76 mm/62 OTO-Melara Compact (76 mm)

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76 mm/62 OTO-Melara Compact on a native Italian boat - Sparviero

Description

The 76 mm/62 OTO-Melara Compact cannon is a modern Italian fast-firing cannon found on Italian, German and British naval vessels.

Vehicles equipped with this weapon

Ground vehicles

Naval vessels

General info

The 76 mm/62 OTO-Melara Compact is the Italian equivalent of the AK-176M. It has a fast aiming speed both vertically and horizontally, comparable to the AK-176M. This particular gun has one of the best balances of accuracy, stopping power, and range. While it is not the first 76 mm naval deck gun seen in game, it is by far one of the best multi-purpose weapon systems available for both naval and ground combat. The compact version of the OTO Melara 76/62 has a smaller carousel to be fitted with more ease on many platforms.

Available ammunition

The Albatros and thee Bussard have only access to the DM-251 and DM-261 rounds, while HMS Peacock, LÉ Orla and the Sparviero have access to the 76/62 HE-MOM, the 76/62 SAPOM, and the 76/62 HE-VT MOM shells.

The OTOMATIC has access to the 76/62 SAPOM, 76/62 HE-MOM and 76/62 APFSDS rounds. While they carry identical names, these shells are different from their naval counterparts and the APFSDS shell is exclusive to the OTOMATIC.

Naval shells

Penetration statistics
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Penetration @ 0° Angle of Attack (mm)
100 m 1,000 m 2,000 m 3,000 m 4,000 m 5,000 m
76/62 HE-MOM HE 15 15 15 15 15 15
76/62 SAPOM SAP 60 49 40 32 26 21
76/62 HE-VT MOM HE-VT* 15 15 15 15 15 15
76 mm DM-251 HE 12 12 12 12 12 12
76 mm DM-261 HE-VT 10 10 10 10 10 10
Shell details
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Velocity
(m/s)
Projectile
mass (kg)
Fuse delay
(m)
Fuse sensitivity
(mm)
Explosive mass
(TNT equivalent) (g)
Ricochet
0% 50% 100%
76/62 HE-MOM HE 925 6.35 0 0.1 1,080 79° 80° 81°
76/62 SAPOM SAP 925 6.35 1.2 4 655.2 47° 60° 65°
76 mm DM-251 HE 914 6.3 0 0.1 864.6 79° 80° 81°
Proximity-fused shell details
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Velocity
(m/s)
Projectile
mass (kg)
Fuse delay
(m)
Fuse sensitivity
(mm)
Arming
distance (m)
Trigger
radius (m)
Explosive mass
(TNT equivalent) (g)
Ricochet
0% 50% 100%
76/62 HE-VT MOM HE-VT* 925 6.35 0 0.1 500 6 1,080 79° 80° 81°
76 mm DM-261 HE-VT 925 6.3 0 0.1 380 10 668.1 79° 80° 81°

Ground shells

Penetration statistics
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Penetration @ 0° Angle of Attack (mm)
10 m 100 m 500 m 1,000 m 1,500 m 2,000 m
76/62 SAPOM SAPHEI 60 59 54 50 46 43
76/62 APFSDS APFSDS 311 308 301 291 281 271
76/62 HE-MOM HE-VT* 15 15 15 15 15 15
Shell details
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Velocity
(m/s)
Projectile
Mass (kg)
Fuse delay
(m)
Fuse sensitivity
(mm)
Explosive Mass
(TNT equivalent) (g)
Ricochet
0% 50% 100%
76/62 SAPOM SAPHEI 910 6.35 1.2 14 662.4 79° 80° 81°
76/62 APFSDS APFSDS 1,580 2.18 N/A N/A N/A 78° 80° 81°
Shell details
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Velocity
(m/s)
Projectile
Mass (kg)
Fuse delay
(m)
Fuse sensitivity
(mm)
Explosive Mass
(TNT equivalent) (g)
Arming distance
(m)
Trigger radius
(m)
Ricochet
0% 50% 100%
76/62 HE-MOM HE-VT* 910 6.3 0 0.1 1,070 500 8 79° 80° 81°

Comparison with analogues

The gun features a rare combination that gives it an exceptionally high damage output - very large explosive filler and an extremely high rate of fire for the caliber, ejecting 1 shell every 0.7 seconds. It's further improved by excellent targeting speed and one of the best muzzle velocities. Additionally, the gun can come equipped not only with the HE and HE-VT rounds but on Italian and British ships also SAP, which makes it much better in ammo-racking enemy ships.

HE

Cannon Sample Ship Ammo Calibre
(mm)
Muzzle velocity
(m/s)
Sustained rate of fire
(rounds/min)
Targeting speed
(°/s)
Vertical guidance
(°)
TNT equivalent
(kg)
TNT equivalent
per minute (kg)
Penetration
@ 0° Angle of Attack (mm)
Horizontal Vertical
USA flag.png 3-inch Mark 10 USS Raleigh HE 76 825 17 8.5 15 85 0.5 8.5 8
USA flag.pngBritain flag.pngJapan flag.pngItaly flag.png 3 inch Mk.33 Geniere HE 76.2 823 6 20 26 85 0.5 3 8
USA flag.pngJapan flag.png 3-inch Mk.34 USS Asheville HE 76.2 823 6 20 26 85 0.5 3 8
USSR flag.png 34-K (76 mm) Soobrazitelny HE 76.2 845 27 12 8 85 0.483 13.04 8
USSR flag.png 39-K (76 mm) Tashkent HE 76.2 845 20 18 11 87 0.483 9.66 8
USSR flag.png 76 mm/60 AK-176M MPK Pr.12412 HE 76.2 845 20 30 26 85 0.616 12.32 10
USSR flag.png AK-726 (76 mm) SKR-7 HE 76.2 980 16.2 26 30 85 0.616 9.98 10
Britain flag.png 3 inch 12pdr 12 cwt QF Mk.V (76 mm) HMS Churchill HE 76.2 823 17 25 25 70 0.5 8.5 8
Britain flag.png 76 mm/45 QF 3in 20cwt (76 mm) HMS Valhalla HE 76.2 762 12 13 10 40 0.32 3.84 6
Japan flag.png Type 88 AA (75 mm) Type 5 HE 75 720 20 21 20 50 0.42 8.4 5
Japan flag.png 8 cm/40 3rd Year Type (76 mm) Type K-8 No.13 late HE 76.2 685 20 11 10 75 0.48 9.6 8
Japan flag.png 8 cm/60 Type 98 (76 mm) IJN Agano HE 76.2 902 25 18 16 85 0.399 9.98 7
Kingdom Italy flag.png 76 mm/40 Ansaldo mod.1917 (76 mm) RN Aquila HE 76.2 690 15 11 10 75 0.65 9.75 10
Italy flag.pngGermany flag.pngBritain flag.png 76 mm/62 OTO-Melara Compact (76 mm) Sparviero HE 76 925 85.7 51 30 85 1.08 92.57 15
Italy flag.png 76 mm/62 SMP 3 (76 mm) Albatros HE 76.2 930 8.57 34 60 85 0.864 7.40 15
France flag.png 75 mm/50 model 1922 Duguay-Trouin HE 75 850 15 19 18 85 0.45 6.75 8

Compared to AK-176M

Both systems are extremely similar except that the OTO Melara has access to semi-armour-piercing ammunition. It typically carries less ammunition than the AK-176M (though the specific amount depends on a ship - Italian and British vessels carry only 115 shells while German carry 400 shells per gun) but can put more rounds in the air due to the higher rate of fire.

When talking about just the HE and HE-VT shells, the OTO Melara 76/62 has a much higher explosive payload (nearly double) but has a lower muzzle velocity (925 m/s vs 980 m/s). Both systems do the same purpose with different approaches, one uses a faster round with less payload and the other vice versa.

Usage in battles

The 76 mm excels in outputting a large amount of explosives on target in bursts. For the caliber, it has an exceptional damage potential, far above foreign competitors, in the right hands making it a perfect weapon for an ambush. That said, it's in an uncomfortable spot, where the caliber is too large against some of the coastal vessels, yet too small to easily ammo-rack enemy destroyers. That said, it's one of, if not the best anti-air gun, featuring HE-VT shells, a great rate of fire for the caliber, targeting speed, and very good vertical guidance, making it easy to take down enemy airplanes (note that Bussard and LÉ Orla uniquely have secondary armaments, allowing you to rely on AI to take the enemy planes down at a distance).

Pros and cons

Pros:

  • Exceptional damage output
  • High rate of fire
  • Very large explosive filler in the HE and HE-VT shells
  • Excellent targetting speed
  • Good muzzle velocity

Cons:

  • Either very limited ammunition (for just 80 seconds of continuous fire) or no access to the SAP shells (depending on the ship)
  • SAP shells are prone to over-penetration against coastal vessels
  • Being a weapon used only on the coastal vessels, it has no access to the shell chase camera

History

The OTO-Melara Compact is an Italian naval weapon designed to serve as a multi-role gun that defends smaller naval vessels as anti-missile point defense, anti-ship and anti-surface guns. The 76/62 was was developed in the 1960s based on the earlier 76mm/62 Allargato guns. Design work on the gun begun in 1964, with initial prototype being built in 1968. Testing campaign continued for about a year, after which, in 1969, a serial production of the gun has begun. First units were delivered to the Marina Militare in 1973, and the gun quickly became an export success with the adoption by the US Navy to the USS Oliver Hazard Perry guided-missile frigates

In total 60 other navies around the world used the 76. Some of the most notable examples among them included German Albatros-class fast attack craft, the Gepard-class fast attack craft, the Braunschweig-class corvette along with the frigates of the Brandenberg, Bremen, Sachsen, classes. The Irish Navy uses the guns from former Royal Navy Peacock-class corvettes such as the LÉ Orla, and their locally designed patrol vessels Róisín-class and Samuel Beckett-class.

The Italian Navy uses the OTO-Melara Compact model on the Audace-class Destroyer, Minerva-class corvette, the Franco-Italian Horizon-class frigate, the San Giorgio-class and the Sparviero-class patrol boats.

The Italian Army also made two plans to turn this naval cannon into a anti-aircraft weapon. The first was the OF-40-based OTOMATIC, which was never adopted due to budget cuts, and the second was the Draco, a Centauro-based design, that only exists as a mock-up.

Media

Excellent additions to the article would be video guides, screenshots from the game, and photos.

See also

Links to the articles on the War Thunder Wiki that you think will be useful for the reader, for example:

  • reference to the article about the variant of the cannon/machine gun;
  • references to approximate analogues by other nations and research trees.

External links


Italy anti-aircraft guns
20 mm  Breda Mod.35 · Scotti-IF 20/70 mod.41
40 mm  Bofors DA 40/70
76 mm  OTO-Breda 76/62
  Foreign:
12.7 mm  M2HB (USA)
20 mm  Oerlikon KAD (Swiss)
25 mm  Oerlikon KBA (Swiss)
  Hungary
  Foreign:
23 mm  AZP-23 (USSR)
57 mm  S-68 (USSR)

Germany naval cannons
15 mm  MG 151
20 mm  2 cm/65 C/30 · 2 cm/65 C/38 · 2 cm/65 Flakzwilling 38 · 2 cm/65 Flakvierling 38 · MG 151/20
30 mm  MK103/38
37 mm  FlaK-Lafette C/36 · 3.7 cm FlaK-Lafette LM/42 · SK C/30 · FlaK.36 · FlaK43
40 mm  40 mm/70 MEL58 · Bofors Flak 28 · Bofors L/70 model 1948
52 mm  52 mm/55 SK L/55
88 mm  8.8 cm/76 SK C/32 · S.K.C/35 · FlaK.18 · Flak.36 · 88 mm/45 AA SK L/45 · 88 mm/45 casemate SK L/45
100 mm  100 mm/55 MLE model 53
105 mm  SK C/32 · SK C/33 AA
120 mm  L45
128 mm  12.8 cm/45 SK C/34
150 mm  150 mm/45 SK L/45 · 15 cm/48 KC/36 · 15 cm/55 SK C/28 · 15 cm/60 SK C/25
203 mm  20.3 cm/60 SK C/34
283 mm  283 mm/45 SK L/45 · 283 mm/52 SK C/28 · 283 mm/54,5 SK C/34
305 mm  305 mm/50 SK L/50
380 mm  38 cm SK L/45
  Foreign:
23 mm  ZU-23 (USSR)
30 mm  AK-230 (USSR)
37 mm  V-11 (USSR)
76 mm  76 mm/62 OTO-Melara Compact (Italy)
100 mm  100 mm/56 B-34 (USSR)

Britain naval cannons
20 mm  20 mm/70 Oerlikon Mk.II · 20 mm/70 Oerlikon Mark V · 20 mm/70 Oerlikon Mark 24
40 mm  2pdr QF Mk.IIc · 2pdr QF Mk.VIII · 2pdr Rolls Royce · QF Mark V · QF Mark VII · QF STAAG Mark II
47 mm  3 pdr QF Hotchkiss
57 mm  6pdr 7cwt QF Mk IIA · 6pdr QF Mk.V
76 mm  3 inch 12pdr 12 cwt QF Mk.V · 3 inch/70 Mark 6 · 76 mm/45 QF 3in 20cwt HA Mark I · 76 mm/50 12pdr 18cwt QF Mark I · OQF 3in 20cwt
102 mm  4 inch/40 QF mark III · 4 in QF Mark V · 4 inch/45 Mark XVI · 4 inch/50 BL Mark VII · BL Mark IX
114 mm  4.5 inch/45 QF Mark IV · 4.5 inch/45 QF Mark V · 8cwt QF Mk I
120 mm  4.7 inch/45 Mk.XII
133 mm  5.25 inch/50 QF Mark I
152 mm  6 inch/45 BL Mark VII · 6 inch/45 BL Mark XII · 6 inch/50 BL Mark XXIII · 6 inch/50 QF Mark N5
190 mm  7.5 inch/45 BL Mk.VI
203 mm  8 inch/50 Mark VIII
305 mm  305 mm/45 Mark X · 12 inch/50 Mark XI
343 mm  13.5 inch/45 Mark 5(H) · 13.5 inch/45 Mark 5(L)
381 mm  15 inch/42 BL Mark I
  Foreign:
20 mm  Rh202 (Germany)
40 mm  Bofors L/60 Mark 2 (USA) · Bofors L/60 Mark 3 (USA)
76 mm  3 inch Mk.33 (USA) · 76 mm/62 OTO-Melara Compact (Italy)

Italy naval cannons
20 mm  20 mm/65 Breda · 20 mm/70 Oerlikon 3S · 20 mm/70 Scotti-Isotta Fraschini mod.1939
37 mm  37 mm/54 Breda Mod.32 · 37 mm/54 Breda Mod.38 · 37 mm/54 Breda Mod.39
40 mm  40 mm/39 Vickers-Terni mod.1915/1917 · 40 mm/39 Vickers-Terni mod.1915/1917, Modif.1930 · 40 mm/70 Breda-Bofors type 107
65 mm  65 mm/64 Ansaldo-Terni Mod.1939
76 mm  76 mm/40 Armstrong mod.1897/1910 · 76 mm/40 Armstrong mod.1897/1912 · 76 mm/40 Ansaldo mod.1917 · 76 mm/45 Schneider mod.1911 · 76 mm/50 Vickers mod.1909 · 76 mm/62 OTO-Melara Compact · 76-mm/62 SMP 3
90 mm  90 mm/50 Ansaldo model 1939
100 mm  100 mm/47 O.T.O. Mod. 1928 · 100 mm/47 O.T.O. Mod. 1937
120 mm  120 mm/45 Canet-Schneider-Armstrong mod.1918-19 · 120 mm/50 Armstrong model 1909 · 120 mm/45 O.T.O. Mod. 1926 · 120 mm/50 Ansaldo mod.1926 · 120 mm/50 O.T.O. Mod.1936
135 mm  135 mm/45 O.T.O. Mod. 1937
152 mm  152 mm/45 Schneider mod.1911 · 152/53 mm Ansaldo mod.1926 · 152/53 mm O.T.O. Mod.1929
203 mm  203 mm/50 Ansaldo mod.1924 · 203 mm/53 Ansaldo mod.1927
305 mm  305 mm/46 Armstrong model 1909 · 305 mm/46 Vickers model 1909
320 mm  320 mm/44 OTO model 1934 · 320 mm/44 Ansaldo model 1936
  Foreign:
20 mm  2 cm/65 Flakvierling 38 (Germany)
40 mm  Bofors L/60 Mark 1 (USA) · Bofors L/60 Mark 3 (USA)
76 mm  76 mm/50 Mk.33 (USA)
127 mm  127 mm/38 Mk.12 (USA)