2 backGear box
The Tank Heavy Gun Conqueror Mk 2 is a rank V British heavy tank with a battle rating of 7.7 (AB/SB) and 7.3 (RB). It was released along with the initial British tree line in Update 1.55 "Royal Armour". Meant to defeat the Soviet IS-3, the Conqueror gives the British line a vehicle with an emphasis on armour and firepower, with a 120 mm gun able to contest its Rank V competitors.
The Conqueror is based on the hull some British tankers are familiar within the Caernarvon, but features a completely new turret armed with the Ordnance QF 120 mm L1A1 gun. This solves the largest issue encountered in the Caernarvon - the lack of firepower.
The Conqueror is a step up from any other heavy tank encountered in the British tree. It sports a powerful gun, impressive frontal armour, extremely well-spread crew, and sacrifices little in mobility over the Centurion hulls. It performs particularly well at range, with extremely high-velocity APDS in conjunction with over 320 mm of penetration at 2,000 m/0°, while the ability to penetrate almost any target frontally proves strong in close engagements, provided the tank gets some support dealing with any flankers.
Survivability and armour
The turret is significantly better armoured than the Centurion turret used by the Caernarvon. In a hull-down position where the weak lower front plate is hidden, it can be a very difficult vehicle to destroy from the front. Unfortunately, the side and rear hull armour is very weak, although it is covered by a lot of spaced armour. Flanking the Conqueror usually results in its swift destruction.
- Rolled homogeneous armour
- Cast homogeneous armour (Turret)
- Structural steel (Side skirts)
|Hull|| 130 + 20 mm (59°) Front glacis
76 mm (44°) Lower glacis
|51 + 6 mm|| 38 mm Top
20 mm (60°) Bottom
| 44 mm Front |
17 mm Crew hatch
17 mm Rear
|Turret|| 152-313 mm (0-68°) Turret front
89-200 mm (0-78°) Gun mantlet
|89-233 mm (1-48°)||50 mm (1-34°)|| 51 mm |
31 mm Square area near gun
17 mm Crew hatches
|Cupola||203 mm (0-17°)||70 mm (12-14°)|| 51 mm |
17 mm Crew hatch
- Suspension wheels and bogies are 20 mm thick while tracks are 30 mm thick.
- Front of turret vary in armour thickness, from 152 mm to 313 mm, but it is all very sloped due to turret design.
- The front of the turret roof has an additional armour plate of 31 mm in thickness.
The mobility of the Conqueror is fair enough for a 65 ton heavy tank, and is actually comparable to the Centurion.
|Weight (tons)|| Add-on Armour
|Max speed (km/h)|
|Engine power (horsepower)|
|Power-to-weight ratio (hp/ton)|
The 120 mm gun used by the Conqueror is essentially a version of the American 120 mm Gun M58 used by the M103 heavy tank. Unfortunately, the British version does not have access to the extremely lethal American solid shot AP or HEAT ammunition. The Conqueror is thus forced to choose between the anaemic APDS or unreliable HESH ammunition, while also sharing the same long reload as the American gun.
In general, the APDS is quite accurate at long ranges thanks to its high velocity, and the high penetration usually means it will not have too many problems penetrating most things the Conqueror will encounter. However, the post-penetration effects of APDS tend to be very poor compared to full-bore AP, and it is very rare to one-shot opponents. This problem is further exacerbated by the Conqueror's long reload, which is longer than the time it takes to replace a crewmember if facing a opponent with good crew skills. The HESH round will do a lot of damage if it hits and penetrates, but is easily frustrated by spaced armour and external components like tracks or suspension elements. It also has a relatively low velocity and is harder to use at long ranges.
|120 mm L1A2|
|Turret rotation speed (°/s)|
|Mode||Stock||Upgraded||Prior + Full crew||Prior + Expert qualif.||Prior + Ace qualif.|
|Reloading rate (seconds)|
|Stock||Prior + Full crew||Prior + Expert qualif.||Prior + Ace qualif.|
|Ammunition|| Type of
|Penetration in mm @ 90°|
|Ammunition|| Type of
Mass in kg
| Fuse delay
| Fuse sensitivity
| Explosive Mass in g
| Normalization At 30°
|35||31 (+4)||21 (+14)||16 (+19)||11 (+24)||6 (+29)||1 (+34)||No|
Keep ammo at around 16 (+19) or 11 (+24)
|7.62 mm L3A1|
|Capacity (Belt capacity)|| Fire rate
| Horizontal |
|Capacity (Belt capacity)|| Fire rate
| Horizontal |
Usage in battles
The Conqueror performs best at longer ranges as a support tank where it can make the best use of its accurate, high-penetration 120 mm gun as well as its and heavy frontal armour, especially in terrain that allows it to go hull-down.
As per usual,"Parts" and "FPE" should be the focus first for modifications to increase combat survivability. Everything else is fair game after those two.
It is then recommended to head for the "Additional Ballistic Protection Package" in order to increase the armour of the Conqueror to stand up to more lethal rounds.
Pros and cons
- 361 mm close-range penetration with the high-velocity APDS stock ammunition
- HESH ammunition with good explosive filler for chemical effect
- Both APDS and HESH ammunition from 120 mm rarely ricochet off tanks
- The gun is fully stabilised, enabling easier reaction shots and hill peaking
- The coaxial MG can be used as a ranging gun, its bullets land where the HESH shell will approximately hit
- Turret is well armoured and well shaped to deflect rounds
- Extremely sloped and well-armoured upper glacis
- Can mount add-on armour which offers more protection in the form of spaced armour to the turret cheeks and upper plate
- Large volume within tank mean all crew may not be knocked out in one hit
- Poor lethality with APDS
- Unreliable HESH ammunition that is harder to aim due to lower velocity
- Long reload time (14.9s - 19.7s), though appropriate for the calibre
- Possesses only 7.62 mm machine guns to handle other threats
- Weak lower glacis plate
- Very weak side hull armour of 51 mm with a minimal 6 mm side skirt
- Very weak engine deck armour of only 17 mm makes it extremely vulnerable to aircraft cannon fire
- Top speed is sub-par (33 km/h) with poor acceleration
- Ammunition rack is strewn all over turret
In 1944, General Staff started a project called A45 Infantry Support Tank, which started around the same time as the development of the A41 Centurion cruiser tank. This project, after the war, was redesignated from a typical "Infantry Tank" and instead focused on a new role of a "Universal Tank" design in the form of the FV 200 series. The "Universal Tank" concept was to design a vehicle that would have a mobility comparable to that of cruiser tanks, but with the armour and firepower of heavy tanks. The FV 200 series designation was adopted and was to serve as a line of vehicles that used the same hull and chassis in different roles like armour recovery vehicles and self-propelled guns. The first tank of this series was to be the FV 201, which would be 55 tons and use the 20-pounder gun.
In 1949, a new requirement for the project called for the use of a 120 mm gun, possibly in response to the reveal of the Soviet IS-3 heavy tank in the Berlin Victory Parade in 1945. This new requirement would delay the initial deadlines for the tank as no gun of that caliber had been developed yet. As a interim development before such a gun could be made, the FV 201 hull was mounted with a turret from the Centurion tank and this created the FV 221 Caernarvon, with Mark I for a 17-pounder armament and a Mark II for a 20-pounder armament. However, the success of the lighter Centurion tank made the Caernarvon unsuitable in a "Main Battle Tank" role. Further development on the Caernarvon, with emphasis on the armour and armament, would develop the FV 214 Conqueror tanks, some were straight up conversions of Caernarvon Mark II's. About 185 Conquerors were produced in Mk.1 and Mk.2 variants from 1955 to 1959.
The FV 214 Conqueror, also known as the "Tank, Heavy No. 1, 120 mm Gun, Conqueror", was intended to provide a mobile, long-range anti-tank support for the lighter and more numerous Centurion tanks stationed in Germany. As a response to the heavy IS-3 tank in Soviet service, the tank's armament and armour is taken up and beyond extreme to typical NATO armour development. The armour, with a frontal plate of about seven inches (178 mm), made the tank one of the most protected tanks stationed in West Germany. The abundance of armour made the tank heavy, weighing 64 tons, and this impeded the tank's top speed and made it mechanically unreliable. However, the tank was very mobile in cross-country terrain, seen as equal as the lighter and faster Centurion tank.
The gun was the very large 120 mm cannon, the largest caliber tank gun available when it was introduced. The gun was American-developed, the same 120 mm cannon that would arm the M103 heavy tank. The gun uses a two-piece ammunition and the tank allowed for a ammo stowage of 35 rounds. Another notable feature of the Conqueror aside from its large cannon and thick armour was the unique and rotatable commander's cupola. In the cupola was the Conqueror's fire control system and had many features that made it ahead of its time. Being able to be rotated independent from the turret, plus with a coincidence rangefinder, the commander could align the cupola to a target, measure its range, and direct the gunner to the designated target. While the gunner located and engage the target, the commander could go and find a different target to designate and range.
The Conqueror were all stationed in West German in the armoured regiments stationed there. Each regiment received 9 Conquerors and were organized in groups of three as tank troops to support the Centurions in any conflict that arise from the tense situation of the Cold War. As history played out, the Cold War never became "hot" and no hostile conflicts arise in the borders of Germany, thus the Conquerors never saw any use aside from training as they were all exclusively stationed on the German borders. The Conqueror's intention to provide a long-range anti-tank capability for the Centurions, became less significant when the Centurions began to arm themselves with the more powerful 105 mm L7 gun, such as the Centurion Mk 10. The lower tactical value of the Conqueror and further development on heavy tanks in Britain had the Conquerors replaced in 1966 with the much more powerful and armoured, yet lighter, FV 4201 Chieftain tank.
Excellent additions to the article would be video guides, screenshots from the game, and photos.
Links to the articles on the War Thunder Wiki that you think will be useful for the reader, for example:
- reference to the series of the vehicles;
- links to approximate analogues of other nations and research trees.
|Britain heavy tanks|
|Infantry tanks||A1E1 Independent · Matilda Mk II · A.33 Heavy Assault Tank "Excelsior" · Churchill Mk I · Churchill Mk III · Churchill Mk VII · A.43 Black Prince|
|Post-war||FV 221 Caernarvon · Tank Heavy Gun Conqueror Mk 2|