T-72B3

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This page is about the Russian medium tank T-72B3. For other versions, see T-72 (Family).
T-72B3
ussr_t_72b3_2011.png
GarageImage T-72B3.jpg
GarageImage T-72B3 UBH.jpg
T-72B3
AB RB SB
11.3 11.3 11.3
Class:
Research:350 000 Specs-Card-Exp.png
Purchase:950 000 Specs-Card-Lion.png
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Description

The T-72B3 (Object 184M-3) is an up-gunned and armoured modification of the T-72B, which is the third variant of the T-72 main battle tank family. To simplify supply lines, old stocks of T-72B variants held in reserve were upgraded with components used in the new T-90 main battle tank family in 2010. The modernisation program (as the T-72B3M; post-2016 production) focuses primarily on the implementation of a new fire control system, in addition to performing an extensive upgrade on every tank, such as more powerful V-92S2 engines, a new steering system in the driver's compartment, and new universal, twin-pin tracks. While the tank commander's sight retains an upgraded version of the legacy TKN-3MK sight, the gunner's sight now has access to thermal imaging equipment as well as the new PNM Sosna-U panoramic multi-spectral sensor, which is a multi-channel, panoramic sight with a built-in laser rangefinder.

Introduced in Update "Raining Fire", the T-72B3 provides players with cutting-edge technology. With the much-needed thermal imaging equipment for the gunner's sight, players will be able to easily spot enemies from a distance. While all of these improvements do not eliminate its main flaw, which is the extremely slow reverse speed, they do make this tank one of the most powerful members of the T-72 main battle tank family to date. Players will be pleased to have this tank at their disposal, as it will undoubtedly perform well in battle.

General info

Survivability and armour

ERA
Effective action against the cumulative ammunition
Composite armour
Balanced protection against all types of ammunition
Smoke grenades
Creation of a smoke screen in front of the vehicle
ESS
Creation of a smoke screen in the direction of movement of the vehicle
Self-entrenching equipment
Creation of ramparts and trenches in soft ground
Armourfront / side / back
Hull105 / 80 / 50
Turret180 / 160 / 65
Crew3 people
Visibility75 %
Vulnerable areas of the T-72B3's frontal profile. The gunner's sight is a risky shot as it has a chance of ricocheting.

Overall, the armour protection of the T-72B3 can be considered almost the same as in the T-90A and T-80U. The T-72B3, similar to the T-72B (1989) and T-90A, has access to the Kontakt-5 ERA. This ERA (different from Relict and Kontakt-1 seen in other T-72B series) has the particularity that it has stopping power against APFSDS (similar to Dorchester). Different from other T-72s and T-90A, this tank also gets access to the multi-layer Relict ERA in the side-skirts and slat armour (cage) on the engine deck sides and rear. Fuel tanks on either side of the driver can soak up some shrapnel and add to the overall survivability although they are most likely to be lit on fire if hit with HEAT-FS or an ATGM. However, as with all Russian autoloaded MBTs, there are only three crew members so a well-placed shot is capable of causing a crew knock-out. Despite having a carousel autoloader which is not protected by any blast shield like on the Leclerc and Type 90 MBTs, it is harder to ammo rack compared to the T-80s especially since the ammo is scattered horizontally on top of each other ("=" in this shape) and not in an L shape (in which charges are vertical and projectiles are horizontal). This reduces the chances of ammo rack compared to the T-80s. However, all side shots on the hull will be lethal regardless of the carousel as said shot will take out two crew members. The ERA offers really good protection against chemical energy penetrators such as HEAT-FS, ATGMs, and anti-tank grenades, having a protection of 420 mm against chemical energy and 120 mm against kinetic energy. This makes the tank capable of withstanding hits of all HEAT-FS of the BR (most of them penetrate between 320 mm to 480 mm) and ATGMs (between 400 mm to 1,000 mm). It should be noted that ERA itself cannot stop all the spalling created by the premature explosion, the armour plating is what stops the spalling in case the ATGM has more penetration than what the ERA can withstand.

Armour Front (Slope angle) Sides Rear Roof
Hull 60 mm (69°) Front glacis 80 mm (0°) Front
70 mm (0°) Rear
40 mm (30°) Top
40 mm (30°) Center
20 mm (29°) Bottom
30 mm Front
20 mm Engine deck
Turret 585-660 mm Turret front
220-600 mm Gun mantlet
180-240 mm 75-150 mm 45 mm
Cupola 40 mm 40 mm

Notes:

  • ERA plates are 13 mm thick

Mobility

Speedforward / back
AB67 / 5 km/h
RB and SB60 / 5 km/h
Number of gears7 forward
1 back
Weight46.0 t
Engine power
AB1 603 hp
RB and SB840 hp
Power-to-weight ratio
AB34.8 hp/t
RB and SB18.3 hp/t
Game Mode Max Speed (km/h) Weight (tons) Engine power (horsepower) Power-to-weight ratio (hp/ton)
Forward Reverse Stock AoA Stock Upgraded Stock Upgraded
Arcade 67 5 45 1 1,302 2,156 28.93 46.87
Realistic 60 5 743 1,130 16.51 24.57

The T-72B3 has the same mobility and manoeuvrability as past T-72B series with its V-84 engine. However, once the UBH package is installed, it has greater mobility compared to previous T-72 series tanks as it has an increase in horsepower thanks to the V-92S2F engine. Compared to its more expensive and gas turbine-equipped counterpart, the T-80U, the T-72B3 has worse mobility and manoeuvrability even with the UBH package. The T-72B3 has mediocre speed and overall mobility compared to NATO tanks which is compensated with armour and low profile. With its powerful engine, the T-72B3 is able to pull and push enemy tanks with ease (winching them is recommended to activate the tank corpse track movement as they will not move if no cable is attached)

Modifications and economy

Repair costBasic → Reference
AB3 665 → 6 853 Sl icon.png
RB3 582 → 6 698 Sl icon.png
SB4 531 → 8 472 Sl icon.png
Total cost of modifications280 900 Rp icon.png
462 000 Sl icon.png
Talisman cost3 000 Ge icon.png
Crew training270 000 Sl icon.png
Experts950 000 Sl icon.png
Aces2 200 Ge icon.png
Research Aces1 210 000 Rp icon.png
Reward for battleAB / RB / SB
150 / 190 / 210 % Sl icon.png
244 / 244 / 244 % Rp icon.png
Modifications
Mobility Protection Firepower
Mods new tank traks.png
Tracks
Research:
12 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
19 000 Sl icon.png
330 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank suspension.png
Suspension
Research:
11 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
17 000 Sl icon.png
300 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank break.png
Brake System
Research:
11 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
17 000 Sl icon.png
300 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank filter.png
Filters
Research:
15 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
23 000 Sl icon.png
420 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank transmission.png
Transmission
Research:
16 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
25 000 Sl icon.png
440 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank engine.png
Engine
Research:
16 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
25 000 Sl icon.png
440 Ge icon.png
Mods tank tool kit.png
Improved Parts
Research:
3 600 Rp icon.png
Cost:
19 000 Sl icon.png
330 Ge icon.png
Mods dozer blade.png
Dozer Blade
Research:
12 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
19 000 Sl icon.png
330 Ge icon.png
Mods extinguisher.png
Improved FPE
Research:
3 300 Rp icon.png
Cost:
17 000 Sl icon.png
300 Ge icon.png
Mods thermal sight.png
NVD
Research:
11 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
17 000 Sl icon.png
300 Ge icon.png
Mods tank reinforcement ussr.png
Crew Replenishment
Research:
15 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
23 000 Sl icon.png
420 Ge icon.png
Mods smoke screen.png
Smoke grenade
Research:
15 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
23 000 Sl icon.png
420 Ge icon.png
Mods engine smoke screen system.png
ESS
Research:
16 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
25 000 Sl icon.png
440 Ge icon.png
Mods tank additional armor.png
T-72B3 UBH
Research:
16 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
25 000 Sl icon.png
440 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank horizontal aiming.png
Horizontal Drive
Research:
12 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
19 000 Sl icon.png
330 Ge icon.png
Mods tank ammo.png
125mm_ussr_APDS_FS_ammo_pack
Research:
12 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
19 000 Sl icon.png
330 Ge icon.png
Mods tank cannon.png
Adjustment of Fire
Research:
11 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
17 000 Sl icon.png
300 Ge icon.png
Mods tank laser rangefinder.png
Laser rangefinder
Research:
11 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
17 000 Sl icon.png
300 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank vertical aiming.png
Elevation Mechanism
Research:
15 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
23 000 Sl icon.png
420 Ge icon.png
Mods tank ammo.png
125mm_ussr_ATGM_ammo_pack
Research:
15 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
23 000 Sl icon.png
420 Ge icon.png
Mods art support.png
Artillery Support
Research:
16 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
25 000 Sl icon.png
440 Ge icon.png
Mods tank ammo.png
125mm_ussr_3BM42_APDS_FS_ammo_pack
Research:
16 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
25 000 Sl icon.png
440 Ge icon.png

Armaments

Laser rangefinder
Reduces the error and increases the maximum measurable distance of the rangefinder
Night vision device
Improves visibility by enhancing natural light or active illumination.
Thermal imager
Allows to see thermal radiation in the infrared range day and night

Main armament

Two-plane stabilizer
Reduces the swing of the gun in two planes while moving
Autoloader
Automatically feeds projectiles into the breech. The speed does not depend on the skills of the loader
Ammunition45 rounds
First-order22 rounds
Reload7.1 s
Vertical guidance-5° / 13°
Main article: 2A46M-5 (125 mm)

The T-72B3 has access to the 2A46M-5 125 mm smoothbore main gun. This gun is nothing new in the Russian MBT tree and fires the same ammunition as seen in previous models (darts vary from the T-72A to the rest of the T-72 and T-90 tanks). This can be considered as a pro as all rounds have same handling between series. As all T-72Bs, they are able to fire the 9M119 ATGM from the main gun. However, the T-72B3 has access to the 9M119M1, a modernized 9M119 with a tandem charge but slightly reduced flight speed. The 2E58 gun control system was also adopted, which greatly boosts the gun traverse speed to a whopping 40° in both horizontal and vertical directions.

125 mm 2A46M-5 Turret rotation speed (°/s) Reloading rate (seconds)
Mode Capacity Vertical Horizontal Stabilizer Stock Upgraded Full Expert Aced Autoloader
Arcade 45 -5°/+13° ±180° Two-plane 38.1 52.7 64.0 70.8 75.3 7.10
Realistic 23.8 28.0 34.0 37.6 40.0

Ammunition

The T-72B3 has access to the same ammunition shown in previous T-72Bs. All are capable rounds which are not new and have same handling.

HEAT-FS:

The 3BK18M is the first round the T-72B3, as the previous T-72Bs, has access to, it can be considered a mediocre round as most of the enemies which will be faced will be able to withstand it due to composite armour. However, it is particularly useful when facing light armoured vehicles which are prompt to overpressure (SPAA, light tanks, etc) and useful when facing enemy helicopters as it has enough explosive mass and flight speed to be competitive as a last resort. As a hollow charge, it is prompt to detonate mid-air due to trees, bushes and fences. This makes the round difficult to use when in long range engagements as some field elements (forage, objects, etc.) may not be rendered and the round's velocity make aiming harder.

APFSDS:

The T-72B3 has access to 2 types of APFSDS: the 3BM42 and 3BM60. The 3BM42 is a decent round with decent penetration and stopping power. While it lacks penetration to penetrate Leopard 2 tanks upper frontal plate, Leclerc's lower frontal plate or M1A1/2 turret plates, it has enough penetration to hit and cause critical damage in weakspots and side shots. 3BM60 however, has much more penetration which can penetrate all tanks from all sides.

ATGM:

The 9M119M1 is a tandem version of the previously seen 9M119 SACLOS ATGM in past T-72s. The main upgrade is the tandem charge, everything else remains practically the same with exception of reduction of flight speed.

Penetration statistics
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Penetration @ 0° Angle of Attack (mm)
10 m 100 m 500 m 1,000 m 1,500 m 2,000 m
3BK18M HEATFS 550 550 550 550 550 550
3OF26 HE 42 42 42 42 42 42
3BM42 APFSDS 457 454 445 431 419 406
9M119M1 ATGM (tandem) 850 850 850 850 850 850
3BM60 APFSDS 580 576 567 555 543 532
Shell details
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Velocity
(m/s)
Projectile
mass (kg)
Fuse delay
(m)
Fuse sensitivity
(mm)
Explosive mass
(TNT equivalent) (kg)
Ricochet
0% 50% 100%
3BK18M HEATFS 905 19 0.05 0.1 2.79 65° 72° 77°
3OF26 HE 850 23 0.3 0.1 5.24 79° 80° 81°
3BM42 APFSDS 1,700 4.85 - - - 78° 80° 81°
3BM60 APFSDS 1,660 5.12 - - - 78° 80° 81°
Missile details
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Velocity
(m/s)
Range
(m)
Projectile
mass (kg)
Fuse delay
(m)
Fuse sensitivity
(mm)
Explosive mass
(TNT equivalent) (kg)
Ricochet
0% 50% 100%
9M119M1 ATGM (tandem) 445 6,000 17.2 0.4 0.01 5.72 80° 82° 90°

Ammo racks

Ammo racks of the T-72B3
Full
ammo
1st
rack empty
2nd
rack empty
3rd
rack empty
4th
rack empty
Visual
discrepancy
45 41 (+4) 34 (+11) 22 (+23) (+45) No

Machine guns

12.7 mm 6P50 machine gun
Ammunition300 rounds
Belt capacity60 rounds
Reload5.0 s
Fire rate700 shots/min
Vertical guidance-4° / 75°
Ammunition2 000 rounds
Belt capacity250 rounds
Reload8.0 s
Fire rate700 shots/min
12.7 mm 6P49
Mount Capacity (Belt) Fire rate Vertical Horizontal
Pintle 300 (150) 700 -4°/+75° ±180°
7.62 mm PKT
Mount Capacity (Belt) Fire rate Vertical Horizontal
Coaxial 2,000 (250) 700 N/A N/A

Usage in battles

As one of the most-produced MBT in Russia, T-72B series received extensive upgrades throughout the 21st century; which T-72B3 inherited the protection of post-1989 models with Kontakt-5 ERA blocks on both the chassis and turret, making its performance identical to its 10.0 counterpart. After T-72B3M (UBH modification) upgrades in 2016, players will find the tank very similar to the flying fortress from Leningrad/Omsk - T-80BVM with 4S24 "soft-case" ERA packs on the sides, as well as rear fences around the engine bay. While it lacks the mobility of T-80 series, the overall protection will still prove useful at top-tier battles with careful planning.

As T-72B3

The most obvious difference between Mod. 1989 and post-2012 modification is the addition of the new Sosna-U TVD camera and the lack of IR searchlight, as well as the new Kord (6P49) for the commander. Although the Sosna-U does look like CITV, but it is in fact part of the new gunner system and only serve as the TVD for both the gunner and commander (with separated monitor); if players do have the need to override the turret, the only thing they can rely on is the traditional periscope only with NVD channel and fixed 5x magnification, which can be major problem when entering night battle. Other than that, T-72B3 is mostly similar to T-72B Mod. 1989 at 10.0 other than the new gunner system. If T-72B Mod. 1989 is monstrous for its great protection at 10.0, then T-72B3 can be said as the complete opposite at 11.3; due to the identical protection from a 10.0 tank, MBTs at its tier with APFSDS more than 600 mm penetration will have greater odds to penetrate T-72B3 at close distance. The inferior mobility also hinders the flexibility of the tank as it is much lower than any MBTs of its era at only 840 hp (NATO/US-Allied countries and PLAGF are already at >1200 hp), at such, T-72B3 will not be the first one to hit the frontline; leaving more of a second-line MBT for the time being. Be sure to utilize covers from time to time and plan any assaults ahead as the gun traverse is still inferior for this model; with upgraded APFSDS and ATGMs of its era, it can still make sure most NATO MBTs will have a bad day once being penetrated (aside from Strv 122 series and ZTZ99 series) while HEFS can make sure overpressure kills on tanks with exposed CITV or light vehicles.

As T-72B3 UBH

After the UBH upgrades in 2016, the T-72B3M, actually received upgrades during the upgrades of 2016 with revised 2E58 gun control system which further boosted the previously inferior gun laying motors on both direction (now at up to 40°), giving it much needed reaction time than previous models. The protection is also upgraded with new Relikt ERA based on Kontakt-5 on the UFP (identical to T-80BVM), side 4S24 "soft-case" ERA packs with some extend of kinetic protection, as well as rear side fences to protect from chemical shells; finally, the much anticipated mobility upgrade brings the V-92S2F with an sub-par 1130 hp output, although it will not change the inferior reverse speed by any means, this gives way more acceleration when going forward and flanking enemies can be a viable option if needed. It can be say that the base model and upgraded T-72B3 is completely different tank especially on the overall handling. The UBH can now keeps up with the main force for an assault while the new ammunitions can maintain its efficiency to terminate enemies' career; making T-72B3 UBH a much tougher target to be dealt with.

Overall, with careful planning during assault and be extra careful before upgrade can further enhance the efficiency of T-72B3; while the upgraded tank can serve as a backup to T-80BVM with lesser mobility.

Enemies worth noting:

  • M1A1 HC/M1A1 AIM/M1A2/M1A2 SEP Abrams: Turret frontal plates are very strong, unless angled within 45° and using 3BM60.
  • Leopard 2A5/Leopard 2A6/Leopard 2A6 (Sweden): UFP and turret frontal plates can only be penetrated by 3BM60. Turret wedges should be blown out first in order to penetrate the turret frontal plate.
  • Strv 122A/Strv 122B PLSS: UFP impenetrable by 3BM42 unless MEXAS armour package is destroyed. Turret wedges should be blown out first in order to penetrate the turret frontal plate.
  • Leclerc/Leclerc S2/Leclerc SXXI: OFL 120 F1 has enough armour penetration to penetrate T-72B3's frontal plates even after the ERA effect, though they can also destroyed with any of the available munitions in return.

Pros and cons

Pros:

  • Has access to 2nd generation thermals for the gunner
  • Decent side armour with the UBH package, the 4S22 and 4S24 ERA can stop HEAT rounds and ATGMs from the side.
    • UBH package also upgrades the engine for better mobility
  • Decent turret protection, made even better with the UBH upgrade
  • Good selection of shells, including APFSDS, HEAT-FS, HE, and Tandem ATGMs
  • Autoloader carousel is located lower on the hull, making it difficult to hit from distance
  • Excellent gun handling

Cons:

  • High risk of ammo rack detonation
  • Obvious weak spot on the right side of the turret face without the UBH upgrade (where the IR searchlight used to be on the T-72B 1989)
  • Small size means crew is packed tightly together, an penetrating shell often takes it out in one shot.
  • Turret ring and gun mantlet are still the biggest weak spots
  • Slow reverse speed
  • Stock mobility is a huge disadvantage when facing other top tier tanks, speed tops at around 35 km/h in rough terrain, although it improves massively when fully upgraded
  • Hull armor and ERA might not be able to stand up to top APFSDS rounds up close
  • Rather slow reload

History

The T-72B3 is the latest modification to the T-72B family. It was a 2011 modification of reserved T-72s which made a complete overhaul to set them on par with the T-90A, T-90S and T-90M MBTs. It featured a change of universal standard double-pin tracks for easier maintenance. It got a heavy increase in firepower which put it at par with the T-90s quickly. It got the Kalina fire control system, kept the past 1A40-4 FCS with 1K13-49 Neman ATGM guidance sight and received the PNM Sosna-U GPS. The autoloader, as the T-90's, was modified to fit longer, more modern ammunition, 3VBM19, 3VBM20, 3VBM22 and 3VBM23. With the UBKh package installed, the vehicle is brought up to the T-72B3M obr. 2016g. standard. The 840hp V-84-1 engine is replaced with the 1100hp V-92S2F, a 2E58 stabilizer with electromechanical drive is fitted, Relikt ERA was fitted on the hull alongside soft-bag ERA on the turret, slat armor to protect against rocket propelled grenades, the main gun is replaced with the 2A46M-5-01, and a 6P49 Kord-T is installed in a RCWS.

Media

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Images
Videos

See also

Links to the articles on the War Thunder Wiki that you think will be useful for the reader, for example:

  • reference to the series of the vehicles;
  • links to approximate analogues of other nations and research trees.

External links


USSR medium tanks
T-28  T-28 (1938) · T-28 · T-28E
T-34-76  T-34 (Prototype) · T-34 (1940) · T-34 (1941) · T-34 (1st Gv.T.Br.) · T-34 (1942) · T-34E STZ · T-34E
T-34-57  T-34-57 · T-34-57 (1943)
T-34-85  T-34-85 (D-5T) · T-34-85 · T-34-85E
T-34-100  T-34-100
T-44  T-44 · T-44-100 · T-44-122
T-54  T-54 (1947) · T-54 (1949) · T-54 (1951)
T-55  TO-55 · T-55A · T-55AM-1 · T-55AMD-1
T-62  T-62 · T-62M-1
T-64  Object 435 · T-64A (1971) · T-64B
T-72  T-72A · T-72AV (TURMS-T) · T-72B · T-72B (1989) · T-72B3 · T-72M2 Moderna
T-80  T-80B · T-80U · T-80UD · T-80UK · T-80UM2 · Т-80U-Е1 · T-80BVM · Object 292
T-90  Т-90А · T-90M
Trophies/Lend-Lease 
Germany  ▂T-III · ▂T-V
Great Britain  ▂МК-IX "Valentine"
USA  ▂M3 Medium · ▂M4A2