Difference between revisions of "Type 93 Model 3 (610 mm)"

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m (U28580205 moved page Type 93 Model 3 (610 mm) to Type 93 Model 3: Standardized to w/o calibre value)
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{{DISPLAYTITLE:Type 93 Model 3}}
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<div class="ttx">
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<div class="ttx-title">Type 93 Model 3</div>
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<div class="ttx-image">[[File:Type93 Model3.png]]</div>
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<div class="ttx-table">
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  <div class="ttx-table-line ttx-table-head">Information</div>
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  <div class="ttx-table-line"><span class="ttx-value">Ship-launched Torpedo</span><span class="ttx-name">Type</span></div>
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  <div class="ttx-table-line"><span class="ttx-value">Japan [[File:Japan_flag.png]]</span><span class="ttx-name">County of Origin</span></div>
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  <div class="ttx-table-line ttx-table-head">General Characteristics</div>
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  <div class="ttx-table-line"><span class="ttx-value">610 mm (24 in)</span><span class="ttx-name">Diameter</span></div>
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  <div class="ttx-table-line"><span class="ttx-value">9 m (29 ft, 6 in)</span><span class="ttx-name">Length</span></div>
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  <div class="ttx-table-line"><span class="ttx-value">2,800 kg</span><span class="ttx-name">Mass</span></div>
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  <div class="ttx-table-line"><span class="ttx-value">91 km/h</span><span class="ttx-name">Max Speed</span></div>
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  <div class="ttx-table-line"><span class="ttx-value">15.00 km</span><span class="ttx-name">Max Range</span></div>
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  <div class="ttx-table-line"><span class="ttx-value">Type 97</span><span class="ttx-name">Explosive Type</span></div>
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  <div class="ttx-table-line"><span class="ttx-value">780 kg</span><span class="ttx-name">Explosive Mass</span></div>
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  <div class="ttx-table-line"><span class="ttx-value">998.4 kg</span><span class="ttx-name">TNT Equivalent</span></div>
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  <div class="ttx-table-line"><span class="ttx-value">1 m</span><span class="ttx-name">Depth Stroke</span></div>
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  <div class="ttx-table-line"><span class="ttx-value">50 m</span><span class="ttx-name">Arming Distance</span></div>
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  <div class="ttx-table-line"><span class="ttx-value">No</span><span class="ttx-name">Torpedo Mode?</span></div>
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</div>
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</div>
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== Description ==
 
== Description ==
''Write an introduction to the article in 2-3 small paragraphs. Briefly tell us about the history of the development and combat using the weaponry and also about its features. Compile a list of air, ground, or naval vehicles that feature this weapon system in the game.''
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<!--''Write an introduction to the article in 2-3 small paragraphs. Briefly tell us about the history of the development and combat using the weaponry and also about its features. Compile a list of air, ground, or naval vehicles that feature this weapon system in the game.''-->
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The Type 93 Model 3 torpedo is one of the best ship-launched torpedoes in the game, with their long 15 km range, fast 91 km/h top speed, and massive 998.4 kg TNT equivalent explosive charge. Carried by certain destroyers in late war configurations, these effective weapons allow them to remain a threat to targets where the main battery is ineffective.
  
 
=== Vehicles equipped with this weapon ===
 
=== Vehicles equipped with this weapon ===
 
<!-- ''List out vehicles that are equipped with the weapon.'' -->
 
<!-- ''List out vehicles that are equipped with the weapon.'' -->
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* {{Specs-Link|jp_destroyer_kiyoshimo}}
 
* {{Specs-Link|jp_destroyer_akizuki}}
 
* {{Specs-Link|jp_destroyer_akizuki}}
* {{Specs-Link|jp_destroyer_kiyoshimo}}
 
  
 
== General info ==
 
== General info ==
''Tell us about the tactical and technical characteristics of the torpedo.''
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<!--''Tell us about the tactical and technical characteristics of the torpedo.''-->
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{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:center" width="100%"
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|-
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! Mass (kg) !! Maximum Speed in water (km/h) !! Travel Distance (km) !! Depth Stroke (m) !! Arming Distance (m) !! Explosive Type !! Explosive Mass (kg) !! TNT Equivalent (kg)
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|-
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| 2800 || 91 || 15.00 || 1 || 50 || Type 97 || 780 || 998.4
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|}
  
 
=== Effective damage ===
 
=== Effective damage ===
''Describe the type of damage produced by this type of torpedo (high explosive, splash damage, etc)''
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<!--''Describe the type of damage produced by this type of torpedo (high explosive, splash damage, etc)''-->
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The Type 93 Model 3 carries the most powerful warhead of any torpedo in the game with 998.4 kg TNT equivalence. Even a single hit by this powerful torpedo can be enough to sink even the most armored targets.
  
 
=== Comparison with analogues ===
 
=== Comparison with analogues ===
''Give a comparative description of torpedoes that have firepower equal to this weapon.''
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<!--''Give a comparative description of torpedoes that have firepower equal to this weapon.''-->
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The other variant of the Type 93 torpedo is the [[Type 93 Model 1, Mod 2]]. Although the Type 93 Model 3 has a shorter range by 5 km, it carries a warhead more than 50% greater than that of the Type 93 Model 1, mod 2. The only other torpedo that comes close to the Type 93 Model 3 in terms of explosive power is the [[Mk.16|21-inch Mk.16]]. Even then, the warhead of the Mk.16 is over 80 kg smaller at 915.2 kg TNT equivalence, and its range is much smaller at 6.4 km.
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Compared with other common torpedoes used on destroyers and cruisers ([[Mk.15]], [[G7a]], [[G7E (mod.T5a)]], [[53-38]], [[53-39]], [[Mark V]], and [[Mark IX]]), while some can match or even surpass the Type 93 Model 3, mod 2 in speed, none come close to combining that with long range and a large explosive charge.
  
 
== Usage in battles ==
 
== Usage in battles ==
''Describe situations when you would utilise this torpedo in-game (vehicle, pillbox, base, etc)''
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<!--''Describe situations when you would utilise this torpedo in-game (vehicle, pillbox, base, etc)''-->
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One useful feature of the Type 93 Model 3 torpedo is that on all ships which carry it, extra torpedoes are stored on the ship which allows the torpedo launchers to be reloaded in battle, usually enough for one full reload of the torpedo launchers. While limiting the number of torpedoes the ship can send at once, this feature can be very useful, allowing these ships to carry a much larger amount of torpedoes than other ships. This is particularly useful in [[Realistic Battles]] as a single ship can launch multiple salvos of torpedoes without having to visit a capture point to reload. In [[Arcade Battles]], this will allow them to have a faster rate of fire for torpedoes, since the torpedoes will replenish faster than the standard Arcade reload, allowing multiple waves of torpedoes to be launched at a quick pace.
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The Type 93 Model 3 is a very useful weapon in the Encounter game mode, as their long-range and fast speed will allow them to strike at the enemy convoy immediately from spawn. They can also be used against players by firing a large spread in an area where many ships are likely to pass through, such as a narrow pass. They can catch an enemy ship off-guard at a distance where most other torpedoes will not be able to reach and can effectively shut down sections of the map where they are launched.
  
 
=== Pros and cons ===
 
=== Pros and cons ===
''Summarise and briefly evaluate the weaponry in terms of its characteristics and combat effectiveness. Mark pros and cons as a list.''
+
<!--''Summarise and briefly evaluate the weaponry in terms of its characteristics and combat effectiveness. Mark pros and cons as a list.''-->
  
 
'''Pros:'''
 
'''Pros:'''
*
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* Carries the most powerful warheads of any torpedo
 +
* One of the fastest torpedoes in the game
 +
* Very long range, at 15 km
 +
* Ships that carry Type 93 often carry a large amount
  
 
'''Cons:'''
 
'''Cons:'''
*
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* Ships that carry Type 93 must reload in order to access entire load
  
 
== History ==
 
== History ==
''Describe the history of the creation and combat usage of the weapon in more detail than in the introduction. If the historical reference turns out to be too long, take it to a separate article, taking a link to the article about the weapon and adding a block "/History" (example: <nowiki>https://wiki.warthunder.com/(Weapon-name)/History</nowiki>) and add a link to it here using the <code>main</code> template. Be sure to reference text and sources by using <code><nowiki><ref></ref></nowiki></code>, as well as adding them at the end of the article with <code><nowiki><references /></nowiki></code>.''
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<!--''Describe the history of the creation and combat usage of the weapon in more detail than in the introduction. If the historical reference turns out to be too long, take it to a separate article, taking a link to the article about the weapon and adding a block "/History" (example: <nowiki>https://wiki.warthunder.com/(Weapon-name)/History</nowiki>) and add a link to it here using the <code>main</code> template. Be sure to reference text and sources by using <code><nowiki><ref></ref></nowiki></code>, as well as adding them at the end of the article with <code><nowiki><references /></nowiki></code>.''-->
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Without the required number of capital warships, nor the industry to produce them, to match the United States in the Pacific, Japan would not be able to win a prolonged gunfight with as there would always be more US ships than Japanese. To combat this disadvantage, the Imperial Japanese Navy developed a strategy in which series of mass torpedo attacks would weaken the US fleet ahead of a major decisive battle. For this, a long-range, stealthy torpedo would be needed. Both the British Royal Navy and the IJN had experimented with oxygen-driven torpedoes in the past; however, after casualties from premature explosion, development halted. It was in the wake of the new battleship HMS Rodney, which carried oxygen torpedoes, that interest renewed in Japan. Taking inspiration from HMS Rodney's torpedoes, development began in 1928 for a long-range, wakeless oxygen torpedo.
 +
 
 +
The resulting torpedo was the Type 93 torpedo, referred to as Sanso Gyorai (酸素魚雷, "oxygen torpedo"). The Type 93 torpedo had a diameter of 610 mm (24 inches), was 9 meters (29 feet, 6 inches) long, weighed 2700 kg, and was rather large compared to its contemporaries. Many torpedoes of the time used combustion engines with compressed air oxidizers for propulsion. In contrast, the Type 93 torpedo utilized pure, compressed oxygen as the oxidizer. Air is composed of roughly 20% oxygen and 78% nitrogen, the latter of which was a waste product that manifested as long bubble trails. Using pure oxygen allowed the Type 93 torpedo to effectively quintuple its fuel while also eliminating the nitrogen byproduct. This greatly reduced the torpedo's bubble trail and left it virtually wakeless. The use of oxygen allowed the Type 93 torpedo to carry a large explosive charge without sacrificing fast speeds and long range.
 +
 
 +
However, it was not without its drawbacks; the torpedo was prone early detonation, so a secondary compressed air tank was used at launch, switching to the oxygen tank once the torpedo was a safe distance away from the launching ship. The Type 93 torpedo was also more susceptible to shrapnel and shock-induced detonation, which lead to the loss of a number of Japanese warships.
 +
 
 +
The Type 93 torpedo entered service in 1935. Japanese light forces would use the Type 93 in night attacks against Allied shipping, where the stealthy torpedo could find its target before the enemy was even aware that there were torpedoes in the water. This, combined with the extreme secrecy of the torpedo, resulted in the loss of many Allied ships. After the war, the Type 93 torpedo was dubbed "Long Lance" in the west.
  
 
== Media ==
 
== Media ==
Line 35: Line 83:
  
 
== See also ==
 
== See also ==
''Links to the articles on the War Thunder Wiki that you think will be useful for the reader, for example:''
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<!--''Links to the articles on the War Thunder Wiki that you think will be useful for the reader, for example:''-->
* ''reference to the article about the variant of the weapon;''
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* [[Type 93 Model 1, Mod 2]]
* ''references to approximate analogues by other nations and research trees.''
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* [[Mk.15]]
  
 
== External links ==
 
== External links ==

Revision as of 20:36, 3 November 2019

Type 93 Model 3
Type93 Model3.png
Information
Ship-launched TorpedoType
Japan Japan flag.pngCounty of Origin
General Characteristics
610 mm (24 in)Diameter
9 m (29 ft, 6 in)Length
2,800 kgMass
91 km/hMax Speed
15.00 kmMax Range
Type 97Explosive Type
780 kgExplosive Mass
998.4 kgTNT Equivalent
1 mDepth Stroke
50 mArming Distance
NoTorpedo Mode?

Description

The Type 93 Model 3 torpedo is one of the best ship-launched torpedoes in the game, with their long 15 km range, fast 91 km/h top speed, and massive 998.4 kg TNT equivalent explosive charge. Carried by certain destroyers in late war configurations, these effective weapons allow them to remain a threat to targets where the main battery is ineffective.

Vehicles equipped with this weapon

General info

Mass (kg) Maximum Speed in water (km/h) Travel Distance (km) Depth Stroke (m) Arming Distance (m) Explosive Type Explosive Mass (kg) TNT Equivalent (kg)
2800 91 15.00 1 50 Type 97 780 998.4

Effective damage

The Type 93 Model 3 carries the most powerful warhead of any torpedo in the game with 998.4 kg TNT equivalence. Even a single hit by this powerful torpedo can be enough to sink even the most armored targets.

Comparison with analogues

The other variant of the Type 93 torpedo is the Type 93 Model 1, Mod 2. Although the Type 93 Model 3 has a shorter range by 5 km, it carries a warhead more than 50% greater than that of the Type 93 Model 1, mod 2. The only other torpedo that comes close to the Type 93 Model 3 in terms of explosive power is the 21-inch Mk.16. Even then, the warhead of the Mk.16 is over 80 kg smaller at 915.2 kg TNT equivalence, and its range is much smaller at 6.4 km.

Compared with other common torpedoes used on destroyers and cruisers (Mk.15, G7a, G7E (mod.T5a), 53-38, 53-39, Mark V, and Mark IX), while some can match or even surpass the Type 93 Model 3, mod 2 in speed, none come close to combining that with long range and a large explosive charge.

Usage in battles

One useful feature of the Type 93 Model 3 torpedo is that on all ships which carry it, extra torpedoes are stored on the ship which allows the torpedo launchers to be reloaded in battle, usually enough for one full reload of the torpedo launchers. While limiting the number of torpedoes the ship can send at once, this feature can be very useful, allowing these ships to carry a much larger amount of torpedoes than other ships. This is particularly useful in Realistic Battles as a single ship can launch multiple salvos of torpedoes without having to visit a capture point to reload. In Arcade Battles, this will allow them to have a faster rate of fire for torpedoes, since the torpedoes will replenish faster than the standard Arcade reload, allowing multiple waves of torpedoes to be launched at a quick pace.

The Type 93 Model 3 is a very useful weapon in the Encounter game mode, as their long-range and fast speed will allow them to strike at the enemy convoy immediately from spawn. They can also be used against players by firing a large spread in an area where many ships are likely to pass through, such as a narrow pass. They can catch an enemy ship off-guard at a distance where most other torpedoes will not be able to reach and can effectively shut down sections of the map where they are launched.

Pros and cons

Pros:

  • Carries the most powerful warheads of any torpedo
  • One of the fastest torpedoes in the game
  • Very long range, at 15 km
  • Ships that carry Type 93 often carry a large amount

Cons:

  • Ships that carry Type 93 must reload in order to access entire load

History

Without the required number of capital warships, nor the industry to produce them, to match the United States in the Pacific, Japan would not be able to win a prolonged gunfight with as there would always be more US ships than Japanese. To combat this disadvantage, the Imperial Japanese Navy developed a strategy in which series of mass torpedo attacks would weaken the US fleet ahead of a major decisive battle. For this, a long-range, stealthy torpedo would be needed. Both the British Royal Navy and the IJN had experimented with oxygen-driven torpedoes in the past; however, after casualties from premature explosion, development halted. It was in the wake of the new battleship HMS Rodney, which carried oxygen torpedoes, that interest renewed in Japan. Taking inspiration from HMS Rodney's torpedoes, development began in 1928 for a long-range, wakeless oxygen torpedo.

The resulting torpedo was the Type 93 torpedo, referred to as Sanso Gyorai (酸素魚雷, "oxygen torpedo"). The Type 93 torpedo had a diameter of 610 mm (24 inches), was 9 meters (29 feet, 6 inches) long, weighed 2700 kg, and was rather large compared to its contemporaries. Many torpedoes of the time used combustion engines with compressed air oxidizers for propulsion. In contrast, the Type 93 torpedo utilized pure, compressed oxygen as the oxidizer. Air is composed of roughly 20% oxygen and 78% nitrogen, the latter of which was a waste product that manifested as long bubble trails. Using pure oxygen allowed the Type 93 torpedo to effectively quintuple its fuel while also eliminating the nitrogen byproduct. This greatly reduced the torpedo's bubble trail and left it virtually wakeless. The use of oxygen allowed the Type 93 torpedo to carry a large explosive charge without sacrificing fast speeds and long range.

However, it was not without its drawbacks; the torpedo was prone early detonation, so a secondary compressed air tank was used at launch, switching to the oxygen tank once the torpedo was a safe distance away from the launching ship. The Type 93 torpedo was also more susceptible to shrapnel and shock-induced detonation, which lead to the loss of a number of Japanese warships.

The Type 93 torpedo entered service in 1935. Japanese light forces would use the Type 93 in night attacks against Allied shipping, where the stealthy torpedo could find its target before the enemy was even aware that there were torpedoes in the water. This, combined with the extreme secrecy of the torpedo, resulted in the loss of many Allied ships. After the war, the Type 93 torpedo was dubbed "Long Lance" in the west.

Media

An excellent addition to the article would be a video guide, as well as screenshots from the game and photos.

See also

External links

Paste links to sources and external resources, such as:

  • topic on the official game forum;
  • encyclopedia page on the weapon;
  • other literature.


Torpedoes
USA 
46 cm  Mk.7
53 cm  Mk.8 · Mk.8-3 C/D · Mk.15 · Mk.16
57 cm  Mk.13 * · Mk.13/44 *
Germany 
45 cm  F5W * · LT 1A/1
53 cm  G7a · G7E (mod.T5a) · Seal DM2A1
USSR 
40 cm  SET-40
45 cm  45-36AN * · 45-36MAN * · 45-36NU
53 mm  53-38 · 53-39 · 53-56 · SET-65
Britain 
45 cm  Mark XII * · Mark XV
53 cm  Mk.V · Mk.VIII · Mk.IX
Japan 
32 cm  Mark 46
45 cm  Type 2 · Type 44 No.2 · Type 91 Mod.2 * · Type 91 Mod.3 *
53 cm  Type 6
61 cm  Type 8 No.2 · Type 90 · Type 93 Model 1, Mod 2 · Type 93 Model 3
Italy 
45 cm  F200/450 *
  * = Aircraft launched