Type 97 (57 mm)

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This page is about the Japanese cannon Type 97 (57 mm). For other uses, see Type 97 (Disambiguation).

Description

The Type 97 57 mm is a direct upgrade over the Type 90 57 mm with the aim of improving its functionality and endurance. Both were designed as low velocity cannons meant to be primarily loaded with HE, to allow the Type 89 I-Go and Type 97 Chi-Ha to fulfil the role of infantry support tanks.

Vehicles equipped with this weapon

Ground vehicles:

Naval vessels:

General info

The Type 97, as its predecessor the Type 90, are low velocity cannons, but still offer quite the elevation and depression to make for a great cannon to lob shells over cover.

Available ammunition

Ground vehicles

Considering the penetration and explosive mass, the Type 3 HEAT shell is the bread and butter for tank combat with the Type 97. It will keep its penetration over longer ranges and has the highest explosive mass, as well as lacking a fuse delay.

Penetration statistics
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Penetration @ 0° Angle of Attack (mm)
10 m 100 m 500 m 1,000 m 1,500 m 2,000 m
Type 92 APHE APHE 21 21 19 16 14 13
Type 3 HEAT HEAT 55 55 55 55 55 55
Shell details
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Velocity
(m/s)
Projectile
Mass (kg)
Fuse delay
(m)
Fuse sensitivity
(mm)
Explosive Mass
(TNT equivalent) (g)
Ricochet
0% 50% 100%
Type 92 APHE APHE 349 2.58 1.2 9 103 47° 60° 65°
Type 3 HEAT HEAT 380 1.8 0.05 0.1 303.36 62° 69° 73°

Naval vessels

Penetration statistics
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Penetration @ 0° Angle of Attack (mm)
100 m 1,000 m 2,000 m 3,000 m 4,000 m 5,000 m
Type 90 HE HE 6 6 6 6 6 6
Type 92 APHE APHE 30 23 19 16 15 14
Type 3 HEAT HEAT 55 55 55 55 55 55
Shell details
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Velocity
(m/s)
Projectile
Mass (kg)
Fuse delay
(m)
Fuse sensitivity
(mm)
Explosive Mass
(TNT equivalent) (g)
Ricochet
0% 50% 100%
Type 90 HE HE 420 2.36 0 0.1 250 79° 80° 81°
Type 92 APHE APHE 420 2.58 1.2 3 103 47° 60° 65°
Type 3 HEAT HEAT 380 1.8 0 0.1 303.36 62° 69° 73°

Comparison with analogues

The Type 97 is a direct upgrade over the Type 90 with the aim of improving its functionality and endurance. It has a slightly longer barrel (L/18.5 (1.057 m) vs L/18.4 (1.050 m)), but this doesn't really change the characteristics of shell performance other than increasing the maximum firing range from 4 km to 6 km.

Usage in battles

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Pros and cons

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Pros:

Cons:

History

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Media

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See also

External links

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  • other literature.


Japan tank cannons
37 mm  Type 94 · Type 100 · Type 1
47 mm  Type 1
57 mm  Type 90 · Type 97
70 mm  Type 94
75 mm  Type 90 · Type 99 · Type 3 · Lightweight Type I Model II · Type II Model I · Type II Model II
90 mm  Type 61
105 mm  Experimental Type 5 High Velocity · Type 5 · JSW L/52
106 mm  Type 60 (B)
120 mm  Taishō Type 10 · Navy short gun · Type 90 L/44 · TKG
150 mm  Type 38
155 mm  NSJ L/30
  Foreign:
25 mm  Oerlikon KBA B02 (Switzerland)
35 mm  Oerlikon KDE (Switzerland)
75 mm  M6 (USA)
76 mm  M1 (USA) · M32 (USA)
88 mm  KwK36 (Germany)
90 mm  M3A1 (USA) · M36 (USA)
105 mm  L7A3 (Germany)
120 mm  Schneider-Canet 1898 (France)

China tank cannons
76 mm  M32K1
85 mm  Type-62-85-TC
100 mm  PTP86 · Type 59 · Type 69 · Type 69-II
105 mm  Type 83 · WMA301 · ZPL94 · ZPL98A
120 mm  122TM · PTZ89
125 mm  Type 88C · Type 99A · ZPT98
  Foreign:
37 mm  M6 (USA)
45 mm  20-K (USSR)
47 mm  Type 1 (Japan)
57 mm  Type 97 (Japan) · ZIS-2 (USSR)
73 mm  2A28 (USSR)
75 mm  M2 Howitzer (USA) · M3 (USA) · M6 (USA)
76 mm  D-56T (USSR) · F-34 (USSR) · M1 (USA) · M7 (USA) · ZIS-3 (USSR)
85 mm  ZIS-S-53 (USSR)
90 mm  M3 (USA) · M41 (USA)
100 mm  D-10S (USSR)
105 mm  M68 (USA) · M68A1 (USA)
115 mm  U-5TS (USSR)
122 mm  A-19 (USSR) · D-25T (USSR)
152 mm  ML-20S (USSR)

Japan naval cannons
20 mm  JM61 · Type 98
25 mm  25 mm/60 Type 96
37 mm  Type 4 · Type 11 pattern 1922
40 mm  40 mm/62 Vickers
57 mm  Type 97
75 mm  Type 88 AA
76 mm  3-inch/40 Type 41 · 8 cm/40 3rd Year Type · 8 cm/60 Type 98
100 mm  100/65 mm Type 98 mod A
120 mm  120 mm/45 3rd Year Type · 120 mm/45 10th year type
127 mm  5 inch/40 Type 89 · 127 mm/50 3rd Year Type
140 mm  140 mm/50 3rd Year Type
152 mm  6-inch/45 Type 41 · 15 cm/50 Type 41
155 mm  155 mm/60 3rd Year Type
200 mm  20 cm 3rd year type No.1
203 mm  20 cm/50 3rd year type No.2
356 mm  36 cm/45 Type 41
  Foreign:
40 mm  Bofors L/60 Mark 1 (USA) · Bofors L/60 Mark 2 (USA) · Bofors L/60 Mark 3 (USA)
76 mm  3 inch Mk.33 (USA) · 3-inch Mk.34 (USA)
120 mm  4,7-inch/40 Armstrong (Britain)
127 mm  5 inch/38 Mk.12 (USA)
305 mm  12-inch/45 Vickers (Britain) · 12-inch/50 Vickers (Britain)