Type 69 (100 mm)
The 100 mm Type 69 smoothbore tank cannon (1969年式100毫米滑膛坦克炮) was the first smoothbore cannon developed in Mainland China as the main cannon solely for Type 69 medium tank. Although the gun has a relatively slow traverse rate and the inferior APFSDS performance in terms of penetration hindered its performance, it is still a formidable gun and set the foundations for future cannons.
Vehicles equipped with this weapon
Tell us about the tactical and technical characteristics of the cannon or machine gun.
|Ammunition|| Type of
|Penetration @ 0° Angle of Attack (mm)|
|10 m||100 m||500 m||1,000 m||1,500 m||2,000 m|
|Type 71 APDS-FS||APFSDS||219||213||194||170||147||126|
|Type 71 HE||HE||26||26||23||19||17||17|
|Type 1973 HEAT-FS||HEATFS||390||390||390||390||390||390|
|Ammunition|| Type of
| Fuse delay
| Fuse sensitivity
| Explosive mass
(TNT equivalent) (kg)
|Type 71 APDS-FS||APFSDS||1,505||3.05||-||-||-||72°||76°||78°|
|Type 71 HE||HE||900||15||0.2||0.1||1.3||79°||80°||81°|
|Type 1973 HEAT-FS||HEATFS||1,000||10.05||0.05||0.1||1.18||65°||72°||77°|
Comparison with analogues
- 115 mm U-5TS - Soviet counterpart; outperforms Type 69 in all aspects.
- 90 mm T208E9 - American counterpart; lacks stabilizer for fire-on-the-move or quick target acquisition.
Usage in battles
As the main gun of Type 69, players of previous D-10T/Type 59 rifled gun might need some time to get used to the new ballistics of a smoothbore gun; thanks to its unprecedented (in terms of PLAGF arsenal) high muzzle velocity, two-plane stabilizer and new FCS with automatic ballistic solution, it will not be too difficult to get used to the gun. But one thing that leaves an impression for the gun is the Type 71 APDS (sic; albeit an APFSDS) with surprising low flat penetration for such a gun at only 219 mm point-blank; while this is certainly a major problem against tanks with very thick armour plates, it has high enough sloped penetration to take down most NATO/Warsaw-Pact medium tanks it might face at closer ranges. If it happens to deal with long-range targets, depending on your playstyle or the protection of enemy vehicle, both APFSDS and HEAT can certainly end the game for enemy vehicles; but HEAT-FS can be said as an universal solution to targets without ERA or composite armour.
Pros and cons
- The earliest tank to access both APFSDS and stabilizer
- Laser rangefinder and automatic ballistic solution for faster acquisition
- Sufficiently high velocity for long-range engagements with APFSDS
- Infamous Type 71 APDS with abysmal flat penetration
- Relatively long reload time
Although PLAGF acquired a T-62 from Soviet Border Troops in 1969's Damansky (Zhenbao) Island conflicts, the Type 69 was in fact an earlier design based on the previous 100 mm Type 59 rifled cannon (D-10T) by the 2nd Machinery Works (now NORINCO Northern Heavy Industries Group) in 1966 in view of developing new tank cannon that can utilize APFSDS; there were also the technical drawings of prototype APFSDS with complicated sabot design that differs vastly from Soviet designs. Due to the inferior performance of the gun, PLAGF returned all 100 Type 69s to factory and halted the production of Type 69 series for almost a decade until more reliable Type 69-II was certified for export (meanwhile, further revisions for the Type 69 were fruitless after the production of Type 79 and ZTZ88). Some of the munitions are compatible with earlier Type 59 cannon while the experiences on making new APFSDS also gave it a chance to compete with the Royal Ordnance L7 before making the deal, where a prototype 100 mm APFSDS achieved similar penetration to 105 mm counterpart and earning discounts when purchasing the license for L7. The gun was also upgraded with new technologies from what-would-become PTP86 for higher bore pressure and velocity but the introduction of the 105 mm Royal Ordnance L7 gun halted further development of 100 mm smoothbore tank cannon.
Excellent additions to the article would be video guides, screenshots from the game, and photos.
Links to the articles on the War Thunder Wiki that you think will be useful for the reader, for example:
- reference to the article about the variant of the cannon/machine gun;
- references to approximate analogues by other nations and research trees.
Paste links to sources and external resources, such as:
- topic on the official game forum;
- other literature.
- https://tieba.baidu.com/p/8560802201 A conclusion on early 100mm guns and ammunitions
|China tank cannons|
|73 mm||Type 85|
|85 mm||Type-62-85-TC · Type 63|
|100 mm||PTP86 · Type 59 · Type 69 · Type 69-II|
|105 mm||Type 83 · WMA301 · ZPL94 · ZPL98A|
|120 mm||122TM · PTZ89|
|125 mm||Type 88C · Type 99A · ZPT98|
|20 mm||KwK30 (Germany)|
|37 mm||M6 (USA)|
|45 mm||20-K (USSR)|
|47 mm||Type 1 (Japan)|
|57 mm||Type 97 (Japan) · ZIS-2 (USSR)|
|75 mm||M2 Howitzer (USA) · M3 (USA) · M6 (USA)|
|76 mm||D-56T (USSR) · F-34 (USSR) · M1 (USA) · M7 (USA) · ZIS-3 (USSR)|
|85 mm||ZIS-S-53 (USSR)|
|90 mm||M3 (USA) · M41 (USA)|
|100 mm||D-10S (USSR)|
|105 mm||M68 (USA) · M68A1 (USA)|
|115 mm||U-5TS (USSR)|
|122 mm||A-19 (USSR) · D-25T (USSR)|
|152 mm||ML-20S (USSR)|