Difference between revisions of "M3 Bradley"

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(Additional armament: updated the battle gear speed to 5km/h)
 
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|link = M3 (Disambiguation)
 
|link = M3 (Disambiguation)
 
}}
 
}}
 +
 
== Description ==
 
== Description ==
<!--''In the description, the first part needs to be about the history of the creation and combat usage of the vehicle, as well as its key features. In the second part, tell the reader about the ground vehicle in the game. Insert the screenshot of the vehicle. If the novice player does not remember the vehicle by name, they will immediately understand what kind of vehicle it is talking about.''-->
+
<!-- ''In the description, the first part should be about the history of the creation and combat usage of the vehicle, as well as its key features. In the second part, tell the reader about the ground vehicle in the game. Insert a screenshot of the vehicle, so that if the novice player does not remember the vehicle by name, he will immediately understand what kind of vehicle the article is talking about.'' -->
[[File:GarageImage {{PAGENAME}}.jpg|420px|thumb|left]]
+
[[File:GarageImage_{{PAGENAME}}.jpg|420px|thumb|left]]
 
{{Break}}
 
{{Break}}
The '''{{Specs|name}}''', or '''{{Specs|pseudonym}}''', is a Rank {{Specs|rank}} USA light tank {{Battle-rating}}. It was introduced in [[Update 1.85 "Supersonic"]].  
+
The '''{{Specs|name}}''', or '''{{Specs|pseudonym}}''', is a rank {{Specs|rank}} American light tank {{Battle-rating}}. It was introduced in [[Update 1.85 "Supersonic"]].
  
 
== General info ==
 
== General info ==
 
=== Survivability and armour ===
 
=== Survivability and armour ===
<!--Describe armour protection. Note the most well protected and key weak areas. Appreciate the layout of modules as well as the number and location of crew members. Is the level of armour protection sufficient, is the placement of modules helpful for survival in combat?-->
+
<!-- ''Describe armour protection. Note the most well protected and key weak areas. Appreciate the layout of modules as well as the number and location of crew members. Is the level of armour protection sufficient, is the placement of modules helpful for survival in combat? If necessary use a visual template to indicate the most secure and weak zones of the armour.'' -->
  
 
Armour protection of the Bradley CFV (Cavalry Fighting Vehicle) is relatively weak, it does offer protection from machine guns and some lower penetrating autocannon fire from the front, but most autocannons will easily penetrate the sides of the vehicle damaging components, crew and often detonating ammo stored in the rear of the vehicle. As aside, the engine mounted in front of the vehicle will offer some protection from main guns on tanks by absorbing spalling, saving crew members and preventing ammo detonations. Getting your gunner shot out is common, however, the breach of the autocannon is very small and therefore does not generally get knocked out. The vehicle does not often hull break although losing too many crew members is common, as there are only 3 in the tank.
 
Armour protection of the Bradley CFV (Cavalry Fighting Vehicle) is relatively weak, it does offer protection from machine guns and some lower penetrating autocannon fire from the front, but most autocannons will easily penetrate the sides of the vehicle damaging components, crew and often detonating ammo stored in the rear of the vehicle. As aside, the engine mounted in front of the vehicle will offer some protection from main guns on tanks by absorbing spalling, saving crew members and preventing ammo detonations. Getting your gunner shot out is common, however, the breach of the autocannon is very small and therefore does not generally get knocked out. The vehicle does not often hull break although losing too many crew members is common, as there are only 3 in the tank.
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<!-- ''Write about the mobility of the ground vehicle. Estimate the specific power and manoeuvrability, as well as the maximum speed forwards and backwards.'' -->
 
<!-- ''Write about the mobility of the ground vehicle. Estimate the specific power and manoeuvrability, as well as the maximum speed forwards and backwards.'' -->
  
{{tankMobility|abMinHp= 786|rbMinHp= 448|<!--AoAweight=(optional) -->}}
+
{{tankMobility|abMinHp=786|rbMinHp=448}}
  
 
The {{PAGENAME}} has a maximum speed forward of 66 km/h or 49 km/h in battlefield conditions as well as -12 km/h in reverse. The transmission features 6 forward gears, 2 reverse as well as neutral steering. The vehicle is quite nimble and really only struggles to neutral steer in thick mud. Its lightweight allows it to traverse steep inclines with ease. It should be noted that the vehicles TOW missile launcher will automatically retract when the vehicle reaches speeds in excess of 10km/h.
 
The {{PAGENAME}} has a maximum speed forward of 66 km/h or 49 km/h in battlefield conditions as well as -12 km/h in reverse. The transmission features 6 forward gears, 2 reverse as well as neutral steering. The vehicle is quite nimble and really only struggles to neutral steer in thick mud. Its lightweight allows it to traverse steep inclines with ease. It should be noted that the vehicles TOW missile launcher will automatically retract when the vehicle reaches speeds in excess of 10km/h.
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== Armaments ==
 
== Armaments ==
 
=== Main armament ===
 
=== Main armament ===
<!--''Give the reader information about the characteristics of the main gun. Assess its effectiveness in a battle based on the reloading speed, ballistics and the power of shells. Do not forget about the flexibility of the fire, that is how quickly the cannon can be aimed at the target, open fire on it and aim at another enemy. Add a link to the main article on the gun: <code><nowiki>{{main|Name of the weapon}}</nowiki></code>. Describe in general terms the ammunition available for the main gun. Give advice on how to use them and how to fill the ammunition storage.''-->
+
<!-- ''Give the reader information about the characteristics of the main gun. Assess its effectiveness in a battle based on the reloading speed, ballistics and the power of shells. Do not forget about the flexibility of the fire, that is how quickly the cannon can be aimed at the target, open fire on it and aim at another enemy. Add a link to the main article on the gun: <code><nowiki>{{main|Name of the weapon}}</nowiki></code>. Describe in general terms the ammunition available for the main gun. Give advice on how to use them and how to fill the ammunition storage.'' -->
 
{{main|M242 (25 mm)}}
 
{{main|M242 (25 mm)}}
  
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:center"
+
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:center" width="100%"
 +
|-
 +
! colspan="6" | [[M242 (25 mm)|25 mm M242]] || colspan="5" | Turret rotation speed (°/s) || colspan="4" | Reloading rate (seconds)
 +
|-
 +
! Mode !! Capacity (Belt) !! Fire rate !! Vertical !! Horizontal !! Stabilizer
 +
! Stock !! Upgraded !! Full !! Expert !! Aced
 +
! Stock !! Full !! Expert !! Aced
 
|-
 
|-
! colspan="6" | [[M242 (25 mm)|25 mm M242]]
+
! ''Arcade''
 +
| rowspan="2" | 1500 (300) || rowspan="2" | 201 || rowspan="2" | -9°/+59° || rowspan="2" | ±180° || rowspan="2" | Two-plane || 57.1 || 78.83 || 96 || 106.16 || 112.94 || rowspan="2" | 0.26 || rowspan="2" | 0.23 || rowspan="2" | 0.21 || rowspan="2" | 0.20
 
|-
 
|-
! colspan="2" rowspan="1" style="width:5em" |Capacity (Belt capacity each)
+
! ''Realistic''
! rowspan="1" | Fire rate <br> (shots/minute)
+
| 35.70 || 42.13 || 51 || 56.4 || 60
! rowspan="1" | Vertical <br> guidance
 
! rowspan="1" | Horizontal <br> guidance
 
! rowspan="1" | Stabilizer
 
 
|-
 
|-
| colspan="2" | 900 (300) || 201 || -9°/+59° || ±180° || Two-plane
+
|}
 +
 
 +
==== Ammunition ====
 +
 
 +
* '''Default:''' {{Annotation|HEI-T|High-explosive incendiary tracer}}{{-}}{{Annotation|APDS|Armour-piercing discarding sabot}}
 +
* '''M792:''' {{Annotation|HEI-T|High-explosive incendiary tracer}}{{-}}{{Annotation|HEI-T|High-explosive incendiary tracer}}{{-}}{{Annotation|HEI-T|High-explosive incendiary tracer}}{{-}}{{Annotation|APDS|Armour-piercing discarding sabot}}
 +
* '''M791:''' {{Annotation|APDS|Armour-piercing discarding sabot}}{{-}}{{Annotation|APDS|Armour-piercing discarding sabot}}{{-}}{{Annotation|APDS|Armour-piercing discarding sabot}}{{-}}{{Annotation|HEI-T|High-explosive incendiary tracer}}
 +
 
 +
{| class="wikitable sortable" style="text-align:center" width="100%"
 +
! colspan="7" | Penetration statistics
 +
|-
 +
! rowspan="2" data-sort-type="text" | Ammunition
 +
! colspan="6" | '''Penetration @ 0° Angle of Attack (mm)'''
 
|-
 
|-
! colspan="6" | Turret rotation speed (°/s)
+
! 10 m !! 100 m !! 500 m !! 1,000 m !! 1,500 m !! 2,000 m
 
|-
 
|-
! style="width:4em" |Mode
+
| Default || 81 || 80 || 76 || 70 || 66 || 61
! style="width:4em" |Stock
 
! style="width:4em" |Upgraded
 
! style="width:4em" |Prior + Full crew
 
! style="width:4em" |Prior + Expert qualif.
 
! style="width:4em" |Prior + Ace qualif.
 
 
|-
 
|-
| ''Arcade'' || 57.1 || __.__ || __.__ || __.__ || __.__
+
| M791 || 81 || 80 || 76 || 70 || 66 || 61
 
|-
 
|-
| ''Realistic'' || 35.7 || __.__ || __.__ || __.__ || __.__
+
| M792 || 81 || 80 || 76 || 70 || 66 || 61
 
|-
 
|-
! colspan="4" | Reloading rate (seconds)
+
|}
 +
 
 +
==== [[Ammo racks]] ====
 +
[[File:Ammoracks_{{PAGENAME}}.png|right|thumb|x250px|[[Ammo racks]] of the {{PAGENAME}}. Racks outlined in red are 25 mm clips]]
 +
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:center"
 
|-
 
|-
! colspan="1" style="width:4em" |Stock
+
! Full<br>ammo
! colspan="1" style="width:4em" |Prior + Full crew
+
! 1st<br>rack empty
! colspan="1" style="width:4em" |Prior + Expert qualif.
+
! 2nd<br>rack empty
! colspan="1" style="width:4em" |Prior + Ace qualif.
+
! 3rd<br>rack empty
 +
! 4th<br>rack empty
 +
! Visual<br>discrepancy
 
|-
 
|-
| 0.3 || __.__ || __.__ || __.__
+
| '''5''' || 4&nbsp;''(+1)'' || 3&nbsp;''(+2)'' || 2&nbsp;''(+3)'' || 1&nbsp;''(+4)'' || No
 
|-
 
|-
 
|}
 
|}
  
===== Ammunition =====
+
=== Additional armament ===
{| class="wikitable sortable" style="text-align:center" width="100%"
+
<!-- ''Some tanks are armed with several guns in one or more turrets. Evaluate the additional weaponry and give advice on its use. Describe the ammunition available for additional weaponry. Give advice on about how to use them and how to fill the ammunition storage. If there is no additional weaponry remove this subsection.'' -->
 +
{{main|BGM-71B TOW}}
 +
 
 +
The M3 Bradley comes equipped with a BGM-71B TOW ATGM launcher. The launcher contains two TOW missiles, which can be fired one after another in quick succession. Then, they are reloaded. Before you can fire, though, you have to be either stopped or moving at very low speeds, around 5 km/h. At higher speeds, the launcher folds up against the turret. When you stop, it takes time for the launcher to unfold before you can fire. This is where cruise control can be important. The first cruise control setting for forward and reverse speed is the "battle" setting. This controls the speed of the vehicle to where it is slow enough that you can fire the TOW missiles on the move. As before stated, this speed is very low, only about 10 km/h, so you should probably not drive in this mode of cruise control for the whole battle.
 +
 
 +
==== Ammunition ====
 +
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:center" width="100%"
 
! colspan="8" | Penetration statistics
 
! colspan="8" | Penetration statistics
 
|-
 
|-
 
! rowspan="2" data-sort-type="text" | Ammunition
 
! rowspan="2" data-sort-type="text" | Ammunition
! rowspan="2" class="unsortable" | Type of <br /> warhead
+
! rowspan="2" | Type of<br>warhead
! colspan="6" | '''Penetration''' '''''in mm''''' '''@ 0° Angle of Attack'''
+
! colspan="6" | '''Penetration @ 0° Angle of Attack (mm)'''
 
|-
 
|-
! 10m
+
! 10 m !! 100 m !! 500 m !! 1,000 m !! 1,500 m !! 2,000 m
! 100m
 
! 500m
 
! 1000m
 
! 1500m
 
! 2000m
 
 
|-
 
|-
| M791 || APDS || 81 || 80 || 76 || 70 || 66 || 61
+
| TOW || ATGM || 430 || 430 || 430 || 430 || 430 || 430
 
|-
 
|-
| M792 || HEI-T* || 2 || 2 || 2 || 1 || 1 || 1
 
|-
 
 
|}
 
|}
{| class="wikitable sortable" style="text-align:center" width="100%"
+
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:center" width="100%"
! colspan="11" | Shell details
+
! colspan="10" | Shell details
 
|-
 
|-
 
! rowspan="2" data-sort-type="text" | Ammunition
 
! rowspan="2" data-sort-type="text" | Ammunition
! rowspan="2" class="unsortable" | Type of <br /> warhead
+
! rowspan="2" | Type of<br>warhead
! rowspan="2" |Velocity <br /> in m/s
+
! rowspan="2" | Velocity<br>(m/s)
! rowspan="2" |Projectile<br />Mass in kg
+
! rowspan="2" | Projectile<br>Mass (kg)
! rowspan="2" | ''Fuse delay''
+
! rowspan="2" | Fuse delay<br>(m)
''in m:''
+
! rowspan="2" | Fuse sensitivity<br>(mm)
! rowspan="2" | ''Fuse sensitivity''
+
! rowspan="2" | Explosive Mass<br>(TNT equivalent) (g)
''in mm:''
+
! colspan="3" | Ricochet
! rowspan="2" | ''Explosive Mass in g<br /> (TNT equivalent):''
 
! rowspan="2" | ''Normalization At 30° <br> from horizontal:''
 
! colspan="3" | ''Ricochet:''
 
 
|-
 
|-
! 0%
+
! 0% !! 50% !! 100%
! 50%
 
! 100%
 
 
|-
 
|-
| M791 || APDS || 1,345 || 0.46 || N/A || N/A || N/A || +1.5° || 75° || 78° || 80°
+
| TOW || ATGM || 299 || 18.8 || N/A || 0.1 || 2,450 || 80° || 82° || 90°
|-
 
| M792 || HEI-T*|| 1,100 || 0.50 || 0.4 || 0.1 || 32 || +0° || 79° || 80° || 81°
 
 
|-
 
|-
 
|}
 
|}
  
=== Additional armament ===
+
==== [[Ammo racks]] ====
<!--''Some tanks are armed with several guns in one or more turrets. Evaluate the additional weaponry and give advice on its use. Describe the ammunition available for additional weaponry. Give advice on how to use them and how to fill the ammunition storage. If there is no additional weaponry remove this subsection.''-->
+
[[File:Ammoracks_{{PAGENAME}}.png|right|thumb|x250px|[[Ammo racks]] of the {{PAGENAME}}. Racks outlined in green are ATGMs.]]
The M3 Bradley comes equipped with a BGM-71B TOW ATGM launcher. The launcher contains two TOW missiles, which can be fired one after another in quick succession. Then, they are reloaded. Before you can fire, though, you have to be either stopped or moving at very low speeds, around 10kph. At higher speeds, the launcher folds up against the turret. When you stop, it takes time for the launcher to unfold before you can fire. This is where cruise control can be important. The first cruise control setting for forward and reverse speed is the "battle" setting. This controls the speed of the vehicle to where it is slow enough that you can fire the TOW missiles on the move. As before stated, this speed is very low, only about 10kph, so you should probably not drive in this mode of cruise control for the whole battle.
+
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:center"
 
 
{| class="wikitable sortable"
 
! colspan="8" |Penetration statistics
 
 
|-
 
|-
! rowspan="2" |Ammunition
+
! Full<br>ammo
! rowspan="2" |Type of
+
! 1st<br>rack empty
 
+
! 2nd<br>rack empty
warhead
+
! 3rd<br>rack empty
! colspan="6" |'''Penetration''' '''''in mm''''' '''@ 0° Angle of Attack'''
+
! 4th<br>rack empty
 +
! 5th<br>rack empty
 +
! Visual<br>discrepancy
 
|-
 
|-
!10m
+
| '''12''' || 10&nbsp;''(+2)'' || 8&nbsp;''(+4)'' || 6&nbsp;''(+6)'' || 4&nbsp;''(+8)'' || 2&nbsp;''(+10)'' || Yes
!100m
 
!500m
 
!1000m
 
!1500m
 
!2000m
 
 
|-
 
|-
|TOW
 
|ATGM
 
|430
 
|430
 
|430
 
|430
 
|430
 
|430
 
|}
 
{| class="wikitable sortable" style="text-align:center" width="100%"
 
! colspan="11" | Shell details
 
|-
 
! rowspan="2" data-sort-type="text" | Ammunition
 
! rowspan="2" class="unsortable" | Type of <br /> warhead
 
! rowspan="2" |Velocity <br /> in m/s
 
! rowspan="2" |Projectile<br />Mass in kg
 
! rowspan="2" | ''Fuse delay''
 
''in m:''
 
! rowspan="2" | ''Fuse sensitivity''
 
''in mm:''
 
! rowspan="2" | ''Explosive Mass in g<br /> (TNT equivalent):''
 
! rowspan="2" | ''Normalization At 30° <br> from horizontal:''
 
! colspan="3" | ''Ricochet:''
 
|-
 
! 0%
 
! 50%
 
! 100%
 
|-
 
|TOW||ATGM||299||18.8|| N/A ||.1||2.45||N/A||80°||82°|| 90°
 
 
|}
 
|}
 +
 
=== Machine guns ===
 
=== Machine guns ===
<!--''Offensive and anti-aircraft machine guns not only allow you to fight some aircraft but also are effective against lightly armoured vehicles. Evaluate machine guns and give recommendations on its use.''-->
+
<!-- ''Offensive and anti-aircraft machine guns not only allow you to fight some aircraft but also are effective against lightly armoured vehicles. Evaluate machine guns and give recommendations on its use.'' -->
 
{{main|M240 (7.62 mm)}}
 
{{main|M240 (7.62 mm)}}
  
 
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:center"
 
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:center"
 
|-
 
|-
! colspan="7" | [[M240 (7.62 mm)|7.62 mm M240]]
+
! colspan="5" | [[M240 (7.62 mm)|7.62 mm M240]]
 
|-
 
|-
! colspan="7" | ''Coaxial mount''
+
! Mount
 +
! Capacity<br>(Belt capacity)
 +
! Rate of fire<br>(shots/minute)
 +
! Vertical<br>guidance
 +
! Horizontal<br>guidance
 
|-
 
|-
! colspan="4" rowspan="1" style="width:5em" |Capacity (Belt capacity)
+
| Coaxial || 4,400 (200) || 750 || N/A || N/A
! rowspan="1" | Fire rate <br> (shots/minute)
 
! rowspan="1" | Vertical <br> guidance
 
! rowspan="1" | Horizontal <br> guidance
 
|-
 
| colspan="4" | 4,400 (200) || 750 || N/A || N/A
 
 
|-
 
|-
 
|}
 
|}
 +
 
== Usage in battles ==
 
== Usage in battles ==
<!--''Describe the tactics of playing in the vehicle, the features of using vehicles in the team and advice on tactics. Refrain from creating a "guide" - do not impose a single point of view but give the reader food for thought. Describe the most dangerous enemies and give recommendations on fighting them. If necessary, note the specifics of the game in different modes (AB, RB, SB).''-->
+
<!-- ''Describe the tactics of playing in the vehicle, the features of using vehicles in the team and advice on tactics. Refrain from creating a "guide" - do not impose a single point of view but instead give the reader food for thought. Describe the most dangerous enemies and give recommendations on fighting them. If necessary, note the specifics of the game in different modes (AB, RB, SB).'' -->
 
One way the Bradley can be played is as an ambush vehicle. Find a good location where you have sufficient protective cover to secure your position, but where you can see at least one lane of attack that the enemy is likely to use. Since you will be sitting still, your TOW launcher will be deployed, and you can fire TOW missiles whenever you need to. The best way to use the TOW missiles is to hit the enemy in the side. Two TOW missiles to the side should almost always kill a tank if well aimed.
 
One way the Bradley can be played is as an ambush vehicle. Find a good location where you have sufficient protective cover to secure your position, but where you can see at least one lane of attack that the enemy is likely to use. Since you will be sitting still, your TOW launcher will be deployed, and you can fire TOW missiles whenever you need to. The best way to use the TOW missiles is to hit the enemy in the side. Two TOW missiles to the side should almost always kill a tank if well aimed.
  
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One last note: the TOW missiles should be your primary weapon, not your autocannon. Firing the autocannon will likely give away your position instantly, so unless you have already been seen, or if you know you can kill the target quickly, do not use the autocannon. The autocannon can not effectively destroy tanks but is mostly just effective against SPAA's and light tanks. Those targets can also kill you very easily though, so it is almost always better to use the TOW missiles, in order to destroy the enemy tank quickly and efficiently. On the other hand, if an enemy tank is at close range, and has spotted you, you can often use the autocannon to damage or destroy their gun barrel with multiple, well-aimed, shots, to by yourself more time.
 
One last note: the TOW missiles should be your primary weapon, not your autocannon. Firing the autocannon will likely give away your position instantly, so unless you have already been seen, or if you know you can kill the target quickly, do not use the autocannon. The autocannon can not effectively destroy tanks but is mostly just effective against SPAA's and light tanks. Those targets can also kill you very easily though, so it is almost always better to use the TOW missiles, in order to destroy the enemy tank quickly and efficiently. On the other hand, if an enemy tank is at close range, and has spotted you, you can often use the autocannon to damage or destroy their gun barrel with multiple, well-aimed, shots, to by yourself more time.
 +
 +
=== Modules ===
 +
{| class="wikitable"
 +
! Tier
 +
! colspan="2" | Mobility
 +
! Protection
 +
! colspan="3" | Firepower
 +
|-
 +
| I
 +
| Tracks
 +
|
 +
| Parts
 +
| M792
 +
| Horizontal Drive
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
| II
 +
| Suspension
 +
| Brake System
 +
| FPE
 +
|
 +
| Adjustment of Fire
 +
| Airstrike
 +
|-
 +
| III
 +
| Filters
 +
|
 +
| Crew Replenishment
 +
| M791
 +
| Elevation Mechanism
 +
| Smoke grenade
 +
|-
 +
| IV
 +
| Transmission
 +
| Engine
 +
| ESS
 +
| Artillery Support
 +
| Improved optics
 +
| NVD
 +
|-
 +
|}
  
 
=== Pros and cons ===
 
=== Pros and cons ===
<!--''Summarize and briefly evaluate the vehicle in terms of its characteristics and combat effectiveness. Mark its pros and cons in a bulleted list. Try not to use more than 6 points for each of the characteristics. Avoid using categorical definitions such as "bad", "good" and the like - they have a substitution in the form of softer "inadequate", "effective".''-->
+
<!-- ''Summarise and briefly evaluate the vehicle in terms of its characteristics and combat effectiveness. Mark its pros and cons in a bulleted list. Try not to use more than 6 points for each of the characteristics. Avoid using categorical definitions such as "bad", "good" and the like - use substitutions with softer forms such as "inadequate" and "effective".'' -->
 +
 
 
'''Pros:'''
 
'''Pros:'''
  
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* Massive radiator makes tank hull semi-invulnerable to APHE from the right side, can even survive 3 direct hits from the [[Maus]] if lucky enough
 
* Massive radiator makes tank hull semi-invulnerable to APHE from the right side, can even survive 3 direct hits from the [[Maus]] if lucky enough
 
* Outclasses stock 35 mm autocannon tanks which use API or APHE as long as long-range (about 1.1 km) and moderate front armour angle is kept, can even sustain low calibre APDS and HVAP hits from spaded light tanks if it has the high ground
 
* Outclasses stock 35 mm autocannon tanks which use API or APHE as long as long-range (about 1.1 km) and moderate front armour angle is kept, can even sustain low calibre APDS and HVAP hits from spaded light tanks if it has the high ground
* Can fire missiles at "combat" cruise control, albeit only at about 9 km/h (can be considered as a downgrade after [[M551]], but it's still better than most light tanks)
+
* Can fire missiles at "combat" cruise control, albeit only at about 5 km/h (can be considered as a downgrade after [[M551]], but it's still better than most light tanks)
 
* 25mm autocannon can easily tear through lightly armoured SPAAs
 
* 25mm autocannon can easily tear through lightly armoured SPAAs
* TOW missiles capable of penetrating many tanks of it's BR from the front with ease
+
* TOW missiles capable of penetrating many tanks from the front with ease
 +
* Fast turret traverse + stabilizer = Easy to deal with air targets while moving
 +
* Slow ATGM allows for easier aiming onto target
 +
* Has access to NVD + Thermal sight, which is an absolute advantage against its opponents
  
 
'''Cons:'''
 
'''Cons:'''
  
 
* Additional side armour plates and turret frontal slope protect against 12.7 machine guns, but will always set off APHE, so caution is required
 
* Additional side armour plates and turret frontal slope protect against 12.7 machine guns, but will always set off APHE, so caution is required
* M242 cannon has a low rate of fire compared to the M242 used on the ADATS
+
* M242 cannon has a lower rate of fire compared to the M242 used on the ADATS
 
* Not entirety of the sides of the hull are protected from machine guns and autocannons, the missile ammo rack in the back and ventilation are vulnerable, turret ring can be exploited by high fire rate autocannons
 
* Not entirety of the sides of the hull are protected from machine guns and autocannons, the missile ammo rack in the back and ventilation are vulnerable, turret ring can be exploited by high fire rate autocannons
 
* Relatively slow
 
* Relatively slow
 
* A rather tall and large target, meaning it is very easy to spot
 
* A rather tall and large target, meaning it is very easy to spot
* Quick firing SPAA's can kill you very quickly
+
* Quick firing SPAA's can destroy the Bradley quickly
 
* Engine, transmission and driver at front of the vehicle are very prone to damage, although it is better to lose them, than the entire tank
 
* Engine, transmission and driver at front of the vehicle are very prone to damage, although it is better to lose them, than the entire tank
 
* TOW missiles have trouble penetrating later Russian tanks from the front
 
* TOW missiles have trouble penetrating later Russian tanks from the front
 +
* ATGM is slow and may allow enemies to go into cover before it hits them
 
* Air exhaust near the turret blocks the gunner's thermal sight
 
* Air exhaust near the turret blocks the gunner's thermal sight
 +
* Thermal sight has low resolution and overall quality is low
 
* Like other turbine engines, the engine on the Bradley is loud and makes flanking hard sometimes.
 
* Like other turbine engines, the engine on the Bradley is loud and makes flanking hard sometimes.
  
 
== History ==
 
== History ==
<!--''Describe the history of the creation and combat usage of the ground vehicle in more detail than in the introduction. If the historical reference turns out to be too big, take it to a separate article, taking a link to an article about the vehicle and adding a block "/ History" (example: <nowiki>https://wiki.warthunder.com/(Vehicle-name)/History</nowiki>) and add a link to it here using the <code>main</code> template. Be sure to reference text and sources by using <code><nowiki><ref></nowiki></code>, as well as adding them at the end of the article.''-->
+
<!-- ''Describe the history of the creation and combat usage of the vehicle in more detail than in the introduction. If the historical reference turns out to be too long, take it to a separate article, taking a link to the article about the vehicle and adding a block "/History" (example: <nowiki>https://wiki.warthunder.com/(Vehicle-name)/History</nowiki>) and add a link to it here using the <code>main</code> template. Be sure to reference text and sources by using <code><nowiki><ref></ref></nowiki></code>, as well as adding them at the end of the article with <code><nowiki><references /></nowiki></code>. This section may also include the vehicle's dev blog entry (if applicable) and the in-game encyclopedia description (under <code><nowiki>=== In-game description ===</nowiki></code>, also if applicable).'' -->
Development of the Bradley began in the late 1950s when the U.S. Army began seeking a replacement for the ageing M113 APC. However, despite beginning development relatively early, the successor to the M113 wouldn’t enter service with the Army in the following two decades.
+
Development of the Bradley began in the late 1950s when the U.S. Army began seeking a replacement for the ageing M113 APC. However, despite beginning development relatively early, the successor to the M113 wouldn't enter service with the Army in the following two decades.
  
 
The reason behind this was the constantly changing specifications, requirements and doctrines around which the new vehicle would be designed. The constantly changing requirements, on the other hand, were driven by various technical and political problems arising during development.
 
The reason behind this was the constantly changing specifications, requirements and doctrines around which the new vehicle would be designed. The constantly changing requirements, on the other hand, were driven by various technical and political problems arising during development.
Line 227: Line 250:
 
The Bradley entered service with the U.S. Army in 1981 and saw extensive combat use during the Gulf War as well as subsequent conflicts. Despite several (unsuccessful) efforts being made to replace the Bradley with a newer design, the vehicle still remains in active service with U.S. armed forces today, with over 6,500 units produced.
 
The Bradley entered service with the U.S. Army in 1981 and saw extensive combat use during the Gulf War as well as subsequent conflicts. Despite several (unsuccessful) efforts being made to replace the Bradley with a newer design, the vehicle still remains in active service with U.S. armed forces today, with over 6,500 units produced.
  
''- From [https://warthunder.com/en/news/5919-development-m3-bradley-the-modern-workhorse-en Devblog]''
+
''- From [[wt:en/news/5919-development-m3-bradley-the-modern-workhorse-en|Devblog]]''
  
 
== Media ==
 
== Media ==
<!--''An excellent addition to the article will be video guides, as well as screenshots from the game and photos.''-->
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<!-- ''Excellent additions to the article would be video guides, screenshots from the game, and photos.'' -->
[https://live.warthunder.com/feed/camouflages/?vehicleCountry=usa&vehicleType=tank&vehicleClass=light_tank&vehicle=us_m3_bradley '''Skins''' and '''camouflages''' for the M3 Bradley from live.warthunder.com.]
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 +
;Skins
 +
 
 +
*[https://live.warthunder.com/feed/camouflages/?vehicleCountry=usa&vehicleType=tank&vehicleClass=light_tank&vehicle=us_m3_bradley '''Skins''' and '''camouflages''' for the M3 Bradley from live.warthunder.com.]
  
 
;Videos
 
;Videos
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== External links ==
 
== External links ==
<!--''Paste links to sources and external resources, such as:''
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<!-- ''Paste links to sources and external resources, such as:''
 
* ''topic on the official game forum;''
 
* ''topic on the official game forum;''
* ''encyclopedia page on tank;''
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* ''encyclopedia page on the tank;''
* ''other literature.''-->
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* ''other literature.'' -->
  
* [https://warthunder.com/en/news/5919-development-m3-bradley-the-modern-workhorse-en [Devblog<nowiki>]</nowiki> M3 Bradley: The Modern Workhorse]
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* [[wt:en/news/5919-development-m3-bradley-the-modern-workhorse-en|[Devblog] M3 Bradley: The Modern Workhorse]]
  
 
{{USA light tanks}}
 
{{USA light tanks}}
  
 
[[Category:ATGM vehicles]]
 
[[Category:ATGM vehicles]]

Latest revision as of 11:42, 31 May 2020

Rank 2, Sweden
"The Swedish revolver": SAV 20.12.48
Fighting Vehicle, Cavalry, M3
us_m3_bradley.png
AB
RB
SB
General characteristics
Brief
Detailed
8.0/8.0/8.0BR
3 peopleCrew
117 %Visibility
front / side / backArmour
38 / 44 / 44Hull
25 / 25 / 25Turret
Mobility
22.7 tWeight
967 hp507 hpEngine power
43 hp/t22 hp/tPower-to-weight ratio
73 km/h forward
14 km/h back
65 km/h forward
12 km/h back
Speed
Armament
BGM-71A TOW ATGMRocket
12 roundsAmmunition
2 roundsBelt capacity
120 shots/minFire rate
-19° / 29°Vertical guidance
up to 12 km/hFire on the move
25 mm M242 cannonMain weapon
1 500 roundsAmmunition
0.2 / 0.3 sReload
300 roundsBelt capacity
201 shots/minFire rate
-9° / 59°Vertical guidance
two-planeStabilizer
4 400 roundsAmmunition
8.0 / 10.4 sReload
200 roundsBelt capacity
750 shots/minFire rate
Economy
250 000 Rp icon.pngResearch
690 000 Sl icon.pngPurchase
Sl icon.png3 500 / 5 862/1 530 / 2 562/1 900 / 3 182Repair
200 000 Sl icon.pngCrew training
690 000 Sl icon.pngExperts
2 100 Ge icon.pngAces
226 % Rp icon.pngReward for battle
140 % Sl icon.png120 % Sl icon.png100 % Sl icon.png
This page is about the light tank M3 Bradley. For other uses, see M3 (Disambiguation).

Description

GarageImage M3 Bradley.jpg


The Fighting Vehicle, Cavalry, M3, or M3 Bradley, is a rank VI American light tank with a battle rating of 8.0 (AB/RB/SB). It was introduced in Update 1.85 "Supersonic".

General info

Survivability and armour

Armour protection of the Bradley CFV (Cavalry Fighting Vehicle) is relatively weak, it does offer protection from machine guns and some lower penetrating autocannon fire from the front, but most autocannons will easily penetrate the sides of the vehicle damaging components, crew and often detonating ammo stored in the rear of the vehicle. As aside, the engine mounted in front of the vehicle will offer some protection from main guns on tanks by absorbing spalling, saving crew members and preventing ammo detonations. Getting your gunner shot out is common, however, the breach of the autocannon is very small and therefore does not generally get knocked out. The vehicle does not often hull break although losing too many crew members is common, as there are only 3 in the tank.

Mobility

Game Mode Max Speed (km/h) Weight (tons) Engine power (horsepower) Power-to-weight ratio (hp/ton)
Forward Reverse Stock Upgraded Stock Upgraded
Arcade 73 14 22.7 786 967 34.63 42.6
Realistic 65 12 448 507 19.74 22.33

The M3 Bradley has a maximum speed forward of 66 km/h or 49 km/h in battlefield conditions as well as -12 km/h in reverse. The transmission features 6 forward gears, 2 reverse as well as neutral steering. The vehicle is quite nimble and really only struggles to neutral steer in thick mud. Its lightweight allows it to traverse steep inclines with ease. It should be noted that the vehicles TOW missile launcher will automatically retract when the vehicle reaches speeds in excess of 10km/h.

Armaments

Main armament

Main article: M242 (25 mm)
25 mm M242 Turret rotation speed (°/s) Reloading rate (seconds)
Mode Capacity (Belt) Fire rate Vertical Horizontal Stabilizer Stock Upgraded Full Expert Aced Stock Full Expert Aced
Arcade 1500 (300) 201 -9°/+59° ±180° Two-plane 57.1 78.83 96 106.16 112.94 0.26 0.23 0.21 0.20
Realistic 35.70 42.13 51 56.4 60

Ammunition

  • Default: HEI-T · APDS
  • M792: HEI-T · HEI-T · HEI-T · APDS
  • M791: APDS · APDS · APDS · HEI-T
Penetration statistics
Ammunition Penetration @ 0° Angle of Attack (mm)
10 m 100 m 500 m 1,000 m 1,500 m 2,000 m
Default 81 80 76 70 66 61
M791 81 80 76 70 66 61
M792 81 80 76 70 66 61

Ammo racks

Ammo racks of the M3 Bradley. Racks outlined in red are 25 mm clips
Full
ammo
1st
rack empty
2nd
rack empty
3rd
rack empty
4th
rack empty
Visual
discrepancy
5 (+1) (+2) (+3) (+4) No

Additional armament

Main article: BGM-71B TOW

The M3 Bradley comes equipped with a BGM-71B TOW ATGM launcher. The launcher contains two TOW missiles, which can be fired one after another in quick succession. Then, they are reloaded. Before you can fire, though, you have to be either stopped or moving at very low speeds, around 5 km/h. At higher speeds, the launcher folds up against the turret. When you stop, it takes time for the launcher to unfold before you can fire. This is where cruise control can be important. The first cruise control setting for forward and reverse speed is the "battle" setting. This controls the speed of the vehicle to where it is slow enough that you can fire the TOW missiles on the move. As before stated, this speed is very low, only about 10 km/h, so you should probably not drive in this mode of cruise control for the whole battle.

Ammunition

Penetration statistics
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Penetration @ 0° Angle of Attack (mm)
10 m 100 m 500 m 1,000 m 1,500 m 2,000 m
TOW ATGM 430 430 430 430 430 430
Shell details
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Velocity
(m/s)
Projectile
Mass (kg)
Fuse delay
(m)
Fuse sensitivity
(mm)
Explosive Mass
(TNT equivalent) (g)
Ricochet
0% 50% 100%
TOW ATGM 299 18.8 N/A 0.1 2,450 80° 82° 90°

Ammo racks

Ammo racks of the M3 Bradley. Racks outlined in green are ATGMs.
Full
ammo
1st
rack empty
2nd
rack empty
3rd
rack empty
4th
rack empty
5th
rack empty
Visual
discrepancy
12 10 (+2) (+4) (+6) (+8) (+10) Yes

Machine guns

Main article: M240 (7.62 mm)
7.62 mm M240
Mount Capacity
(Belt capacity)
Rate of fire
(shots/minute)
Vertical
guidance
Horizontal
guidance
Coaxial 4,400 (200) 750 N/A N/A

Usage in battles

One way the Bradley can be played is as an ambush vehicle. Find a good location where you have sufficient protective cover to secure your position, but where you can see at least one lane of attack that the enemy is likely to use. Since you will be sitting still, your TOW launcher will be deployed, and you can fire TOW missiles whenever you need to. The best way to use the TOW missiles is to hit the enemy in the side. Two TOW missiles to the side should almost always kill a tank if well aimed.

Another way to use the Bradley is to get hull down, at long range and use the TOW launcher to deadly effect. Since you do not have to calculate for drop for ATGMs, you should be able to reliably hit your target and do major damage. Because you are firing at such long-range, it is likely the enemy will not spot you in time to shoot at you, or they will miss at least their first shot.

The Bradley can also be used effectively in urban combat. If you pick a side street to set up, when the enemy goes past, hopefully without seeing you, you will be able to hit them in the side with the TOW launcher.

In arcade mode, the Bradley can be used very effectively as an anti-aircraft vehicle. Since in arcade you get a lead indicator, you should be able to accurately hit planes and helicopters. When using the HEI-T* ammunition one to two hits is usually fatal for an aircraft. TOW missiles can be used to great effect against helicopters as well, but it is probably smarter to save the ATGMs for ground targets. Also, it can be hard to hit a moving helicopter with an ATGM for someone who's inexperienced with ATGMs.

One last note: the TOW missiles should be your primary weapon, not your autocannon. Firing the autocannon will likely give away your position instantly, so unless you have already been seen, or if you know you can kill the target quickly, do not use the autocannon. The autocannon can not effectively destroy tanks but is mostly just effective against SPAA's and light tanks. Those targets can also kill you very easily though, so it is almost always better to use the TOW missiles, in order to destroy the enemy tank quickly and efficiently. On the other hand, if an enemy tank is at close range, and has spotted you, you can often use the autocannon to damage or destroy their gun barrel with multiple, well-aimed, shots, to by yourself more time.

Modules

Tier Mobility Protection Firepower
I Tracks Parts M792 Horizontal Drive
II Suspension Brake System FPE Adjustment of Fire Airstrike
III Filters Crew Replenishment M791 Elevation Mechanism Smoke grenade
IV Transmission Engine ESS Artillery Support Improved optics NVD

Pros and cons

Pros:

  • Excels at urban combat, as the gun can be effective when engaging MBTs, except for the Russian MBTs
  • Low repair and ammo costs
  • Massive radiator makes tank hull semi-invulnerable to APHE from the right side, can even survive 3 direct hits from the Maus if lucky enough
  • Outclasses stock 35 mm autocannon tanks which use API or APHE as long as long-range (about 1.1 km) and moderate front armour angle is kept, can even sustain low calibre APDS and HVAP hits from spaded light tanks if it has the high ground
  • Can fire missiles at "combat" cruise control, albeit only at about 5 km/h (can be considered as a downgrade after M551, but it's still better than most light tanks)
  • 25mm autocannon can easily tear through lightly armoured SPAAs
  • TOW missiles capable of penetrating many tanks from the front with ease
  • Fast turret traverse + stabilizer = Easy to deal with air targets while moving
  • Slow ATGM allows for easier aiming onto target
  • Has access to NVD + Thermal sight, which is an absolute advantage against its opponents

Cons:

  • Additional side armour plates and turret frontal slope protect against 12.7 machine guns, but will always set off APHE, so caution is required
  • M242 cannon has a lower rate of fire compared to the M242 used on the ADATS
  • Not entirety of the sides of the hull are protected from machine guns and autocannons, the missile ammo rack in the back and ventilation are vulnerable, turret ring can be exploited by high fire rate autocannons
  • Relatively slow
  • A rather tall and large target, meaning it is very easy to spot
  • Quick firing SPAA's can destroy the Bradley quickly
  • Engine, transmission and driver at front of the vehicle are very prone to damage, although it is better to lose them, than the entire tank
  • TOW missiles have trouble penetrating later Russian tanks from the front
  • ATGM is slow and may allow enemies to go into cover before it hits them
  • Air exhaust near the turret blocks the gunner's thermal sight
  • Thermal sight has low resolution and overall quality is low
  • Like other turbine engines, the engine on the Bradley is loud and makes flanking hard sometimes.

History

Development of the Bradley began in the late 1950s when the U.S. Army began seeking a replacement for the ageing M113 APC. However, despite beginning development relatively early, the successor to the M113 wouldn't enter service with the Army in the following two decades.

The reason behind this was the constantly changing specifications, requirements and doctrines around which the new vehicle would be designed. The constantly changing requirements, on the other hand, were driven by various technical and political problems arising during development.

Eventually, in 1979, the final design was presented to the Army and production was approved shortly afterwards in 1980. The Bradley, named after WW2 Army General Omar Bradley, was split into two versions, both closely resembling each other, but featuring minor differences and intended for different roles.

While the M2 Bradley was intended as an IFV, capable of transporting and supporting infantry units in combat, the M3 Bradley CFV (Cavalry Fighting Vehicle) is intended to perform scouting and reconnaissance work, ditching its infantry-carrying ability in favour of improved communications systems and increased ammunition capacity.

The Bradley entered service with the U.S. Army in 1981 and saw extensive combat use during the Gulf War as well as subsequent conflicts. Despite several (unsuccessful) efforts being made to replace the Bradley with a newer design, the vehicle still remains in active service with U.S. armed forces today, with over 6,500 units produced.

- From Devblog

Media

Skins
Videos
The Shooting Range #126 - Pages of History section at 05:52 discusses the M3 Bradley.

See also

Links to the articles on the War Thunder Wiki that you think will be useful for the reader, for example:

  • reference to the series of the vehicles;
  • links to approximate analogues of other nations and research trees.

External links


USA light tanks
  M8 · M22 · T18E2
LVT  LVT(A)(1) · LVT(A)(4)
M2  M2A2 · M2A4 · M2A4 (1st Arm.Div.)
Stuart  M3 Stuart · M3A1 Stuart · M3A1 (USMC) · M5A1 · M5A1 (5th arm.div.)
M24  M24 · M24 (TL)
Post-war  M41A1 · T92 · M551 · M3 Bradley · HSTV-L