|This page is about the Italian biplane CR.32. For other versions, see CR.32 bis and CR.32 quater.|
The CR.32 is a rank I reserve Italian biplane with a battle rating of 1.0 (AB/RB/SB). It was introduced in Update 1.69 "Regia Aeronautica".
|Characteristics|| Max Speed
(km/h at 3,100 m)
| Max altitude
| Turn time
| Rate of climb
| Take-off run|
|Combat flaps||Take-off flaps||Landing flaps||Air brakes||Arrestor gear|
|Wings (km/h)||Gear (km/h)||Flaps (km/h)||Max Static G|
|Optimal velocities (km/h)|
|< 200||< 300||< 300||> 190|
|Optimal altitude||100% Engine power||WEP Engine power|
|2,600 m||591 hp||N/A|
Survivability and armour
- No armour plates or bulletproof glass
- Self-sealing fuel tank: between engine and pilot
Modifications and economy
The CR.32 is armed with:
- 2 x 12.7 mm Breda-SAFAT machine guns, nose-mounted (350 rpg = 700 total)
The two machine guns are clustered in the nose of the aircraft, just in front of the pilot. Each is armed with the same amount of ammunition, which means that all guns will fire with each other until empty.
Usage in battles
As a biplane, you can easily out turn most opponents. However, the most deadly thing about the CR.32 is its twin 12.7mm Breda-SAFAT machine guns. Equipped with air targets belt. It can easily set other planes on fire. The only downside is the lack of protection for the pilot and speed. The recommended tactic is to always have an altitude advantage over your enemies. Do not turn too much and fire your machine gun is bursts as you have limited ammo.
Manual Engine Control
|Controllable|| Not controllable
Not auto controlled
| Not controllable
Not auto controlled
Not auto controlled
|Combined|| Not controllable
Pros and cons
- 12.7 mm MGs are great for knocking out pilots and penetrating enemy armour plates
- Nose-mounted MGs mean little convergence work is needed
- Excellent dive speed
- Surprisingly good turning against bigger fighters
- Fixed gear makes it easy to land
- Great all-round vision provided by the open cockpit especially towards the rear, giving the pilot enough situational awareness in Simulator
- In Simulator it almost never spins, allowing some really tight manoeuvres to be performed without danger
- Grey camouflage is effective on certain maps such as Frozen Pass and Advance to the Rhine
- Turns worse than some biplanes (eg. I-15) it faces
- Has a relatively small ammo pool, firing in short bursts is very recommended
- Very poor roll rate
- No protection for the pilot
- Uses a telescopic gunsight which is extremely hard to use in Simulator
- Upper wing greatly obstructs the upward-forward view, a disadvantage in a Simulator dogfight
- Fixed gear increases drag
The FIAT CR.32 fighter biplane was developed by the Celestino Rosatelli, an Italian aeronautic enginner, who designed various planes, such as the FIAT CR.32, FIAT CR.32 Quater, FIAT CR.32 Bis, FIAT CR.42, FIAT CR.42 CN, FIAT BR.20DR, FIAT BR.20M M1, and many more.
After the development of the FIAT CR.30, Rosatelli modified it, changing the structure around the engine, the fuselage was the same as FIAT CR.30 but without the supplementary tank, the armament constituted of 2 SAFAT 12.7 mm, and a transmitter, bomb thrower, or camera could be added. This plane was designated with serial number MM 201.
Tested at Montecelio, the FIAT CR.30 (MM 201), later named FIAT CR.32, demonstrated as a perfect fighter and was the perfect conception of Italian fighter biplanes with a balance of manoeuvrability, performance, and military efficiency.
In the mid thirties, the FIAT CR.32 was ordered by Regia Aeronautica, quickly replacing the FIAT CR.30, after which it was ordered by other nations.
The FIAT CR.32 was used by Italy, China, Spain, Austria, Germany, Hungary, Venezuela and Paraguay.
After the FIAT CR.32, other variants were created:
- CR.32 ter
- CR.32 Quater CN
- CR.32 Quater AS
- CR.32 Serie^2
When the Second World War broke out, the FIAT CR.32 was already obsolete (and eventually replaced by the FIAT CR.42) but, in spite of that, it still equipped several fighter units.
By 10 June 1940 the FIAT CR.32 was equipped for the following Gruppi Caccia (Fighters Groups): 24°Gruppo (52°Stormo) at Sarzana, 2°Gruppo at Grottaglie, 157°Gruppo (1°Stormo) at Trapani, 9°Gruppo at Monserrato, 160° at Tirana, 13°Gruppo (Partly) at Castelbenito (Libya), 8°Gruppo at Tobruk, 10°Gruppo at Benina and 163° Squadron at Rhodes.
The first FIAT CR.32 to have been involved in military operations were those stationed in Libya, forty-odd machines being used mostly in ground attack missions together with the 50°Stormo's Breda 65's.
The old biplane closely followed the alternate phases of the campaign, from Italian advance into Egypt to the loss of Cyrenaica, they were widely used fairly successfully with various bomb types until January 1941.
After the conquest of Crete in May 1941, FIAT CR.32s were relegated to fighting training duties.
The FIAT CR.32 with these characteristics was used by Aerobatic Teams from 1936 to 1939 in various aeronautic events.
The 4°Stormo was first in exhibiting in 1936 in Rome with a ten-machine patrol. 1936 also marked the rebirth of 6°Stormo Caccia, equipped with FIAT CR.32s, which soon established an aerobatic patrol of its own at its bases at Campoformido and Gorizia.
From 1937 to 1939 the Aerobatic Teams did aeronautic events in Budapest, Zurich, Perù, Chile, Argentine, Brazil, and finally Berlin.
Spanish Civil War
The FIAT CR.32 had its baptism of fire in the Spanish skies, the first twelve machines arrived by steamer at Melilla, Morocco, on 14 August 1936 and, together with the nine SIAI SM.81 arrived on 28 July, were incorporated into l'Aviacion de el Tercio. At the end of August, after further batches of FIAT CR.32's had arrived, the "Cucaracha" squadron was established at Cacéres, late to became the XVI Gruppo Caccia.
In April 1937, the XVI Gruppo were joined by XXIII Gruppo "Asso di Bastoni" and VI Gruppo "Gamba di Ferro", after FIAT CR.32 was used by X Gruppo Caccia "Baleari" and the Squadron "Frecce".
Thanks to the FIAT CR.32, the Legion's fighters quickly established supremacy over the red air forces, but in November a new fighter, the Polikarpov I-15, appeared and the battles with FIAT CR.32 were harder to win. After came the I-16, much faster than the FIAT CR.32, and the pilots of FIAT CR.32 were unable to fully exploit all the capabilities of their mounts and to follow the dog-fighting manoeuvres imposed by the nimbler FIAT biplane.
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- reference to the series of the aircraft;
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|Fiat Aviation (Fiat Aviazione)|
|Fighters||CR.32 · CR.32 bis · CR.32 quater|
|CR.42 · Marcolin's C.R.42 CN|
|G.50 serie 2 · G.50 AS serie 7|
|G.55 sottoserie 0 · G.55 serie 1 · G.55S|
|Jet fighters||G.91 pre-serie · G.91 R/1 · G.91 YS|
|Bombers||B.R.20DR · B.R.20M M1|
|▀G.91 R/3 · ▀G.91 R/4 · G.91 R/4|
|Captured||▀CR.42 · ▀Marcolin's C.R.42 CN · ▀G.50 serie 2 · ▀G.50 AS serie 7|
|See also||North American Aviation · Lockheed Martin|
|Fiat||CR.32 · CR.32 bis · CR.32 quater · CR.42 · Marcolin's C.R.42 CN|
|G.50 serie 2 · G.50 AS serie 7 · G.55 sottoserie 0 · G.55 serie 1 · G.55S · G.56|
|Reggiane||Re.2000 G.A. · Re.2000 serie 1 · Re.2001 serie 1 · Re.2001 gruppo 22 · Re.2001 CB · Re.2001 CN · Re.2002 Early · Re.2005 serie 0|
|Macchi||C.200 serie 3 · C.200 serie 7 · C.202 · C.202EC · C.205 serie 1 · C.205 serie 3 · C.205N2|
|Germany||▄Bf 109 G-2 · ▄Bf 109 G-14/AS|
|Britain||▄Spitfire Mk Vb/trop|