SPz BMP-1

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RANK 4 FRANCE
Somua SM PACK
This page is about the German light tank SPz BMP-1. For the Russian version, see BMP-1. For other uses, see BMP (Disambiguation).
germ_bmp_1_ddr.png
GarageImage SPz BMP-1.jpg
SPz BMP-1
AB RB SB
7.3 7.3 7.3
Class:
Research:160 000 Specs-Card-Exp.png
Purchase:390 000 Specs-Card-Lion.png
Show in game

Description

The SPz BMP-1 is a rank V German light tank with a battle rating of 7.3 (AB/RB/SB). It was introduced in Update 1.93 "Shark Attack".

General info

Survivability and armour

Smoke grenades
Creation of a smoke screen in front of the vehicle
ESS
Creation of a smoke screen in the direction of movement of the vehicle
Hull break
Low structural strength makes the vehicle susceptible to serious damage
Armourfront / side / back
Hull19 / 18 / 16
Turret23 / 19 / 13
Crew3 people
Visibility70 %

The SPz BMP-1 has very little to speak of in the armour department. Minimal frontal and nearly non-existent side armour results in the vehicle being vulnerable to almost any incoming fire. As such, the vehicle's survivability stems entirely from its mobility and reasonably small profile. Where possible, utilise hills or other cover, only exposing as much of the vehicle as is necessary to engage an unaware target.

Despite the lack of armour, however, the SPz BMP-1 will, on occasion, survive hits unexpectedly - the internals of the vehicle are largely non-critical and many rounds will over-penetrate.

Armour Front (Slope angle) Sides Rear Roof
Hull 7-12 mm (80°) Front glacis
19 mm (56°) Lower glacis
16 mm (3-18°) Top
18 + 4 mm Bottom
16 mm (12°) Top
12 mm (48°) Bottom
12 mm (8-51°) Doors
6 mm
5 mm Engine exhausts
Turret 23 mm (0-53°) Turret front
33 + 26 mm Gun mantlet
13-23 mm (24-37°) 13 mm (23-26°) 6 mm
Armour Sides Roof
Cupola 7 mm 7 mm

Notes:

  • Suspension wheels and tracks are 10 mm thick.
  • Belly armour is 6 mm thick.

Mobility

Amphibious
The design allows you to swim and control movement in the water
Speedforward / back
AB73 / 13 km/h
RB and SB66 / 12 km/h
Number of gears5 forward
1 back
Weight13.0 t
Engine power
AB572 hp
RB and SB300 hp
Power-to-weight ratio
AB44.0 hp/t
RB and SB23.1 hp/t
Game Mode Max Speed (km/h) Weight (tons) Engine power (horsepower) Power-to-weight ratio (hp/ton)
Forward Reverse Stock Upgraded Stock Upgraded
Arcade 73 13 13 465 572 35.77 44
Realistic 66 12 265 300 20.38 23.08

Modifications and economy

Repair costBasic → Reference
AB2 540 → 4 472 Sl icon.png
RB2 590 → 4 560 Sl icon.png
SB2 150 → 3 786 Sl icon.png
Total cost of modifications123 800 Rp icon.png
190 000 Sl icon.png
Talisman cost2 200 Ge icon.png
Crew training110 000 Sl icon.png
Experts390 000 Sl icon.png
Aces1 300 Ge icon.png
Research Aces780 000 Rp icon.png
Reward for battleAB / RB / SB
100 / 130 / 150 % Sl icon.png
202 / 202 / 202 % Rp icon.png
Modifications
Mobility Protection Firepower
Mods new tank traks.png
Tracks
Research:
8 600 Rp icon.png
Cost:
13 000 Sl icon.png
290 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank suspension.png
Suspension
Research:
5 800 Rp icon.png
Cost:
8 600 Sl icon.png
200 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank break.png
Brake System
Research:
5 800 Rp icon.png
Cost:
8 600 Sl icon.png
200 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank filter.png
Filters
Research:
8 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
12 000 Sl icon.png
270 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank transmission.png
Transmission
Research:
7 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
10 000 Sl icon.png
240 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank engine.png
Engine
Research:
7 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
10 000 Sl icon.png
240 Ge icon.png
Mods tank tool kit.png
Parts
Research:
5 600 Rp icon.png
Cost:
13 000 Sl icon.png
290 Ge icon.png
Mods extinguisher.png
FPE
Research:
3 800 Rp icon.png
Cost:
8 600 Sl icon.png
200 Ge icon.png
Mods tank reinforcement ger.png
Crew Replenishment
Research:
8 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
12 000 Sl icon.png
270 Ge icon.png
Mods engine smoke screen system.png
ESS
Research:
7 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
10 000 Sl icon.png
240 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank horizontal aiming.png
Horizontal Drive
Research:
8 600 Rp icon.png
Cost:
13 000 Sl icon.png
290 Ge icon.png
Mods tank cannon.png
Adjustment of Fire
Research:
5 800 Rp icon.png
Cost:
8 600 Sl icon.png
200 Ge icon.png
Mods airstrike.png
Airstrike
Research:
5 800 Rp icon.png
Cost:
8 600 Sl icon.png
200 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank vertical aiming.png
Elevation Mechanism
Research:
8 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
12 000 Sl icon.png
270 Ge icon.png
Mods tank additional armor.png
BMP-1P
Research:
8 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
12 000 Sl icon.png
270 Ge icon.png
Mods art support.png
Artillery Support
Research:
7 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
10 000 Sl icon.png
240 Ge icon.png
Mods scouting.png
Improved optics
Research:
7 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
10 000 Sl icon.png
240 Ge icon.png
Mods night vision device.png
NVD
Research:
7 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
10 000 Sl icon.png
240 Ge icon.png

Armaments

Night vision device
Improves visibility by enhancing natural light or active illumination.
Setup 1:73 mm 2A28 cannon
7.62 mm PKT machine gun
9M14 ATGM
Setup 2:73 mm 2A28 cannon
7.62 mm PKT machine gun
9M113 ATGM"Konkurs"

Main armament

Autoloader
Automatically feeds projectiles into the breech. The speed does not depend on the skills of the loader
Ammunition40 rounds
Reload6.0 s
Vertical guidance-4° / 30°
Main article: 2A28 (73 mm)

The 2A28 main cannon, despite being the 'main' armament will more often than not act more as secondary armament, at least once the BMP-1P upgrade is researched, due to the 9M113 ATGM proving significantly more controllable and effective at all engagement ranges. Despite this, the PG-9 HEAT round proves valuable in a pinch, with well-placed shots able to disable critical components on most vehicles the SPz BMP-1 will face. Keep in mind that the SPz BMP-1 does not feature any sort of stabilisation at all, and due to its light weight the gun is near impossible to get on target at speed.

The main cannon's primary drawback is its mediocre ballistic performance, with the HEAT round travelling at only 665 m/s and the HE round travelling at an abysmal 290 m/s.

73 mm 2A28 Turret rotation speed (°/s) Reloading rate (seconds)
Mode Capacity Vertical Horizontal Stabilizer Stock Upgraded Full Expert Aced Stock Full Expert Aced
Arcade 40 -4°/+30° ±180° N/A 19.04 26.35 32.00 35.39 37.65 6.00 6.00 6.00 6.00
Realistic 11.90 14.00 17.00 18.80 20.00

Ammunition

When stock, all available ammunition for the weapon are unlocked - HEAT and HE.

Between the two, HE should be avoided as it only has 11 mm of pen and 290 m/sec muzzle velocity. While the HEAT round has only 670 m/sec velocity,with some training it can be shot at targets over 1 km reliably.

The HEAT round has 300 mm penetration and very good damage output, oneshots can be achieved quite often when shooting center mass, although larger tanks might give you some headache as they sometimes survive multiple shots.

Penetration statistics
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Penetration @ 0° Angle of Attack (mm)
10 m 100 m 500 m 1,000 m 1,500 m 2,000 m
PG-9 HEAT 300 300 300 300 300 300
OG-9 HE 11 11 11 11 11 11
Shell details
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Velocity
(m/s)
Projectile
Mass (kg)
Fuse delay
(m)
Fuse sensitivity
(mm)
Explosive Mass
(TNT equivalent) (g)
Ricochet
0% 50% 100%
PG-9 HEAT 665 2.6 0.05 0.1 1,130 65° 72° 77°
OG-9 HE 290 3.7 0 0.1 735 79° 80° 81°

Ammo racks

Ammo racks of the SPz BMP-1
Full
ammo
1st
rack empty
Visual
discrepancy
40 1 (+39) No

The single ammunition rack consists of a shell barillet located around the turret basket.

Additional armament

Ammunition4 rounds
Flight speed120 m/s
Range4 000 m
Method of aiming
ABSemi-auto
RB and SBManual
Fire on the moveup to 5 km/h
Ammunition4 rounds
Vertical guidance-5° / 10°
Horizontal guidance-15° / 37°
Flight speed205 m/s
Range4 000 m
Method of aiming
ABSemi-auto
RB and SBSemi-auto
Fire on the moveup to 5 km/h
Main articles: 9M14, 9M113 Konkurs

9M14

The SPz BMP-1 comes with a rail-mounted manually-guided ATGM as stock, initially aimed manually and with somewhat mediocre penetration and explosive mass values. While occasionally useful, generally the main gun is easier and more reliable to use.

While stock, the SPz BMP-1 is equipped with 9M14 missiles that penetrate 400 mm of armour. These missiles are first-generation, which means they cannot be aimed with the mouse pointer and are instead aimed with the WASD keys. However, the "BMP-1P" modification, when unlocked, will give the vehicle access to four more lethal 9M113 Konkurs missiles.

4 x 9M14 ATGM

  • Guidance type: MCLOS
  • Firing range: 3 km

9M113

The 9M113 has 600 mm of penetration and do very good damage while having good speed. Only their manouverability is a bit lacking, but you can quickly make a follow up shot with your cannon or use smoke if you want to retreat. As these missiles are second generation, they are aimed with both the mouse pointer and WASD keys.

Once the BMP-1P upgrade is researched, the rail-mounted 9M14 ATGM is replaced with a spindle-mounted 9M113 ATGM. This ATGM is significantly more powerful and easier to use due to its semi-automatic guiding system. Improved penetration values and significantly increased explosive mass will result in far more reliable destructive power. Keep in mind that the ATGM can only be fired when stopped or at extremely low speeds.

4 x 9M113 ATGM (BMP-1P)

  • Guidance type: SACLOS
  • Firing range: 3 km
9M14 ATGM / 9M113 ATGM Turret rotation speed (°/s) Reloading rate (seconds)
Mode Capacity Vertical Horizontal Stabilizer Stock Upgraded Full Expert Aced Stock Full Expert Aced
Arcade 4 -5°/+10° -15°/+37° N/A 19.04 26.35 32.00 35.39 37.65 _.__ _.__ _.__ _.__
Realistic 11.90 14.00 17.00 18.80 20.00

Note: The vertical and horizontal traverse depend on the turret position and are only relevant to the 9M113 ATGM.

Ammunition

Penetration statistics
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Penetration @ 0° Angle of Attack (mm)
10 m 100 m 500 m 1,000 m 1,500 m 2,000 m
9M14 ATGM 400 400 400 400 400 400
9M113 ATGM 600 600 600 600 600 600
Shell details
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Velocity
(m/s)
Projectile
Mass (kg)
Fuse delay
(m)
Fuse sensitivity
(mm)
Explosive Mass
(TNT equivalent) (g)
Ricochet
0% 50% 100%
9M14 ATGM 120 10.90 N/A 0.1 2,600 80° 82° 90°
9M113 ATGM 205 14.50 N/A 0.1 2,750 80° 82° 90°

Ammo racks

Ammo racks of the SPz BMP-1
Full
ammo
1st
rack empty
2nd
rack empty
Visual
discrepancy
4 3 (+1) 1 (+3) No

The missiles are listed from M1 to M4. M2 is the 1st rack. M3-M4 constitutes the 2nd rack.

Machine guns

Ammunition2 000 rounds
Belt capacity1 000 rounds
Reload8.0 s
Fire rate700 shots/min
Main article: PKT (7.62 mm)

The SPz BMP-1 comes equipped with a coaxial 7.62 mm PKT machine gun. This is only useful for clearing small obstacles or exposed crew in open-top vehicles. The SPz BMP-1 is only equipped with one PKT machinegun with an ammo reserve of 1,000 rounds.

It's not useful and cannot aim at air targets due to the coaxial mount. As such, it should only be used on vehicles with soft armour like trucks or at exposed crew members, or just annoy enemies with it. In RB and SB it can be used to throw up dirt in front of an enemy vehicle in order to blind them temporary.

7.62 mm PKT
Mount Capacity (Belt) Fire rate Vertical Horizontal
Coaxial 2,000 (1,000) 700 N/A N/A

Usage in battles

The BMP-1 is quite distinctive due to its oddly-shaped hull. The vehicle is crewed by only three (no commander), but is very spacious, so shots from the side occasionally cause minimal or even no damage. However, with only 23 mm AT MOST protecting the tank, it's a safe bet that hull breaks will be plentiful, especially when facing enemies equipped with APFSDS or HEAT. The BMP-1 is equipped with a short-barreled 73 mm gun (an odd calibre) firing exclusively anti-tank grenades. The projectile drop is extreme, albeit not the worst in-game, and it can be used to great effect against many of the vehicles the BMP will face due to the consistent 300mm of penetration at range. The standard PG-9 ammunition has an explosive mass of about 1.25 kg. The trade-off, in this case, is the low velocity and relatively poor slope characteristics (the penetration drop in half if more than 60 degrees of slope). Finally, as standard, the BMP-1 is equipped with the 9M14 ATGM, capable of penetrating 400mm and carrying an explosive mass of 2.6 kg. It is WASD guided, and therefore somewhat tricky to use at first (and especially difficult to use in high packet-loss or high ping matches). An optional modification for the BMP-1 allows it to use turret-mounted smoke grenades as well as a next-generation missile, the 9M113. The BMP-1 (as of 1.77.2.149) is the earliest vehicle in-game to be able to use a SACLOS (mouse-guided) system for an ATGM. Not only is the missile nearly twice as fast as the 9M14, but it carries a notably larger explosive payload, and can penetrate up to 600 mm at 90 degrees at any range. As of 1.91, the BMP-1 can research NVD, which can help during night battles to help with visibility. NVD is available in commander, gunner, driver and outside viewports. Once purchased, the NVD modification also allows the use of a Infrared Spotlight to help illuminate targets if they are hard to see. However, it is mounted to the hull, and as such will require the hull to be rotated to illuminate anything.

Due to its nearly non-existent armor, the BMP-1 shouldn't be played like anything with actual armor. It is best used in a support or ambush role, using cover to ambush opponents, then taking them out with the combination of the autocannon and ATGM. The BMP-1 is quite effective when played this way. When in close-quarters combat, it is important to note that the missile launcher has slightly faster traverse than the turret. This can save it from being killed from the flanks. It can also be used to take out opponents from medium to long range with its missiles, although this strategy will prevent the BMP-1 from using its main gun. The small projectiles lose even more of their already small penetration at long ranges, but the missiles will not be affected by gravity or air resistance until very extreme ranges. Finally the missiles and sometimes the autocannon can be used to take out slow air targets such as the helicopters that you will start to meet at these BR's.

Pros and cons

  • Fairly mobile, both weapon systems are particularly effective against the lightly armoured vehicles it will encounter often such as the Leopard I, OF-40, etc
  • One of the earliest ATGM vehicles available and the earliest to receive mouse-guided (SACLOS) ATGMs (with the BMP-1P modification)
  • Decent main gun HEAT round penetrating up to 300mm of armour at any range, effective against last-gen heavy tanks like the Conqueror, M103, etc
  • Amphibious ability which can allow it to reach positions that other vehicles struggle to
  • Functional even in uptiers, due to its piercing ATGM and HEAT
  • All ammunition types are default and as such have no cost
  • Night Vision allows effectiveness in night battles

Cons:

  • Mediocre reverse speed, particularly for a light tank
  • Default missiles are manually guided, upgraded missiles must be unlocked with the BMP-1P research
  • Vulnerable to hull breaks, particularly from HEAT-FS rounds
  • Chemical ammunition only, may struggle to damage vehicles with ERA like the M60A1 RISE (P)
  • All available ammunition is hyper-sensitive and will detonate on hitting light obstacles such as fences or bushes
  • Somewhat large silhouette for a light tank. Will get seen and shot at easier
  • Minimal gun depression makes it struggle in hills
  • Has no stabiliser, accurate shots on the move or in water are often not possible
  • Only three crew members, two of whom sit extremely close together, reducing the vehicle's survivability
  • Vulnerable to heavy machine gun and light cannon fire, particularly from the sides or top. SPAA like the Gepard are a big threat
  • Very vulnerable to aircraft and helicopters
  • Bombs and artillery can deal significant damage, even when at a distance
  • Infrared Spotlight mounted to hull, won't rotate with turret when NVD is on

History

Development

In the 1950's, Soviet armored personnel carrier (APC) tactics consisted of lightly armored vehicles that would transport soldiers to combat zones, and then head back behind the lines to safety. During this time, the West German Bundeswehr was using the Schützenpanzer Lang and infantry fighting vehicle (IFV) tactics, where the vehicles would work with the infantry and tanks in order to support them, especially against lightly armored targets. The BMP was a Soviet IFV design created in the late 1950's. Some of the requirements were the ability for all of the infantry carried to be able to fire from within the vehicle, which was unseen before in IFV designs. It was intended to support the infantry and combat enemy light vehicles. The design placed emphasis on speed and maneuverability, potent armament, and sufficient armament to protect against 23 mm autocannons over the frontal arc. There was a debate over how the vehicle should be wheeled or tracked, and a number of options were explored including hybrid designs with both. The design that was chosen was a tracked vehicle with the engine in the front and the crew compartment in the rear; it was designated the Object 764. A prototype was created in 1964, and the final design was chosen in 1965 - an improved model called the Object 765. In service the production model was called the BMP-1.

Design

The BMP-1 features a fully tracked hull, with a sharply angled glacis at the front, a centrally mounted turret, and a crew compartment in the rear of the hull, with doors for the infantry to mount and dismount the vehicle. The hull layout is as follows: the engine was in the front right section of the hull. The driver sat to the front left of the vehicle, the commander sat right behind the driver, and the gunner sat in the right side of the turret. The troop compartment located at the rear of the vehicle could seat 8 infantry soldiers. The ability to fire from inside the vehicle was provided by four firing ports on each side of the hull and one in the left door. There are also four hatches in the roof. The infantry sit on two benches with padding, back to back, facing the outer sides of the vehicle. The armor of the frontal arc is enough to generally protect against 20 mm autocannon fire, the side armor generally protects against 12.7 mm machine gun fire, and the roof and rear armor protects against small arms fire and shell fragments. In addition, the sloped glacis on the front of the hull also increased the chances of shells bouncing, because of the extreme angles. The protection level depended somewhat on the version of the BMP-1 in question, as different nations had differing levels of armor quality. The main armament consisted of a 73 mm 2A28 Grom smoothbore semi-automatic cannon, along with a 9M14 Malyutka anti-tank guided missile (ATGM). Secondary armament consisted of a 7.62 mm PKT machine gun. The engine provides 300 hp, and is a six-cylinder four-stroke diesel engine. The suspension system used was a torsion bar suspension system. The BMP-1 is fully amphibious with little preparation. Before entering the water a trim vane has to be raised, which provides additional frontal armor when in the lowered position. It can achieve 65 kph (40 mph) on road and 8 kph (5 mph) in water.

Production and Service

Over 20,000 BMP-1's were produced in the Soviet Union alone, with many more produced in China and Czechoslovakia. The BMP-1 was widely exported and saw significant combat worldwide. BMP-1's participated in the Yom Kippur War, the Angolan Civil War, the Iran-Iraq War, the Gulf War, and many other conflicts. It was well liked for its maneuverability, but it was found that the cannon lacked effective range and the 9M14 ATGM's were hard to control. During the Gulf War it was found that the 25 mm Bushmaster cannon found on the M2/M3 Bradley could consistently penetrate the frontal armor of the BMP-1, even at range.

BMP-1P Upgrade

The BMP-1P was an upgrade to the ATGM systems of the BMP-1. It replaced the 9M14 Malyutka missiles with 9M113 Konkurs or 9M111 missile. This increased the weight of the vehicle, leading to a slight decrease in maneuverability.

German Service

In 1974, East Germany ordered 1,133 BMP-1, and they were delivered between 1973 and 1989. Some of those BMP-1 were produced in Czechoslovakia. About 270 of the East German BMP-1's were of the BMP-1P type, with 950 being BMP-1SP2. The East German BMP-1P were known as the Schützenpanzer BMP-1P, or SPz BMP-1P. After the German reunification in 1990, the Bundeswehr modified 851 BMP-1 to NATO standards, and they entered service with the Bundeswehr as the BMP-1A1 Ost. Most of the vehicles upgraded were of the BMP-1P variant. In 1990, 110 unmodified BMP-1/BMP-1P were sold to Finland. 501 BMP-1A1 Ost. were sold to Greece between 1993 and 1994, and 350 were sold to Sweden in the early 1990's.

Media

Skins
Videos

See also

Links to the articles on the War Thunder Wiki that you think will be useful for the reader, for example:

  • reference to the series of the vehicles;
  • links to approximate analogues of other nations and research trees.

External links

Bibliography


Germany light tanks
Pz.II  Pz.II C · Pz.II C (DAK) · Pz.II F · Pz.Sfl.Ic
Wheeled  Sd.Kfz.221 (s.Pz.B.41) · Sd.Kfz.234/1 · Sd.Kfz.234/2
Czech  Pz.35(t) · Pz.38(t) A · Pz.38(t) F · Sd.Kfz. 140/1
Post-war  Begleitpanzer 57 · Ru 251 · leKPz M41 · SPz BMP-1 · Radkampfwagen 90 · TAM · TAM 2C