M240 (7.62 mm)

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M240 (7.62 mm)
Weapon M240 7.62mm.jpg
General characteristics
7.62 mmCalibre
200 roundsBelt capacity
750 shots/minRate of fire
835 - 853 m/sMuzzle velocity
10 mm Maximum penetration

Description

The M240 is an American 7.62mm General Purpose Machine Gun. The M240 is the American designation for a version of the Belgium FN MAG GPMG, designed for use as a co-axial machine gun for tanks In game the M240 is predominantly found as a co-axial (and on some tanks roof-mounted) machine gun on high rank American tanks, as well as on the Type 89. Being only a 7.62mm machine gun it is largely ineffective against all but the most weakly armoured, or open cabin, vehicles.

Vehicles equipped with this weapon

General info

Despite being a version of the FN MAG the M240 performs differently. The M240 has the highest rate of fire of any American (or British) 7.62 mm machine gun at 750 rounds per minute, and a decent belt capacity. The Ballistic performance is the same as other 7.62 mm machine guns.

Available shells

The M240 can only be equipped with one ammo belt consisting of one Armour Piercing (AP) bullet, followed by one Tracer (T) bullet. Neither bullet has much penetration (maximum of 10mm), however the AP bullet performs much better than the tracer bullet.

Penetration statistics
Ammunition Penetration in mm @ 90°
10m 100m 500m 1,000m 1,450m 1,500m
AP 10 9 7 4 1 0
T 5 4 2 1 0.1 0
Shell details
Ammunition Velocity
in m/s
Projectile
Mass in kg
Fuse delay

in m:

Fuse sensitivity

in mm:

Explosive Mass in g
(TNT equivalent):
Normalization At 30°
from horizontal:
Ricochet:
0% 50% 100%
AP 853 0.0108 N/A N/A N/A  ??°  ??°  ??°  ??°
T 835 0.0095 N/A N/A N/A  ??°  ??°  ??°  ??°

Comparison with analogues

Compared to other 7.62 mm machine guns, the M240 has a very good rate of fire at 750 rounds per minute. This puts it ahead of all other American and British 7.62mm machine guns by a minimum of 100 rounds per minute, and as much as 250 rounds per minute when compared to the M1919A4's 500 rounds per minute rate of fire (in other words the M240 has 50% more RPM than the M1919A4. It's belt capacity of 200 is less than the M1919A4, but more than guns like the M60D.

Usage in battles

Due to the very low penetration this weapon it is largely ineffective against enemy armour (although you may be able to penetrate some vehicles with extremely thin armour). The gun is primarily useful for incapacitating exposed crew members in open topped vehicles (although there are few such vehicles at the battle ratings this gun is found at). The gun can also be used for ranging on some vehicles, as well as marking enemy vehicles and obscuring the view of enemy players (shooting at their gun sight). You can use the gun against aircraft however it does minimal damage, and being co-axially mounted on most tanks can often not be brought / kept on target against aircraft.

Pros and cons

Pros:

  • Best rate of fire of any British or American 7.62 mm machine gun
  • Good rate of fire compared to most other 7.62 mm machine guns
  • Decent belt capacity

Cons:

  • Slightly worse ammo belt than FN MAG 60-40 derivatives (1/2 AP instead of 2/3 AP)
  • Low penetration makes it ineffective against armour
  • Low Damage

History

The M240 is an American 7.62mm General Purpose Machine Gun, cambering the 7.62×51mm NATO round, it is an American built copy of the Belgian FN MAG GPMG. The history of the M240 began with the failure of the M73 (7.62 mm) co-axial machine gun, being used on American tanks in the 1960s and early 1970s. The despite being designed from the ground up as a tank co-axial machine gun the M73 proved to be very poor at the role due to an extremely high failure and jamming rate. Despite attempts to fix the M73 the issues remained and in 1971 the US Army looked to replace it. A competition was launched to develop a replacement, however this was cut short in 1973 by the Yom Kippur War. The Israelis had used the M73 on their Magach (M60) tanks during the war and it's performance had been so dire that they deemed it unfit for purpose and demanded the Americans replace it with something better. The program to develop new machine guns was abandoned and the Army looked to existing machine guns to fill the role. In the end the two final candidate were the FN MAG 60-40 and M60, with the MAG winning due to better reliability.

The FN MAG was adopted as the U.S. Army's standard vehicle machine gun in 1977, replacing the M73 on vehicles. The M240 also proved popular with other section of the US armed forces and as an infantry gun. The M240 slowly replaced other American machine guns such as the M60.

Media

An excellent addition to the article would be a video guide, as well as screenshots from the game and photos.

See also

External links


Tank machine guns
USA  7.62 mm: M1919A4 · M37 · M60D · M73 · M240
  12.7 mm: M2HB · M85 · M8C
Germany  7.62 mm: MG 3A1 · FN MAG 60-40
  7.92 mm: MG 13 Dreyse · MG 34 · MG 42 · MG 37(t)
USSR  7.62 mm: DT · Maxim · SGMT · PKT · RP-46
  12.7 mm: DK · DShK · NSVT
  14.5 mm: KPVT
Britain  7.62 mm: L3A1 · L8A1 · L8A2 · L37A1 · L37A2 · L94A1
  7.7 mm: Vickers
  7.92 mm: BESA
  12.7 mm: L21A1
Japan  6.5 mm: Type 91
  7.62 mm: Type 74
  7.7 mm: Type 97
  12.7 mm: Type 60 (B)
Italy  7.62 mm Beretta MG 42/59
  8 mm: Breda Mod. 38
France  7.5 mm: MAC 31 · AAT-52
  7.62 mm: AAN-F1