Ju 88 A-1

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VTOL | Rank 5 USSR
Yak-38 Pack
Ju 88 A-1
ju-88a-1.png
AB
RB
SB
General characteristics
Brief
Detailed
2.7/2.0/2.7BR
4 peopleCrew
10.36 tTake-off weight
0.18 kg/sBurst mass
Flight characteristics
9800 mCeiling
2 х Junkers Jumo 211B-1Engine
InlineType
waterCooling system
Speed of destruction
675 km/hStructural
310 km/hGear
Offensive armament
7.92 mm MG 15 machine gunWeapon 1
375 roundsAmmunition
1050 shots/minFire rate
Defensive armament
7.92 mm MG 15 machine gunTurret
525 roundsAmmunition
1050 shots/minFire rate
7.92 mm MG 15 machine gunTurret
600 roundsAmmunition
1050 shots/minFire rate
Suspended armament
10 x 50 kg SC50JA bombSetup 1
28 x 50 kg SC50JA bombSetup 2
2 x 250 kg SC250JA bomb
28 x 50 kg SC50JA bomb
Setup 3
4 x 250 kg SC250JA bombSetup 4
2 x 500 kg SC500K bombSetup 5
Economy
5900 Rp icon.pngResearch
6300 Sl icon.pngPurchase
Sl icon.png1600 / 2017/1800 / 2269/660 / 832Repair
1800 Sl icon.pngCrew training
6300 Sl icon.pngExperts
80 Ge icon.pngAces
106 % Rp icon.pngReward for battle
160 % Sl icon.png140 % Sl icon.png50 % Sl icon.png
This page is about the German bomber Ju 88 A-1. For other variants, see Ju 88 (Family).

Description

GarageImage Ju 88 A-1.jpg


The Ju 88 A-1 is a rank I German bomber with a battle rating of 2.7 (AB/SB) and 2.0 (RB). It was introduced in Update 1.55 "Royal Armour".

General info

Flight performance

Characteristics Max Speed
(km/h at 5,600 m)
Max altitude
(metres)
Turn time
(seconds)
Rate of climb
(metres/second)
Take-off run
(metres)
AB RB AB RB AB RB
Stock 430 416 9800 31.5 32.9 3.8 3.8 530
Upgraded 482 455 28.5 30.0 10.9 6.8

Details

Features
Combat flaps Take-off flaps Landing flaps Air brakes Arrestor gear
X
Limits
Wings (km/h) Gear (km/h) Flaps (km/h) Max Static G
Combat Take-off Landing + -
675 310 480 480 280 ~6 ~6
Optimal velocities (km/h)
Ailerons Rudder Elevators Radiator
< 350 < 360 < 400 > 230
Compressor (RB/SB)
Setting 1
Optimal altitude 100% Engine power WEP Engine power
5,000 m 1,834 hp 2,366 hp

Survivability and armour

  • No armour plating
  • No armour glazing
  • Engines and all fuel tanks in wings

Armaments

Offensive armament

Main article: MG 15 (7.92 mm)

The Ju 88 A-1 is armed with:

  • 1 x 7.92 mm MG 15 machine gun, nose-mounted (375 rpg)

Suspended armament

The Ju 88 A-1 can be outfitted with the following ordnance:

  • 10 x 50 kg SC50JA bombs (500 kg total)
  • 28 x 50 kg SC50JA bombs (1,400 kg total)
  • 2 x 250 kg SC250JA bombs + 28 x 50 kg SC50JA bombs (1,900 kg total)
  • 4 x 250 kg SC250JA bombs (1,000 kg total)
  • 2 x 500 kg SC500K bombs (1,000 kg total)

Defensive armament

Main article: MG 15 (7.92 mm)

The Ju 88 A-1 is defended by:

  • 1 x 7.92 mm MG 15 machine gun, dorsal turret (600 rpg)
  • 1 x 7.92 mm MG 15 machine gun, ventral turret (525 rpg)

Usage in battles

Describe the tactics of playing in the aircraft, the features of using aircraft in a team and advice on tactics. Refrain from creating a "guide" - do not impose a single point of view, but instead, give the reader food for thought. Examine the most dangerous enemies and give recommendations on fighting them. If necessary, note the specifics of the game in different modes (AB, RB, SB).

Manual Engine Control

MEC elements
Mixer Pitch Radiator Supercharger Turbocharger
Oil Water Type
Not controllable Controllable
Auto control available
Not controllable
Not auto controlled
Controllable
Auto control available
Combined Not controllable
1 gear
Not controllable

Modules

Tier Flight performance Survivability Weaponry
I Fuselage repair Radiator Offensive 7 mm ITC 50/IX
II Compressor Airframe New 7 mm MGs ETC 250/IV
III Wings repair Engine Turret 7 mm
IV Engine injection Cover New 7 mm MGs (turret) ETC 500/II

Pros and cons

Pros:

  • Has an offensive forward-firing machine gun.
  • Ability to dive bomb, equipped with air brakes.
  • Carries a decent max load of 1,900 kg compared to contemporaries, third highest payload before the Ju-88 A-4 and the He 111 H-3.
  • Lots of armament options.
  • Airframe can withstand high speed during a dive.
  • Carrying the maximum payload doesn't have that much penalty in overall performance.
  • Very useful in precision bombing.
  • Can outrun lower-end fighters.
  • The 50 kg bombs are very efficient in taking out individual ground targets.

Cons:

  • Defensive armaments are poor.
  • Stock bomb load is inadequate.
  • Payload is inferior to that of the Ju 88 A-4.

History

A Junkers 88 A-1, of Kampfgeschwader 51 with its crew (1940)

The Junkers Ju 88 A-1 was the first variant of the Junkers Ju 88, a German fast bomber. Designed as a super-versatile aircraft, the Ju 88 fulfilled a variety of roles including frontline bomber, torpedo-bomber, minelayer and reconnaissance platform. The aircraft saw extensive service during the Battle of Britain, and later over Soviet skies during Operation Barbarossa. The design of the aircraft was highly obsolete by the end of the war; despite this, over 15,000 Ju 88s of all variants were built.[1][2]

Design and development

The Ju 88 originated from a 1935 requirement for a new high-speed dive bomber with a crew of 3, capable of reaching 480 km/h.[1] The Henschel and Messerschmitt design firms also submitted designs, but later withdrew them; thus, Junkers won the competition and proceeded to produce prototypes. The first Ju 88 prototype flew in December of 1936, and managed to reach a speed of 520 km/h;[1] Later on, a pre-production Ju 88 set a record for a 1,000 kilometre circuit, averaging 517 km/h. After the completion of ten prototypes of the Ju 88 A-0 series, the Ju 88 A-1 was ordered into production with deliveries starting in 1939.[1]

The Ju 88 is a conventional twin-engined light bomber, with the engines mounted in nacelles on each wing. The aircraft has a crew of three, being a pilot, bombardier and radio operator/rear gunner. The aircraft's armament was sparse, consisting of just three 7.92 mm machine guns; this was steadily improved in later Ju 88 variants. The A-1 could carry a maximum bomb load of 1,000 kilograms in standard load, though heavier loads could be carried with modifications.[1]

Operational history

The Ju 88 A-1 started entering service with the Luftwaffe in 1939; 69 aircraft were built that year.[2] The aircraft saw its first combat attacking British shipping in the fall of 1939.[2] The aircraft served extensively in the Battle of Britain as the main Luftwaffe bomber, and fulfilled the same role in Operation Barbarossa, the attempted German invasion of the USSR. By that point in time, it was complemented by more advanced variants of the Ju 88 such as the Ju 88 A-4.

During its time in service, it became highly apparent that the Ju 88 A-1 was not well suited to its task. Namely, the aircraft wasn't adequately armed, with just three defensive machine guns.[2] Thus, the later Ju 88 A-4 variant introduced a heavier defensive armament of five 7.92 mm machine guns; later derivatives such as the Ju 188 featured even more defensive armament.[2] As well, the aircraft experienced structural strength issues, which prevented it from entering fast dives without breaking up. This was also remedied by the later Ju 88 A-4.[2] Despite its flaws, the Ju 88 was a versatile, reliable aircraft and over 15,000 aircraft were built before the end of the war.[1][2]

Media

Excellent additions to the article would be video guides, screenshots from the game, and photos.

See also

Links to the articles on the War Thunder Wiki that you think will be useful for the reader, for example:

  • reference to the series of the aircraft;
  • links to approximate analogues of other nations and research trees.

External links

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 V, R. (2019)
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 Rickard, J. (2007)

Works Cited

  • V, R. (2019). Junkers Ju 88. Retrieved November 25, 2020, from http://www.century-of-flight.freeola.com/Aviation%20history/WW2/Junkers%20Ju%2088.htm
  • Rickard, J. (2007, June 30). Ju 88A. Retrieved November 25, 2020, from http://www.historyofwar.org/articles/weapons_ju88A.html


Junkers Aircraft and Motor Works (Junkers Flugzeug- und Motorenwerke Aktiengesellschaft)
Fighters  Ju 88 C-6 · Ju 388 J
Attackers  Ju 87 G-1 · Ju 87 G-2
Bombers  Ju 87 B-2 · Ju 87 D-3 · Ju 87 D-5 · Ju 87 R-2 · Ju 88 A-1 · Ju 88 A-4 · Ju 188 A-2 · Ju 288 C
Export  ▄Ju 87 D-3 · ▄Ju 87 R-2

Germany bombers
Arado  Ar 196 A-3
Blohm & Voss  BV 238
Dornier  Do 17 E-1 · Do 17 Z-2 · Do 217 E-2 · Do 217 E-4 · Do 217 K-1 · Do 217 M-1
Focke-Wulf  Fw 189 A-1 · Fw 200 C-1
Henschel  Hs 123 A-1
Heinkel  He 111 H-3 · He 111 H-6 · He 111 H-16 · He 177 A-5
Junkers  Ju 87 B-2 · Ju 87 R-2 · Ju 87 D-3 · Ju 87 D-5 · Ju 88 A-1 · Ju 88 A-4 · Ju 188 A-2 · Ju 288 C
Messerschmitt  Me 264
Savoia-Marchetti  ▀S.M.79 serie 1 · ▀S.M.79 B · ▀S.M.79 serie 4 · ▀S.M.79 serie 8
  ▀S.M.79 AS · ▀S.M.79 bis/N · ▀S.M.79 bis/T.M
Trophies  ▀Wellington Mk Ic