Canberra B Mk 2

From War Thunder Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search
Rank VI | Premium | Golden Eagles
Chinese A-5C Pack
This page is about the British jet bomber Canberra B Mk 2. For other versions, see Canberra (Family).
canberra_bmk2.png
GarageImage Canberra B Mk 2.jpg
Canberra B Mk 2
AB RB SB
8.7 8.3 7.7
Research:105 000 Specs-Card-Exp.png
Purchase:300 000 Specs-Card-Lion.png
Show in game

Description

In 1944, the Air Ministry issued a specification for a new high-speed, high-altitude bomber to replace the illustrious de Havilland Mosquito. While English Electric had been involved in aircraft construction since the interwar period, including producing airframes for the Handley Page Hampden and Halifax, they had little design experience of their own. However, this was solved by the joining of W.E.W. Petter, Westland's chief designer, who had left Westland to pursue his own twin-engine fighter-bomber design after being rejected. By 1949, the first prototypes had taken flight, and in 1950, following the outbreak of the Korean War, 410 aircraft were ordered for the RAF, as well as a number for export, notably the US (license-produced as the B-57A) and Australia. The first production run, designated Canberra B Mk 2, entered RAF service in 1951, replacing the Mosquito and Lincoln in frontline bombing and photoreconnaissance roles.

Introduced in Update 1.43, the Canberra B Mk 2 can be a very effective early jet bomber. It has a great climb rate and decent top speed which, coupled with its bomber spawn, allow it to either climb up away from the threat of interceptors or dive towards enemy bases. The Canberra is not equipped with any offensive or defensive armaments, so in both cases, survivability will rely on maintaining the speed to outrun any interceptors and using its surprising agility to avoid pot-shots. The payload is adequate, with six 1,000 lb bombs being enough to destroy a base.

General info

Flight performance

Air brakes
Allows you to dramatically reduce the flight speed by releasing special flaps
Max speed
at 3 000 m880 km/h
Turn time26 s
Max altitude12 192 m
Engine2 х Rolls-Royce Avon Mk.101
TypeJet
Cooling systemAir
Take-off weight21 t
Characteristics Max Speed
(km/h at 3,000 m)
Max altitude
(metres)
Turn time
(seconds)
Rate of climb
(metres/second)
Take-off run
(metres)
AB RB AB RB AB RB
Stock 835 807 12192 26.9 27.6 14.8 13.3 750
Upgraded 915 880 25.4 26.0 25.7 20.0

Details

Features
Combat flaps Take-off flaps Landing flaps Air brakes Arrestor gear Drogue chute
X X X X
Limits
Wings (km/h) Gear (km/h) Flaps (km/h) Max Static G
Combat Take-off Landing + -
990 450 - - 320 ~7 ~3
Optimal velocities (km/h)
Ailerons Rudder Elevators Radiator
< 590 < 550 < 500 -

Engine performance

Engine Aircraft mass
Engine name Number Empty mass Wing loading (full fuel)
Rolls-Royce Avon Mk.101 2 10,300 kg 171 kg/m2
Engine characteristics Mass with fuel (no weapons load) Max Takeoff
Weight
Weight (each) Type 15m fuel 20m fuel 30m fuel 45m fuel 50m fuel
800 kg Axial-flow turbojet 11,800 kg 12,280 kg 13,240 kg 14,680 kg 15,160 kg 20,865 kg
Maximum engine thrust @ 0 m (RB/SB) Thrust to weight ratio @ 0 m (100%)
Condition 100% WEP 15m fuel 20m fuel 30m fuel 45m fuel 50m fuel MTOW
Stationary 2,850 kgf N/A 0.48 0.46 0.43 0.39 0.38 0.27
Optimal 2,850 kgf
(0 km/h)
N/A 0.48 0.46 0.43 0.39 0.38 0.27

Survivability and armour

Crew3 people
Speed of destruction
Structural0 km/h
Gear450 km/h
  • No armour plating
  • No armour glazing
  • Critical components located at the fuselage of the aircraft (fuel, pilot, controls)
  • Engines in wings

Modifications and economy

Repair costBasic → Reference
AB3 100 → 4 129 Sl icon.png
RB11 210 → 14 931 Sl icon.png
SB16 526 → 22 012 Sl icon.png
Total cost of modifications89 900 Rp icon.png
146 000 Sl icon.png
Talisman cost2 100 Ge icon.png
Crew training86 000 Sl icon.png
Experts300 000 Sl icon.png
Aces1 700 Ge icon.png
Research Aces720 000 Rp icon.png
Reward for battleAB / RB / SB
90 / 300 / 600 % Sl icon.png
196 / 196 / 196 % Rp icon.png
Modifications
Flight performance Survivability Weaponry
Mods aerodinamic fuse.png
Fuselage repair
Research:
9 100 Rp icon.png
Cost:
15 000 Sl icon.png
300 Ge icon.png
Mods jet compressor.png
Compressor
Research:
10 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
16 000 Sl icon.png
320 Ge icon.png
Mods aerodinamic wing.png
Wings repair
Research:
11 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
18 000 Sl icon.png
360 Ge icon.png
Mods jet engine.png
Engine
Research:
9 900 Rp icon.png
Cost:
16 000 Sl icon.png
320 Ge icon.png
Mods armor frame.png
Airframe
Research:
10 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
16 000 Sl icon.png
320 Ge icon.png
Mods jet engine extinguisher.png
EFS
Research:
9 900 Rp icon.png
Cost:
16 000 Sl icon.png
320 Ge icon.png
Mods armor cover.png
Cover
Research:
9 900 Rp icon.png
Cost:
16 000 Sl icon.png
320 Ge icon.png
Mods pilon bomb.png
EEMBC No.2 Mark 1
Research:
9 100 Rp icon.png
Cost:
15 000 Sl icon.png
300 Ge icon.png
Mod arrow 1.png
Mods pilon bomb.png
EELBC No.2 Mark 4
Research:
11 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
18 000 Sl icon.png
360 Ge icon.png

Armaments

Suspended armament

List of setups (3)
Setup 19 x 500 lb H.E. M.C. Mk.II bomb
Setup 26 x 1000 lb H.E. M.C. Mk.13 bomb
Setup 31 x 4000 lb H.C. Mk.IV bomb
2 x 1000 lb H.E. M.C. Mk.13 bomb

The Canberra B Mk 2 can be outfitted with the following ordnance:

  • 9 x 500 lb H.E. M.C. Mk.II bombs (4,500 lb total)
  • 6 x 1,000 lb H.E. M.C. Mk.13 bombs (6,000 lb total)
  • 1 x 4,000 lb H.C. Mk.IV bomb + 2 x 1,000 lb H.E. M.C. Mk.13 bombs (6,000 lb total)

Usage in battles

Climbing high to around 10 kilometres will save you from most predators and AA fire in both AB and RB as the Canberra has one of the best climb rates and high-alt performances in the game. Watch out for the Me 163 and Ki-200, who can climb to you easily thanks to their Rocket Engines. A common strategy by Canberras (and B-57s, as they are the same airframe) is to head to one base, drop all payload on such base and then running for their lives. Using the 6 x 1,000 lb payload is recommended for usage on bases while 1 x 4,000 lb + 2 x 1,000 lb payload works best when used on airfields.

Alternatively, flying a 10-20 degree descent straight towards a bombing target can allow you to gain enough speed to reach the bases and bomb them before most aircraft have a chance to notice you and fire at you. Often this tactic will forfeit any chance of returning to base, as the Canberra is a large target and often the bulk of the enemy team will be a matter of kilometres away by the time you reach the base. However, it is a quick and easy way to ensure that you can destroy a base. 9x 500lb bombs is usually enough for a base, however the 6x 1,000lb payload or 1x 4,000lb + 2x 1,000lb payload will ensure that the base is destroyed, as base HP can vary depending on the BR.

Pros and cons

Pros:

  • Good stock engine power
  • Good stock acceleration speed
  • Powerful airbrakes
  • Good top speed for such a large aircraft
  • Decent payload
  • High service ceiling(max. altitude)
  • Great climb rate
  • Almost untouchable in Air SB (7.0 to 8.0), almost no plane can catch up with you

Cons:

  • May rip wings by going straight for a while without intelligent use of air-brakes
  • Likely to be a big target for fighter aircraft with an air-spawn and be engaged first.
  • Slower than most fighters, which means you will be caught up by all jets that chase you
  • An easy target for anything with guns that can go over 800 km/h
  • First few fights will be running to a base, bombing the base and ending up dead by enemy jets.

History

The Canberra B Mk.2 was created in 1949 to replace the Mosquito fast bomber. It was designed to have outstanding high altitude performance and speed, being unparalleled for 10 years. Despite the RAF originally expecting the Canberra to be obsolete within a few years of entering service, so much so that work to develop a replacement (eventually leading to the TSR-2) was started before it had even entered service, it would go on to be one of the RAF's longest serving aircraft. The Canberra remained in front line service with the RAF until its retirement in 2006, some 55 years after it first entered service (although it spent a lot of that time in the photo-reconnaissance role, as opposed to its original purpose as a bomber). The Canberra was replaced in the strategic bomber role by the Valiant (and other V-bombers), and in the strike role by the Buccaneer (following the cancellation of the TSR-2 programme). It established a world's highest altitude record of 21,430 m in 1957 and was the first jet-powered aircraft to make a non-stop transatlantic flight.


Archive of the in-game description

Whilst the United States and the Soviet Union were, in many ways, running ahead of Britain during the early development of jet fighters, Britain would at least keep up if not forge ahead with its very first jet bomber – the legendary English Electric Canberra.

The origins of the Canberra lay in 1944 when the Air Ministry called for a replacement for the de Havilland Mosquito in the light bomber role – a fast, agile tactical bomber was required by RAF Bomber Command to move into the jet age. English Electric set to work under Chief Engineer WEW Petter, who envisaged a bomber built around straight wings of a large area, and two of the new Rolls-Royce Avon jet engines. The prototype first flew in May 1949, with Typhoon-ace Roland Beamont at the controls. The Chief Test Pilot remarked that the aircraft was practically free of vices and possessed an agility that was reminiscent of a fighter rather than a bomber.

After various modifications were made, including the addition of a glass nose for a bomb aimer, the first production variant – the B Mk.2 - entered service in 1951 with No.101 Squadron. The Canberra was able to reach speeds of some 560 mph and reach heights of 48,000 feet whilst maintaining the capacity to carry 6000 lbs of ordnance. A series of modified Canberra B Mk.2s set a succession of world altitude records, culminating in August 1957 with a staggering 70,310 feet. It was a Canberra that saw victory at the Last Great Air Race from London to Christchurch in 1953. With a range of approximately 2600 miles, the Canberra was considered a tactical rather than a strategic bomber.

The Canberra was popular with its aircrew due to its performance, popular with ground crews due to its relatively simple maintenance schedule and also popular with Command due to its relatively low cost. Over 400 Canberra B Mk.2's were built until uprated engines led to the development of its successor, the B Mk.6, which entered service in the summer of 1954. As squadrons received the newer model, the now older B Mk.2 saw service with the RAF in Germany, Cyprus and the Far East, although the variant did serve successfully in the Suez Crisis of 1956. A small number of export variants of the B Mk.2 also saw service with the United States as a template for building under license as the Martin B-57, Australia and Venezuela.


Media

Skins

See also

Related development

External links


The English Electric Company Limited
Jet Fighters  Lightning F.6 · Lightning F.53
Jet Bombers  Canberra B Mk 2 · Canberra B (I) Mk 6
Tanks  Excelsior
  The English Electric Company allowed the Glenn L. Martin Company to license-build Canberra bombers for the United States Air Force.

Britain jet aircraft
Blackburn  Buccaneer S.1 · Buccaneer S.2 · Buccaneer S.2B
British Aerospace  Harrier GR.7 · Sea Harrier FRS.1 (e) · Sea Harrier FRS.1
British Aircraft Corporation  Strikemaster Mk.88
English Electric  Canberra B Mk 2 · Canberra B (I) Mk 6 · Lightning F.6 · Lightning F.53
Gloster  Meteor F Mk 3 · Sea Meteor F Mk 3 · Meteor F Mk 4 G.41F · Meteor F Mk 4 G.41G · Meteor F Mk 8 G.41K · Meteor F Mk.8 Reaper
  Javelin F.(A.W.) Mk.9
de Havilland  Vampire F.B.5 · Venom FB.4 · Sea Venom FAW 20 · Sea Vixen F.A.W. Mk.2
Hawker  Sea Hawk FGA.6 · Hunter F.1 · Hunter F.6 · Hunter FGA.9 · Harrier GR.1 · Harrier GR.3
Panavia  Tornado GR.1 · Tornado F.3
SEPECAT  Jaguar GR.1 · Jaguar GR.1A · Jaguar IS
Supermarine  Attacker FB 1 · Attacker FB.2 · Scimitar F Mk.1 · Swift F.1 · Swift F.7
Foreign  Phantom FG.1 (USA) · Phantom FGR.2 (USA) · F-4J(UK) Phantom II (USA)
  ▄JAS39C (Sweden)