Active protection systems

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Revision as of 12:13, 1 March 2023 by Colok76286 (talk | contribs) (Edits)

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Update "Wind of Change" added active protection systems (APS) to the ground vehicles. These devices provide automatic defense against ATGMs. It is possible to shoot down incoming ATGM manually but it is very hard. There are two categories of APS:

  • A softkill system will not destroy the incoming projectile but disturb its guiding system so that it will miss the target.
  • A hardkill system tries to detect to projectile itself and destroy it by firing a defensive charge at the incoming projectile.

Electro-optical APS

Electro-optical APS (also known as "soft-kill APS" or "infrared countermeasures" (IRCM)) are a group of active protection systems that utilise light emitters to disrupt the guidance of incoming missiles.

Electro-optical APS acts on SACLOS-guided missiles that do not feature an electronic counter-countermeasure (ECCM) system:

Missiles that utilise a different guidance system (e.g. MCLOS, laser, TV) as well as SACLOS missiles with ECCM will be unaffected by the operation of an electro-optical system.


It is a IRCM type jammer.

Vehicles equipped with AN/VLQ-8A:


MUSS (Multifunktionales Selbstschutz-System, engl. Multifunction Self Protection System) is a IRCM softkill APS. When a laser is pointed at the vehicle MUSS will pop smoke grenades to make laser guidance harder. Against other ATGM it will use IR light to confuse the targeting system of the attacker.

Vehicles equipped with MUSS:


Vehicles equipped with Shtora-1:


Vehicles equipped with JD-3:


Vehicles equipped with EIREL:

Hard-kill APS



Vehicles equipped with Drozd:

Iron Fist

Iron Fist uses a AESA Radar to find projectiles fired towards the vehicle and shoots a little bomb to deflect it.

Vehicles equipped with Iron Fist:


Vehicles equipped with Trophy:



External Links