ZPL94 (105 mm)

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The 105 mm ZPL94 on the T-69 II G gun mantlet.

Description

The thermal sleeve equipped ZPL94 (94式线膛炮) cannon is a licensed Mainland Chinese 105 mm rifled cannon made by NORINCO, serving as a tank cannon and being one of the longest and most powerful L7 derivatives in terms of barrel length and muzzle velocity.

Vehicles equipped with this weapon

General info

Tell us about the tactical and technical characteristics of the cannon or machine gun.

Available ammunition

As this gun was made for the NATO standard cartridge, ZPL94 can fire both NATO and Chinese rounds. The gun comes with Type-83 HEATFS, Type-83 HESH, Type-83 APFSDS and a unique DTB-1 HE-VT shell which can handle careless aircraft.

Penetration statistics
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Penetration @ 0° Angle of Attack (mm)
10 m 100 m 500 m 1,000 m 1,500 m 2,000 m
Type-83 HEAT HEATFS 400 400 400 400 400 400
DTB-1 HE-VT* 23 23 22 21 21 21
Type-83 HESH HESH 127 127 127 127 127 127
Type-83 APDS APFSDS 351 349 343 336 328 321
Shell details
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Velocity
(m/s)
Projectile
mass (kg)
Fuse delay
(m)
Fuse sensitivity
(mm)
Explosive mass
(TNT equivalent) (kg)
Ricochet
0% 50% 100%
Type-83 HEAT HEATFS 1,200 11 0.05 0.1 1.27 65° 72° 77°
Type-83 HESH HESH 750 11.2 0.1 4 4.31 73° 77° 80°
Type-83 APDS APFSDS 1,500 4.2 - - - 78° 80° 81°
Proximity-fused shell details
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Velocity
(m/s)
Projectile
mass (kg)
Fuse delay
(m)
Fuse sensitivity
(mm)
Arming
distance (m)
Trigger
radius (m)
Explosive mass
(TNT equivalent) (kg)
Ricochet
0% 50% 100%
DTB-1 HE-VT* 825 16.2 0.2 0.1 500 15 1.66 79° 80° 81°

Comparison with analogues

Give a comparative description of cannons/machine guns that have firepower equal to this weapon.

Usage in battles

The ZPL94 is mounted on the premium T-69 II G and the tech tree ZTZ88A. Thanks to the relative modernity of the gun (in 1994) and the longer barrel, ZPL94 has an increased muzzle velocity, which makes it easier to aim its rounds and increases the penetration of the Type 83 APFSDS dart. The variety of ammunition means that this gun can be a jack-of-all-trades: the APFSDS can handle most vehicles players may face in battle; HESH and HEATFS can knock out light vehicles while HESH alternatively can be used to target enemies behind ridges; and HE-VT for a last-ditch option to send aircraft (particularly helicopters) back to their hangar.

But just like most Chinese tanks, due to the nature of the smaller turret and low profile, the gun depression is quite depressing, at only -5° in T-69 II G's case and it doesn't come with the fastest loader found in its tier, so hilly terrain is your enemy and plan every shot - the reload time can be the culprit of your demise.

Pros and cons

Pros:

  • Higher velocity thanks to its longer barrel
  • Access to HE-VT that can handle aircraft given they are careless

Cons:

  • Subpar reload time to NATO counterparts
  • Horrible depressing angle

History

In the 1970s, after encountering the Soviet Border Troops at Zenbao/Damansky Island and capturing a T-62 from them, PLAGF was in dire need of new cannons to handle the possible masses of Soviet armoured brigades rushing into Mainland China. From that T-62 they developed their own version of T-12 anti-tank gun - the PTP73 100 mm smoothbore AT gun, but its ammunition still struggled to handle tanks; eventually after the Cultural Revolution and the start of economic reform, PLAGF decided to introduce cannons from NATO countries thanks to the improved relationships with them.

In 1979, PLAGF finally got their hands on introducing the famous Royal Ordnance L7, in the form of an L7A3 cannon from Austria and started its chapter of L7 development in Mainland China as a part of Project 3-7 (三七工程).

After ZPL79/81/83(A) came the ZPL94, one of the longest barrel and most powerful guns in the L7 family, the exact length of the gun was unknown but the gun was at 62 calibre; specifically for ZTZ88A and ZTZ59D, with the introduction of tube-launched ATGMs and new APFSDS in the 2000s, this gun gave those older tanks chances to surprisingly knock out well-armoured targets. It also served as the basis of a reduced recoil version of the same gun under different designation.

Media

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See also

External links

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  • topic on the official game forum;
  • other literature.


China tank cannons
30 mm  ZPL02 · ZPZ02
73 mm  Type 86
76 mm  M32K1
85 mm  Type 56 · Type 63
100 mm  PTP86 · Type 59 · Type 69 · Type 69-II · ZPL04
105 mm  88B-105T · Type 83 · WMA301 · ZPL94 · ZPL98A
120 mm  122TM · PTZ89
125 mm  Type 88C · Type 99A · ZPT98
130 mm  PL59A Gai
152 mm  PL66 Gai
  Foreign:
20 mm  KwK30 (Germany)
37 mm  M6 (USA)
45 mm  20-K (USSR)
47 mm  Type 1 (Japan)
57 mm  Type 97 (Japan) · ZIS-2 (USSR)
75 mm  M2 Howitzer (USA) · M3 (USA) · M6 (USA)
76 mm  D-56T (USSR) · F-34 (USSR) · M1 (USA) · M7 (USA) · ZIS-3 (USSR)
85 mm  ZIS-S-53 (USSR)
90 mm  M3 (USA) · M41 (USA)
100 mm  D-10S (USSR)
105 mm  M68 (USA) · M68A1 (USA)
115 mm  U-5TS (USSR)
122 mm  A-19 (USSR) · D-25T (USSR)
152 mm  ML-20S (USSR)