T-28 (1938)

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This page is about the Soviet medium tank T-28 (1938). For other versions, see T-28 (Family).
T-28 (1938)
GarageImage T-28 (1938).jpg
T-28 Production (1).jpg
T-28 (1938)
1.3 1.3 1.3
Research:4 000 Specs-Card-Exp.png
Purchase:2 100 Specs-Card-Lion.png
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A T-28 supporting infantry

The T-28 (1938) is a rank I Soviet medium tank with a battle rating of 1.3 (AB/RB/SB). It was introduced in Update "Ixwa Strike". This production T-28, unlike its following variants (T-28 and T-28E), is equipped with a KT-28 howitzer and is primarily used as an infantry support tank. It won't be the spearhead of an armoured assault but will suffice in close quarters combat.

General info

Survivability and armour

Armourfront / side / back
Hull30 / 20 / 20
Turret20 / 20 / 30
Crew6 people
Visibility95 %

As for most early war tanks, the armour isn't much to write home about. Most if not all other cannons will punch through the thickest armour of 30 mm or put a shell through the thin 20 mm sides. The only reason this tank will survive longer than other early war tanks is the amount of crew sitting around, especially the MG turret crew.

T-28 following a tank assault under artillery barrage

Armour type:

Armour Front (Slope angle) Sides Rear Roof
Hull 30 mm 20 mm Top
20+10 mm Bottom
20 mm 10-15 mm
Turret 20 mm Turret front
20mm Gun mantlet
20 mm 20 mm 10-15 mm
Cupola 10 mm 10 mm 10 mm 10 mm


The suspensions are protected by a 10 mm side skirt.


Speedforward / back
AB44 / 7 km/h
RB and SB40 / 6 km/h
Number of gears4 forward
1 back
Weight25.4 t
Engine power
AB954 hp
RB and SB500 hp
Power-to-weight ratio
AB37.6 hp/t
RB and SB19.7 hp/t
T-28 maintaining speed on the road
Game Mode Max Speed (km/h) Weight (tons) Engine power (horsepower) Power-to-weight ratio (hp/ton)
Forward Reverse Stock Upgraded Stock Upgraded
Arcade 44 7 25.4 775 954 30.51 37.56
Realistic 40 6 442 500 17.4 19.69

Like all the others T-28, the T-28 (1938) has relatively good mobility, with good acceleration and a top speed of 40 km/h (44 in arcade). Its 500 horsepower engine (954 in Arcade) will allow it to exploit holes in the enemy lines.

Modifications and economy

Repair costBasic → Reference
AB170 → 218 Sl icon.png
RB190 → 244 Sl icon.png
SB200 → 257 Sl icon.png
Total cost of modifications4 450 Rp icon.png
2 670 Sl icon.png
Talisman cost300 Ge icon.png
Crew training600 Sl icon.png
Experts2 100 Sl icon.png
Aces40 Ge icon.png
Research Aces110 000 Rp icon.png
Reward for battleAB / RB / SB
10 / 20 / 20 % Sl icon.png
100 / 100 / 100 % Rp icon.png
Mobility Protection Firepower
Mods new tank traks.png
300 Rp icon.png
180 Sl icon.png
60 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank suspension.png
250 Rp icon.png
150 Sl icon.png
50 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank break.png
Brake System
250 Rp icon.png
150 Sl icon.png
50 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank filter.png
370 Rp icon.png
220 Sl icon.png
70 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank transmission.png
480 Rp icon.png
290 Sl icon.png
90 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank engine.png
480 Rp icon.png
290 Sl icon.png
90 Ge icon.png
Mods tank tool kit.png
300 Rp icon.png
180 Sl icon.png
60 Ge icon.png
Mods extinguisher.png
250 Rp icon.png
150 Sl icon.png
50 Ge icon.png
Mods tank reinforcement ussr.png
Crew Replenishment
370 Rp icon.png
220 Sl icon.png
70 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank horizontal aiming.png
Horizontal Drive
300 Rp icon.png
180 Sl icon.png
60 Ge icon.png
Mods tank cannon.png
Adjustment of Fire
250 Rp icon.png
150 Sl icon.png
50 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank vertical aiming.png
Elevation Mechanism
370 Rp icon.png
220 Sl icon.png
70 Ge icon.png
Mods art support.png
Artillery Support
480 Rp icon.png
290 Sl icon.png
90 Ge icon.png


Main armament

Ammunition69 rounds
Reloadbasic crew → aces
5.2 → 4.0 s
Vertical guidance-5° / 25°
Main article: KT-28 (76 mm)
T-28 pushing forwards through foliage

The T-28 (1938) is armed with a KT-28 howitzer, the same gun as the T-35 and the T-26-4. As a howitzer, the trajectory of the shell will compel you to get closer if you want to hit. The APHEBC shell is filled with 155 g of TNT, making sure all penetrated vehicles are knocked out after a single shot. The penetration is rather poor but is not a big problem at this BR, as almost all the vehicles you'll face won't have enough armour. The only real curve of using this gun is the velocity which is at max 387 m/s for HE & 370 m/s for the APHEBC.

76 mm KT-28 Turret rotation speed (°/s) Reloading rate (seconds)
Mode Capacity Vertical Horizontal Stabilizer Stock Upgraded Full Expert Aced Stock Full Expert Aced
Arcade 69 -5°/+25° ±180° N/A 14.3 19.8 24.0 26.5 28.2 5.20 4.60 4.24 4.00
Realistic 8.9 10.5 12.8 14.1 15.0


Penetration statistics
Ammunition Type of
Penetration @ 0° Angle of Attack (mm)
10 m 100 m 500 m 1,000 m 1,500 m 2,000 m
BR-350A (MD-5 fuze) APHEBC 37 37 33 30 27 24
OF-350M HE 11 11 11 11 11 11
Sh-353 Shrapnel 27 25 21 19 16 12
Shell details
Ammunition Type of
Mass (kg)
Fuse delay
Fuse sensitivity
Explosive Mass
(TNT equivalent) (g)
0% 50% 100%
BR-350A (MD-5 fuze) APHEBC 370 6.3 1.2 14 155 48° 63° 71°
OF-350M HE 387 6.2 0.05 0.1 710 79° 80° 81°
Sh-353 Shrapnel 381 6.2 0.5 8 85 62° 69° 73°

Ammo racks

Ammo racks of the T-28 (1938)
rack empty
rack empty
rack empty
rack empty
rack empty
rack empty
rack empty
rack empty
69 62 (+7) 56 (+13) 50 (+19) 47 (+22) 44 (+25) 41 (+28) 31 (+38) 28 (+41)
rack empty
rack empty
rack empty
rack empty
rack empty
rack empty
rack empty
25 (+44) 15 (+54) 12 (+57) (+60) (+63) (+66) (+68) Yes


  • The visual discrepancy concerns the crossed out racks: they are modeled but always empty.
  • Racks disappear after you've fired all shells in the rack.

Machine guns

Ammunition5 292 rounds
Belt capacity63 rounds
Reloadbasic crew → aces
10.4 → 8.0 s
Fire rate600 shots/min
Ammunition2 646 rounds
Belt capacity63 rounds
Reloadbasic crew → aces
10.4 → 8.0 s
Fire rate600 shots/min
Main article: DT (7.62 mm)

The MGs are purely mounted for infantry combat, they won't penetrate anything that is more than covered and would only suffice at knocking out open crewed vehicles and anti-air. The vertical guidance is mediocre and you might be able to shoot down planes directly in front of the tank if you get it on a slope.

7.62 mm DT
Mount Capacity (Belt) Fire rate Vertical Horizontal
Coaxial 2,646 (63) 600 ±15° ±15°
Left Turret 2,646 (63) 600 -5°/+28° -155°/+5°
Right Turret 2,646 (63) 600 -5°/+28° -33°/+145°

Usage in battles

With its great mobility and its powerful gun, the T-28 (1938) is a great brawler. Unlike the further versions, you can't shoot enemy tanks at middle to long range, so avoid sniping and try to get as close as possible. Don't travel in the open, your armour won't last long.

Pros and cons


  • Good mobility
  • Good armament:
    • Powerful shells filled with a lot of TNT will allow you to take out every tank you'll face with a single shot
    • Shrapnel shells available, useful to destroy trucks and armoured cars
  • Numerous crew members grant a longer survivability


  • Low muzzle velocity makes long distance targeting difficult
  • Big silhouette and profile, difficult to hide
  • Poorly armoured vehicle


Msg-info.png The T-28 (1938) represents the T-28 Model 1936.


The T-28 Model 1934 (first production T-28 variant) was modified with steel wheels for the number four and five suspension bogies starting in 1936. They were also modified with a new turret roof that had two hatches; it is not known if these modifications were applied at the same time or separately. The commander's hatch on the left side received a P-40 anti-aircraft machine gun mount. Additionally, the 71-TK-1 radio set was replaced by the improved 71-TK-3. The engine air intakes were later changed as well, either in 1936 or 1937. T-28s with these changes were called the T-28 Model 1936 for obvious reasons. Other than the above stated changes they were identical to T-28 Model 1934 tanks.[1]


The T-28 Model 1936 had a three-turret design, with a central three-man turret and two smaller one-man auxiliary machine gun turrets located in front and to each side of the main turret. The crew complement was six with a driver in the hull front, a gunner in each auxiliary turret, and a gunner, loader, and commander in the main turret. The engine and transmission were located at the rear of the hull with fuel tanks on each side of it. The weight is stated to be around 25 tonnes but that number depends on the source. A 71-TK-3 radio set was provided which was a feature not all too common at the time.

The primary armament was a 76.2 mm KT-28 howitzer located in the main turret alongside a coaxial 7.62 mm DT machine gun. The main gun could elevate 25° and depress 5° and the main turret could traverse a full 360°. Each auxiliary turret was armed with a single 7.62 mm DT machine gun. Finally, a 7.62 mm DT machine gun could be mounted on the commander's cupola for a total of four 7.62 mm machine guns. The ammunition load was 70 76.2 mm rounds and 7,938 rounds of 7.62 mm ammunition (2,646 rounds per three standard machine guns, not including optional anti-aircraft machine gun).

The engine used was a 48 liter, 500 horsepower V12 M-17T aircraft engine. This powerful engine allowed a speed of around 40-45 km/h to be reached, with the number depending on the source. The downside of the engine was that the high-octane gasoline fuel was incredibly volatile when hit by enemy fire. The transmission had four forward gears and one reverse gear.

The suspension consisted of 12 steel road wheels, all rubber rimmed except for the two pairs on the fourth and fifth bogies. The drive sprocket was at the rear and the idler wheel was at the front of the suspension. There were four return rollers. Note: all of these numbers are for each side meaning the total amount of the components would be double the numbers listed. The tracks were 45 cm (17.7 inches) wide - relatively thin for the size of the vehicle.

The armour protection was relatively thin for such a large tank with a maximum thickness of 30 mm on the front and 20 mm on the sides and rear. The sides of the hull, though, were also protected by side skirts.[1][2]

Production and Service

Around 500-600 (depending on the source) total T-28 medium tanks of all variants were built from 1933 to 1941, when the T-34 superseded it on production lines.

The Soviet heavy armoured brigades consisted of 136 T-28 and 37 BT tanks in 1939. T-28s were often used more on the Sino-Mongolian border against the Japanese Imperial Army but were also used in European actions. Notable actions in the east included the Nomonhan incident and border classes of 1938 through late 1939. The first combat use of the T-28 in Europe was against Poland during the Soviet invasion of Poland in 1939.

The T-28 was used very heavily during the Winter War of 1939-1940 which was a Soviet invasion of Finland. The T-28s were used in the assault against the heavily fortified Mannerheim line. During the conflict around 200 T-28s were knocked out by Finnish anti-tank guns, artillery, or ambushes. Oftentimes the knocked out T-28s were recovered in working condition and were reused after some repairs, up to five times during the conflict. A total of seven T-28s were captured by Finnish forces and used against the Soviet Red Army, nicknamed “ostivaunu” which means “wagon coaches”. During the war it quickly became apparent to the Red Army that the T-28 did not have sufficient armour and so the T-28E up-armoured version was produced and earlier models were modified in the field with the increased armour. It was these vehicles that finally broke through the Mannerheim line in 1940 and forced the Finns to sue for peace.

Even by June 1941 there remained 411 T-28s on the Western front, as reported by official numbers. That same month the German Operation Barbarossa - the invasion of the USSR - began and most of the T-28 tanks were knocked out in just the first two months of combat. Not all of them were knocked out by enemy tanks, many broke down due to lack of spare parts and poor maintenance. At least one was captured by the Germans - designated T-28 746(r) - and also at least one by the Hungarians. The last running T-28s were used in the defense of Moscow and Leningrad but were removed from frontline service by 1942 due to them having become obsolete by that time. They were then only used for training and parts.

Turkey apparently received two T-28s and used them in the 1st Tank Regiment of the 2nd Cavalry Division based at Luleburgaz.[2]

Surviving Vehicles

A few T-28 tanks survive to this day including two at the museum in Parola, Finland and one in Moscow, Russia which happens to be the only remaining T-28 Model 1936 left in the world.[1][2]



See also

Links to the articles on the War Thunder Wiki that you think will be useful for the reader, for example:

  • reference to the series of the vehicles;
  • links to approximate analogues of other nations and research trees.

External links

Paste links to sources and external resources, such as:

  • topic on the official game forum;
  • other literature.


USSR medium tanks
T-28  T-28 (1938) · T-28 · T-28E
T-34-76  T-34 (Prototype) · T-34 (1940) · T-34 (1941) · T-34 (1st Gv.T.Br.) · T-34 (1942) · T-34E STZ · T-34E
T-34-57  T-34-57 · T-34-57 (1943)
T-34-85  T-34-85 (D-5T) · T-34-85 · T-34-85E
T-34-100  T-34-100
T-44  T-44 · T-44-100 · T-44-122
T-54  T-54 (1947) · T-54 (1949) · T-54 (1951)
T-55  T-55A · T-55AM-1
T-62  T-62 · T-62M-1
T-64  T-64A (1971) · T-64B
T-72  T-72A · T-72AV (TURMS-T) · T-72B · T-72B (1989) · T-72B3
T-80  T-80B · T-80U · T-80BVM
T-90  Т-90А
Germany  ▂T-III · ▂T-V
Great Britain  ▂МК-IX "Valentine"
USA  ▂M3 Medium · ▂M4A2