8 cm/40 3rd Year Type (76 mm)

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Description

The 8 cm/40 3rd Year Type is a Japanese naval cannon. Used in-game on the IJN Kurama battlecruiser and Type K-8 No.13 submarine chasers, the 8 cm/40 guns were used as dual-purpose guns for coastal defense and anti-aircraft.

Vehicles equipped with this weapon

General info

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Available ammunition

Penetration statistics
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Penetration @ 0° Angle of Attack (mm)
100 m 1,000 m 2,000 m 3,000 m 4,000 m 5,000 m
Type 0 HE HE 8 8 8 8 8 8
Type 0 HE HE-TF 8 8 8 8 8 8
Shell details
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Velocity
(m/s)
Projectile
mass (kg)
Fuse delay
(m)
Fuse sensitivity
(mm)
Explosive mass
(TNT equivalent) (g)
Ricochet
0% 50% 100%
Type 0 HE HE 685 5.99 0 0.1 480 79° 80° 81°
Type 0 HE HE-TF 685 5.99 0 0.1 480 79° 80° 81°

Comparison with analogues

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Usage in battles

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Pros and cons

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Pros:

Cons:

History

The Imperial Japanese Navy began moving to the metric system from the Imperial system during the Taishō period and as a result, most of their older guns were re-designated to conform to the new bureaucracy even though the guns were mostly unchanged from their Meiji era designs. An example is the 8-centimetre 40-calibre 3rd Year Type (the re-designation having occurred in the third year of Emperor Taishō's reign, 1917) formerly the 3-inch/40 Type 41. The design did undergo some changes later in its life, but the original guns were still overall similar to the Type 41 that came before. The first change to occur was adding a sliding breech block and later variants of the design were built with monobloc barrels. The Japanese battleships and battlecruisers built between 1914 and 1925 used these weapons as anti-aircraft guns. While they were later phased out from this role after 1925, the guns would be used well into World War II on smaller ships such as cruisers, destroyers, armed merchantmen, gunboats, and so on. Mounted on an elevating mount, these weapons were intended to be dual-purpose guns and also dismounted from ships in the coastal defense role. A wet mount called Type 88 was developed for mounting on submarines. In the coastal defense role, the guns were used to defend a large number of IJN island bases including Kiska, the Aleutian Islands in Alaska, Kolombangara in the New Georgia Islands group of the Solomon Islands, Saipan and Tinian in the Northern Mariana Islands, and Tarawa in the Gilbert Islands (now the capital of the Republic of Kiribati).

Media

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See also

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  • reference to the article about the variant of the cannon/machine gun;
  • references to approximate analogues by other nations and research trees.

External links


Japan naval cannons
20 mm  JM61 · Type 98
25 mm  25 mm/60 Type 96
37 mm  Type 4 · Type 11 pattern 1922
40 mm  40 mm/62 Vickers
57 mm  Type 97
75 mm  Type 88 AA
76 mm  3-inch/40 Type 41 · 8 cm/40 3rd Year Type · 8 cm/60 Type 98
100 mm  100/65 mm Type 98 mod A
120 mm  120 mm/45 3rd Year Type · 120 mm/45 10th year type
127 mm  5 inch/40 Type 89 · 127 mm/50 3rd Year Type
140 mm  140 mm/50 3rd Year Type
152 mm  6-inch/45 Type 41 · 15 cm/50 Type 41
155 mm  155 mm/60 3rd Year Type
200 mm  20 cm 3rd year type No.1
203 mm  20 cm/45 Type 41 · 20 cm/50 3rd year type No.2
356 mm  36 cm/45 Type 41
  Foreign:
20 mm  20 mm/70 Oerlikon Mk.II (USA/Britain)
40 mm  Bofors L/60 Mark 1 (USA) · Bofors L/60 Mark 2 (USA) · Bofors L/60 Mark 3 (USA)
47 mm  3 pdr QF Hotchkiss (Britain)
76 mm  3-inch Mark 10 (USA) · 3 inch Mk.33 (USA) · 3-inch Mk.34 (USA)
120 mm  4,7-inch/40 Armstrong (Britain)
127 mm  5 inch/38 Mk.12 (USA)
305 mm  12-inch/45 Vickers (Britain) · 12-inch/50 Vickers (Britain)