Type 95 depth charge

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The Type 95 depth charge. Top: in stern racks on Type T-14; bottom: in depth charge throwers on IJN Yuudachi.

Description

The Type 95 depth charge is a common depth charge found on many Japanese WWII patrol boats, sub chasers, destroyers, and the light cruiser IJN Kuma. Depending on the particular vessel, it can be dropped from stern racks or launched with a depth charge thrower; both options are also available on certain vessels.

Vehicles equipped with this weapon

Vehicles equipped with this weapon
Motor torpedo boats  T-51b · Type T-1 · Type T-14 · Type T-14 (Mod. 01) · Type T-38
Motor gun boats  Type 4 Model 4
Gunboats  Chidori
Sub-chasers  Type 5 · Type K-3 / No.1 Class · Type K-7 / No.4 Class · Type K-8 (1944)
Frigates  Köln F220 · Syonan
Destroyers  IJN Akizuki · IJN Ayanami · IJN Kiyoshimo · IJN Mutsuki · IJN Satsuki · IJN Shimakaze · IJN Yugumo · IJN Yuudachi
Light cruisers  IJN Kuma · IJN Sendai

General info

The Type 95 depth charge weighs 160kg and has a 100 kg Amatol explosive charge with a TNT equivalence of 100 kg.

Effective damage

Though very situational, any depth charge that detonates close enough to a boat, or even a destroyer, is usually enough to sink or cripple it. The radius of fragment dispersion is 114 m (374 ft) and the max armor penetration of high-explosive action is 98 mm.

Comparison with analogues

The Type 95 depth charge has a relatively low explosive mass for a depth charge at 100 kg. Most other depth charges currently in the game have 130 kg TNT equivalence or higher. Exceptions include WBF depth charge and Mk.10 Hedgehog mortar.

The WBG depth charge is completely identical to the Type 95 in-game, weighing 160 kg and having a 100 kg Amatol explosive charge with 100 kg TNT equivalence.

Usage in battles

Type 95 launched from a port bomb mortar onboard IJN Mutsuki

Without the presence of submarines, the usage of depth charges is very situational. If using the depth charges that drop off stern racks, there is no reason to use any Depth Charge activation time setting above the minimum 3 seconds, since higher times means the depth charge will sink further, and thus away, from the target. With a fast boat, sailing up right next to a slower target and dropping the depth charges can lead to some success.

The depth charges mounted on depth charge throwers are even more situational. They cannot be aimed and have a long flight time, making them difficult to use against moving targets. Their detonation times also cannot be changed, detonating 3 seconds after hitting the water. They can be used to hit an enemy behind cover, though as with other depth charge uses, this is extremely situational.

Pros and cons

Pros:

  • Can be used as a last resort if other weapons are disabled

Cons:

  • Relatively small explosive mass
  • Extremely situational usage

History

Designed in 1935 and entering service in 1940, the Type 95 depth charge was a depth charge used by the Imperial Japanese Navy for anti-submarine warfare. The depth charge weighed 160 kg and contained a 100 kg Type 88 explosive charge. It had two depth settings, 30 m and 60 m, and sunk at a rate of approximately 1.9 m/s. There are two other versions of the Type 95, the Type 95 Model 1 Mod 1 and Type 95 Model 1 Mod 2, that both increased the explosive charge and allowed for 90 m and 120 m depth settings. The Type 95 was detonated by a piston that was pushed by water filling up an internal chamber, the intake of which could be varied to set the detonation depth.

The Type 95 could either be dropped off of stern racks or fired from the Model 1934 depth charge thrower. The Model 1934 was a Y-gun with two arms facing either broadside. Both arms could be fired at once or individually. A unique aspect of the Type 95 depth charge is that they could be fired with an optional parachute. This increased the flight time of depth charge and allowed slower vessels to safely exit the area before the detonation when using the shallowest depth setting.

Media

Excellent additions to the article would be video guides, screenshots from the game, and photos.

See also

External links


Naval depth charges
USA  7.2 in T37 · Mk.6 · Mk.6 mortar · K-gun Mk.9
Germany  WBD · WBF · WBG
Foreign:  BB-1 (USSR) · Mk.6 (USA) · Type 95 (Japan)
USSR  BB-1 · BM-1 · RBM mortar
Britain  Mk.10 Hedgehog mortar · Mk.VII · Y-gun Mk.VII
Foreign:  Mk.6 mortar (USA)
Japan  Type 95
Foreign:  Mk.6 mortar (USA) · Mk.9 (USA) · Mk.10 Hedgehog (Britain)
Italy  B TG · B TG 100