J-6A

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RANK 5 SWEDEN
SAAB J-29D PACK
J-6A
mig-19j_6a.png
AB
RB
SB
General characteristics
Brief
Detailed
10.3/10.3/10.3BR
1 personCrew
9.1 tTake-off weight
13.53 kg/sBurst mass
Flight characteristics
17 200 mCeiling
2 х Shenyang Liming WP-6aEngine
Type
airCooling system
Speed of destruction
1260 km/hStructural
577 km/hGear
Offensive armament
2 x 30 mm Type 30-1 cannonWeapon 1
140 roundsAmmunition
1 000 shots/minFire rate
Suspended armament
16 x S-5K rocketsSetup 1
32 x S-5K rocketsSetup 2
2 x PL-2 air-to-air missilesSetup 3
2 x 100 kg OFAB-100 bombSetup 4
2 x 250 kg OFAB-250-270 bombSetup 5
Economy
390 000 Rp icon.pngResearch
1 010 000 Sl icon.pngPurchase
Sl icon.png21 000 / 28 224/9 600 / 12 902/3 200 / 4 300Repair
290 000 Sl icon.pngCrew training
1 010 000 Sl icon.pngExperts
2 600 Ge icon.pngAces
226 % Rp icon.pngReward for battle
470 % Sl icon.png280 % Sl icon.png150 % Sl icon.png
This page is about the Chinese license-built jet fighter J-6A. For other versions, see MiG-19 (Family).

Description

The J-6A is a rank VI Chinese jet fighter with a battle rating of 10.3 (AB/RB/SB). It was introduced in Update 1.91 "Night Vision".

Functionally identical to the Soviet MiG-19PT, the J-6A is the first supersonic PLAAF jet available in the Chinese tech tree and has much to offer; radar, air-to-air missiles, and powerful guns in addition to high speed and acceleration.

General info

Flight performance

Compression at high speeds is an issue for this aircraft. It especially affects the rudder. However, the J-6A generally has a very responsive elevator, although excessive turning will bleed much speed due to the poor energy retention. As with many jets, manoeuvrability is poor at low speeds.

The aircraft has very good acceleration and climb rate.

Characteristics Max Speed
(km/h at 10,000 m)
Max altitude
(meters)
Turn time
(seconds)
Rate of climb
(meters/second)
Take-off run
(meters)
AB RB AB RB AB RB
Stock 1,426 1,421 17 200 32.4 33.0 160.0 149.2 500
Upgraded  ??? 1,436  ??.? 32.0  ??.? 180.0

Details

Features
Combat flaps Take-off flaps Landing flaps Air brakes Arrestor gear Drag Parachute
X X
Limits
Wings (km/h) Gear (km/h) Flaps (km/h) Max Static G
Combat Take-off Landing + -
1260 577 N/A 500 450 ~11 ~5
Optimal velocities (km/h)
Ailerons Rudder Elevators Radiator
< 540 < 650 < 350 N/A

Engine performance

Engine Aircraft mass
Engine name Number Empty mass Wing loading (full fuel)
Mikulin RD-9B 2 5,447 kg 301 kg/m2
Engine characteristics Mass with fuel (no weapons load) Max Takeoff
Weight
Weight (each) Type 7m fuel 20m fuel 23m fuel
725 kg Afterburning axial-flow turbojet 6,311 kg 7,328 kg 7,563 kg 9,100 kg
Maximum engine thrust @ 0 m (RB / SB) Thrust to weight ratio @ 0 m (WEP)
Condition 100% WEP 7m fuel 20m fuel 23m fuel MTOW
Stationary 2,296 kgf 3,215 kgf 1.02 0.88 0.85 0.71
Optimal 2,320 kgf
(1,000 km/h)
3,248 kgf
(1,000 km/h)
1.03 0.89 0.86 0.71

Survivability and armour

The aircraft is fairly fragile, with any hits likely to damage the engines due to how much space they take up inside the plane. When spaded one engine has enough power to get you back to base, but while stock it is a little harder and you may end up crashing. One benefit of the J-6A though is that the elevators are separate to each other in the damage model, and therefore a hit to the tail causing an elevator loss isn't the end of the world, since the remaining one is good enough to continue the fight. Another point to note is that loss of oil in either engine will rapidly cause engine failure, so it is best to return to base ASAP when damaged.

Armaments

Offensive armament

Main article: Type 30-1 (30 mm)

The J-6A is armed with:

  • 2 x 30 mm Type 30-1 cannons, wing-mounted (70 rpg = 140 total)

The J-6A carries two 30 mm Type 30-1 cannons, mounted in the wing roots. They are licensed copies of the MiG-19's NR-30 cannons and offer identical performance. Each gun has 70 rounds of ammunition, making a total of 140 rounds. The Type 30-1 cannons are very fast firing so this is not much ammo, and you can't afford to spray. The guns however are extremely powerful, and only a couple of rounds hitting an enemy aircraft will severely cripple them, if not outright kill them. The shell velocity is very high and you don't need much lead to hit a target.

The recommended belts for this aircraft are Ground Targets, they're more reliable than the Air Target belts and tend to take off wings and large sections, and destroy engines with one hit, in comparison to the air target belts which tend to spark or just damage external modules. The ground belts contain APHE rounds with 60 mm of penetration, but it is not really worth going for ground targets as the limited ammunition and high speed of the aircraft makes it very difficult to hit or kill anything.

Suspended armament

{main|OFAB-100 (100 kg)|OFAB-250-270 (250 kg)|R-3S|R-13M|S-5K}}

The J-6A can be outfitted with the following ordnance:

  • Without load
  • 2 x PL-2 missiles
  • 2 x 100 kg OFAB-100 bombs (200 kg total)
  • 2 x 250 kg OFAB-250-270 bombs (500 kg total)
  • 16 x S-5K rockets
  • 32 x S-5K rockets

The J-6A can be equipped with PL-2 missiles, licensed copies of the Soviet R-3S with identical performance. As of Update 1.95 "Northern Wind", the MiG-19PT is no longer capable of equipping the more advanced R-13M missile, putting the J-6A on equal footing with it.

The ideal use-case for the PL-2 is when you're at very high speed, following something like a Phantom from around a mile. The missile will get to the target before they can react, and with large targets like the Phantom, they can't pull hard enough at those speeds to evade the missile. It is not recommended to fire the missile in any sort of turn as they will just lose track.

Usage in battles

The J-6A has great vertical energy retention and acceleration, so you should use this to your advantage. Taking the enemies vertical is the best move as they will quickly lose energy while you can maintain it. Once at high speed, the J-6A will out-accelerate almost all other aircraft, so once you're on the tail of an enemy they will not have many options. The airbrake is also a very effective tool, allowing you to stay behind someone if they try to force you to overshoot and the plane also rolls well enough that you can engage in rolling scissors if need be.

It is recommended to avoid throttling down the engine as it has an extremely long spool time until it produces max thrust and this will let your opponent get away from you while you struggle to accelerate.

Radars

Main articles: RP-5, RP-5

The J-6A is equipped with a RP-5 search radar, located in the nose of the aircraft.

RP-5
Maximum
Detection
Range
Guaranteed
Detection
Range
Max Azimuth
Scan Angle
Max Elevation
Scan Angle
12,000 m 8,000 m ±60° -0°/+5°

The J-6A is equipped with a RP-5 track radar, located in the nose of the aircraft.

RP-5
Maximum
Tracking
Range
Minimum
Tracking
Range
Azimuth Tracking
Angle
Elevation Tracking
Angle
4,500 m 150 m ±7° ±7°

Pros and cons

Pros:

  • Higher top speed possible than F-100D at all altitudes, although very comparable to it at sea level
  • Incredibly high rate of climb
  • Hard-hitting guns, low recoil effects due to wing root placement
  • Great vertical energy retention
  • Roll rate superior to the J-4
  • Incredible acceleration from 600-900 km/h, so it is able to regain energy very fast
  • Has a target detection and tracking radar
  • Decent manoeuvrability
  • Its radar possesses a leading indicator unlike its Russian counterpart (MiG-19PT) and is the only jet in the game with that feature alongside the T-2

Cons:

  • Compression at high speed, wings don't provide as much lift as the Super Sabre
  • Wings can rip when rolling and turning at high speed
  • Only two air-to-air missiles, locking range is 0.5 km less than that of the AIM-9B on F-100D
  • Poor low-speed manoeuvrability
  • Ventral fin will impact the ground during takeoff if the rotation is prematurely initiated resulting in the tail breaking off
  • Engines are huge; can be easily disabled by enemy fire
  • Radar suite is not as good as the one fitted on the Javelin F.(A.W.) Mk.9 and Mitsubishi T-2

History

The People's Republic of China received considerable military and technological assistance from the Soviet Union for most of the 1950s. Significant quantities of jet fighters, including the MiG-9, MiG-15bis, MiG-17, and others were purchased to modernize the nation's otherwise haphazard and antiquated air force, which at the end of the Chinese Civil War consisted of assorted captured American and Japanese aircraft. Production licenses were secured for the MiG-17 and MiG-19, and these two aircraft models were produced as the domestic Shenyang J-5 and Shenyang J-6.

The J-6A model was intended as an equivalent of the MiG-19P and first flew in 1958. Quality control issues, resulting from the limited experience of the Chinese manufacturing industry at the time, meant that the performance of the aircraft was inferior to the original. The aircraft was rejected by the PLAAF and production was limited. In the mid 1970s, production was restarted with new jigs from the Soviet Union. These new aircraft were of an acceptable standard and entered PLAAF service in extensive numbers.

A large number of variants and prototypes were made, though their designations and designs are muddied and difficult to research. The "J-6B" variant was a copy of the Soviet MiG-19PM interceptor model, which lacked cannon armament and was armed solely with beam riding air-to-air missiles, though its performance was unsatisfactory like the early J-6A and only a small number were produced. Several models were designed after the MiG-19S and a handful entered serial production. Later variants relocated the braking parachute to the base of the rudder. Various prototypes experimented with MiG-21 style shock cones. Reconnaissance and two-seat trainer variants were also manufactured, the latter being notable since the Soviet Union did not manufacture any MiG-19 trainer variants. One trainer airframe was used to test the fly-by-wire system of the JH-7 fighter-bomber.

The J-6 served in the PLAAF for far longer than the MiG-19 had in the VVS. While it became outdated and suffered from numerous issues regarding service life and quality, the Chinese aircraft industry learned a considerable amount from its development and manufacturing. The J-6/MiG-19 design was further developed into the more well-known Nanchang Q-5 attacker.

The J-6 was exported to several nations under the "F-6" designation and participated in several conflicts. The F-6 was operated by Pakistan in the 1971 war with India, by Vietnam in the Vietnam War (alongside the original MiG-19), and curiously enough by both Iran and Iraq during the Iran-Iraq War. In these conflicts the F-6 was often relegated to air-to-ground missions since its speed and avionics were inadequate, though it was capable of dispatching subsonic aircraft and could outmaneuver faster jets in a dogfight.

At present, the J-6 has been retired by most of its users, with North Korea having the largest number of remaining jets in service.

Media

Excellent additions to the article would be video guides, screenshots from the game, and photos.

See also

Links to the articles on the War Thunder Wiki that you think will be useful for the reader, for example:

  • reference to the series of the aircraft;
  • links to approximate analogues of other nations and research trees.

External links

Paste links to sources and external resources, such as:

  • topic on the official game forum;
  • encyclopedia page on the aircraft;
  • other literature.


Shenyang Aircraft Corporation
Jet Fighters  J-2* · J-4** · Shenyang F-5** · J-6A***
  *License built MiG-15. ** License built MiG-17. *** License built MiG-19.

China jet aircraft
Fighters  J-2 · J-4 · Shenyang F-5 · J-6A · J-7II
Bombers  H-5
American  ␗F-84G-21-RE · ␗F-86F-30 · ␗F-86F-40 · ␗F-100A · ␗F-104A · ␗F-104G
Soviet  ␗MiG-9 · ␗MiG-9 (l)