From War Thunder Wiki
Revision as of 22:09, 16 May 2019 by bangerland (talk | contribs) (i think i realized why i thought of the mechanic in such way. It is because i looked at ammo rack picture and forgot that at some patch the mandatory turret ammo rack was added, making many turreted tanks oneshottable.)

Jump to: navigation, search
General characteristics
4 peopleCrew
34.0 tWeight
7 forward
2 back
Gear box
90 mm M3A1 cannonWeapon 1
40 roundsAmmunition
-10° / 13°Vertical guidance
12.7 mm M2HB machine gunWeapon 2
660 roundsAmmunition
200 roundsBelt capacity
577 shots/minFire rate
-5° / 90°Vertical guidance
-30° / 30°Horizontal guidance
4 500 roundsAmmunition
250 roundsBelt capacity
500 shots/minFire rate
95 000 Rp icon.pngResearch
260 000 Sl icon.pngPurchase
Sl icon.png3 300 / 4 280/2 630 / 3 411/1 470 / 1 906Repair
75 000 Sl icon.pngCrew training
260 000 Sl icon.pngExperts
1 100 Ge icon.pngAces
x 1.90 Rp icon.pngReward for battle


GarageImage ST-A1.jpg

The ST-A1 (also known by STA-1) is a Rank IV Japanese medium tank with a battle rating of 6.3 (AB/RB/SB). It was introduced along with the initial Japanese Ground Forces tree in Update 1.65 "Way of the Samurai".

The ST-A1, similar to most Japanese tanks, is lightly armoured. Although the sloped upper glacis and the rounded turret are capable of bouncing off the occasional shot at BR 6.3, most enemies it faces will not have any problems in penetrating the armour. Combined with the tight placement of crew, modules, and ammo, the ST-A1 is easily taken out in a single shot. The ST-A1 can serve as a sniper or flanker (although it does not have the best speed), however, full utilization of the terrain is essential for survival - due to its powerful gun and low profile, the tank is able to fire off long-range shots without exposing itself. The excellent reverse speed should also be taken advantage of to quickly retreat into cover.

The ST-A1 bears the common Japanese post-war camouflage-schemes - green, bi-colour green and the white spotted winter camouflage, as well as the beige-grey-green and multi-colour camouflage patterns that are purchasable with Golden Eagles. The tank has a distinct silhouette with its rounded turret and long, low chassis, and carries the 90 mm M3A1 cannon found on the M46 Patton tank.

General info

Survivability and armour

Armour type:

  • Rolled homogeneous armour
  • Cast homogeneous armour (Turret)
Armour Front Sides Rear Roof
Hull 75 mm (52°) Front glacis
75 mm (47°) Lower glacis
25 mm (45°) Top
25 mm Bottom
15 mm (15-44°) Top
15 mm Bottom
15 mm
Turret 75 mm (5-55°) Turret front
50 mm (8-65°) Gun mantlet
40 mm (16-32°) 25 mm (7-10°) 15 mm
Armour Sides Roof
Cupola 40 mm 15 mm


  • Suspension wheels and tracks are 20 mm thick.

When facing the ST-A1, the left side of the turret holds the gunner and commander, the right side holds ammo, so a well placed shot into the turret will result in a catastrophic explosion, or, at the least, double crew knock out with a solid shot. If unable to shoot the Gunner out, the Breach which is the largest thing in the turret will do as the repair is close to 1 minute (or less depending on the crew) giving enough time to reload and finish off the tank.

However, in AB if all of turret crew members get knocked out, the "last stand" is very forgiving and tank seems to soak damage as if gunner isn't even present in the turret. As long as player doesn't take full ammo load and spends all of their pre-loaded ammunition , the turret can tank pure AP shots and HEAT, likely only losing the gun breech, making tank hard to destroy from a distance, especially from the left side, as long as hull isn't hit, or turret got shot directly with APHE or HESH, though tank performance is decreased drastically, so it cannot fight at close range with more than 1 tank like this.


Mobility characteristic
Weight (tons) Add-on Armour
weight (tons)
Max speed (km/h)
34.2 N/A 50 (AB)
45 (RB/SB)
Engine power (horsepower)
Mode Stock Upgraded
Arcade 775 954
Realistic/Simulator 442 500
Power-to-weight ratio (hp/ton)
Mode Stock Upgraded
Arcade 22.66 27.89
Realistic/Simulator 12.92 14.62


Main armament

While gun perform at acceptable level at it's BR, it requires "Adjustment of fire" upgrade unlocked as soon as possible, as well as ammunition upgrades. This is due to the base ammunition being pure AP and also low quality, so it's unsuited to fight other tanks at long range, and so you have to unlock better shells as soon as possible.

Progression goes as follows:

Stock : Able to fight light tanks and some medium tanks, but generally at about 500m, because gun misses a lot, and even if you hit it may ricochet. Attacking heavy tanks is really not recommended, as it's entirely up to random if they take any damage.

APHE and adjustment of fire: Able to fight Heavy tanks of your own BR like IS-2 or Tiger II (P) by firing at their frontal turret weak spot at relatively close range and snipe certain medium tanks, although anything of higher BR like Centurion Mk 3 should not be attacked directly, as they tank your shots frontally. A lot of tanks will still bounce your long-range shots, because APHE flies at a high angle since 700m, and in up-tier a lot of heavies will pretend you do not exist even up-close. However, you can take flanking snipe routes and use your high level zoom to snipe them from great distance into their sides, as APHE, unlike normal AP, will definitely destroy their entire tank for you, as long as it penetrates.

APCR and elevation mechanism: Many will be puzzled by tank having 2 different APCR, but the idea is that M304 does more damage along the way, but loses a lot of energy due to higher angle of attack, while M332 flies at a more straight angle, allowing to breach heavily armoured tanks at longer distances with lesser probability of lucky ricochets, but has lesser mass (and thus damage). Because of this, they are doing same damage, but M332 is easier to aim and has favorable angle of attack. it may still one-shot crammed tanks, if you shot straight through the middle of them or aim for the crew specifically. Most of enemy heavy SPG and some up-tier superheavies will still ignore your shots and one-shot you back, so you will find yourself constantly using both APHE and APCR, trying to adapt to your current enemy.

HEAT-FS: With M348 unlocked, you can now simply destroy T-44 by firing at left of their tank (right for you if head-on) and IS-2 by firing straight at the middle of their hull. You also can destroy all the enemy SPG and heavy tanks which were bullying you this entire time from any range, for example you can destroy Jagdtiger with two shots by crew knockout, destroy T32E1 which is normally a pain to hit into hull weakspot with APHE even with X16 zoom, and, if playing AB, you can now destroy superior Leopard I without any issues. It's worth remembering though, that certain rare tanks like Centurion Mk.5 AVRE and T95 are highly resistant to HEAT or just damage in general, requiring you to aim very well or retreat, and HEAT often explodes if touches anything on it's flight path, so kinetic shells are still required.

Main article: M3A1 (90 mm)
90 mm M3A1
Capacity Vertical
40 -10°/+13° ±180° N/A
Turret rotation speed (°/s)
Mode Stock Upgraded Prior + Full crew Prior + Expert qualif. Prior + Ace qualif.
Arcade 14.30 19.76 _.__ _.__ _.__
Realistic 14.30 16.80 _.__ _.__ _.__
Reloading rate (seconds)
Stock Prior + Full crew Prior + Expert qualif. Prior + Ace qualif.
11.8 _.__ _.__ _.__
ST-A1 Optics
Which ones Default magnification Maximum magnification
Main Gun optics x8 x16
Comparable optics Type 74G
  • It is important to remember the earliest your enemy would have x16 scope is at a battle rating of 7.3/7.7 (AB/RB) with German Leopard I while even the SPG class tanks will most likely have an ~x6 or x8 at best.
  • Be aware when utilising guns which lack stabilizer, attempting to shoot on the move while viewing through x16 optics is almost a guaranteed miss due to the movement of the vehicle over the terrain. If needed to aim at targets on a move, do not change pace or make sudden changes as the gun will fire less predictably and most likely result in a miss.
Penetration statistics
Ammunition Type of
Penetration in mm @ 90°
10m 100m 500m 1000m 1500m 2000m
M318 shot AP 192 191 179 165 152 139
M71 shell HE 13 13 13 13 13 13
M82 shot APCBC 170 169 164 151 138 127
M304 shot APCR 264 260 245 226 210 191
M332 shot APCR 271 270 245 217 192 170
M348 shell HEATFS 305 305 305 305 305 305
Shell details
Ammunition Type of
in m/s
Mass in kg
Fuse delay

in m:

Fuse sensitivity

in mm:

Explosive Mass in g
(TNT equivalent):
Normalization At 30°
from horizontal:
0% 50% 100%
M318 shot AP 853 11 N/A N/A N/A +4° 43° 30° 25°
M71 shell HE 823 11 0.1 0.5 925 +0° 79° 80° 81°
M82 shot APCBC 853 11 1.2 20 137.2 +4° 48° 63° 71°
M304 shot APCR 1021 7.6 N/A N/A N/A +1.5° 66° 70° 72°
M332 shot APCR 1178 5.6 N/A N/A N/A +1.5° 66° 70° 72°
M348 shell HEATFS 853 6.5 0.0 0.1 926.17 +0° 65° 72° 75°
Smoke characteristic
Ammunition Velocity
in m/s
Mass in kg
Screen radius
in m
Screen time
in s
Screen hold time
in s:
Explosive Mass in g
(TNT equivalent):
M313 821 11 13 5 20 50
Ammo racks
Ammo racks of the ST-A1.
rack empty
rack empty
rack empty
40 39 (+1) 30 (+10) (+39) no

Turret empty: 30 (+10)

Machine guns

Machine guns of ST-A1 can be used to destroy super light SPG like M56 and 12 mm MG is capable of destroying AUBL/74 and similiar vehicles. They also can be used to fire at planes, though the damage is minimal.

Despite of them being useful, it's better to rely on your main gun first, as light vehicles at BR of 6.3 are capable of dishing out unexpected fatal damage and they should be destroyed the very moment you spot them.

12.7 mm M2HB
Pintle mount
Capacity (Belt capacity) Fire rate
660 (200) 577 -5°/+90° ±30°
7.62 mm M1919A4
Coaxial mount
Capacity (Belt capacity) Fire rate
4,500 (250) 500 N/A N/A

Usage in battles

Stay out of sight and find a good, defensible spot on the map and use the gun (preferably the HEAT-FS with 305 mm penetration) and excellent optical zoom. The tank has almost no armour, so do not rush forward - stay behind allies. Take a shot, then use the reverse speed to retreat to cover.

Pros and cons


  • Vehicle body is thin and low = small front profile
  • Adequate gun depression of -10°
  • 90 mm gun that allow for combat against contemporary medium tanks
  • .50 cal machine gun allow for AA defense
  • Good speed, OK mobility
  • Very good reverse speed
  • Access to HEAT-FS shells
  • Has x16 zoom as maximum with competition generally using x8 at best


  • Elevated engine deck prevents rear gun depression
  • Large ammo rack all over the turret, especially left side (Aiming right side), if you take more than 29 shells and don't spend the "first stage" rack fast
  • Inadequate hull raw armor of 75 mm at front, relies on slopes and bounces for resistance against shots
  • Even more inadequate turret armor of around 40-75 mm overall
  • Gun sub-par against the heavy tanks like the Tiger II
  • High drop-rate of shells make long-range engagements difficult
  • 15 mm of armour on top of the turret and engine deck make it easy to penetrate for Strafing Air and Artillery


Describe the history of the creation and combat usage of the ground vehicle in more detail than in the introduction. If the historical reference turns out to be too long, take it to a separate article, taking a link to the article about the vehicle and adding a block "/ History" (example: and add a link to it here using the main template. Be sure to reference text and sources by using <ref>, as well as adding them at the end of the article. This section may also include the vehicle's dev blog entry (if applicable) and the in-game encyclopedia description (under === Encyclopedia Info ===, also if applicable).


Excellent additions to the article would be video guides, screenshots from the game, and photos.

See also

Links to the articles on the War Thunder Wiki that you think will be useful for the reader, for example:

  • reference to the series of the vehicles;
  • links to approximate analogues of other nations and research trees.

External links

Japan medium tanks
Chassis Chi-Ha  Type 97 Chi-Ha · Type 97 Chi-Ha Kai · Type 97 Chi-Ha Short Gun
Chassis Chi-He  Type 1 Chi-He · Type 2 Ho-I · Type 3 Chi-Nu · Chi-Nu II
End war  Type 4 Chi-To · Type 4 Chi-To Late · Type 5 Chi-Ri II
Post-war  ST-A1 · ST-A2 · Type 61 · STB-1 · Type 74 · Type 74 mod G/Kai · Type 90
USA  Medium Tank M4A3 (76) W HVSS Sherman