USS Welborn (DD-195)

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Rank 4 Japan
IJN Mikuma Pack
This page is about the American destroyer USS Welborn C. Wood (DD-195). For other vessels of the class, see Clemson-class.
USS Welborn (DD-195)
us_destroyer_clemson_welborn_c_wood.png
GarageImage USS Welborn (DD-195).jpg
USS Welborn (DD-195)
AB RB SB
3.3 3.3 3.3
Purchase:250 Specs-Card-Eagle.png
Show in game

Description

The Clemson class, USS Welborn C. Wood (DD-195) is a premium rank I American destroyer with a battle rating of 3.3 (AB/RB/SB). It was introduced in Update "New Power".

General info

Survivability and armour

Armourfront / side / back
Hull16 mm (steel)
Superstructure4 mm (steel)
Number of section7
Displacement1 699 t
Crew150 people

Talk about the vehicle's armour. Note the most well-defended and most vulnerable zones, e.g. the ammo magazine. Evaluate the composition of components and assemblies responsible for movement and manoeuvrability. Evaluate the survivability of the primary and secondary armaments separately. Don't forget to mention the size of the crew, which plays an important role in fleet mechanics. Save tips on preserving survivability for the "Usage in battles" section. If necessary, use a graphical template to show the most well-protected or most vulnerable points in the armour.

Mobility

Speedforward / back
AB79 / 26 km/h
RB65 / 22 km/h

Write about the ship's mobility. Evaluate its power and manoeuvrability, rudder rerouting speed, stopping speed at full tilt, with its maximum forward and reverse speed.

Mobility Characteristics
Game Mode Upgrade Status Maximum Speed (km/h) Turn Time (s) Turn Radius (m)
Forward Reverse
AB Stock ___ ___
Upgraded 79 26
RB/SB Stock ___ ___
Upgraded 65 22

Modifications and economy

Repair cost
AB520 Sl icon.png
RB390 Sl icon.png
Total cost of modifications5 010 Rp icon.png
510 Sl icon.png
Crew training150 Sl icon.png
Experts1 000 Sl icon.png
Aces20 Ge icon.png
Research Aces140 000 Rp icon.png
Reward for battleAB / RB / SB
Talisman.png 2 × 50 / 70 / 50 % Sl icon.png
Talisman.png 2 × 75 / 75 / 75 % Rp icon.png
Modifications
Seakeeping Unsinkability Firepower
Mods new ship hull.png
Dry-Docking
Research:
600 Rp icon.png
Cost:
60 Sl icon.png
70 Ge icon.png
Mods new ship rudder.png
Rudder Replacement
Mods new ship screw.png
Propeller Replacement
Mods new ship engine.png
Engine Maintenance
Mods ship tool kit.png
Tool Set
Mods manual ship extinguisher.png
Fire Protection System
Mods engine smoke screen system.png
Smokescreen
Mods ship venting.png
Ventilation
Mods ship anti fragmentation protection.png
Shrapnel Protection
Mods new ship pumps.png
New Pumps
Research:
960 Rp icon.png
Cost:
100 Sl icon.png
110 Ge icon.png
Mods ship ammo wetting.png
Ammo Wetting
Research:
960 Rp icon.png
Cost:
100 Sl icon.png
110 Ge icon.png
Mods aphebc tank.png
102mm_usa_navy_mk16_special_common_ammo_pack
Research:
600 Rp icon.png
Cost:
60 Sl icon.png
70 Ge icon.png
Mods he frag base fuse tank.png
102mm_usa_navy_mk15_base_fuze_ammo_pack
Research:
330 Rp icon.png
Cost:
30 Sl icon.png
40 Ge icon.png
Mods new aux caliber turrets.png
Auxiliary Armament Targeting
Research:
330 Rp icon.png
Cost:
30 Sl icon.png
40 Ge icon.png
Mod arrow 0.png
Mods aphebc tank.png
76mm_usa_navy_common_ammo_pack
Research:
330 Rp icon.png
Cost:
30 Sl icon.png
40 Ge icon.png
Mods ship rangefinder.png
Improved Rangefinder
Research:
450 Rp icon.png
Cost:
50 Sl icon.png
50 Ge icon.png
Mods new main caliber turrets.png
Primary Armament Targeting
Research:
450 Rp icon.png
Cost:
50 Sl icon.png
50 Ge icon.png

Armament

Primary armament

4 х Turret4 inch/50 Mk.9 cannon
Ammunition300 rounds
Vertical guidance-10° / 20°

Provide information about the characteristics of the primary armament. Evaluate their efficacy in battle based on their reload speed, ballistics and the capacity of their shells. Add a link to the main article about the weapon: {{main|Weapon name (calibre)}}. Broadly describe the ammunition available for the primary armament, and provide recommendations on how to use it and which ammunition to choose.

Secondary armament

Turret3 inch/23 Mk.4 cannon
Ammunition500 rounds

Some ships are fitted with weapons of various calibres. Secondary armaments are defined as weapons chosen with the control Select secondary weapon. Evaluate the secondary armaments and give advice on how to use them. Describe the ammunition available for the secondary armament. Provide recommendations on how to use them and which ammunition to choose. Remember that any anti-air armament, even heavy calibre weapons, belong in the next section. If there is no secondary armament, remove this section.

Additional armament

Setup 112 x 21 in wet-heating Mk.8 torpedo
Main article: 21 in Mk.8 (533 mm)

Describe the available additional armaments of the ship: depth charges, mines, torpedoes. Talk about their positions, available ammunition and launch features such as dead zones of torpedoes. If there is no additional armament, remove this section.

Usage in battles

Describe the technique of using this ship, the characteristics of her use in a team and tips on strategy. Abstain from writing an entire guide – don't try to provide a single point of view, but give the reader food for thought. Talk about the most dangerous opponents for this vehicle and provide recommendations on fighting them. If necessary, note the specifics of playing with this vehicle in various modes (AB, RB, SB).

Pros and cons

Summarise and briefly evaluate the vehicle in terms of its characteristics and combat effectiveness. Mark its pros and cons in the bulleted list. Try not to use more than 6 points for each of the characteristics. Avoid using categorical definitions such as "bad", "good" and the like - use substitutions with softer forms such as "inadequate" and "effective".

Pros:

Cons:

History

USS Welborn C. Wood (DD-195) was a destroyer of the Clemson class built for the American navy just after the end of World War 1. The ship was among the most advanced destroyers of it’s time when it was commissioned in 1918 and served with the United States navy during the 1920s. She was transferred to the Coast Guard in 1931 as USCGD Wood, and was decommissioned in 1934. After the start of the Second World War, she was recommissioned and eventually transferred to the United Kingdom, where she served as HMS Chesterfield. She served as a convoy escort in WWII before being decommissioned and scrapped in 1948.

Design and development

The Clemson class was a large class of 156 destroyers built for the United States Navy (USN) just after the end of the First World War. Designed as a follow-up to the previous Wickes class, the ships were the last flush-decked destroyers built for the USN, in that their main deck was level throughout the entire ship. As well, they were the most numerous destroyers to serve in the USN until the introduction of the 175-ship Fletcher class during the Second World War. Welborn C. Wood was laid down in September of 1918 and eventually completed by January of 1921.

Welborn C. Wood displaced 1215 tons and had a crew complement of 111 officers and men. Her main armament consisted of four 4-inch (100 mm) guns in single mounts, with one at the front, two on side sponsons and one aft. Her initial secondary armament consisted of three 3-inch (76 mm) guns in single mounts, intended for anti-aircraft defence. Finally, the Welborn C. Wood carried twelve 21-inch (533 mm) torpedo tubes in four triple mounts, with six being able to fire to each side. Powered by geared turbines, the ship was capable of 35 knots (65 km/h).

Operational history

After her commissioning in 1921, the Welborn C. Wood served for a short time in fleet exercises before being placed into reserve due to the relaxed naval demand of the interwar years. However, the introduction of prohibition (preventing individuals from accessing alcohol) resulted in a rise in liquor-smuggling, particularly by sea. As a result, in 1929, the Welborn C. Wood was one of 25 old American destroyers given to the Coast Guard to enforce complete prohibition. She was thus renamed the USCGD Wood, and served on the “rum patrol”, the American destroyer force tasked with stopping ships from illegally importing alcohol. After four years of patrols, the Welborn C. Wood was again placed into reserve in 1934.

After the start of war in Europe, the Welborn C. Wood was immediately reactivated to help supplement the American neutrality patrols, mainly to protect the American coastlines and shipping routes. However, in 1940, the American and British signed the Destroyers-for-bases deal. During that time, the British navy was deeply in need for destroyers as the waters around the UK were blockaded by the United Kingdom. As a result, the US agreed to exchange 50 surplus destroyers for 99-year leases on British ports such as Newfoundland and Bermuda. Welborn C. Wood was one of the 50 destroyers and was handed to the British in September of 1940.

After her transfer, Welborn C. Wood was renamed Chesterfield and served in the Atlantic theatre. She was modified for the convoy escort role through the removal of three of her four 100 mm guns and three of her four triple torpedo tubes, which reduced her weight and allowed the fitting of depth charge racks and hedgehog anti submarine mortars. From 1942 to 1943, Chesterfield served in the Atlantic where she escorted several convoys. She attempted to attack the German submarine U-268 with depth charges, but ended up damaging herself with her depth charges and returned to Plymouth for repairs. She was subsequently turned into a target ship for aircraft. She was decommissioned in late 1945, and scrapped in 1948.

Media

Excellent additions to the article would be video guides, screenshots from the game, and photos.

See also

Links to articles on the War Thunder Wiki that you think will be useful for the reader, for example:

  • reference to the series of the ship;
  • links to approximate analogues of other nations and research trees.

External links

References

  • Helgason, G. (1995). USS Welborn. Retrieved January 26, 2021, from https://uboat.net/allies/warships/ship/2373.html


Newport News Shipbuilding & Drydock Co.
Destroyers 
Gun Destroyers (DD)  USS Welborn (DD-195)

USA destroyers
Clemson-class  USS Welborn (DD-195) · Clemson (DD-213) · Clemson (DD-336)
Farragut-class  Farragut (DD-355)
Fletcher-class  Fletcher (DD-445) · USS Bennion (DD-662) · USS Cowell (DD-547)
Porter-class  Porter (DD-356) · USS Phelps (DD-360) · USS Moffett (DD-362)
Somers-class  Somers (DD-381)
Allan M. Sumner-class  Sumner (DD-692)

USA premium ships
Motor torpedo boats  58 ft PT-3 · 94 ft PT-811 · Elco 80 ft PT-109 · Elco 80 ft PT-556
Sub-chasers  165 ft PC-466 Carmi
Destroyers  USS Welborn (DD-195) · USS Bennion (DD-662) · USS Cowell (DD-547) · USS Moffett (DD-362) · USS Phelps (DD-360)
Light cruisers  USS Helena (CL-50)