Crusader Mk II

From War Thunder Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search
Crusader Mk II
uk_crusader_mk_2.png
AB
RB
SB
General characteristics
Brief
Detailed
2.0/2.3/2.0BR
5 peopleCrew
Mobility
16.3 tWeight
4 forward
1 back
Gear box
Armament
40 mm QF 2-pounder cannonWeapon 1
110 roundsAmmunition
-15° / 20°Vertical guidance
verticalStabilizer
7.92 mm BESA machine gunWeapon 2
4 950 roundsAmmunition
225 roundsBelt capacity
600 shots/minFire rate
7.92 mm BESA machine gunWeapon 3
3 375 roundsAmmunition
225 roundsBelt capacity
600 shots/minFire rate
Economy
5 900 Rp icon.pngResearch
6 300 Sl icon.pngPurchase
Sl icon.png580 / 791/520 / 709/380 / 518Repair
1 800 Sl icon.pngCrew training
6 300 Sl icon.pngExperts
80 Ge icon.pngAces
x 1.06 Rp icon.pngReward for battle
Msg-info.png This page is about the light tank Crusader Mk II. For other uses, see Crusader (Disambiguation)

Description

GarageImage Crusader Mk II.jpg


The Crusader Mk II is a Rank I British light tank with a battle rating of 2.0 (AB/SB) and 2.3 (RB). It was introduced along with the initial British tree line in Update 1.55 "Royal Armour".

General info

Survivability and armour

Armour type:

  • Rolled homogeneous armour
  • Cast homogeneous armour (Gun mantlet, Machine gun mantlet, Driver's port)
  • Structural steel (Side skirts)
Armour Front Sides Rear Roof
Hull 20 mm (33°) Front plate
9 mm (78-85°), 20 mm (61°) Front glacis
20 mm (27-64°) Lower glacis
18 mm (1°) Driver's port
14 + 4 mm 14 mm (44-51°) Top
(14-51°) 14 mm Bottom
7 mm
Main Turret 30 mm (11°) Turret front
30 mm (6-58°) Gun mantlet
14 mm (40-49°) 17 + 12.7 mm (36°) Top
9 mm (66°) Bottom
12.7 mm
Secondary Turret 30 mm (1-32°) Turret front
20 mm (3-67°) Gun mantlet
30 mm (1-3°) 30 mm (5-6°) 9 mm

Notes:

  • Suspension wheels and tracks are 15 mm thick.

Mobility

Mobility characteristic
Weight (tons) Add-on Armour
weight (tons)
Max speed (km/h)
16.3 N/A 47 (AB)
42 (RB/SB)
Engine power (horsepower)
Mode Stock Upgraded
Arcade 527 649
Realistic/Simulator 301 340
Power-to-weight ratio (hp/ton)
Mode Stock Upgraded
Arcade 32.33 39.82
Realistic/Simulator 18.47 20.86

Armaments

Main armament

40 mm OQF 2-pounder
Capacity Vertical
guidance
Horizontal
guidance
Stabilizer
110 -15°/+20° ±180° Vertical
Turret rotation speed (°/s)
Mode Stock Upgraded Prior + Full crew Prior + Expert qualif. Prior + Ace qualif.
Arcade 34.3 47.4 __.__ __.__ __.__
Realistic 21.4 25.2 __.__ __.__ __.__
Reloading rate (seconds)
Stock Prior + Full crew Prior + Expert qualif. Prior + Ace qualif.
3.6 __.__ __.__ __.__
Ammunition
Penetration statistics
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Penetration in mm @ 90°
10m 100m 500m 1000m 1500m 2000m
Shot Mk.1 AP/T AP 80 79 61 46 32 21
Shot Mk.1 APCBC/T APCBC 74 72 64 58 48 43
Shell details
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Velocity
in m/s
Projectile
Mass in kg
Fuse delay

in m:

Fuse sensitivity

in mm:

Explosive Mass in g
(TNT equivalent):
Normalization At 30°
from horizontal:
Ricochet:
0% 50% 100%
Shot Mk.1 AP/T AP 853 1.1 N/A N/A N/A -1° 47° 60° 65°
Shot Mk.1 APCBC/T APCBC 853 1.2 N/A N/A N/A +4° 48° 63° 71°
Ammo racks
Ammo racks of the Crusader Mk II.
Full
ammo
1st
rack empty
2nd
rack empty
3rd
rack empty
4th
rack empty
5th
rack empty
Visual
discrepancy
110 89 (+21) 67 (+43) 45 (+65) 23 (+87) (+109) No

Turret & center empty: 45 (+65)

Machine guns

Main article: BESA (7.92 mm)
7.92 mm BESA
Hull turret
Capacity (Belt capacity) Fire rate
(shots/minute)
Vertical
guidance
Horizontal
guidance
4,950 (225) 600 ±10° ±50°
Coaxial mount
Capacity (Belt capacity) Fire rate
(shots/minute)
Vertical
guidance
Horizontal
guidance
3,375 (225) 600 N/A N/A

Usage in the battles

The Crusader Mk II retains Rank I play style for beginners, acceptable speed (holds at around 47-48 kph) and maneuverability, and good survivabilty for its rank with 5 crew members.

Due to the thin armour on the tank, the user should play in the support role, always scooting around the map with a team mate. Possible to also use as a flanker.

Pros and cons

Pros:

  • 5 man crew
  • Frontal armour is bouncy when shot from certain angle
  • High penetration 2 Pdr
  • Low profile
  • Fast with good handling.
  • Additional 4mm side skirts.
  • Reload rate is still fast despite having only 2 crew left.

Cons:

  • Overall weak armour
  • Gun has no explosive filler and can have trouble killing larger tanks, pinpoint shots are needed
  • Crew is packed together, can be one-shotted easily by large caliber shells, notably the early Pz.IV models
  • Flat surface on the front turret armour
  • Any tank with a respectable gun will be able to penetrate and destroy the Crusader easily

History

Development

In 1938, the General Staff of the British Army requested for a cruiser tank that was lighter and more affordable than the heavier A16 cruiser design developed by Nuffield Mechanizations & Aero. One of these designs was the designation Tank, Cruiser Mk.V based off the A13 cruiser tanks, named the "Covenanter", and Nuffield was invited to become part of its development team, but they refused due to interest in developing their own cruiser tank. Their tank was designated the Tank, Cruiser Mk.VI Crusader and fell under the General Staff specification of A15. The Crusader was a parallel design to the Covenanter, but was ready six weeks earlier than the Covenanter despite starting at a later time. The Crusader was adopted into service with the British Army in 1941 and the 5,300 units were manufactured between 1940 to 1943.

Design

The Crusader features a new design that differs from its cruiser tank predecessors. The Christie suspension system on the Crusader had five road wheels for it instead of the usual four, which improves weight distribution of the increased 20 ton weight of the Crusader compared to the 14 tons of the A13 cruisers. The engine, steering system, and cooling system on the Crusader was different as well, but the Covenanter and Crusader use the same main turret. The polygonal shape of the turret gives the crew inside more room for the turret ring diameter.

The Crusader Mk.I and Mk.II were equipped with the 2-pounder, which was aimed by the gunner inside with a padded shaft that allows them to elevate the gun by simply adjusting his own height. Later in the war where an up-gun of the tank armament was necessary and newer tanks such as the Cromwell was delayed, the Crusader was upgraded into the Crusader Mk III variant with a 6-pounder instead, which restricted turret space, requiring the turret crew to be reduced from three to two. These saw first action the Second Battle of El Alamein in October 1942.

Combat Usage

The Crusader first saw action at North Africa, right after the British had been pushed back to the Egyptian border by Axis forces. The Crusaders were part of the huge shipment in the Malta Convoys to reequip the British forces there. Enough Crusaders arrive that the entire 6th Royal Tank Regiment was refitted with them, which joined up with the 2nd Royal Tank Regiment to form the 7th Armoured Brigade "Desert Rats". The brigade's first action was in Operation Battleaxe, though it was delayed due to adapting the tanks for the desert environment. The operation, which called for the relieve of the siege of Tobruk in June, was initiated in June to which 11 Crusader tanks were lost to anti-tank guns, plus many more to mechanical faults. While more Crusader tanks came in to reinforce the cruiser tank forces, there were never enough to supply the continuously expanding armoured units as 7th Brigade was combine with the 7th Hussars, the 2nd Armoured Brigade was added to the 7th Armoured Division, and the 8th Hussars was combined with the 4th Armoured Brigade. Overall, the Crusaders proved effective in the North African Campaign, the Crusader was faster than any tanks on the opposing side and the 2-pounder was lethal to the Panzer III, but the tank suffered from its thin armour, mechanical problems in the desert, and the growing deficiency of the 2-pounder, which didn't have enough range to destroy farther tanks. The Crusader design also caused the ammo racks on the tank to easily ignite due to unprotected racks and shot traps on the turret design. Anti-tank guns continue to be the main reason the Crusader units suffer losses, rather than to enemy tanks.

By the end of 1941, only the 2nd Armoured Brigade retained the Crusaders, the rest of the other tank units were being refitted with better tanks, such as the M3 Grant medium tank from the American Lend-Lease. Crusader units were also refitted with the more powerful Crusader Mk.III with the 6-pounder, which improved the Crusader's ability to destroy the gradually stronger German tanks. After General Bernard Montgomery took command of the British Army in 1942, more British tank units were reequipped with the Grant and M4 Sherman tanks while the Crusaders were relegated from the front-lines to "light squadrons" meant to flank the enemy and attacked at its exposed sides. When the British 1st Army engaged the Axis at Tunisia, some tank regiments still use Crusaders mixed in with Valentine tanks. These units in the 26th Armoured Brigade, code named "Blade Force", worked alongside the 78th Infantry Division as an independent armoured column. During Tunisia, the 1st Army was already converting the tank regiments into Shermans, but the 8th Army continued to use the Crusaders for much longer, which would see use at the Battle of Wadi Akarit and Mareth Line.

After the North African Campaign, the Crusaders no longer saw any use in the front-lines and were used in other roles such as gun tractors with 17-pounders or anti-aircraft mounts such as the Crusader AA Mk I and Mk II Some Crusader tanks equipped the tank regiments that stayed back at the British Homelands such as the 11th Armoured Division.

Survivors

About 21 Crusaders still exist intact in various parts of the world. The most notable places with the Crusaders are South Africa with 8 known survivors, a running Crusader Mk III at Bovington Tank Museum at England, and an anti-aircraft version at Musée des Blindés in France.

Media

An excellent addition to the article will be video guides, as well as screenshots from the game and photos.

Read also

Links to the articles on the War Thunder Wiki that you think will be useful for the reader, for example,

  • reference to the series of the vehicles;
  • links to approximate analogues of other nations and research trees.

ETC.

Sources

Paste links to sources and external resources, such as:

  • topic on the official game forum;
  • other literature.


Britain light tanks
Armoured cars  Daimler Armoured Car Mk.II · AEC Mk.II
A13  Mark IV A13 Mk I · Mark IV A13 Mk.I (3rd Royal Tank Regiment) · Mark IV A13 Mk II · Mark IV A13 Mk II
A15  Crusader Mk II · Crusader Mk III
A17  Mark VII A17 Tetrarch Mk I
Post war  Combat Vehicle, Personnel, Tracked, 30mm Gun, Warrior FV510