BV 238

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BV 238
bv-238.png
AB
RB
SB
General characteristics
Brief
Detailed
4.0/3.3/3.7BR
10 peopleCrew
54.0 tEmpty weight
110.0 tTake-off weight
Flight characteristics
9 000 mCeiling
sec35.5/35.5/33.0Turn Time
146 km/hStalling speed
6 х Daimler-Benz DB-603AEngine
RadialType
waterCooling system
Speed of destruction
546 km/hStructural
250 km/hGear
Defensive armament
2 х 20 mm MG 151 cannonTurret
1 400 roundsAmmunition
750 shots/minFire rate
4 х 13 mm MG 131 machine gun3 х Turret
3 600 roundsAmmunition
900 shots/minFire rate
4 х 13 mm MG 131 machine gunTurret
7 200 roundsAmmunition
900 shots/minFire rate
Suspended armament
20 х 250 kg SC250JA bombSetup 1
Economy
1 840 Ge icon.pngPurchase
Sl icon.png6 580/7 300/2 200Repair
10 000 Sl icon.pngCrew training
80 000 Sl icon.pngExperts
320 Ge icon.pngAces
x 2.30 Rp icon.pngReward for battle

Description

GarageImage BV 238.jpg


The BV 238 is a Rank II German heavy bomber with a battle rating of 3.7 (AB), 3.3 (RB), and 4.0 (SB). It was introduced in Update 1.63 "Desert Hunters".

General info

Flight Performance

The BV 238, as expected of an aircraft of its size and class, is a very sluggish plane. With slow acceleration, poor climb rate, agonisingly slow roll rate, a low top speed, and a pitiful turn rate, the BV 238 will not find itself able to out-perform anything it faces. While using combat flaps, the bomber's turn rate does increase significantly, but it will still not be able to out-manoeuvre any plane it finds itself near. The only notably good flight characteristic of the BV 238 is the low stall speed, allowing it to glide long distances at low speeds as well as allowing the plane to enjoy incredibly slow and smooth landings.

Characteristics
Stock
Max Speed
(km/h at ?,000 m)
Max altitude
(meters)
Turn time
(seconds)
Rate of climb
(meters/second)
Take-off run
(meters)
AB RB AB RB AB RB
401 390 9 000 31.4 33.2 1.6 1.6 3000
Upgraded
Max Speed
(km/h at ?,000 m)
Max altitude (meters) Turn time (seconds) Rate of climb
(meters/second)
Take-off run (meters)
AB RB AB RB AB RB
443 421 9 000 28.7 30.0 4.6 3 3000

Details

Features
Combat flap Take-off flap Landing flap Air brakes Arrestor gear
X X
Limits
Wing-break speed
(km/h)
Gear limit
(km/h)
Combat flap
(km/h)
Max Static G
+ -
546 250  ??? ~?? ~?
Optimal velocities
Ailerons
(km/h)
Rudder
(km/h)
Elevators
(km/h)
Radiator
(km/h)
< ??? < ??? < ??? > ???
Compressor (RB/SB)
Setting 1
Optimal altitude 100% Engine power WEP Engine power
 ?,??? m  ??? hp  ?,??? hp

Survivability and armour

  • 5 mm Steel plate behind pilot.

Though the BV 238 almost entire lacks armour, it is a highly survivable plane. Massive areas of empty space within the fuselage as well as the iconic six engines of this behemoth cause the bomber to be an incredibly tough target to take down. With smart use of Manual Engine Controls to disable engines and manipulate radiators, a BV 238 pilot can nurse even a critically damaged bomber several kilometres home safely. Due to the plane's role as a flying boat, the belly of the bomber is unusually durable, and can easily survive landings on land-based runways in spite of the BV 238's lack of a wheeled landing gear.

In terms of crew, the BV 238 houses an impressive ten crew members, with two crew members in the flight deck and five more each manning various gunner positions around the aircraft, and three more miscellaneous crew. This makes the BV 238 very hard to neuter, as the crew members are spaced very far apart, with one gunner on each wing past the third engine, two near the flight deck, and one in the tail of the aircraft, altogether making it nigh-impossible to prevent return fire from the bomber.

Armaments

Suspended armament

Main article: SC250 (250 kg)

The BV 238 can be outfitted with the following ordnance:

  • 20 x 250 kg SC250 bombs

With only one ordnance option, the BV 238 does not spoil the pilot with choices. However, this bombload is exceptional for the BV 238's battle rating, allowing a single bomber to destroy three bombing points with no allied aid. The BV 238's bombload is entirely contained within a bomb bay located within the belly of the aircraft, which must be opened prior to ordnance drop.

Defensive armament

The BV 238 is equipped with an excellent selection of defensive positions. On the roof of the aircraft sits a deadly dual-20 mm turret, containing two MG 151 cannons that are capable of inflicting critical damage to aircraft with few hits. This turret mainly covers the port and starboard sides of the boat, as well as directly in front of the nose, with the BV 238's massive tail section blocking a considerable amount of the turret's rear view. To cover for this blind spot, the BV 238 also has three rear-facing turrets each equipped with quad MG 131 13 mm machine guns, with high fire rates and large ammo counts for sustained fire. As a bonus, the bomber also has an additional quad MG 131 turret within the nose.

Unlike most bombers, and especially unlike those comparable in battle rating to it, the BV 238 is very well defended, which combines with the plane's excellent survivability to make the bomber into an incredible lethal platform, in spite of the plane's extremely poor flight performance. There are very few blind spots not a single gunner can reach, and those that end up on the tail of the BV 238 can potentially end up facing down not only twelve 13 mm machine guns, but also two 20 mm cannons.

Usage in battles

Though slightly unusual in design, the BV 238 is a strategic bomber through and through. It carries a massive bombload allowing the bomber to decimate several bombing points and deliver more ordnance yet to the enemy airfield, has incredible endurance allowing it to stay airborne far longer than most other aircraft could and through far more damage than its contemporaries could bear.

The BV 238's main job in battle will be to deliver its payload to the strategic objectives found around the map and has a secondary use as a gunship with its impressive 'defensive' armament. BV 238 pilots should seek to bait enemy fighters, who typically have poor high altitude performance at the BV 238's battle rating, into following the behemoth before mowing them down with an unrelenting and lethal cloud of lead.

BV 238 pilots should avoid head-ons where possible; the only true way to guarantee an easy kill on a BV 238 is to instantly knock the pilot out, thus causing immediate target destruction. However, in the event of an unavoidable head-on, manually man the forward turrets and unleash fire and fury on whoever is attempting to bring you down; you have plenty of ammo to spare.

Manual Engine Control

MEC elements
Mixer Pitch Radiator Supercharger Turbocharger
Oil Water Type
Controllable Not controllable Not controllable Not controllable Separate Not controllable Not controllable

Modules

Tier Flight performance Survivability Weaponry
I Fuselage Repair Radiator
II Compressor Airframe
III Wings Repair Engine
IV Engine Injection Cover
  • As a premium aircraft, the BV 238's modifications are automatically unlocked upon purchase of the aircraft.

Pros and cons

Pros:

  • Impressive bomb load (2.5 tons of TNT in over 20 bombs)
  • Extremely durable airframe, with a large crew compliment
  • Excellent defensive armament in most-all directions
  • Ability to land on water, and rearm/repair from nearby carriers
  • Handles well for such a large aircraft

Cons:

  • The largest aircraft in War Thunder, thus an easy target
  • Large aircraft with a large payload equals challenge to fly
  • No access to landing gear, must belly land or land on water

History

The Blohm and Voss BV 238 was an experimental flying boat that saw development and flight trials in 1944. With a wingspan of just over 60 metres and a length of 43.5 metres, the BV 238 was a truly gargantuan aircraft, being, in fact, the heaviest aircraft in existence at the time. Powered by six DB.603V 12-cylinder radial engines, the BV 238 could reach 424 km/h at 6 kilometres altitude, with a range of over 10,000 kilometres.[1]

Blohm & Voss Flugzeugbau designer and leader of the flying boat project, Hans H. Amtmann stated in an autobiography, "The RLM issued a request for a large flying boat. In spite of the fact that Erhard Milch, the powerful secretary to the Air Minister Göring, wanted this flying boat developed and built by the Dornier company, the technical staff of the Air Ministry selected our design and the contract went to our company."[2]

Quote icon.png

Little known fact: Blohm & Voss arranged for students to build a manned flyable 1:4 scale model of the BV 238 for early testing.[2]

However, the sole flyable BV 238 prototype met an unfortunate end before the series could enter production, as only four days before the end of the war, Allied Fighters discovered and destroyed the BV 238 V1 as it sat hidden near the town of Lübeck in a side arm of the large lake Schaalsee.[3][2]

Media

Excellent additions to the article would be video guides, screenshots from the game, and photos.

See also

Links to the articles on the War Thunder Wiki that you think will be useful for the reader, for example:

  • reference to the series of the aircraft;
  • links to approximate analogues of other nations and research trees.

External links

[Development] BV 238: The Largest Aircraft


Germany bombers
Arado  Ar 234 B-2 · Ar 234 C-3
Blohm & Voss  BV 238
Dornier  Do 17 E-1 · Do 17 Z-2 · Do 217 E-2 · Do 217 E-4 · Do 217 K-1 · Do 217 M-1
Focke-Wulf  Fw 189 A-1 · Fw 200 C-1
Henschel  Hs 123 A-1
Heinkel  He 111 H-3 · He 111 H-6 · He 111 H-16 · He 177 A-5
Junkers  Ju 87 B-2 · Ju 87 R-2 · Ju 87 D-3 · Ju 87 D-5 · Ju 88 A-1 · Ju 88 A-4 · Ju 288 C
Messerschmitt  Me 264
Savoia-Marchetti  ▀S.M.79 Sparviero serie 1 (1936) · ▀S.M.79 Sparviero B (1936) · ▀S.M.79 Sparviero serie 4 (1937) · ▀S.M.79 Sparviero serie 8 (1939)
  ▀S.M.79 Sparviero AS (1941) · ▀S.M.79 Sparviero bis/N (1942) · ▀S.M.79 Sparviero bis/T.M (1943)
Trophies  ▀Wellington Mk Ic

References

  1. Yenne, Bill. Seaplanes of the World. Cobb: First Glance Books, 1997. ISBN 9781885440075.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Harrison, J. (Ed.). (2016). Hitler's 'Wonder Weapon' Bomber Project - Luftwaffe - Secret Bombers of the Third Reich. (38-40), Lincolnshire, UK: Mortons Media Group. ISBN: 978-1-911276-06-7
  3. Allward, Maurice. An Illustrated History of Seaplanes and Flying Boats. New York: Barnes and Noble Books, 1993. ISBN 9780880292863