120 mm/45 O.T.O. Mod. 1926 (120 mm)

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The 120 mm/45 O.T.O. Mod. 1926 cannons on the RN Aquilone


The 120 mm/45 O.T.O. Mod. 1926 is a naval gun that was developed by the Italian company Odero Terni Orlando (OTO) during the interwar period.

Vehicles equipped with this weapon

General info

The 120 mm/45 O.T.O. Mod. 1926 features a rifled barrel that is 45 calibres long. It fires a 23.5-kilogram projectile at a muzzle velocity of 850 metres per second. The gun has a maximum range of 20 km and is equipped with a variety of different types of ammunition, including high-explosive, armour-piercing, and incendiary rounds.

Available ammunition

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Comparison with analogues

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Usage in battles

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Pros and cons

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The 120-millimetre/45-calibre O.T.O. Mod. 1926 is a licensed version of the French 120 mm/45 Canet-Schneider-Armstrong mod.1918 naval gun. A French design, the guns were originally used to arm auxiliary craft during World War I. Licensed production began with Vickers-Terni in 1924 leading to the 120 mm/45 Vickers-Terni Mod. 1924 used on the Sauro-class destroyers. These new guns offered more firepower compared to the prior WWI-era destroyers built with 102 mm guns and 120 mm became the standard caliber for future destroyer designs. These guns used a 17-pound smokeless powder charge to launch a 51-pound projectile at 2,800 feet per second and a range of 9.6 miles. Its maximum elevation was 33 degrees and it used a 16.6" twin mount to increase dispersion. In 1926, Terni Steelworks formally merged with Cantiere navale fratielli Orlando and Canitieri navali Odero to form O.T.O. The designation was thus changed to the 120 mm/45 O.T.O. model 1926 which was used to arm the later Turbine-class destroyers and rearm their Sella-class destroyers.


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See also

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External links

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Italy naval cannons
20 mm  20 mm/65 Breda · 20 mm/70 Oerlikon 3S · 20 mm/70 Scotti-Isotta Fraschini mod.1939
37 mm  37 mm/54 Breda Mod.32 · 37 mm/54 Breda Mod.38 · 37 mm/54 Breda Mod.39
40 mm  40 mm/39 Vickers-Terni mod.1915/1917 · 40 mm/39 Vickers-Terni mod.1915/1917, Modif.1930 · 40 mm/70 Breda-Bofors type 107
65 mm  65 mm/64 Ansaldo-Terni Mod.1939
76 mm  76 mm/40 Armstrong mod.1897/1910 · 76 mm/40 Armstrong mod.1897/1912 · 76 mm/40 Ansaldo mod.1917 · 76 mm/45 Schneider mod.1911 · 76 mm/50 Vickers mod.1909 · 76 mm/62 OTO-Melara Compact · 76-mm/62 SMP 3
90 mm  90 mm/50 Ansaldo model 1939
100 mm  100 mm/47 O.T.O. Mod. 1928 · 100 mm/47 O.T.O. Mod. 1937
120 mm  120 mm/45 Canet-Schneider-Armstrong mod.1918-19 · 120 mm/50 Armstrong model 1909 · 120 mm/45 O.T.O. Mod. 1926 · 120 mm/50 Ansaldo mod.1926 · 120 mm/50 O.T.O. Mod.1936
135 mm  135 mm/45 O.T.O. Mod. 1937
152 mm  152 mm/45 Schneider mod.1911 · 152/53 mm Ansaldo mod.1926 · 152/53 mm O.T.O. Mod.1929
203 mm  203 mm/50 Ansaldo mod.1924 · 203 mm/53 Ansaldo mod.1927
305 mm  305 mm/46 Armstrong model 1909 · 305 mm/46 Vickers model 1909
320 mm  320 mm/44 OTO model 1934 · 320 mm/44 Ansaldo model 1936
20 mm  2 cm/65 Flakvierling 38 (Germany) · 20 mm/70 Oerlikon Mk.II (USA)
40 mm  Bofors L/60 Mark 1 (USA) · Bofors L/60 Mark 3 (USA)
76 mm  76 mm/50 Mk.33 (USA)
127 mm  127 mm/38 Mk.12 (USA)