120 mm/45 Canet-Schneider-Armstrong mod.1918-19 (120 mm)

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The 120 mm/45 Canet-Schneider-Armstrong mod.1918-19 is a naval gun that was developed by a consortium of French and British manufacturers in the aftermath of World War I. It was designed as an upgrade to the older 120 mm guns that were used on French and British cruisers, and was installed on a number of different classes of warships in both navies.

Vehicles equipped with this weapon

General info

The gun fires 120 mm rounds at a maximum range of over 16 km and can fire up to 8 rounds per minute.

Available ammunition

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Penetration statistics
Ammunition Type of
Penetration @ 0° Angle of Attack (mm)
1,000 m 2,500 m 5,000 m 7,500 m 10,000 m 15,000 m
HE Dirompente HE 29 29 29 29 29 29
APBC Perforante APHE 154 121 81 56 41 35
HE-TF Contro-aerea HE-TF 29 29 29 29 29 29
Shell details
Ammunition Type of
mass (kg)
Fuse delay
Fuse sensitivity
Explosive mass
(TNT equivalent) (kg)
0% 50% 100%
HE Dirompente HE 850 22.11 0 0.1 2.39 79° 80° 81°
APBC Perforante APHE 850 23.15 0.025 6 1.16 47° 60° 65°
HE-TF Contro-aerea HE-TF 850 22.11 0 0.1 2.39 79° 80° 81°

Comparison with analogues

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Usage in battles

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Pros and cons

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The 120-millimetre/45-calibre Canet-Schneider-Armstrong mod.1918-19 is a dual-mount variant of the Canet-Schneider-Armstrong mod. 1918. The 120 mm calibre was first used by the Regia Marina (Royal Italian Navy) as a coastal weapon before being used to arm their battleships. The Canet-Schneider-Armstrong mod. 1918 was the first gun of this type used by the Italians to arm their smaller auxiliary craft. The following dual-mount mod. 1918-19 was first used on Italy's inter-war scout cruisers that became the Leone-class destroyers RN Leone, RN Pantera, and RN Tigre which were built for colonial service and operated out of the Italian naval base at Massawa, Eritrea. The career of these ships was short with their only notable engagements being shelling British convoy BN-7 off their home port in the Red Sea on October 21, 1940, which only achieved minor damage on the transports, and an attempt to shell the Suez Canal, Egypt in early April 1941. The RN Leone never made it to the Suez, foundering on an uncharted rock on the first day of the operation soon after leaving port and getting destroyed by her sister ships. The RN Pantera and Tigre were attacked by British aircraft and scuttled after the ships made it to shore only a few days later. It was also used to arm the Ethiopia, a colonial ship that was later used by the Italians as a commerce raider in the Indian Ocean after it escaped from her namesake homeport in the Red Sea, and was then used as a convoy escort for Japanese transport submarines until the Italian Armistice in 1943. After surrendering at Ceylon (present-day Sri Lanka), it was used by the British in the Indian Ocean. After World War II ended, the ship was turned over to the French who renamed it the Francis Garnier and it continued service until it was sunk during nuclear tests in 1966.


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See also

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External links

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Italy naval cannons
20 mm  20 mm/65 Breda · 20 mm/70 Oerlikon 3S · 20 mm/70 Scotti-Isotta Fraschini mod.1939
37 mm  37 mm/54 Breda Mod.32 · 37 mm/54 Breda Mod.38 · 37 mm/54 Breda Mod.39
40 mm  40 mm/39 Vickers-Terni mod.1915/1917 · 40 mm/39 Vickers-Terni mod.1915/1917, Modif.1930 · 40 mm/70 Breda-Bofors type 107
65 mm  65 mm/64 Ansaldo-Terni Mod.1939
76 mm  76 mm/40 Armstrong mod.1897/1910 · 76 mm/40 Armstrong mod.1897/1912 · 76 mm/40 Ansaldo mod.1917 · 76 mm/45 Schneider mod.1911 · 76 mm/50 Vickers mod.1909 · 76 mm/62 OTO-Melara Compact · 76-mm/62 SMP 3
90 mm  90 mm/50 Ansaldo model 1939
100 mm  100 mm/47 O.T.O. Mod. 1928 · 100 mm/47 O.T.O. Mod. 1937
120 mm  120 mm/45 Canet-Schneider-Armstrong mod.1918-19 · 120 mm/50 Armstrong model 1909 · 120 mm/45 O.T.O. Mod. 1926 · 120 mm/50 Ansaldo mod.1926 · 120 mm/50 O.T.O. Mod.1936
135 mm  135 mm/45 O.T.O. Mod. 1937
152 mm  152 mm/45 Schneider mod.1911 · 152/53 mm Ansaldo mod.1926 · 152/53 mm O.T.O. Mod.1929
203 mm  203 mm/50 Ansaldo mod.1924 · 203 mm/53 Ansaldo mod.1927
305 mm  305 mm/46 Armstrong model 1909 · 305 mm/46 Vickers model 1909
320 mm  320 mm/44 OTO model 1934 · 320 mm/44 Ansaldo model 1936
20 mm  2 cm/65 Flakvierling 38 (Germany)
40 mm  Bofors L/60 Mark 1 (USA) · Bofors L/60 Mark 3 (USA)
76 mm  76 mm/50 Mk.33 (USA)
127 mm  127 mm/38 Mk.12 (USA)