Ki-45 hei

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Ki-45 hei Toryu
ki-45_hei.png
AB
RB
SB
General characteristics
Brief
Detailed
3.3/3.0/2.3BR
2 peopleCrew
5.4 tTake-off weight
Flight characteristics
2 х Mitsubishi Ha-102Engine
RadialType
airCooling system
Speed of destruction
712.5 km/hStructural
350 km/hGear
Offensive armament
37 mm Ho-203 cannonWeapon 1
15 roundsAmmunition
120 shots/minFire rate
20 mm Ho-3 cannonWeapon 2
100 roundsAmmunition
400 shots/minFire rate
Defensive armament
7.92 mm Type 98 machine gunTurret
1 050 roundsAmmunition
1 050 shots/minFire rate
Economy
14 000 Rp icon.pngResearch
55 000 Sl icon.pngPurchase
Sl icon.png3 300 / 4 151/2 200 / 2 767/1 240 / 1 559Repair
16 000 Sl icon.pngCrew training
55 000 Sl icon.pngExperts
320 Ge icon.pngAces
× (130) % Rp icon.pngReward for battle
This page is about the Japanese twin-engine fighter Ki-45 hei. For other uses, see Ki-45 (Family).

Description

GarageImage Ki-45 hei.jpg


The Ki-45 hei Toryu is a rank II Japanese twin-engine fighter with a battle rating of 2.3 (AB), 3.0 (RB), and 3.3 (SB). This aircraft was introduced in Update 1.31.

Being a classed as a heavy fighter, the Ki-45 isn't the best in the maneuverability category. However, for a heavy fighter, it maneuvers very well. It is even capable of out-turning aircraft such as the P-47D-25. Unlike heavy fighters of other nations, the Ki-45 series does not feature aircraft with large amounts of heavy weaponry. This is a major downside, considering how heavy fighters traditionally give up maneuverability and speed for armament. Instead, the Ki-45s utilize more of an equilibrium between maneuverability, speed, and armament. These are what makes the Ki-45 both a capable dog-fighter, and bomber hunter.

General info

Flight Performance

Characteristics
Stock
Max Speed
(km/h at 6,300 m)
Max altitude
(meters)
Turn time
(seconds)
Rate of climb
(meters/second)
Take-off run
(meters)
AB RB AB RB AB RB
548 538 25.1 25.5 17.0 17.0 520
Upgraded
Max Speed
(km/h at 6,300 m)
Max altitude (meters) Turn time (seconds) Rate of climb
(meters/second)
Take-off run (meters)
AB RB AB RB AB RB
 ?  ?  ??.?  ??.?  ??.?  ??.? 520

Details

Features
Combat flap Take-off flap Landing flap Air brakes Arrestor gear
X X
Limits
Wing-break speed
(km/h)
Gear limit
(km/h)
Combat flap
(km/h)
Max Static G
+ -
712.5 350 390 ~11 ~7
Optimal velocities
Ailerons
(km/h)
Rudder
(km/h)
Elevators
(km/h)
Radiator
(km/h)
< 360 < 320 < 450 > 280
Compressor (RB/SB)
Setting 1
Optimal altitude 100% Engine power WEP Engine power
1,800 m 2,080 hp 2,271 hp
Setting 2
Optimal altitude 100% Engine power WEP Engine power
5,100 m 1,870 hp 2,042 hp

Survivability and armour

  • 16 mm Steel plates behind the pilot

Armaments

Offensive armament

The Ki-45 hei is armed with:

  • 1 x 37 mm Ho-203 cannon, nose-mounted (15 rpg)
  • 1 x 20 mm Ho-3 cannon, belly-mounted (100 rpg)

Defensive armament

The Ki-45 hei is defended by:

  • 1 x 7.92 mm Type 98 machine gun, dorsal turret (1,050 rpg)

Usage in the battles

This variant of the Ki-45, the Ki-45 hei, features virtually the same armament as the Ki-45 otsu. Wielding one Ho-3 20 mm cannon and one Ho-203 37 mm cannon, the Ki-45 hei is the pinnacle of a multi-purpose aircraft. Its 37 mm cannon allows it to take down bombers with ease, and its single 20 mm cannon allows for some flexibility in the dog-fighting department. Although deadly, the 37 mm cannon only holds 15 rounds, so shot placement is crucial. The round itself also travels fairly slowly in the air, making it hard to hit fast moving enemy fighters. The 20 mm cannon is best used in an anti-fighter role. Unfortunately, the Ki-45's ground attack role is minimal due to the inability to equip armour piercing rounds for the 37 mm cannon. The Ki-45 hei is also unable to equip bombs.

The Ki-45 hei also retains its impressive turn rate from the Ki-45 tei. Although the aircraft itself is large and presents an "easy target" in many players' minds, the Ki-45 is rather nimble. Use this to your advantage when engaging enemy aircraft. Unfortunately, the Ki-45 is a heavy fighter, meaning its turn time is still not on par with other aircraft such as the F2A-3. In certain cases, the Ki-45 pilot may have to rely on his or her tail gunner to get the job done. The "otsu" version of the Ki-45 features a 7.92 mm Type 98 machine gun with 1050 rounds. Although lacklustre, with shot placement it is possible to destroy enemies on the aircraft's tail. Aim for the pilot or the engine, as those are generally the weakest points on most aircraft. If the tailing enemy is a bi-plane, aim for the wings since they are very fragile.

The Toryu is also rather fragile for a heavy fighter. Although it does feature two engines, the Ki-45 does not have very much armour protection. Only the back of the pilot's seat has armour, leaving both the gunner and engines unprotected. This can prove costly in a fight. If one does find him or herself tailed, call upon teammates for assistance.

Tactics

The Ki-45 hei's armament is much more suited for bomber hunting than its earlier machine gun armed variant. With a moderate ammunition pool, it is easily possible to destroy multiple enemies with this aircraft. It is recommended to use the 20 mm cannon only when the pilot is sure he or she will hit the enemy aircraft, as it only holds 100 shells. The 37 mm cannon does impressive damage but requires a high degree of accuracy and lead. Practicing with this weapon will help greatly, especially when attacking fighters.

Manual Engine Control

MEC elements
Mixer Pitch Radiator Supercharger Turbocharger
Oil Water Type
Controllable Not controllable Not controllable Not controllable Separate Not ontrollable Not controllable

Modules

Tier Flight performance Survivability Weaponry
I Fuselage Repair Radiator Turret 7 mm
II Compressor Airframe New 7 mm MGs (Turret)
III Wings Repair Engine Offensive 20 mm
IV Engine Injection Cover New 20 mm Cannons New 37 mm Cannons
  • Instead of focusing on armament like other heavy fighters, the Ki-45 is more balanced between armament and flight performance.
  • While the default ammunition belts for both weapons on the Ki-45 ko are workable, it can help to upgrade.
  • Unlocking the flight performance modules will help drastically in dogfights and turn fights.

Pros and cons

Pros:

  • Highly powerful 37 mm cannon
  • Good manoeuvrability and climb rate for a heavy fighter
  • Acceptable top speed
  • 16.5mm of armour in pilot's seat and added armour in the nose around 37 mm gun
  • Two engine design

Cons:

  • Beat in turn fights by some aircraft
  • Prone to fuel and engine fires
  • Locks up at high speeds
  • Mediocre roll rate, gets worse as speed increases
  • Limited ammunition for all weapons
  • Lack of protection around fuel tanks, engines, and gunner
  • Long cannon reload time (no armour)
  • Pilot is exposed in head-ons
  • Limited anti-fighter capabilities

History

Initially designed to be a bomber escort, the Ki-45 was first deployed in what is now China and Vietnam. It was found to be easily outclassed by P-40s piloted by the Flying Tigers. As a result, the Ki-45's role was changed to anti-shipping and ground attack, where it performed satisfactorily. Nonetheless, the Ki-45's greatest strength proved to be its bomber intercepting capabilities. Heavily armed with 37 mm cannon, the Toryu (Dragon Slayer) could destroy heavy bombers with ease. As the war progressed, the need for an interceptor to defend the Japanese mainland was ever present. Soon, the Ki-45 was deployed to counter B-29 Superfortress raids. Although its armament was clearly deadly enough, the Ki-45 suffered at high altitudes. Pilots soon resorted to ramming attacks against the Superfortresses. Special attack groups specifically designed for this purpose formed, but by late 1945 Imperial Japan's fate had been sealed. The Allies allocated the name "Nick" to the Ki-45.

In-game description

"Kawasaki Ki-45 KAI Hei (Model C) Type 2 Toryu (Allied reporting name: Nick) twin-engine army fighter

The Ki-45 KAI Hei variant, with modified on-board armament (when compared with the Ki-45 KAI Otsu), was specially created to attack sea targets. A 37 mm Ho-203 automatic cannon with 15 rounds was mounted in the nose fairing, which had its shape modified. A 20 mm Ho-3 cannon with 100 rounds was placed in the lower section of the fuselage.

The 7.92 mm Type 98 machine gun with 1,050 rounds remained in the rear defensive turret. In all other respects, the airframe was like that of the Ki-45 KAI Otsu.

The Ki-45 KAI Hei was extensively used in New Guinea, particularly against American torpedo boats.

One of the Ki-45 KAI Hei fighters was thoroughly tested in 1945 by US Army Technical Intelligence experts. The test results report mentioned the very good takeoff characteristics of the aircraft. Other capabilities won praise too: for example, the American pilots were struck by the machine's horizontal manoeuvrability. Stall characteristics were satisfactory, and pilots could sense when speed loss caused by flow separation was imminent. Landing performance was found to be very good, as well.

Observed drawbacks included the aircraft's low taxi controllability due to poor breaks and the free-pivoting tail wheel. In addition, the aircraft's high nose-up position obscured forward visibility, so there was no choice but to taxi in a zigzag pattern.

In addition to that, the report mentioned significant noise and vibration levels in the cockpit at all speeds, unsatisfactory pilot seat adjustment, and poor downward and backward visibility from the pilot's cockpit."

Media

An excellent addition to the article will be video guides, as well as screenshots from the game and photos.

Read also

Links to the articles on the War Thunder Wiki that you think will be useful for the reader, for example,

  • reference to the series of the aircraft;
  • links to approximate analogues of other nations and research trees.

Sources

Paste links to sources and external resources, such as:

  • topic on the official game forum;
  • page on aircraft encyclopedia;
  • other literature.


Japan twin-engine fighters and attackers
Twin-engine fighters  Ki-108 · J5N1 · Ki-83
Interceptors  J1N1 · Ki-45 ko Toryu · Ki-45 otsu Toryu · Ki-45 hei Toryu · Ki-45 tei Toryu · Ki-96 · Ki-109
Attackers  Ki-102 otsu