The Fletcher-class was a class of 175 destroyers built by the United States during World War II.
- USS Fletcher (DD-445) (1942)
- JDS Yūgure (DD-184) (1960) - ex-USS Richard P. Leary (DD-664)
- Geniere (D-555) (1972) - ex-USS Prichett (DD-561) in Italian service
- USS Cowell (DD-547) (1943)
- USS Bennion (DD-662) (1944)
Vehicles are listed in order of refit year, not build year
The Ariake-class destroyer is a class of destroyers of the JMSDF. Two ships of the Fletcher class were lent by the United States Navy and were in commission from 1959 until 1974.
Both ships USS Heywood L. Edwards (DD-663) & USS Richard P. Leary (DD-664) were commissioned in early 1944 coming from the Boston Navy Yard and saw active combat during the war. After Japan's unconditional surrender, they were assigned to the Pacific Reserve Fleet until 10 March 1959, when they were handed over to the Japanese in accordance to the Japan-US Ship Loan Agreement.
They would arrive at the Yokosuka Port on 16 April and on the 20th took part in their flag award ceremony into the JMSDF. Being commissioned as Japanese, Edwards would be renamed as lead-ship Ariake (ありあけ) and Leary renamed to Yūgure (ゆうぐれ) with pennant numbers DD-183 & 184. Directly after their commission, they would undergo reconstruction, removing all torpedo launch tubes, a trainee auditorium with a capacity of 40 people was included, and a part of the fuel tank was converted into a freshwater tank. This would allow the ships to be efficiently tasked as training ships.
Until 2 March 1970 they served their duty under the 2nd Training Corps which would be abolished, splitting the ships up leaving the Ariake to the Practical Experiment Corps where she would take part for hull and equipment experimentation whereas Yūgure would be tasked for mine warfare.
In 1974 both ships were stricken from the naval registry due to aging, and were returned to the US Navy at Yokosuka. They were sold there and dismantled in 1976.
|Ariake (DD-183)||Boston Navy Yard,
|4 July 1943||6 October 1943||10 March 1959||9 March 1974||Scrapped 1976|
In Italian Service, American Fletchers were adopted in the Italian navy as the Fante-class during 1969-70. Italy purchased three Fletcher-class destroyers from the United States to replace the two Artigliere-class ships previously purchased from the United States in 1951 (Ex-Benson class).
The ships that were purchased were:
- USS Taylor (DD-468) => Lanciere (D 560)
- USS Walker (DD-517) => Fante (D 561)
- USS Prichett (DD-561) => Geniere (D 555)
Ragged and outdated, nearing the end of their operational lifetime, they served in the Italian Navy for only just over five years. Lanciere in particular was used as spare parts and cannibalised for the other two destroyers which were later decommissioned in 1975.
|Fante (D 561)||Bath Iron Works||31 August 1942||31 January 1943||2 July 1969||1975||Scrapped|
|Lanciere (D 560)||Bath Iron Works||28 August 1941||7 June 1942||2 July 1969||1970||Cannibalised|
|Geniere (D 555)||Seattle-Tacoma||20 July 1942||31 July 1943||17 January 1970||1975||Scrapped 1977|
|Clemson-class||USS Welborn C. Wood · USS Barker · USS Litchfield|
|Porter-class||USS Porter · USS Phelps · USS Moffett|
|Somers-class||USS Somers · USS Davis|
|Fletcher-class||USS Fletcher · USS Bennion · USS Cowell|
|Allen M. Sumner-class||USS Sumner|
|Gearing-class||USS Gearing · USS Frank Knox|
|Mitscher-class||USS Mitscher · USS Wilkinson|
|Mutsuki-class||IJN Mutsuki · IJN Satsuki|
|Hatsuharu-class||IJN Hatsuharu · IJN Nenohi|
|Yugumo-class||IJN Yugumo · IJN Hayanami · IJN Kiyoshimo|
|Ariake-class**||JDS Yūgure (DD-184)|
|Harukaze-class||JDS Harukaze (DD-101)|
|* = Single ship of class|
|** = Modified Fletcher-class destroyers|
|Leone-class||RN Leone · RN Tigre|
|Turbine-class||RN Aquilone · RN Turbine|
|Navigatori-class||RN Da Verazzano|
|Soldati-class||RN Aviere · RN Corazziere · RN Geniere|
|Comandanti Medaglie d'Oro-class||RN Comandante Margottini|
|* = Modified Fletcher-class destroyers|