Difference between revisions of "Type 95 depth charge"

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{{DISPLAYTITLE:Type 95 depth charge}}
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[[File:Type95_Depth_Charge.png|thumbnail|right|x250px|The Type 95 depth charge. Top: in stern racks on [[Type T-14]]; bottom: in depth charge throwers on [[IJN Yuudachi]].]]
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== Description ==
 
== Description ==
''Write an introduction to the article in 2-3 small paragraphs. Briefly tell us about the history of the development and combat using the weaponry and also about its features. Compile a list of air, ground, or naval vehicles that feature this weapon system in the game.''
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<!--''Write an introduction to the article in 2-3 small paragraphs. Briefly tell us about the history of the development and combat using the weaponry and also about its features. Compile a list of air, ground, or naval vehicles that feature this weapon system in the game.''-->
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The Type 95 depth charge is a common depth charge found on many Japanese WWII patrol boats, sub chasers, destroyers, and the light cruiser [[IJN Kuma]]. Depending on the particular vessel, it can be dropped from stern racks or launched with a depth charge thrower; both options are also available on certain vessels.
  
 
=== Vehicles equipped with this weapon ===
 
=== Vehicles equipped with this weapon ===
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{{Navigation-First-Line|'''Motor gun boats'''}}{{Specs-Link|jp_sehatei_mod1|short}}{{-}}{{Specs-Link|jp_type5_escortboat|short}}
 
{{Navigation-First-Line|'''Motor gun boats'''}}{{Specs-Link|jp_sehatei_mod1|short}}{{-}}{{Specs-Link|jp_type5_escortboat|short}}
  
{{Navigation-Line|'''Motor torpedo boats'''}}{{Specs-Link|jp_t14_class|short}}{{-}}{{Specs-Link|jp_t14_class_mod01|short}}{{-}}{{Specs-Link|jp_t51b|short}}{{-}}{{Specs-Link|jp_type38_1944|short}}{{-}}{{Specs-Link|jp_type_t1_1941|short}}
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{{Navigation-Line|'''Motor torpedo boats'''}}{{Specs-Link|jp_t51b|short}}{{-}}{{Specs-Link|jp_type_t1_1941|short}}{{-}}{{Specs-Link|jp_t14_class|short}}{{-}}{{Specs-Link|jp_t14_class_mod01|short}}{{-}}{{Specs-Link|jp_type38_1944|short}}
  
{{Navigation-Line|'''Sub-chasers'''}}{{Specs-Link|jp_karotei_type2|short}}{{-}}{{Specs-Link|jp_kusen_tei_13_1944|short}}{{-}}{{Specs-Link|jp_no1_ch2|short}}{{-}}{{Specs-Link|jp_no4_ch8|short}}
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{{Navigation-Line|'''Sub-chasers'''}}{{Specs-Link|jp_karotei_type2|short}}{{-}}{{Specs-Link|jp_karotei_type4|short}}{{-}}{{Specs-Link|jp_no1_ch2|short}}{{-}}{{Specs-Link|jp_no4_ch8|short}}{{-}}{{Specs-Link|jp_kusen_tei_13_1944|short}}
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{{Navigation-Line|'''Frigates'''}}{{Specs-Link|germ_frigate_koln}}{{-}}{{Specs-Link|jp_escort_hiburi_class_syonan|short}}
  
 
{{Navigation-Line|'''Destroyers'''}}{{Specs-Link|jp_destroyer_akizuki|short}}{{-}}{{Specs-Link|jp_destroyer_fubuki|short}}{{-}}{{Specs-Link|jp_destroyer_kiyoshimo|short}}{{-}}{{Specs-Link|jp_destroyer_mutsuki|short}}{{-}}{{Specs-Link|jp_destroyer_yugumo|short}}{{-}}{{Specs-Link|jp_destroyer_yuudachi|short}}
 
{{Navigation-Line|'''Destroyers'''}}{{Specs-Link|jp_destroyer_akizuki|short}}{{-}}{{Specs-Link|jp_destroyer_fubuki|short}}{{-}}{{Specs-Link|jp_destroyer_kiyoshimo|short}}{{-}}{{Specs-Link|jp_destroyer_mutsuki|short}}{{-}}{{Specs-Link|jp_destroyer_yugumo|short}}{{-}}{{Specs-Link|jp_destroyer_yuudachi|short}}
  
{{Navigation-Line|'''Light cruisers'''}}{{Specs-Link|jp_cruiser_kuma|short}}
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{{Navigation-Line|'''Light cruisers'''}}{{Specs-Link|jp_cruiser_kuma|short}}{{-}}{{Specs-Link|jp_cruiser_sendai}}
  
 
{{Navigation-End}}
 
{{Navigation-End}}
  
 
== General info ==
 
== General info ==
The physical characteristics of these charges are as follwos:
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<!--''Tell us about the tactical and technical characteristics of the bomb.''-->
 
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The Type 95 depth charge weighs 160kg and has a 100 kg Amatol explosive charge with a TNT equivalence of 100 kg.
Case
 
 
 
Shape – Cylindrical, 17".75 in diameter and 30".5 long.
 
 
 
Color – Grey.
 
 
 
Material – Steel.
 
 
 
Charge – Type 95 - 220 lbs. Type 88 explosvie with Shimose booster.
 
 
 
Type 95, Modification 1 - 325 lbs. Tpe 98 explosive.
 
 
 
Type 95, Modification 2 - 242 lbs. Type 1, Temporary explosive.
 
 
 
Total Weight – Type 95 - 352 lbs.
 
 
 
Type 95, Modification 1 - 475 lbs.
 
 
 
Type 95, Modification 2 - 374 lbs.
 
 
 
External Fittings
 
 
 
End Plate – 16".25 in diameter, forming one end of the case.
 
 
 
Pistol Cover – 2".9 in diameter, screwed into central tube in the center of the end plate. This contains two holes for a psitol safety fork.
 
 
 
Depth Control Valve – Screwed into the opposite end of the central tube from pistol cover. Type 95 has depth settings of 30 and 60 meters (100' and 200') and 30 meters with parachute. Type Modification 1, has been reported with settings of 30, 60, 90, 120 and 150 meters (100', 200', 300', 390', 490').
 
 
 
Pad Eyes – Two on each end of the case.
 
  
 
=== Effective damage ===
 
=== Effective damage ===
''Describe the type of damage produced by this type of bomb (high explosive, splash damage, etc)''
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<!--''Describe the type of damage produced by this type of bomb (high explosive, splash damage, etc)''-->
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Though very situational, any depth charge that detonates close enough to a boat, or even a destroyer, is usually enough to sink or cripple it.
  
 
=== Comparison with analogues ===
 
=== Comparison with analogues ===
''Give a comparative description of bombs that have firepower equal to this weapon.''
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<!--''Give a comparative description of bombs that have firepower equal to this weapon.''-->
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The Type 95 depth charge has a relatively low explosive mass for a depth charge at 100 kg. Most other depth charges currently in the game have 130 kg TNT equivalence or higher. Exceptions include [[WBF depth charge]] and [[Mk.10 Hedgehog mortar]].
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The [[WBG depth charge]] is completely identical to the Type 95 in-game, weighing 160 kg and having a 100 kg Amatol explosive charge with 100 kg TNT equivalence.
  
 
== Usage in battles ==
 
== Usage in battles ==
''Describe situations when you would utilise this bomb in-game (vehicle, pillbox, base, etc)''
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[[File:Type 95 depth charge bomb mortar.png|thumb|Type 95 launched from a port bomb mortar onboard [[IJN Mutsuki]]]]<!--''Describe situations when you would utilise this bomb in-game (vehicle, pillbox, base, etc)''-->
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Without the presence of submarines, the usage of depth charges is very situational. If using the depth charges that drop off stern racks, there is no reason to use any Depth Charge activation time setting above the minimum 3 seconds, since higher times means the depth charge will sink further, and thus away, from the target. With a fast boat, sailing up right next to a slower target and dropping the depth charges can lead to some success.
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The depth charges mounted on depth charge throwers are even more situational. They cannot be aimed and have a long flight time, making them difficult to use against moving targets. Their detonation times also cannot be changed, detonating 3 seconds after hitting the water. They can be used to hit an enemy behind cover, though as with other depth charge uses, this is extremely situational.
  
 
=== Pros and cons ===
 
=== Pros and cons ===
''Summarise and briefly evaluate the weaponry in terms of its characteristics and combat effectiveness. Mark pros and cons as a list.''
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<!--''Summarise and briefly evaluate the weaponry in terms of its characteristics and combat effectiveness. Mark pros and cons as a list.''-->
  
 
'''Pros:'''
 
'''Pros:'''
*
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 +
* Can be used as a last resort if other weapons are disabled
  
 
'''Cons:'''
 
'''Cons:'''
*
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 +
* Relatively small explosive mass
 +
* Extremely situational usage
  
 
== History ==
 
== History ==
An anti-submarine weapon launched from surface craft. Three types of this depth charge have been recovered to date and are designated by the Japanese as "Type 95"; Type 95, Modification 1"; and "Type 95, Modification 2". The only pistol recovered has been with the Type 95 charge. Data on the operation and characteristics of pistols for Modifications 1 and 2 have come from intelligence sources.
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<!--''Describe the history of the creation and combat usage of the weapon in more detail than in the introduction. If the historical reference turns out to be too long, take it to a separate article, taking a link to the article about the weapon and adding a block "/History" (example: <nowiki>https://wiki.warthunder.com/(Weapon-name)/History</nowiki>) and add a link to it here using the <code>main</code> template. Be sure to reference text and sources by using <code><nowiki><ref></ref></nowiki></code>, as well as adding them at the end of the article with <code><nowiki><references /></nowiki></code>.''-->
k "/ History" (example: <nowiki>https://wiki.warthunder.com/(Weapon-name)/History</nowiki>) and add a link to it here using the <code>main</code> template. Be sure to reference text and sources by using <code><nowiki><ref></ref></nowiki></code>, as well as adding them at the end of the article with <code><nowiki><references /></nowiki></code>.''
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Designed in 1935 and entering service in 1940, the Type 95 depth charge was a depth charge used by the Imperial Japanese Navy for anti-submarine warfare. The depth charge weighed 160 kg and contained a 100 kg Type 88 explosive charge. It had two depth settings, 30 m and 60 m, and sunk at a rate of approximately 1.9 m/s. There are two other versions of the Type 95, the Type 95 Model 1 Mod 1 and Type 95 Model 1 Mod 2, that both increased the explosive charge and allowed for 90 m and 120 m depth settings. The Type 95 was detonated by a piston that was pushed by water filling up an internal chamber, the intake of which could be varied to set the detonation depth.
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The Type 95 could either be dropped off of stern racks or fired from the Model 1934 depth charge thrower. The Model 1934 was a Y-gun with two arms facing either broadside. Both arms could be fired at once or individually. A unique aspect of the Type 95 depth charge is that they could be fired with an optional parachute. This increased the flight time of depth charge and allowed slower vessels to safely exit the area before the detonation when using the shallowest depth setting.
  
 
== Media ==
 
== Media ==
 +
''An excellent addition to the article would be a video guide, as well as screenshots from the game and photos.''
  
 
== See also ==
 
== See also ==
''Links to the articles on the War Thunder Wiki that you think will be useful for the reader, for example:''
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<!--''Links to the articles on the War Thunder Wiki that you think will be useful for the reader, for example:''-->
* ''reference to the article about the variant of the weapon;''
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* ''references to approximate analogues by other nations and research trees.''
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* [[Mk.6 depth charge]]
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* [[WBG depth charge]]
  
 
== External links ==
 
== External links ==
''Paste links to sources and external resources, such as:''
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<!--''Paste links to sources and external resources, such as:''
 
* ''topic on the official game forum;''
 
* ''topic on the official game forum;''
 
* ''encyclopedia page on the weapon;''
 
* ''encyclopedia page on the weapon;''
* ''other literature.''
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* ''other literature.''-->
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* [http://www.navweaps.com/Weapons/WAMJAP_ASW.php NavWeaps - ASW Weapons of Japan]
  
 
{{Naval depth charges}}
 
{{Naval depth charges}}
  
 
[[Category:Naval special armaments]]
 
[[Category:Naval special armaments]]

Latest revision as of 14:12, 20 March 2020

The Type 95 depth charge. Top: in stern racks on Type T-14; bottom: in depth charge throwers on IJN Yuudachi.

Description

The Type 95 depth charge is a common depth charge found on many Japanese WWII patrol boats, sub chasers, destroyers, and the light cruiser IJN Kuma. Depending on the particular vessel, it can be dropped from stern racks or launched with a depth charge thrower; both options are also available on certain vessels.

Vehicles equipped with this weapon

Vehicles equipped with this weapon
Motor gun boats  Ha-Go · Type 5
Motor torpedo boats  T-51b · Type T-1 · Type T-14 · Type T-14 (Mod. 01) · Type T-38
Sub-chasers  Type 4 Model 2 · Type 4 Model 4 · Type K-3 / No.1 Class · Type K-7 / No.4 Class · Type K-8 (1944)
Frigates  Köln F220 · Syonan
Destroyers  IJN Akizuki · IJN Ayanami · IJN Kiyoshimo · IJN Mutsuki · IJN Yugumo · IJN Yuudachi
Light cruisers  IJN Kuma · IJN Sendai

General info

The Type 95 depth charge weighs 160kg and has a 100 kg Amatol explosive charge with a TNT equivalence of 100 kg.

Effective damage

Though very situational, any depth charge that detonates close enough to a boat, or even a destroyer, is usually enough to sink or cripple it.

Comparison with analogues

The Type 95 depth charge has a relatively low explosive mass for a depth charge at 100 kg. Most other depth charges currently in the game have 130 kg TNT equivalence or higher. Exceptions include WBF depth charge and Mk.10 Hedgehog mortar.

The WBG depth charge is completely identical to the Type 95 in-game, weighing 160 kg and having a 100 kg Amatol explosive charge with 100 kg TNT equivalence.

Usage in battles

Type 95 launched from a port bomb mortar onboard IJN Mutsuki

Without the presence of submarines, the usage of depth charges is very situational. If using the depth charges that drop off stern racks, there is no reason to use any Depth Charge activation time setting above the minimum 3 seconds, since higher times means the depth charge will sink further, and thus away, from the target. With a fast boat, sailing up right next to a slower target and dropping the depth charges can lead to some success.

The depth charges mounted on depth charge throwers are even more situational. They cannot be aimed and have a long flight time, making them difficult to use against moving targets. Their detonation times also cannot be changed, detonating 3 seconds after hitting the water. They can be used to hit an enemy behind cover, though as with other depth charge uses, this is extremely situational.

Pros and cons

Pros:

  • Can be used as a last resort if other weapons are disabled

Cons:

  • Relatively small explosive mass
  • Extremely situational usage

History

Designed in 1935 and entering service in 1940, the Type 95 depth charge was a depth charge used by the Imperial Japanese Navy for anti-submarine warfare. The depth charge weighed 160 kg and contained a 100 kg Type 88 explosive charge. It had two depth settings, 30 m and 60 m, and sunk at a rate of approximately 1.9 m/s. There are two other versions of the Type 95, the Type 95 Model 1 Mod 1 and Type 95 Model 1 Mod 2, that both increased the explosive charge and allowed for 90 m and 120 m depth settings. The Type 95 was detonated by a piston that was pushed by water filling up an internal chamber, the intake of which could be varied to set the detonation depth.

The Type 95 could either be dropped off of stern racks or fired from the Model 1934 depth charge thrower. The Model 1934 was a Y-gun with two arms facing either broadside. Both arms could be fired at once or individually. A unique aspect of the Type 95 depth charge is that they could be fired with an optional parachute. This increased the flight time of depth charge and allowed slower vessels to safely exit the area before the detonation when using the shallowest depth setting.

Media

An excellent addition to the article would be a video guide, as well as screenshots from the game and photos.

See also

External links


Naval depth charges
USA  Mk.6 · Mk.6 mortar · K-gun Mk.9
Germany  BB-1 · WBD · WBF · WBG · Type 95
USSR  BB-1 · BM-1
Britain  Mk.6 mortar · Mk.VII · Mk.10 Hedgehog mortar · Y-gun Mk.VII
Japan  Mk.6 mortar · Mk.9 depth charge · Mk.10 Hedgehog · Type 95