanks. Despite their role, the company would only meet German tanks once in its life, and the first platoon was never used. Thus, the T-34-57 was never really able to prove their efficiency against active German tanks, though the unit would praise the gun's performance in practices against pillboxes, bunkers, and knocked out German tanks. All the T-34-57s were disbanded with the retirement of the 57 mm as a tank gun. This was due to its small HE shell available that made it an inadequate tank armament against softer targets, and also the introduction of the much bigger and better 85 mm tank gun on the newer T-34-85.

In-game description

In 1943, the new PzKpfw VI Tiger German heavy tank began to see more and more use on the Eastern front. This caused the ZiS-4 cannon with its powerful penetration properties to come under consideration again. It was extremely difficult to destroy a Tiger using a standard 76 mm F-34 tank gun, and the heavy tank's frontal armour was completely impenetrable to it. So before long, the order was given to restart mass production of the T-34-57 tank destroyers.

In May 1943, the tank was put into service again. This time, the modified ZiS-4M cannon was used, which differed from the ZiS-4 in its unified breech mechanism, simpler semi-automatic mode and modified attachment of the coupling in the weapon's cradle. A more powerful shell was also developed which could penetrate 96 mm thick armour at a range of 1000 m. However, this shell severely affected the weapon's durability, and several cases were recorded of gun barrels swelling. Soon after a small number of them were produced, they were taken out of service and withdrawn from operational use. The low quality of the 57 mm ZiS-4M tank cannon's fragmentation shells proved to be a serious drawback.

The modernised T-34-57 tanks were not put into mass production, and after a few vehicles were produced, the decision was taken to stop manufacturing them. Three T-34-57s built using mass-produced T-34 Mod. 1942 tanks made by the Chelyabinsk factory were sent to the front to serve in the 100th Special Tank Division. The tanks were tested on the front from the 15th of August to the 5th of September, but did not excel in battle, so they were kept in reserve.

Media

Excellent additions to the article would be video guides, screenshots from the game, and photos.

See also

Links to the articles on the War Thunder Wiki that you think will be useful for the reader, for example:

  • reference to the series of the vehicles;
  • links to approximate analogues of other nations and research trees.

External links

Paste links to sources and external resources, such as:

  • topic on the official game forum;
  • encyclopedia page on the tank;
  • other literature.


USSR medium tanks
T-28  T-28 · T-28E
T-34-76  T-34 (Prototype) · T-34 (1940) · T-34 (1941) · T-34 1941 (1st Gv.T.Br.) · T-34 (1942) · T-34E STZ · T-34E
T-34-57  T-34-57 · T-34-57 (1943)
T-34-85  T-34-85 (D-5T) · T-34-85 · T-34-85E
T-34-100  T-34-100
T-44  T-44 · T-44-100 · T-44-122
T-54  T-54 (1947) · T-54 (1949) · T-54 (1951)
T-55  T-55A · T-55AM-1
T-62  T-62 · T-62M-1 · IT-1
T-64  T-64A (1971) · T-64B
T-72  T-72A
T-80  T-80B · T-80U
Others  Shturm-S
Trophies/Lend-Lease  ▂T-III · ▂T-V · ▂M3 Medium · ▂M4A2

USSR premium ground vehicles
Light tanks  T-26 (1st Gv.T.Br.) · T-26E · T-126(SP) · RBT-5 · BT-7 (F-32)
Medium tanks  ▂T-III · ▂M3 Medium · "Panther" · ▂M4A2 (76) W · T-34 (Prototype) · T-34 1941 (1st Gv.T.Br.)
  T-34E · T-34-57 (1943) · T-34-85E · T-34-100 · T-44-122 · T-55AM-1
Heavy tanks  ▂MK-II "Matilda" · T-35 · SMK · KV-1E · KV-122 · KV-220 · KV-2 (1940) · KV-2 (ZiS-6) · IS-2 "Revenge for the Hero brother" · IS-6
Tank destroyers  SU-57 · SU-85A · BM-8-24 · BM-13N · SU-76M (5th Guards Cavalry Corps) · SU-100Y · SU-122P · Object 120 "Taran"
Anti-aircraft  ZUT-37 · ▂Type 65