T-54 (1951)

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RANK 6 BRITAIN
Rooikat 105 PACK
T-54 (1951)
ussr_t_54_1951.png
AB
RB
SB
General characteristics
Brief
Detailed
7.7/7.7/7.7BR
4 peopleCrew
83 %Visibility
front / side / backArmour
100 / 80 / 45Hull
200 / 160 / 65Turret
Mobility
35.5 tWeight
992 hp520 hpEngine power
28 hp/t15 hp/tPower-to-weight ratio
55 km/h forward
8 km/h back
50 km/h forward
7 km/h back
Speed
Armament
100 mm D-10T cannonMain weapon
34 roundsAmmunition
20 roundsFirst-order
8.5 / 11.1 sReload
-4° / 17°Vertical guidance
12.7 mm DShK machine gunMachinegun
250 roundsAmmunition
8.0 / 10.4 sReload
50 roundsBelt capacity
600 shots/minFire rate
-10° / 60°Vertical guidance
7.62 mm SGMT machine gunCoaxial weapon
3 500 roundsAmmunition
8.0 / 10.4 sReload
250 roundsBelt capacity
600 shots/minFire rate
Economy
170 000 Rp icon.pngResearch
440 000 Sl icon.pngPurchase
Sl icon.png4 500 / 6 088/3 770 / 5 100/4 900 / 6 629Repair
130 000 Sl icon.pngCrew training
440 000 Sl icon.pngExperts
1 400 Ge icon.pngAces
208 % Rp icon.pngReward for battle
180 % Sl icon.png150 % Sl icon.png130 % Sl icon.png

Description

GarageImage T-54 (1951).jpg


The T-54 (1951) is a rank V Soviet medium tank with a battle rating of 7.7 (AB/RB/SB). It was introduced in during the Closed Beta Test for Ground Forces before Update 1.41.

In 1951, a new hemispherical turret with improved ballistic shaping was introduced for the T-54 medium tank. This turret eliminated the turret shot-traps of earlier models and became the definitive one for all T-54 and T-55 variants that followed. A new telescopic gunsight was also introduced.

Ingame, the 1951 model plays similarly to the 1949 model. It has the same reduced hull armour compared to the 1947 model but makes up for this with its better mobility and turret, which is not vulnerable to shot-traps like the 1947 and 1949 models are. The 1951 model also has access to a powerful HEAT-FS round.

General info

Survivability and armour

Armour type:

  • Rolled homogeneous armour (Hull, Turret roof)
  • Cast homogeneous armour (Turret, Gun mantlet)
Armour Front Sides Rear Roof
Hull 100 mm (60°) Front glacis 
100 mm (54°) Lower glacis
80 mm 45 mm (16°) Upper 
30 mm (72°) Lower
30 mm Front
20 mm Back
Turret 160 mm (14-39°) Turret front 
200 mm (4-78°) Gun mantlet
115 mm (45-50°) Upper
155 mm (10-30°) Lower
65 mm (9-35°) 30 mm

Notes:

  • Suspensions wheels and tracks are 20 mm thick

Mobility

Game Mode Max Speed (km/h) Weight (tons) Engine power (horsepower) Power-to-weight ratio (hp/ton)
Forward Reverse Stock Upgraded Stock Upgraded
Arcade 55 8 35.5 806 992 22.7 27.94
Realistic 50 7 460 520 12.96 14.65

Armaments

Main armament

Main article: D-10T (100 mm)
100 mm D-10T
Capacity Vertical
guidance
Horizontal
guidance
Stabilizer
34 -4°/+17° ±180° N/A
Turret rotation speed (°/s)
Mode Stock Upgraded Prior + Full crew Prior + Expert qualif. Prior + Ace qualif.
Arcade 9.52 13.18 16.00 17.69 18.82
Realistic 5.95 7.00 8.50 9.40 10.00
Reloading rate (seconds)
Stock Prior + Full crew Prior + Expert qualif. Prior + Ace qualif.
11.05 9.78 9.01 8.5
Ammunition
Penetration statistics
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Penetration in mm @ 0° Angle of Attack
10m 100m 500m 1000m 1500m 2000m
BR-412 APHE 218 213 192 169 148 130
BR-412B APHEBC 218 214 195 173 154 137
BR-412D APCBC 239 236 223 207 192 178
BR-412P APCR 224 216 186 153 127 105
3BM-8 APDS 299 298 291 272 253 249
3BK-5 HEATFS 380 380 380 380 380 380
OF-412 HE 19 19 19 19 19 19
Shell details
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Velocity
in m/s
Projectile
Mass in kg
Fuse delay

in m:

Fuse sensitivity

in mm:

Explosive Mass in g
(TNT equivalent):
Normalization At 30°
from horizontal:
Ricochet:
0% 50% 100%
BR-412 APHE 895 15.9 1.2 19 100.1 -1° 47° 60° 65°
BR-412B APHEBC 895 15.9 1.2 19 100.1 +4° 48° 63° 71°
BR-412D APCBC 887 15.9 1.2 19 93.94 +4° 48° 63° 71°
BR-412P APCR 1,050 8.53 N/A N/A N/A +1.5° 66° 70° 72°
3BM-8 APDS 1,415 4.13 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
3BK-5 HEATFS 900 12.38 0.0 0.1 1,440 N/A N/A N/A N/A
OF-412 HE 880 15.2 0.1 0.5 1,460 +0° 79° 80° 81°
Smoke characteristic
Ammunition Velocity
in m/s
Projectile
Mass in kg
Screen radius
in m
Screen time
in s
Screen hold time
in s:
Explosive Mass in g
(TNT equivalent):
3D3 880 15.6 20 5 25 272
Ammo racks
Ammo racks of the T-54 (1951).
Full
ammo
1st
rack empty
2nd
rack empty
3rd
rack empty
4th
rack empty
5th
rack empty
6th
rack empty
Visual
discrepancy
34 33 (+1) 28 (+6) 23 (+10) 22 (+11) 21 (+13) 1 (+33) No

Turret empty: 28 (+6)
One rack only: 21 (+13)

Machine guns

12.7 mm DShK
Pintle mount
Capacity (Belt capacity) Fire rate
(shots/minute)
Vertical
guidance
Horizontal
guidance
250 (50) 600 -10°/+60° ±180°
7.62 mm SGMT
Coaxial mount
Capacity (Belt capacity) Fire rate
(shots/minute)
Vertical
guidance
Horizontal
guidance
3,500 (250) 600 N/A N/A

Usage in battles

The T-54 '51 is practically the same tank as the T-54 '49, it has the same armour as the T-54 '49 and the only difference is the addition of the new HEAT-FS round capable of going through 380mm of armour (the War Thunder community generally accepts the T-54 '51 as having the best ammunition overall). Again, the new round should be taken as a back-up option for the most armoured enemies, while BR-412D should remain the main round.

General Playstyle

The T-54 '51 is simply the better tank than the T-54 '49, because it has the same armour, and the only difference is the addition of HEAT-FS round, which penetrates through 380mm. (Read the T-54 '47 and the T-54 '49 articles, as they cover the T-54 playstyle).

Major Gameplay Differences from the T-54 '49 (Read the T-54 '47 and the T-54 '49 articles prior to reading this!)

  • You can now penetrate all vehicles that you can see.
  • If the map is very big, and you are forced to snipe, you may prefer to take APDS ammunition, because it's much easier to aim.

The Stock Grind

When grinding the first modifications, Arcade Battles might be more fun, because of faster-paced gameplay and the ability to see all threats. Now, it's a priority to research Parts and FPE, and it may also be a good idea to activate 3-5 universal vehicle back-ups to be able to respawn twice in one match. In this case, it's worth it, because the T-54 '51 is a grinder for rank V and first rank VI vehicles - the faster you spade it, the faster you can grind!

General tips for the stock grind are the same as those for the T-54 '47, read that article.

Modules

Tier Mobility Protection Firepower
I Tracks Parts BR-412B Horizontal Drive BR-412P
II Suspension Brake System FPE Adjustment of Fire Smoke grenade
III Filters Crew Replenishment BR-412D Elevation Mechanism 3D3
IV Transmission Engine Artillery Support 3BM-8 3BK-5

After Parts and FPE, the player should focus on mobility upgrades or the Horizontal Drive modification, since both mobility and turret rotation are limited when the tank is stock. Also, the 3BK-5 HEATFS shell greatly increases the tank's damage output, and should be considered quite important as well.

Pros and cons

Pros:

  • Improved turret shape and armour thickness, with no shot-traps (Same turret as the T-54 '49)
  • Lighter than the 1947 model, with improved mobility
  • Wide ammunition selection, including 380 mm penetration 3BK-5 HEAT-FS and powerful APHE rounds
  • Well-sloped hull glacis plate, resistant to most full-bore AP rounds
  • Roof-mounted DShK heavy machine gun for use against aircraft or light vehicles

Cons:

  • Unstabilised main gun and very slow turret traverse make it vulnerable to being flanked in close combat
  • Relatively low rate-of-fire
  • Small magazine size of the DShK heavy machine gun
  • Weaker hull armour than the 1947 model
  • Poor penetration with APHE rounds

History

In-game description

The new 1951 tank model received a cast semi-spherical turret without shot traps and with improved traverse sealing and an apparatus for attaching a minesweeper. Its two SG-43 machine guns were replaced with a 7.62 mm SGMT machine gun. The T-54's main armament remained as before - a 100 mm D-10T cannon with a 56 calibre barrel length. This weapon was developed in the No. 9 artillery factory's design bureau under the direction of F.F. Petrov. The 100 mm cannon's armour-piercing round was able to penetrate a 125 mm thick vertical armour plate at a range of 2,000 m. After the Second World War, improved variants of this tank served for forty years after the basic model was developed. From 1946, all the characteristics of the T-54 and its variants surpassed those of foreign medium tanks, and its weapon had the best armour-piercing properties.

In total, 7,009 of them were made between 1952 and 1955. The T54 Mod. 1951 became widespread outside the USSR's borders and was licensed for production in Poland, Czechoslovakia and China. Its Chinese variant was designated Type 59. Tanks of this type were used in a multitude of armed conflicts in the 20th century. These vehicles are still in service in many countries in Asia and the Middle East.

A disadvantage of the tank was the hull layout is inherited from the T-44. It ensured the Soviet tank's advantages over its foreign counterparts, but also restricted opportunities for further increasing the tank's defences, particularly against the new 90 and 105 mm high-explosive anti-tank warheads and armour-piercing subcalibre rounds. The unstabilised tank cannon's accuracy and rate of fire were too low when firing on the move. The T-54's transmission and undercarriage restricted opportunities to increase its mobility after installing a more powerful weapon or increasing its armour.

Media

Excellent additions to the article would be video guides, screenshots from the game, and photos.

See also

Links to the articles on the War Thunder Wiki that you think will be useful for the reader, for example:

  • reference to the series of the vehicles;
  • links to approximate analogues of other nations and research trees.

External links

Paste links to sources and external resources, such as:

  • topic on the official game forum;
  • encyclopedia page on the tank;
  • other literature.


USSR medium tanks
T-28  T-28 · T-28E
T-34-76  T-34 (Prototype) · T-34 (1940) · T-34 (1941) · T-34 (1st Gv.T.Br.) · T-34 (1942) · T-34E STZ · T-34E
T-34-57  T-34-57 · T-34-57 (1943)
T-34-85  T-34-85 (D-5T) · T-34-85 · T-34-85E
T-34-100  T-34-100
T-44  T-44 · T-44-100 · T-44-122
T-54  T-54 (1947) · T-54 (1949) · T-54 (1951)
T-55  T-55A · T-55AM-1
T-62  T-62 · T-62M-1
T-64  T-64A (1971) · T-64B
T-72  T-72A · T-72B
T-80  T-80B · T-80U
Trophies/Lend-Lease  ▂T-III · ▂T-V · ▂M3 Medium · ▂M4A2 · ▂МК-IX "Valentine"