305 mm/46 Vickers model 1909 (305 mm)

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Description

Write an introduction to the article in 2-3 small paragraphs. Briefly tell us about the history of the development and combat using the weaponry and also about its features. Compile a list of air, ground, or naval vehicles that feature this weapon system in the game.

Vehicles equipped with this weapon

General info

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Available ammunition

Penetration statistics
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Penetration @ 0° Angle of Attack (mm)
1,000 m 2,500 m 5,000 m 7,500 m 10,000 m 15,000 m
305 mm SAP SAP 418 375 314 264 224 172
305 mm APCBC APCBC 673 611 521 447 387 303
Shell details
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Velocity
(m/s)
Projectile
mass (kg)
Fuse delay
(s)
Fuse sensitivity
(mm)
Explosive mass
(TNT equivalent) (kg)
Ricochet
0% 50% 100%
305 mm SAP SAP 861 401.2 0.03 17 31 47° 60° 65°
305 mm APCBC APCBC 861 452.37 0.035 17 5.66 48° 63° 71°

Comparison with analogues

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Usage in battles

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Pros and cons

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Pros:

Cons:

History

The Regia Marina (Royal Italian Navy) was ahead of the curve to an extent when it came to warship design in the early 1900s. The idea of an all-big-gun-battleship that was codified with the launch of HMS Dreadnought as the new standard for battleship design was first proposed by Italian officer Vittorio Cuniberti in 1903, though the Regia Marina were hesitant to adopt this new design until 1909 when they laid down their dreadnought RN Dante Alighieri. Like the Royal Navy, the Italians decided to use 12-inch (305 mm) guns. The 305 mm/46 Vickers model 1909 was one of the two 12-inch guns used by the Regia Marina along with the 305 mm/46 Armstrong model 1909. While they were used by Regia Marina interchangeably on their dreadnoughts, the two designs were not compatible. The Vickers Mk. "G" was first purchased for the RN Andrea Doria before licensed production began at Vickers-Terni. These guns were used on the Conte di Cavour and Leonardo da Vinci. The Vickers model was a full wire wound with inner A, A, and B tubes along with the jackets and rings and the hydraulic mount weighed 62.5 tons. Like the Armstrong model, it used a Welin breech block.

The three ships didn't see much service during World War I due to the Regia Marina's doctrine of keeping their battleships in reserve in the southern Adriatic Sea instead of engaging in combat in the more northern parts that could be littered with enemy mines and submarines. The Leonardo da Vinci was the first ship to be lost, suffering a magazine detonation in port at Taranto. After the war, the remaining two ships would have their guns bored out to 320 mm (12.6-inch). A few turrets were removed during this modernization and would see service in the coastal defense role during World War II.

Media

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See also

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  • references to approximate analogues by other nations and research trees.

External links

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  • other literature.


Italy naval cannons
20 mm  20 mm/65 Breda · 20 mm/70 Oerlikon 3S · 20 mm/70 Scotti-Isotta Fraschini mod.1939
37 mm  37 mm/54 Breda Mod.32 · 37 mm/54 Breda Mod.38 · 37 mm/54 Breda Mod.39
40 mm  40 mm/39 Vickers-Terni mod.1915/1917 · 40 mm/39 Vickers-Terni mod.1915/1917, Modif.1930 · 40 mm/70 Breda-Bofors type 107
65 mm  65 mm/64 Ansaldo-Terni Mod.1939
76 mm  76 mm/40 Armstrong mod.1897/1910 · 76 mm/40 Armstrong mod.1897/1912 · 76 mm/40 Ansaldo mod.1917 · 76 mm/45 Schneider mod.1911 · 76/50 Mk.33 · 76 mm/62 OTO-Melara Compact · 76-mm/62 SMP 3
100 mm  100 mm/47 O.T.O. Mod. 1928 · 100 mm/47 O.T.O. Mod. 1937
120 mm  120 mm/45 Canet-Schneider-Armstrong mod.1918-19 · 120 mm/50 Armstrong model 1909 · 120 mm/45 O.T.O. Mod. 1926 · 120 mm/50 Ansaldo mod.1926 · 120 mm/50 O.T.O. Mod.1936
127 mm  127/38 Mk.12
135 mm  135 mm/45 O.T.O. Mod. 1938
152 mm  152 mm/45 Schneider mod.1911 · 152/53 mm Ansaldo mod.1926 · 152/53 mm O.T.O. Mod.1929
203 mm  203 mm/50 Ansaldo mod.1924 · 203 mm/53 Ansaldo mod.1927
305 mm  305 mm/46 Armstrong model 1909 · 305 mm/46 Vickers model 1909
  Foreign:
20 mm  2 cm/65 Flakvierling 38 (Germany)
40 mm  Bofors L/60 Mark 3 (USA)